Questions tagged [argumentation]

The construction, deconstruction and presentation of arguments for a position;

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What fallacy is committed when one argues that a conclusion is false simply because the person arguing it has lied before?

For example, suppose I were to make the claim: President Trump says climate change is false. President Trump has lied before; therefore, climate change is true.
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Is one rationally justified in assuming a dominant philosophical position that one has some reasons to doubt?

If one has insufficient reasons for rejecting a dominant philosophical position but sufficient reasons to doubt that the dominant philosophical position is unproblematic, to what extent is one ...
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288 views

What are some counter examples to Kant's moral philosophy about doing the right thing?

Kant believes that one way to find out what the right thing to do is to think what would happen if everyone followed the principle you’re following when you perform that action. What are some ...
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120 views

Amoral argument for god?

Has there been a push for or the development of an amoral argument for a god that is indifferent to the moral practices of humanity, a sort of anti-moral argument for an indifferent god? This idea ...
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95 views

Hume's argument for the subjectivity of morality

I am trying to analyze the following argument by Hume in his Treatise of Human Nature: But can there be any difficulty in proving, that vice and virtue are not matters of fact, whose existence we ...
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100 views

Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
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57 views

Arguments in scientific discussion and questioning administration on decision making

While we may have a no-holds barred attitude to prove a point in a scientific deliberation, we have to be little more responsible while questioning the decision making of an administration (assuming ...
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47 views

Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring them?

Is there any point arguing talking with someone whose rhetorical goal is to show that you are ignoring what they say? It may be my imagination, but it seems to be an issue, in argumentation. ...
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106 views

Formal arguments versus 'polemic' arguments in the political arena and news media

Many of us in the technical field are somewhat familiar with formal logic, and computer languages as well as methods of proof of such as induction and deduction, and possiblythe basic concepts of ...
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190 views

What is the difference between ampliative, abductive and inductive arguments?

I know all these arguments are kind of the same but what is the border dividing them?
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38 views

Thoughts on Post-Structuralism and Post-Modernist theory?

I'm curious as to what you all think about post-modernist and post-structuralist methods of analysis, as in the past year, these words have been thrown a lot in the academic and political spheres. Do ...
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What are the premises and conclusion of the Functionalist claim that “matter doesn't matter”?

I'm referring to the logical framework (the premises and conclusion) of the Functionalist argument that claims that two entities with indistinguishable inputs and outputs are the same thing, "matter ...
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46 views

Can a fact rely on an inference?

A syllogism with two facts as premises leads to a deduced fact: Premise 1: The sky is above my head (fact) Premise 2: I look up and I see blue (fact) Conclusion: The sky is blue (...
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How would psychological anti-egoist respond to the following argument?

At first, my theory of psychological egoism consists of perfect desires and imperfect desires. They are based on the notions of hypothetical and practical choices. Hypothetical choice - a choice ...
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157 views

Is the following excerpt an argument(premise and conclusion)

Mortality rates for women undergoing early abortions, where the procedure is legal, appear to be as low as or lower than the rates for normal childbirth. Consequently, any interest of the state in ...
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133 views

In the context of debate centred on a statement, how to validate arguments given to confirm or disconfirm that statement in a logical manner?

Let's say we have the following statement to serve as a starting point around which a debate can be centerd. Man is immortal Someone could say that man is mortal according to accepted scientific ...