Questions tagged [analytic-philosophy]

Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia and many mathematicians and computer scientists find themselves intrigued by it, due to the close relationship it often has with their areas of study.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

What do you call something that neither true or false?

Let's say you say this country thought that this country was evil. This is neither false or true, because it's not like every people in the country had the same opinion. Maybe it's 70%, but using the ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

What are the different kind of thought experiments that exist?

What are the different kind of thought experiments that exists? Are they classified into different types, or we don't distinguish them by what were trying to experiment on or what kind of "...
3
votes
3answers
217 views

Literature for Analytic philosophy

Which books exist that cover the history of analytic philosophy? Which papers are integral to the field and as such are a must-read?
4
votes
4answers
176 views

Stephen Yablo's Aboutness and logical subtraction

I was finishing reading Aboutness by Yablo, but there is an intuitive definition that I do not get: He says on page 148 that: What is this relation of adding falsity, or being additionally false, or ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Frankfurt School: analytical or continental?

Does Frankfurt School belong to analytical or to continental philosophical tradition?
0
votes
2answers
163 views

What is the 'axiomatic' or epistemological foundation of Analytic philosophy, what is its practice and purpose?

In researching the origin and purpose of the Analytical Tradition in philosophy, all that appeared was that it traces its origin to the 'Tractatus' offshoots following Wittgenstein and Russell, and ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

Is it possible to understand action and its consequences as the same thing? [closed]

Is it possible to understand action and its consequences as the same thing? I was wondering if it was possible to take an action and its consequence and subsume them to create one entity and claim ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Where does Moore admit that no one really knows the truth about those propositions that supposedly we all know?

Alfred Jules Ayer, in a conference where he exposes the achievements of Moore, starts it by saying: "It is true that Moore diminishes the force of his position by adding that no one knows the ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

What are the different kinds of computation that exist?

What are the different kinds of computation that exist? From what I can see, there are two kinds: Computation based on non-electric and analog devices: abacuses, human brain, calculator Computation ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

What does Bertrand Russell mean by “analytic” in this context?

But, to my mind, a "necessary proposition" has got to be analytic. I don't see what else it can mean. And analytic propositions are always complex and logically somewhat late. "Irrational animals are ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

What are the “Simples” Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Would Analytic Philosophy benefit from a name change?

The moniker 'Analytic' for the currently predominant academic regimen in philosophy does not seem to convey much about its point and aim. Has there ever been or is there any type of movement or call ...
1
vote
3answers
135 views

Why do many philosophers attach so much importance to laymen intuition?

For instance, when discussing "what is Justice", one of Rawls's key argument for "justice has to be a universal concept" is that we do not talk about anything that is "just ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Reaction of conceptual analysts to the “intuitions problem”

I have read that one common attack against traditional analysis is about the fact that people do not always share their intuitions about the application of a given concept. For example, two ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Does Russell prove the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge?

In the Problems of Philosophy (PoP) Bertrand Russell proves that there is certain a priori knowledge such as logical principles and mathematical principles. However, does he think these types of ...
1
vote
2answers
242 views

Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
-4
votes
3answers
342 views

Does this reformulation of the the analytic / synthetic distinction overcome Quine's objections?

He seemed to be asserting that synonymity cannot possibly be defined in a non-circular way. We attempt to show this is false on the basis of defining the Quine/Carnap example in a non-circular way. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Wittgensteins own solution to Russells Paradox actually work?

In the Tractatus, Wittgenstein attempts a solution of Russells paradox 3.333 A function cannot be its own argument, because the functional sign already contains the prototype of its own argument and ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Mathematical Analyticity Within Context of Physical Theory [closed]

Postulate: Mathematics is constructed. We construct the syntax, grammar and assign semantics to mathematical statements artificially. Lemma: There is no constraint on what constructed mathematical ...
4
votes
2answers
637 views

Self-studying philosophy

I'm a mathematics student interested in philosophy. We don't have philosophy courses at our university. But I want to learn some stuff. I'm inspired by Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein and such ...
4
votes
2answers
461 views

Why is postmodernism apparently so ill-perceived in philosophy of science?

In the introduction to Massimo Pigliucci's book Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem, a collection of essays about the topic, I found the following bit: (...) we ...
-1
votes
1answer
141 views

How has Analytic Philosophy Survivied Quine's Criticism?

Analytic philosophy and techniques, in which philosophy is approached as a primarily linguistic and logic exercise, has been the dominant mode of philosophy in the Anglo-American world for most of the ...
0
votes
3answers
312 views

Is Mathematics the Ultimate Culmination of Analytic Philosophy?

As a novice amateur, the similarities between mathematics and analytic philosophy seem striking to me. At least in a caricature view of analytic philosophy, it is the project of establishing the ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Is Herbrand semantics a kind of term formalism?

Michael Genesereth and Eric Kao describe Herbrand semantics as follows: Herbrand semantics is an alternative semantics for First Order Logic based on truth assignments for ground sentences rather ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

How does Sellars's “myth of given” relate to Quine's “observation sentences”?

Sellars refuted the claim we can reason from our "fundamental" experience, since all the words we use to report our experience must be affected by our conceptual schema. But Quine's seems to give "...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Wittgenstein on Mechanics

Can someone explain what Wittgenstein was trying to say in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ? Specifically propositions 6.341-6.343. What does he mean when he says that a system like Newtonian Mechanics ...
5
votes
6answers
372 views

Are there any attempts to define “doubt”?

Traditionally, Knowledge is defined as a True Justified Belief (Let us ignore epistemic caveats and objections to this definition). According to Wittgenstein, there is no place for knowledge where ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Analyticity and a priority

(1) Every bachelor is unmarried. I know this is one of the most famous examples (intensionally) denoting analytic and a priori propositions. No problems yet. (2) Every apple is a fruit. This one ...
2
votes
4answers
364 views

Is metaphysics justified in its conclusions?

I'm curious of the modern meta-philosophical viewpoints on metaphysical knowledge. That is, is it possible for arm-chair theorizing or rational pure thought alone to gain true knowledge about any ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
3
votes
2answers
110 views

What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
0
votes
2answers
267 views

Where to start on analytic philosophy?

Bertrand Russell's debate with Fredrick Copleston and they mentioned Leibniz's division of propositions. I looked into it, and it seems, based on limited research, that no one seems to take pre-1960s ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

Is there any supporter of Michael Polanyi's criticism of scientific objectivism?

I just found out about Michael Polanyi and his ideas fascinate me. One of those, is his criticism of objectivism in science, which he historically links to Galileo. Historically, he mainly goes ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Philosophy of Law, Ethics and Visualization

Slides https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1wO4BUZGp09UGPVoSyrHZKt3KDyJFUwg12KXZiyRW76s/edit?usp=sharing Can anyone provide authors or references to material on Ethics, Philosophy of Law or Logic ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

What is the distinction Donnellan uses between referential use and attributive use in regards to Strawson and Russell?

Donnellan called attention to what he called the referential use, as opposed to the attributive use, of a definite description. Donnellan’s objection to the Theory of Descriptions is just that the ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

How exactly Wittgenstein “inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]”?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

What could be “Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]”?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

Agential Realism and diffractive reading to analysis a specific topic

together I am currently facing a very big challenge, based on my studies. I am currently attending a seminar of New Materialism, which above all thematizes agential realism. An essential element here ...
5
votes
1answer
465 views

Isomorphism vs homomorphism in the Tractatus' picture theory of language

People often mention that there is an isomorphic nature between language and the world in the Tractatus' conception of language. As far as I can see it, according to Wittgenstein (it's been a few ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

Clear and canonical examples of analytical proofs in philosophy

I am used to the proof methods of mathematics, and I have formally studied formal logic and mathematical logic. I like philosophy but have never followed a rigorous course in analytical philosophy. ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

In what way did the "Logical Positivist' movement influence contemporary Analytical Academic Philosophy? [closed]

Rudolf Carnap and the Vienna Circle made a concerted effort to 'move' Philosophy away from its traditional focus on 'speculative' metaphysics by establishing a regimen of scientific rigor within the ...
3
votes
3answers
226 views

Why could Wittgenstein say that men had an idea for the law of least action?

Wittgenstein says in the Tractatus: 6.3211 Men had indeed an idea that there must be a 'law of least action', before they knew exactly how it ran. (Here, as always, what is certain a priori proves ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

Can the form of human mind be hypothetically equated with that of a mathematical point?
2
votes
3answers
163 views

What analytic philosophers were concerned with meaninglessness?

What analytic philosophers were concerned primarily with meaninglessness, and where can I read what they said about it? I just find the idea interesting, but I want to circumvent existentialism for a ...
6
votes
2answers
373 views

Understanding Sellars' The Myth of the Given rigorously

I understand the general view presented by Sellars in "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind". Yet, I can't get rigorously convinced. The main point is shown in part XIII, specifically in section 35. ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Quantificational vs Referential vs Predicational descriptions

Reading Peter Ludlow's article on descriptions, it's clear to me that descriptions can be interpreted, found or considered in 3 different ways. They can be seen as quantificational, referential or ...