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Questions tagged [analytic-synthetic-divide]

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Can, "Intuitions without concepts are blind," be explained in terms of sentences featuring indexicals?

I.e., imagine an assertion like, "This is that." Taken per se, it is like "thoughts without content [that] are empty," but taken de re, is it blind? If I point at some "this&...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Why can "oneness" not be learned from perception/intuition (Kant)?

I am currently reading Introduction to German Philosophy by Andrew Bowie, and he writes something in the chapter on Kant I don't quite understand. Namely, during a discussion on the First Critique (...
Conan G.'s user avatar
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What is Carnap’s “Principle of Tolerance”, and how did Quine reject it?

Carnap’s Principle of Tolerance and Quine’s Objections Carnap holds that the role of philosophy is to analyze and clarify the language of science, and to formulate and recommend alternative languages. ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
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Have any philosophers discussed “coherentizing” as a solution to the “paradox of analysis”?

This is largely a reference request, but supplementary explanations are welcome. I describe my thoughts on the paradox of analysis here. I recently tried to derive the form of first-order logic more ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
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5 answers
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Is mathematics analytic or synthetic?

This question is related to another question I posted but I think it requires its own treatment since of the already wide scope of the other question i.e. Is the classical theory of concepts ...
user21312's user avatar
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Is the compound statement "Every bachelor is a man without a wife AND the Earth revolves around the Sun,” synthetic or analytic?

Is the compound statement "every bachelor is a man without a wife and the Earth revolves around the Sun” (where "and" is a conjunction) synthetic or analytic? Kant, for example, talks ...
pyrka123's user avatar
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Is 'analytic' opposed to 'synthesis', as universal rather than traditional?

I'm reading a book on Russian theatre and it mentions a similarity in intent... [to] the work of the cubists... intention was both analytic and synthetic... both the investigation of the universal ...
user avatar
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Has anyone discussed the analytic vs synthetic in algebra?

Let's go back to the original meanings of addition and multiplication back in ancient Sumer when arithmetic was primarily used as a tool in the trade of sheep and beer. Addition meant something like ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
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Did Kant believe that the a priori truths don't coincide with the necessary truths?

I just started to read about Kant's metaphysical distinction between analytic vs synthetic truths (necessary vs contingent) and his epistemological distinction between a priori vs a posteriori truths. ...
Michael Novak's user avatar
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Does Plato think we can have synthetic a posteriori knowledge?

I understand that Plato thinks our knowledge of universals is innate, and therefore synthetic a priori knowledge. However, does he think we can have any knowledge that is synthetic and a posteriori? ...
dav's user avatar
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Is this a more unequivocal way to make an analytic v synthetic distinction?

NEW UPDATE: An analytic expression x is redefined as any expression of language verified as completely true (or false) entirely on the basis that x (or ~x) is derived by applying truth preserving ...
polcott's user avatar
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Is the logicist definition of "analytic" consistent with Kant?

Kant famously distinguished between analytic and synthetic a priori knowledge as two kinds of knowledge that can be acquired a priori, that is, without relying on experience. The distinction is that ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
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Does Kant's scheme for the analytic/synthetic distinction have room for a (degenerate?) further distinction, for "hyperanalytical" knowledge?

Kant can be easily misread (or: I myself easily misread him, for a long time) as claiming that no "existence claims" are analytically knowable. Technically, though, his system has it that (...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Would the cofinitude relation be a more realistic parameter than the exclusivity one, in the formulation of the CI?

Since I read Gödel, Escher, Bach eleven years ago, in 2011, I figured that 2022 would be a poetic time for me to reread it. (If you’ve read the book, you should know what I mean, haha!) While I was ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Platonic truths without math, logic, ethics, or analyticity?

I take it that logic and math can conceivably produce truths independent of humans (platonic truths), and probably ethics and maybe analyticity can as well. Ethical truths might conceivably be ...
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Did it take till the likes of Lakoff and the 20th-21st century to have truly direct naturalized reasons for logic and math?

I’m finding George Lakoff and cohorts unique (but maybe that’s my lack of looking enough) in that they seem among the first to posit a direct, naturalized account of logic and mathematics, as ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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Is this definition a necessary or possible (contingent) truth?

Sorry for not having much context but taking Pegasus to be the mythological beast from greek mythology. "To be Pegasus is to be capable of flying." Is this definition an necessary truth or a ...
r0k1m's user avatar
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Is "there are synthetic a priori truths" a synthetic a priori truth?

Disregarding any modern objections to the division of synthetic/analytic and a priori/a posteriori, how would one argue for or against this claim, using Kant's definitions and assumptions? Also, is ...
gsmafra's user avatar
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Examples of analytic aposteriority vs. the erotetic demarcation of analytic/synthetic knowledge

In another post here, I asked whether the analytic/synthetic distinction could be grounded in/reframed as an erotetic distinction. So assuming that grounding/reframing in the background as 'given' (if ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Are all true synthetic judgments satisfied?

Are all true synthetic judgments satisfied? I'm guessing not. But, equally, I wondered if it touches on any discussion. I am not sure what word to use instead of 'satisfied', so I'll illustrate ...
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Existence being analytic of God vs. God being analytic of existence

Elsewhere, in light of the idea that understanding is not a species of knowledge but an epistemic genus parallel to knowledge, and then in terms of an understanding logic, I asked whether knowledge of ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is the synthetic/analytic distinction about metaphysics?

Is the distinction between synthetic/analytic a claim about epistemology, ontology or something else altogether? Where can one read more about the stakes of the relevant arguments? I did read the The ...
joka's user avatar
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Correspondence theory of truth and analyticity

The correspondence theory of truth states that truth is essentially correspondence to a fact or state of affairs. How does this theory handle analytic truths - that is, 'true by definition' type ...
Joa's user avatar
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How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity

How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity, the ability to conform to a moral law in which all people are ends only. I have not substantially read Kant, but it occurred to me, suddenly / ...
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Does Hume's Fork have a third prong?

If so, does it have a name? I'm especially interested in search terms that I can use for further reading. In physics, we're familiar with the distinction between "relations of ideas" and &...
Jim Pivarski's user avatar
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2 answers
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On Searle's _Proper Names_ (1958)

I just read Searle's article Proper Names (1958) which was published before Kripke's seminal take on the subject in Naming and Necessity (1980). I think it is a very lucid article but I have a ...
Cherry Blossom Bomb's user avatar
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1 answer
466 views

Are holist underdetermination and contrastive underdetermination mutually exclusive in any ways?

My understanding of Quine's view of holist underdetermination and how it connects to his holist view of science is summarized well by this quote: The totality of our so-called knowledge or beliefs, ...
Biff's user avatar
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3 answers
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Is "thoughts exist" a synthetic a priori statement?

I'm working off of Kant's conception of analytic/synthetic and a prior/a posteriori judgements. The definition of "thoughts" does not subsume their existence. That is, it is logically ...
Mark's user avatar
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2 answers
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"A priori" abused by mathematicians? [duplicate]

I often see mathematicians make statements like "A priori, it is not clear whether 231283179 is a prime number or not." This is supposed to mean something like "just by looking at it, without ...
mss's user avatar
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Did Quine ever respond to the major criticisms of Two Dogmas?

I'm specifically thinking about Grice and Strawson's paper "In Defense of a Dogma" and Putnam's paper "Two Dogmas Revisited". Both raise major issues with the content of Quine's "Two Dogmas of ...
ShouldProbablyKnowTheAnswer's user avatar
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Two dogmas of empiricism - logical vs analytic truths... is there really a distinction?

A link to the paper is here: https://www.theologie.uzh.ch/dam/jcr:ffffffff-fbd6-1538-0000-000070cf64bc/Quine51.pdf So in the paper Quine gives two types of analytic statements: No unmarried man is ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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-4 votes
3 answers
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Does this reformulation of the the analytic / synthetic distinction overcome Quine's objections?

He seemed to be asserting that synonymity cannot possibly be defined in a non-circular way. We attempt to show this is false on the basis of defining the Quine/Carnap example in a non-circular way. ...
polcott's user avatar
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Is the proposition "I feel happy" analytic or synthetic?

If we consider the statement to be true, assumedly the predicate "happy" is contained within the subject "I", and would therefore be analytic. Would this also make all subjective statements analytic? ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
107 views

Why does Kant say that some imperatives are analytically justified?

In the Groundwork and the second Critique, IIRC, Kant for some reason tries to explain the "argument" for the categorical imperative as synthetic a priori. He does this not just for assertoric forms ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
143 views

Analyticity and a priority

(1) Every bachelor is unmarried. I know this is one of the most famous examples (intensionally) denoting analytic and a priori propositions. No problems yet. (2) Every apple is a fruit. This one ...
Tzetachi's user avatar
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1 answer
63 views

Kant's Notion of Synthetic A Prioiri as Logical Entailment

Is there something wrong about interpreting Kant's notion of synthetic a priori statements to be logical entailments? I understand, I think, that Kant didn't want to say such statements (e.g math ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
347 views

Why can we not reduce necessity to analyticity?

Why can’t we eliminate talk of necessity and possible worlds, for talk of analyticity and (non-modal) logical consistency? Has there been any attempt in recent times to do this? I'm not 100% sure, but ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
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1 vote
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Can "knowledge" only be synthetic according to Kant?

I have read secondary sources claiming that Kant conceives of knowledge as a strictly synthetic affair, and that analytic judgments are thus not knowledge. This is relatively consistent with what Kant ...
WolandBarthes's user avatar
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0 answers
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Does Kant consider extendedness metaphysically (analytic) a priori?

In Kant's famous division between a priori vs a postriori, and synthetic vs analytic, Kant's example for a priori analytic proposition is: All bodies are extended. Without immediately delving ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are propositions in mathematics synthetic or analytic?

I'm reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and I understand that he thought that "Mathematical Judgements are all synthetic". I would like to know where does this debate lies or if it is of interest ...
César D. Vázquez's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
571 views

What is the use of analytic propositions?

[Note: I'm using Kant's terms.] Analytic proposition, for example "all bodies are extended", or "a=a", seems like an unhelpful type of proposition (contra to the synthetic a priori and a postriori ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
191 views

Role of definitions in analytic–synthetic distinction

A: All bachelors are unmarried B: Water is liquid We all agree that A is analytic. To prove its truth, we only need to replace "bachelor" with its definition. The proposition B can be controversial,...
asmani's user avatar
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A priori and a posteriori within an axiomatic framework?

I am not a philosopher, so please excuse my limited understanding of these basic philosophy concepts. I am having some difficulty understanding what truly constitutes an a priori statement/truth (I'm ...
Meep's user avatar
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1 answer
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Quine on Necessity

Lately, I have been reading some of Quine's works on modality. I can't help but feel that many of his pronouncements on modality are wrong/misguided, although pinpointing exactly where is goes wrong ...
Eli Bashwinger's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
743 views

What would be gained philosophically if logicism succeeds?

Any logic similar to predicate logic (which Frege and Russell used?) is already a pretty complicated system. Its axioms don't seem to have something to do with analyticity as conceived by Kant (“...
viuser's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is the location of Wyoming a posteriori and analytic?

I answered the following question, but wasn't absolutely sure that I did so viably: Fallacy?: "Wyoming - It's like no place on Earth" Is the location of places, like Wyoming on earth, ...
user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
914 views

If one agrees with Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction, what is left of Kant's epistemology?

One of Kant's most important (if not the most important) result is his argument (proof?) that synthetic a priori knowledge is possible. If one agrees with Quine's argument against Analyticity as being ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
118 views

Rethinking arithmetic operations after J.L. Austin's performativity?

According to Kant, arithmetic statements such as "7+5=12" are synthetic a priori. Could we alternatively think of this not as a statement, but as an arithmetic-logic operation to be executed (like a ...
ali's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does 5 + 7 = 12 really say anything new?

I'm not sure why 5 + 7 = 12 should say anything new: I take it to be a shorthand notation to give a name to 5 + 7, which anyway is nothing but 5 times the unit + 7 times the unit, so there is not ...
Frank's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
434 views

Redefining the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction in Terms of Computational Complexity

I've been reading Kant for the first time and encountered Quine's objections to the analytic/synthetic distinction and am want to agree that they feel a little obscure in their definitions. That is, ...
LivingRobot's user avatar