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Questions tagged [argumentation]

The construction, deconstruction and presentation of arguments for a position;

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Malthus's argument on population - Test 1, Q14, by Mark Shepherd

I took a practice test for a law exam and am having difficulty with understanding the logic behind a question. Apologies for the length, but I included the whole question and details for completeness. ...
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If moral statements aren't supposed to be reports of objective facts, does the practice of "fallacy checking" apply to moral arguments?

Maybe this is just a case of Jörgensen’s dilemma, but so I was reading the SEP article about feminist perspectives on argumentation, more specifically this passage: The difficulty some philosophers ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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What is the name of the "undeserved profits" fallacy?

I see this type of inference made a lot, for example in the context of distributional justice: A makes an investment. A thinks this investment was a rational decision, until he learns that B also ...
user3636325's user avatar
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2 answers
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What type of reasoning is this? Abduction, inference to the best explanation, induction?

My mind is responsible for my behavior. Other people are very similar to me biologically. Other people have behaviors similar to mine. Possible explanations: Solipsism says that my mind created other ...
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How to best develop writing and argumentation skills on a philosophy self-study track?

I am about to embark on a journey of Philosophy self-study. I have a curriculum I want to pursue, covering all majour branches of philosophy. I also have a reading list which includes set texts, text ...
Stas Medvedev's user avatar
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Axioms/premises vs. rules of inference

Deductive philosophical arguments are often presented semi-formally as a list of premises and the conclusion (and sometimes combinations of such sub-arguments). What is virtually never stated are the ...
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Confused about inductive arguments

I am having trouble understanding inductive arguments, i'm just not sure about how particular observed occurances are supposed to combine into a single definition. Example 1: (1) My friend is a ...
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Is Duff's test of failure just the contrapositive of "D intends a consequence of his action if he acts with the aim of producing that consequence"?

Isn't 2 (Duff's test of failure) just the contrapositive of 1? I can rephrase 2 as 2.1. If the result didn't occur, would D regard himself as having failed in his plan? The logical contrapositive ...
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Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
Dandy's user avatar
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Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
Suddhasattwa Ghosh 's user avatar
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Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring them?

Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring what they say? It may be my imagination, but it seems to be an issue, in argumentation. ...
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Formal arguments versus 'polemic' arguments in the political arena and news media

Many of us in the technical field are somewhat familiar with formal logic, and computer languages as well as methods of proof of such as induction and deduction, and possiblythe basic concepts of ...
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Cultural relativism - Test 1, Q19, by Mark Shepherd

Cultural relativism is the view that all ethical truth is relative to a specifi ed culture. According to cultural relativism, it is never true to say simply that a certain kind of behaviour is right ...
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Argument analysis question

A simple question for those familiar with argument analysis / formalization. Can you elaborate and explain what is going on in the following two arguments? They appear to lead to opposing conclusions ...
butterfliesfloat530's user avatar
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How should an argument containing an exceptive proposition be tested?

IX. Exceptive Propositions in 7.3 Translating Categorical Propositions into Standard Form in Copi's Introduction to Logic says: Because exceptive propositions are not categorical propositions but ...
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what do you call a logical argument between 2 people who hav personal grudges? Its opposite of Ad Hominem bt not Inverse Ad Hominem. what's it called?

If A and B already have personal grudges but keep that aside, they are discussing a subject and a conflict erupts argument. Their points are based on the subject only and nothing personal but the heat ...
Ganga Mashal's user avatar
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Looking for the name of "if everyone is x, no one is x"

Usually when I browse this forum, I see many people ask for the names of fallacies. Currently, I'm looking for the name of the philosophical position that goes something like, "if everyone is x, ...
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What logical fallacy involves claiming the opposition hasn't researched/studied enough?

I'm trying to find the name of any logical fallacy that involves claiming that the opposition hasn't done enough research to effectively participate in the debate. I've read through a hundred or so ...
Watson's user avatar
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Is this a 'Post hoc ergo propter hoc' Fallacy?

Is this a Post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy? 'The most intense lightning storm ever recorded was followed by many numerous Bushfires; the lightning must have caused them.' and why? Thanks for any ...
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Structure of a deductive argument

I wonder if this is true for all deductive arguments, a deductive argument must have at least one premise where the term "ALL" or "NONE" or an equivalent word appears Is it true? ...
Sazzad Hissain Khan's user avatar
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Your argument is invalid if you didn't experience it!

Consider the following scenario: Person A never ate a cake. Person B has eaten cake before. Now A has the opinion that A dislikes cake (and brings up several arguments), but B argues "You've ...
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Reasoning for deductive inference?

I got a quiz today in my classroom. I need to say True or False to the following: Deductive inferences are typically based on unfounded assumptions. For the valid deductive inference, the conclusion ...
user550103's user avatar
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Name of Argument Type

I'm trying to find the name of argument type used in the response to the statement. Statement: "The Apollo moon landing was a hoax ..." Response: "I'm not familiar with the x, y, z of ...
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Personal and unviersal existential nihlism

Let's say Alice has logically arrived at existential Nihilism, which is the philosophy that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value (wiki) This carries two claims, Alice's ...
user40366's user avatar
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What is the difference between ampliative, abductive and inductive arguments?

I know all these arguments are kind of the same but what is the border dividing them?
James Flash's user avatar
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Thoughts on Post-Structuralism and Post-Modernist theory?

I'm curious as to what you all think about post-modernist and post-structuralist methods of analysis, as in the past year, these words have been thrown a lot in the academic and political spheres. Do ...
An Individual's user avatar
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0 answers
105 views

What are the premises and conclusion of the Functionalist claim that "matter doesn't matter"?

I'm referring to the logical framework (the premises and conclusion) of the Functionalist argument that claims that two entities with indistinguishable inputs and outputs are the same thing, "matter ...
virtualmystick's user avatar
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1 answer
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Explain what the simplicity in this argument is based on

Other people have minds because it is the best explanation for other people's behavior because the existence of other minds is a simpler and more understandable explanation: It does not make me ...
Arnold's user avatar
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What kind of rhetorical device is 'splaining?

It is quite common for people to respond to an issue or question with the first thing that comes to mind, framed as a convincing explanation. When it appears to be a self-serving or unwarranted ...
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Is this argument about computers and consciousness logically valid?

Assume 1) You can make a conscious agent consisting of a robot controlled by some computer; 2) There are no zombies 3) You replace the computer by a chinese-like room version that behaves identically. ...
Pato Galmarini's user avatar
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How does pluralism about doxastic logic work?

If person M has a concept of belief, and a logic for that concept, B1, but some other person N has concept B2, with different inference rules over the operator, then on the first-order level, does M ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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Are perceptual arguments convincing and good?

Are the perceptual arguments for the existence of other minds convincing and good? https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/#PercKnowOtheMind https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/#...
Robert Antoni's user avatar
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4 answers
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Argument Analysis

What are your thoughts? It has been proven that a smoker who quits smoking can reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease to almost that of someone who has never smoked.
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Looking for an answer on a fallacy or debate tactic to discredit the other person

I am trying to find out what it is called when you disagree with a certain group on the status, tactics, view, etc so they call you exactly what they are against just to discredit your viewpoint. Even ...
Spicy Situation's user avatar
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0 answers
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Validation of an argument using Godels incompleteness theorem

In a discussion about the logical validation of contingency argument (Necessary existence), One said that the contingency argument results in a contradictory (Inconsistent) system according to Godel's ...
RIYASUDHEEN T. K's user avatar
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What is the distinguishing factor between conviction and threat?

What is the distinguishing factor between conviction and threat? I want my friend to restrain from doing an action. I am showing him the bad consequences of the action thus, I am trying to convince ...
Sazzad Hissain Khan's user avatar
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0 answers
91 views

Restricting the sets of people we can include in an argument about NBA and WNBA players

Right now I'm having an argument about NBA vs. WNBA players with someone and I'm trying to figure out where the disconnect is happening. My friend started the argument by saying, essentially, that the ...
Nick Calabrese's user avatar
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86 views

What type of logical fallacy happens here?

This has been going on a lot lately in my country. Usually, in a discussion where some antisocial behavior of an organization is being criticized, a supporter of the organization, usually a member of ...
Alpha Delta's user avatar
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Play by these rules, however broken, or create new ones

Example, A: The rules are unfair, you see, only privileged few are getting the benefit. B: I don't see anything wrong with that. Either create new rules, or hustle through these and be like them. What ...
Adeel Ansari's user avatar
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0 answers
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Fallacy and guilt by discussion?

I recently encountered a discussion that went along the lines of: A: Pedophiles are not just old men touching little kids. They're also 23 year olds going out with 16 year olds. B: Pedophilia ...
Anonymous's user avatar
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What types of arguments are these arguments about the problem of evil?

As an agnostic I've take an interest in watching debates on theodicy (the problem of evil, both the agnostic/atheist charges and the Christian answer). Usually the debates aren't fully satisfying ...
composerMike's user avatar
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Set of all hidden assumptions in a statement

Imagine a person "A" who says to a person "B" the following statement: "It is true that the house in front of me has three windows". If you think about it, this statement is true for a person "B" only ...
TKN's user avatar
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Refutation of a Nietzschanian Argument

Soon I will have to debate about Nietzsche and I have to contradict a thesis that he supported. The thesis is: The essence of a force is to be in relationship with other forces. I think this has to do ...
ASds's user avatar
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Relationship between slippery slope and reductio ad absurdum

How should the [logical] relationship between the slippery slope [fallacy] and a reductio ad absurdum [argument] be characterized in order to succinctly capture their similarities and differences? ...
gonzo's user avatar
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Analogy of Set and Subset and Contracts in abstracto and Marriage in concreto/in particular

I had a talk with a professor of family law and we are frequently told that there are general ordinances for contracts in general and particular ordinances for marriage. I am problematised by the ...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
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better definition of induction

Consider this argument: I saw him hit the lady with a stone in the head. The lady will likely die. For me this is inductive argument. But I got impression some places define inductive argument such ...
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Can a fact rely on an inference?

A syllogism with two facts as premises leads to a deduced fact: Premise 1: The sky is above my head (fact) Premise 2: I look up and I see blue (fact) Conclusion: The sky is blue (...
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How would psychological anti-egoist respond to the following argument?

At first, my theory of psychological egoism consists of perfect desires and imperfect desires. They are based on the notions of hypothetical and practical choices. Hypothetical choice - a choice ...
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Is the following excerpt an argument(premise and conclusion)

Mortality rates for women undergoing early abortions, where the procedure is legal, appear to be as low as or lower than the rates for normal childbirth. Consequently, any interest of the state in ...
Danny Rodriguez's user avatar
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In the context of debate centred on a statement, how to validate arguments given to confirm or disconfirm that statement in a logical manner?

Let's say we have the following statement to serve as a starting point around which a debate can be centerd. Man is immortal Someone could say that man is mortal according to accepted scientific ...
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