Questions tagged [argumentation]

The construction, deconstruction and presentation of arguments for a position;

21 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
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Is it possible for an argument to be logically valid but not truth-functionally valid?

Truth-functionally valid: there is no truth value assignment for which the premises (of an argument) are true yet the conclusion is false. I am told that there are arguments which are logically valid ...
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What are some counter examples to Kant's moral philosophy about doing the right thing?

Kant believes that one way to find out what the right thing to do is to think what would happen if everyone followed the principle you’re following when you perform that action. What are some ...
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Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
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Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
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Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring them?

Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring what they say? It may be my imagination, but it seems to be an issue, in argumentation. ...
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Formal arguments versus 'polemic' arguments in the political arena and news media

Many of us in the technical field are somewhat familiar with formal logic, and computer languages as well as methods of proof of such as induction and deduction, and possiblythe basic concepts of ...
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Reasoning for deductive inference?

I got a quiz today in my classroom. I need to say True or False to the following: Deductive inferences are typically based on unfounded assumptions. For the valid deductive inference, the conclusion ...
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Name of Argument Type

I'm trying to find the name of argument type used in the response to the statement. Statement: "The Apollo moon landing was a hoax ..." Response: "I'm not familiar with the x, y, z of your ...
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Personal and unviersal existential nihlism

Let's say Alice has logically arrived at existential Nihilism, which is the philosophy that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value (wiki) This carries two claims, Alice's ...
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308 views

What is the difference between ampliative, abductive and inductive arguments?

I know all these arguments are kind of the same but what is the border dividing them?
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Thoughts on Post-Structuralism and Post-Modernist theory?

I'm curious as to what you all think about post-modernist and post-structuralist methods of analysis, as in the past year, these words have been thrown a lot in the academic and political spheres. Do ...
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38 views

What are the premises and conclusion of the Functionalist claim that “matter doesn't matter”?

I'm referring to the logical framework (the premises and conclusion) of the Functionalist argument that claims that two entities with indistinguishable inputs and outputs are the same thing, "matter ...
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170 views

Heraclitean, Parmenides, and Aristotelian change? Is there an alternative?

Dear philosophy stack exchange, I've been considering of late the problem of change as presented by Heraclities and Parmenides as well as the supposed solution to the problem by Aristotle himself. I ...
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Deep Diagramming of This Excerpt

In my Opinion, the deep diagramming for this argument should look like this (3) -> (4) -> (2) ( (5) + (6) )-> (2) (2) -> (1) ( (8) + (9) ) -> (1) (11) -> (10) -> (1) What are your opinions on ...
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better definition of induction

Consider this argument: I saw him hit the lady with a stone in the head. The lady will likely die. For me this is inductive argument. But I got impression some places define inductive argument such ...
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Diagram the following argument and explain which premises it is using such as intermediate, independent, or joint

① We should increase funding to public colleges and universities. First of all, ② as funding has decreased, students have had to shoulder a larger share of the financial burden of attending college, ...
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51 views

Can a fact rely on an inference?

A syllogism with two facts as premises leads to a deduced fact: Premise 1: The sky is above my head (fact) Premise 2: I look up and I see blue (fact) Conclusion: The sky is blue (...
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145 views

How would psychological anti-egoist respond to the following argument?

At first, my theory of psychological egoism consists of perfect desires and imperfect desires. They are based on the notions of hypothetical and practical choices. Hypothetical choice - a choice ...
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Is the following excerpt an argument(premise and conclusion)

Mortality rates for women undergoing early abortions, where the procedure is legal, appear to be as low as or lower than the rates for normal childbirth. Consequently, any interest of the state in ...
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In the context of debate centred on a statement, how to validate arguments given to confirm or disconfirm that statement in a logical manner?

Let's say we have the following statement to serve as a starting point around which a debate can be centerd. Man is immortal Someone could say that man is mortal according to accepted scientific ...
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Does the Following a proposition Hold?

Would you consider the following assertion to be valid or fallacious: No one is entitled to complain about feedback received if he or she asks for honest advice