Questions tagged [analytic-philosophy]

Analytic philosophy is one of two major branches of philosophy defined by its emphasis on formal logic, philosophy of language and scientism. Prevalent in the Anglo-American world from the early 20th century to the present day, analytic philosophy is the dominant philosophical discourse in academia and many mathematicians and computer scientists find themselves intrigued by it, due to the close relationship it often has with their areas of study.

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56 views

Relationship between early Wittgenstein and late Wittgenstein

I think most books treat his early and late theories as inconsistent theories, in a sense that one can agree on either his early or late theory, but not both. However, I think the two theories are ...
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112 views

According to Wittgenstein, why are the laws of logic valid?

According to Wittgenstein's tractatus, A fact is composed of atomic facts. An atomic fact corresponds to an elemental proposition. (Picture theory) A proposition is a series of elemental propositions ...
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73 views

Relations and Properties

In predicate calculus there is no distinction between properties and relations---they are both just predicates. A property is a 1-ary predicate, and an n-ary relation is just an n-ary predicate. ...
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273 views

How do multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-efect in the flow of any one dimension of time?

Multiple time dimensions appear to allow the breaking or re-ordering of cause-and-effect in the flow of any one dimension of time. This and conceptual difficulties with multiple physical time ...
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criticisms of mathematical structuralism

A popular, pretty modern trend in the philosophy of mathematics has been to treat mathematical objects as only possessing properties within the context of a mathematical structure. Does anyone know of ...
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What do you call an illogical statement that seems logical because of grammar?

What do you call an illogical statement that seems logical because of grammar? Do you have any example of a philosopher who wrote a grammatical sentence in the hope of constructing an logical argument,...
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What do you call something that neither true or false?

Let's say you say this country thought that this country was evil. This is neither false or true, because it's not like every people in the country had the same opinion. Maybe it's 70%, but using the ...
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179 views

Stephen Yablo's Aboutness and logical subtraction

I was finishing reading Aboutness by Yablo, but there is an intuitive definition that I do not get: He says on page 148 that: What is this relation of adding falsity, or being additionally false, or ...
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263 views

What are the different kinds of computation that exist?

What are the different kinds of computation that exist? From what I can see, there are two kinds: Computation based on non-electric and analog devices: abacuses, human brain, calculator Computation ...
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Is it possible to understand an action and its consequences as the same thing? [closed]

I was wondering about the individuation of actions; in particular, it appears to me that we cannot distinguish an action from its consequences. (1) Peter pulls a trigger (2) Peter fires a gun (3) ...
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Is this outline typical of the organization of academic analytic philosophy?

After doing some research I came up with the following classification of analytic philosophy. Do certain branches overlap or worse, are there any inclusions that I have missed? Axiology Æsthetics ...
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What are the "Simples" Wittgenstein discusses in Philosophical Investigations?

I first came across this term in §39 of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, wherein he writes [O]ne is tempted to make an objection against what is ordinarily called a name. It can be put ...
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Would Analytic Philosophy benefit from a name change?

The moniker 'Analytic' for the currently predominant academic regimen in philosophy does not seem to convey much about its point and aim. Has there ever been or is there any type of movement or call ...
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What is the 'axiomatic' or epistemological foundation of Analytic philosophy, what is its practice and purpose?

In researching the origin and purpose of the Analytical Tradition in philosophy, all that appeared was that it traces its origin to the 'Tractatus' offshoots following Wittgenstein and Russell, and ...
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Reaction of conceptual analysts to the "intuitions problem"

I have read that one common attack against traditional analysis is about the fact that people do not always share their intuitions about the application of a given concept. For example, two ...
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139 views

Why do many philosophers attach so much importance to laymen intuition?

For instance, when discussing "what is Justice", one of Rawls's key argument for "justice has to be a universal concept" is that we do not talk about anything that is "just ...
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Where does Moore admit that no one really knows the truth about those propositions that supposedly we all know?

Alfred Jules Ayer, in a conference where he exposes the achievements of Moore, starts it by saying: "It is true that Moore diminishes the force of his position by adding that no one knows the ...
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Mathematical Analyticity Within Context of Physical Theory [closed]

Postulate: Mathematics is constructed. We construct the syntax, grammar and assign semantics to mathematical statements artificially. Lemma: There is no constraint on what constructed mathematical ...
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Why is postmodernism apparently so ill-perceived in philosophy of science?

In the introduction to Massimo Pigliucci's book Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem, a collection of essays about the topic, I found the following bit: (...) we ...
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Does this reformulation of the the analytic / synthetic distinction overcome Quine's objections?

He seemed to be asserting that synonymity cannot possibly be defined in a non-circular way. We attempt to show this is false on the basis of defining the Quine/Carnap example in a non-circular way. ...
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173 views

Does Russell prove the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge?

In the Problems of Philosophy (PoP) Bertrand Russell proves that there is certain a priori knowledge such as logical principles and mathematical principles. However, does he think these types of ...
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150 views

How has Analytic Philosophy Survivied Quine's Criticism?

Analytic philosophy and techniques, in which philosophy is approached as a primarily linguistic and logic exercise, has been the dominant mode of philosophy in the Anglo-American world for most of the ...
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271 views

Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
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97 views

Wittgenstein on Mechanics

Can someone explain what Wittgenstein was trying to say in Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus ? Specifically propositions 6.341-6.343. What does he mean when he says that a system like Newtonian Mechanics ...
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Analyticity and a priority

(1) Every bachelor is unmarried. I know this is one of the most famous examples (intensionally) denoting analytic and a priori propositions. No problems yet. (2) Every apple is a fruit. This one ...
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115 views

Is Herbrand semantics a kind of term formalism?

Michael Genesereth and Eric Kao describe Herbrand semantics as follows: Herbrand semantics is an alternative semantics for First Order Logic based on truth assignments for ground sentences rather ...
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Looking for open source 20th century philosophy texts?

I'm looking for digital copies (hopefully text files, not scanned or image files) of major philosophical texts, that I can use in an AI research experiment without infringing any copy rights. Ideally ...
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399 views

Is metaphysics justified in its conclusions?

I'm curious of the modern meta-philosophical viewpoints on metaphysical knowledge. That is, is it possible for arm-chair theorizing or rational pure thought alone to gain true knowledge about any ...
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What tools exist to provide constitutive phenomenological analysis of religious experiences?

Considering descriptions of religious experiences, there is a call for abstracts for discussion in October 2019 and I’m looking for what tools may exist to analyze these experiences in a logical and ...
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How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
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338 views

Is Mathematics the Ultimate Culmination of Analytic Philosophy?

As a novice amateur, the similarities between mathematics and analytic philosophy seem striking to me. At least in a caricature view of analytic philosophy, it is the project of establishing the ...
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Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
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Philosophy of Law, Ethics and Visualization

Slides https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1wO4BUZGp09UGPVoSyrHZKt3KDyJFUwg12KXZiyRW76s/edit?usp=sharing Can anyone provide authors or references to material on Ethics, Philosophy of Law or Logic ...
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What does Bertrand Russell mean by "analytic" in this context?

But, to my mind, a "necessary proposition" has got to be analytic. I don't see what else it can mean. And analytic propositions are always complex and logically somewhat late. "Irrational animals are ...
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Where to start on analytic philosophy?

Bertrand Russell's debate with Fredrick Copleston and they mentioned Leibniz's division of propositions. I looked into it, and it seems, based on limited research, that no one seems to take pre-1960s ...
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What is the distinction Donnellan uses between referential use and attributive use in regards to Strawson and Russell?

Donnellan called attention to what he called the referential use, as opposed to the attributive use, of a definite description. Donnellan’s objection to the Theory of Descriptions is just that the ...
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Do all arguments against mind-body identity theory assume that every pain is the same?

I don’t get (any of) the arguments against mind-brain identity theories. It’s usually argued that multiple realisability kills MBIT (see also this post). In a talk I attended it was stated as ...
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How exactly Wittgenstein "inspired two schools of thought [logical positivism/logical empiricism and analytic/linguistic movement/Cambridge School]"?

In the page 527 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: It has been said that Wittgenstein inspired two ...
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What could be "Wittgenstein's strong disapproval of Russell's introduction to the book [Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus]"?

In the page 536 of von Wright's Ludwig Wittgenstein, A Biographical Sketch in The Philosophical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Oct., 1955), he tells: The author of the Tractatus thought he had solved all ...
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Agential Realism and diffractive reading to analysis a specific topic

together I am currently facing a very big challenge, based on my studies. I am currently attending a seminar of New Materialism, which above all thematizes agential realism. An essential element here ...
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In what way did the "Logical Positivist' movement influence contemporary Analytical Academic Philosophy? [closed]

Rudolf Carnap and the Vienna Circle made a concerted effort to 'move' Philosophy away from its traditional focus on 'speculative' metaphysics by establishing a regimen of scientific rigor within the ...
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Are there any attempts to define "doubt"?

Traditionally, Knowledge is defined as a True Justified Belief (Let us ignore epistemic caveats and objections to this definition). According to Wittgenstein, there is no place for knowledge where ...
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166 views

What analytic philosophers were concerned with meaninglessness?

What analytic philosophers were concerned primarily with meaninglessness, and where can I read what they said about it? I just find the idea interesting, but I want to circumvent existentialism for a ...
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Can we introduce a comparative study between mathematics & philosophy here? [closed]

Can the form of human mind be hypothetically equated with that of a mathematical point?
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Propositional content and reference

My main question is this: Let p be a sentence. Can I have the proposition expressed by p be the same even if the referent of p is different? So as an example I'm thinking of stuff like: p = 'My ...
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Does genius always leave us asking "how"?

Does genius always leave us asking "how"? Not e.g. "why" like an eccentric creativity might. So we don't ask of Marx "why" were you interested in Feurabach or a critical analysis of the economy, or ...
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139 views

Strawson criticism of Austin theory of truth

I'm quoting a snippet of Strawson paper on truth. [Austin] says that, when we declare a statement to be true, the relation between the statement and the world which our declaration "asserts to ...
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518 views

Are propositions in mathematics synthetic or analytic?

I'm reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and I understand that he thought that "Mathematical Judgements are all synthetic". I would like to know where does this debate lies or if it is of interest ...
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Is the confusion about philosophy's place in the academia a result of the analytic movement?

First, let's state that obviously there will be those who'll say "what confusion" (by confusion I mean for example questions like "what philosophy has to do with science"), and for them I'll start ...
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What is wrong in the first premise of open question argument?

Let us use the original argument: Premise 1: If X is good, then the question "Is it true that X is good?" is meaningless. Premise 2: The question "Is it true that X is good?" is not meaningless. ...