Questions tagged [analytic-synthetic-divide]

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Is "there are synthetic a priori truths" a synthetic a priori truth?

Disregarding any modern objections to the division of synthetic/analytic and a priori/a posteriori, how would one argue for or against this claim, using Kant's definitions and assumptions? Also, is ...
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Question About Hume's Fork

As I understand it, Hume's fork is a kind of rudimentary analytic/synthetic distinction. I don't understand the distinction very well - I know what it means and I know how Hume applies it to get to ...
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Examples of analytic aposteriority vs. the erotetic demarcation of analytic/synthetic knowledge

In another post here, I asked whether the analytic/synthetic distinction could be grounded in/reframed as an erotetic distinction. So assuming that grounding/reframing in the background as 'given' (if ...
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Are all true synthetic judgments satisfied?

Are all true synthetic judgments satisfied? I'm guessing not. But, equally, I wondered if it touches on any discussion. I am not sure what word to use instead of 'satisfied', so I'll illustrate ...
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Existence being analytic of God vs. God being analytic of existence

Elsewhere, in light of the idea that understanding is not a species of knowledge but an epistemic genus parallel to knowledge, and then in terms of an understanding logic, I asked whether knowledge of ...
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Is the synthetic/analytic distinction about metaphysics?

Is the distinction between synthetic/analytic a claim about epistemology, ontology or something else altogether? Where can one read more about the stakes of the relevant arguments? I did read the The ...
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Correspondence theory of truth and analyticity

The correspondence theory of truth states that truth is essentially correspondence to a fact or state of affairs. How does this theory handle analytic truths - that is, 'true by definition' type ...
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How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity

How does Kant argue that all people have moral dignity, the ability to conform to a moral law in which all people are ends only. I have not substantially read Kant, but it occurred to me, suddenly / ...
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Does Hume's Fork have a third prong?

If so, does it have a name? I'm especially interested in search terms that I can use for further reading. In physics, we're familiar with the distinction between "relations of ideas" and &...
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On Searle's _Proper Names_ (1958)

I just read Searle's article Proper Names (1958) which was published before Kripke's seminal take on the subject in Naming and Necessity (1980). I think it is a very lucid article but I have a ...
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Are holist underdetermination and contrastive underdetermination mutually exclusive in any ways?

My understanding of Quine's view of holist underdetermination and how it connects to his holist view of science is summarized well by this quote: The totality of our so-called knowledge or beliefs, ...
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Is "thoughts exist" a synthetic a priori statement?

I'm working off of Kant's conception of analytic/synthetic and a prior/a posteriori judgements. The definition of "thoughts" does not subsume their existence. That is, it is logically ...
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Mathematical Analyticity Within Context of Physical Theory [closed]

Postulate: Mathematics is constructed. We construct the syntax, grammar and assign semantics to mathematical statements artificially. Lemma: There is no constraint on what constructed mathematical ...
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"A priori" abused by mathematicians? [duplicate]

I often see mathematicians make statements like "A priori, it is not clear whether 231283179 is a prime number or not." This is supposed to mean something like "just by looking at it, without ...
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Did Quine ever respond to the major criticisms of Two Dogmas?

I'm specifically thinking about Grice and Strawson's paper "In Defense of a Dogma" and Putnam's paper "Two Dogmas Revisited". Both raise major issues with the content of Quine's "Two Dogmas of ...
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Two dogmas of empiricism - logical vs analytic truths... is there really a distinction?

A link to the paper is here: https://www.theologie.uzh.ch/dam/jcr:ffffffff-fbd6-1538-0000-000070cf64bc/Quine51.pdf So in the paper Quine gives two types of analytic statements: No unmarried man is ...
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Does this reformulation of the the analytic / synthetic distinction overcome Quine's objections?

He seemed to be asserting that synonymity cannot possibly be defined in a non-circular way. We attempt to show this is false on the basis of defining the Quine/Carnap example in a non-circular way. ...
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Does Russell prove the existence of synthetic a priori knowledge?

In the Problems of Philosophy (PoP) Bertrand Russell proves that there is certain a priori knowledge such as logical principles and mathematical principles. However, does he think these types of ...
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Is the proposition "I feel happy" analytic or synthetic?

If we consider the statement to be true, assumedly the predicate "happy" is contained within the subject "I", and would therefore be analytic. Would this also make all subjective statements analytic? ...
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Why does Kant say that some imperatives are analytically justified?

In the Groundwork and the second Critique, IIRC, Kant for some reason tries to explain the "argument" for the categorical imperative as synthetic a priori. He does this not just for assertoric forms ...
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Analyticity and a priority

(1) Every bachelor is unmarried. I know this is one of the most famous examples (intensionally) denoting analytic and a priori propositions. No problems yet. (2) Every apple is a fruit. This one ...
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Kant's Notion of Synthetic A Prioiri as Logical Entailment

Is there something wrong about interpreting Kant's notion of synthetic a priori statements to be logical entailments? I understand, I think, that Kant didn't want to say such statements (e.g math ...
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Why can we not reduce necessity to analyticity?

Why can’t we eliminate talk of necessity and possible worlds, for talk of analyticity and (non-modal) logical consistency? Has there been any attempt in recent times to do this? I'm not 100% sure, but ...
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Can "knowledge" only be synthetic according to Kant?

I have read secondary sources claiming that Kant conceives of knowledge as a strictly synthetic affair, and that analytic judgments are thus not knowledge. This is relatively consistent with what Kant ...
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Does Kant consider extendedness metaphysically (analytic) a priori?

In Kant's famous division between a priori vs a postriori, and synthetic vs analytic, Kant's example for a priori analytic proposition is: All bodies are extended. Without immediately delving ...
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Are propositions in mathematics synthetic or analytic?

I'm reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and I understand that he thought that "Mathematical Judgements are all synthetic". I would like to know where does this debate lies or if it is of interest ...
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What is the use of analytic propositions?

[Note: I'm using Kant's terms.] Analytic proposition, for example "all bodies are extended", or "a=a", seems like an unhelpful type of proposition (contra to the synthetic a priori and a postriori ...
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Role of definitions in analytic–synthetic distinction

A: All bachelors are unmarried B: Water is liquid We all agree that A is analytic. To prove its truth, we only need to replace "bachelor" with its definition. The proposition B can be controversial,...
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A priori and a posteriori within an axiomatic framework?

I am not a philosopher, so please excuse my limited understanding of these basic philosophy concepts. I am having some difficulty understanding what truly constitutes an a priori statement/truth (I'm ...
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Quine on Necessity

Lately, I have been reading some of Quine's works on modality. I can't help but feel that many of his pronouncements on modality are wrong/misguided, although pinpointing exactly where is goes wrong ...
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What would be gained philosophically if logicism succeeds?

Any logic similar to predicate logic (which Frege and Russell used?) is already a pretty complicated system. Its axioms don't seem to have something to do with analyticity as conceived by Kant (“...
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Is the location of Wyoming a posteriori and analytic?

I answered the following question, but wasn't absolutely sure that I did so viably: Fallacy?: "Wyoming - It's like no place on Earth" Is the location of places, like Wyoming on earth, ...
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If one agrees with Quine's dissolution of the Analytic/Synthetic distinction, what is left of Kant's epistemology?

One of Kant's most important (if not the most important) result is his argument (proof?) that synthetic a priori knowledge is possible. If one agrees with Quine's argument against Analyticity as ...
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Rethinking arithmetic operations after J.L. Austin's performativity?

According to Kant, arithmetic statements such as "7+5=12" are synthetic a priori. Could we alternatively think of this not as a statement, but as an arithmetic-logic operation to be executed (like a ...
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Does 5 + 7 = 12 really say anything new?

I'm not sure why 5 + 7 = 12 should say anything new: I take it to be a shorthand notation to give a name to 5 + 7, which anyway is nothing but 5 times the unit + 7 times the unit, so there is not ...
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Redefining the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction in Terms of Computational Complexity

I've been reading Kant for the first time and encountered Quine's objections to the analytic/synthetic distinction and am want to agree that they feel a little obscure in their definitions. That is, ...
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Kant's analytic/synthetic propositions

In the Critique of Pure Reason, an example of an analytic proposition is that all bodies are extended, and an example of a synthetic proposition is that all bodies are heavy (A7|B11), however in the ...
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The Analytic/Synthetic Distinction in false mathematical propositions

Are all mathematical propositions a priori analytic? The most common example used is 2+2=4. The truth lies in the meaning of the parts of the proposition, and is therefore a priori analytic. But ...
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Is the existence of a thing an analytic proposition?

Is the existence (existence or subsistance) of a thing an analytic proposition? If I talk about a thing x, any thing, and say "x exists", would it be an analytic proposition? I think it would be ...
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Is this proposition analytic or synthetic?

Consider the following statement: Cats have four legs This is an analytic statement, since its truth can be established by looking at the subject and predicate; one does not need to look further ...
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Is Quine's epistemology really just a linguistic reinterpretation of Kant's?

Kant's epistemology: There are facts out there, but we can never access them directly, we can only perceive them the way they are presented to us by our own minds. Quine: There are facts out there, ...
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What's the current status of the "paradox of analysis"? And are there any strong and widely accepted resolutions?

It would seem that figuring out a solution to the paradox of analysis would be of prime importance to philosophers, especially considering the fact that conceptual analysis seems central to ...
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Quine - two dogmas of empiricism

I'm trying to understand this paper. Seems to me like it all stems from a rejection of "meaning"... ie: Quine is saying statements don't mean anything. And this is what leads to the rejection of the ...
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Is it possible to argue that ideas don't exist, only facts exist?

I was thinking that even Hume, or the Logical Positivists, despite being the standard bearers of empiricism, still hold on to a lingering rationalism, since they believe the independent existence of ...
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Kant's cleavage of knowledge

In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant goes to great lengths to distinguish transcendental knowledge from other a priori knowledge. For Kant, is transcendental knowledge distinct from analytic or ...
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Did the Logical Positivists accept synthetic a priori knowledge?

My understanding of Logical Positivists is that, following Wittgenstein, they accepted only 2 types of proposition as meaningful: Propositions based on formal logic (i.e. tautologies) Empirically ...
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Is there any reason to believe that there are things which science cannot tell us?

Science can only tell us a posteriori synthetic truths, can this category extend to all propositions about the world. Surely the only things which can by known ONLY by a priori analytic are ...
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Kant - analytic/synthetic propositons

I attend a small gathering of philosophers and guest speakers in my local town where we are sometimes lucky enough to get a professor from some university or college to come to give guest lectures. ...
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Is a posteriori analytic philosophy just science?

Analytic philosophy primarily tries to solve problems a priori. Science can be considered to be synthetic a posteriori, based of some a priori theoretical framework. But would any conclusions that you ...
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Why does it matter whether knowledge is synthetic or analytic?

I have done some reading around Kant's idea of splitting knowledge into synthetic and analytic. I don't understand why does this split matter, knowledge could be split in other way by different ...
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