Questions tagged [argumentation]

The construction, deconstruction and presentation of arguments for a position;

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What logical fallacy involves claiming the opposition hasn't researched/studied enough?

I'm trying to find the name of any logical fallacy that involves claiming that the opposition hasn't done enough research to effectively participate in the debate. I've read through a hundred or so ...
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Logical fallacies around the ivermectin effect on COVID [closed]

How many logical fallacies can be identified in the following argument? P1: Parasites harm people. P2: Ivermectin kills parasites. P3: Viruses harm people. C1: Viruses are parasites. C2: Ivermectin ...
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What's (if anything) wrong with this argument for the non-existence of the self?

1: The self, if it exists, is a thing that receives and/or controls experience. Some aspects of experience it controls, other aspects it receives. But whether the experience is "controlled" ...
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Looking for an answer on a fallacy or debate tactic to discredit the other person

I am trying to find out what it is called when you disagree with a certain group on the status, tactics, view, etc so they call you exactly what they are against just to discredit your viewpoint. Even ...
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Does the "because" in a premise disrupt the validity of this argument?

One is good if and only if one does one's job well One does one's job well if and only if, and because, one is virtuous One is virtuous if and only if one is just From 1 and 2: One is good if and only ...
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Is forcing someone to do something the same as forcing someone not to do something?

Would like to establish context first. The analogy of making it illegal to drunk drive after drinking vs vaccine mandates. The drunk driving analogy is used in many political cases such as abortion. I ...
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Validation of an argument using Godels incompleteness theorem

In a discussion about the logical validation of contingency argument (Necessary existence), One said that the contingency argument results in a contradictory (Inconsistent) system according to Godel's ...
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Question on fallicious argument (appeal to popularity)

We are currently learning about fallacies and need help to clarify our understanding. Take these 2 arguments: When walking downtown, the majority of people I asked told me that the metro was on the ...
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Are all deductive arguments - formal arguments?

For an example, it looks like I have an example of an argument which is both deductive and informal: Gabriel is a wolf Gabriel has a tail. Therefore, Gabriel’s tail is the tail of a wolf I consider it ...
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Proof for the Absence of Free Will?

There are a number of arguments which aim to prove the impossibility of free will. The Standard Argument (incorporating the Determinism Objection and the Randomness Objection) is well known and ...
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How to make this argument valid?

If Peter is virtuous, he manages a household with patience. If Peter is to be good, he needs patience. Here's my attempt to understand 1 and 2. I get confused by the wording and necessity-sufficiency ...
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Opposing Wolfgang and the species

I've read some summaries of Smith's thinking, which I haven't yet adhered to, here The aim of philosophy is the good life or the best regime, the aim of theology is knowledge of God, and that of ...
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Checking the validity of an argument

Is the following argument valid? If A is to be good, they must be just If B is to be good, they must be just Therefore, if C is to be good, they must be just Therefore, if C is just, they become good ...
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Formal proof in choosing between two competing assertions regarding fraudulent/honest claims?

Please provide formal proof (or near enough, according to ability) for your decision as to which of the following two assertions is correct: "Even if a claim is arrived at fraudulently, that ...
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Is "sometimes necessary" valid in necessity and sufficiency

I recently learned about this concept and in discussing with a peer, I was wondering, is it ever right to say "x is sometimes necessary but not sufficient for y to be the case". In my mind I ...
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Hume's induction using circularity fallacy

Hello everyone, i was going through this reading of a book in which it present Hume's induction wrong using circularity . I was trying to find some error in it as given there but could not pinpoint ...
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How to tell pseudo-experts from real ones (in an unfamiliar field)?

How does one discern who are experts in a field that is unfamiliar to him/her? How does one discern the pseudo experts (those seem to be experts but are not in reality) in an unfamiliar field? ...
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Is demanding an ureasonable and unrealistic amount of sources a logical fallacy?

Let's suppose the following: Person 1: All scientists agree that the sun is real. Person 2: Oh yeah, why don't you list every single scientists as proof? Here's another example: Person 1: Humanoid ...
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To discern whether a specific opinion is true, is it important to engage in discussions with holders of that opinion?

To discern whether a specific opinion is true, is it important to engage in discussions with those who hold that opinion? In what cases it is, and in what cases it is not? What is the demarcation line?...
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Deductively valid arguments and situations

In book 'Logic: A Very Short Introduction', Graham Priest has quote about deductively valid arguments. Here is one problem. Assuming that the account is correct, to know that an inference is ...
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What is the solution to the paradox of the pile and the heap for consciousness?

There is a paradox where you can keep adding a grain of sand to a pile. Eventually it becomes a heap. I don't really see it as a paradox. Now think about how the brain does things and thinks in ...
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Why isn't this an argument?

This argument was in Critical Thinking by Moore and Parker. I think God exists, because I was raised a Baptist. The book states that this wasn't an argument because it just stated a reason for why ...
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What is the distinguishing factor between conviction and threat?

What is the distinguishing factor between conviction and threat? I want my friend to restrain from doing an action. I am showing him the bad consequences of the action thus, I am trying to convince ...
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Structure of "affirming the consequent fallacy"

The formal structure of affirming the consequent fallacy is, P1 - If A is true, then B is true P2 - B is true --------------------------------- C - Therefore, A is true Now if I give another similar ...
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What fallacy would be appropriate?

Someone claimed, If cigarette is the cause of cancer, then why someone who is non smoker got cancer? I think there are multiple fallacies we can point for this claim, i.e. Hasty generalization Non ...
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How does one call an argument where the premises do not necessarily lead to the conclusion?

Repeating the question from the title Question. How does one call an argument where premises do not necessarily lead to a conclusion? By "not necessarily lead to a conclusion", I mean that ...
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Some logical fallacies can be called inductive arguments

I feel like a lot of "logical fallacies", if called out, can just be labelled by the opponent as inductive reasoning. For example: "candidates didn't know the air conditioner didn't ...
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Is it a voluntary action (and therefore something one is responsible for) to remain alive?

Creating a life is (normally) a perfectly voluntary action with well known consequences, and hence the people involved are morally responsible for the result. But, what are the arguments for that the ...
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What are some arguments against insulting being illegal

Yesterday I had a conversation with my friend, and the topic about insulting being illegal (=> fined or even up to 1 year prison) came up (Germany). He was arguing that it is good to punish those ...
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Restricting the sets of people we can include in an argument about NBA and WNBA players

Right now I'm having an argument about NBA vs. WNBA players with someone and I'm trying to figure out where the disconnect is happening. My friend started the argument by saying, essentially, that the ...
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What makes an argument objectively more "compelling"?

If person A gives an argument to person B in order to convince them about the truth of claim X, how can B determine how compelling A's argument is in a way that is as objective as possible (i.e. in a ...
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"Let this sentence be false."

Oftentimes in arguments, we introduce sentences (or propositions?) via prescriptions like, "Let it be that..." or, "Assume that..." or so on. How would we introduce the liar ...
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What is the difference between "satisfaction" and "verification"?

In Chalmers paper, "consciousness and its place in nature", he makes the following statement: We can say that if W (world) considered as actual makes S (a statement) true, then W verifies S....
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Why bother with anything else besides Aristotle's syllogistic logic?

Disclaimer: this a "devil's advocate's question", meaning I know a lot of the answer, but for the sake of playing the Q&A game, I won't self-answer right away. The main reason I'm ...
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"You're not X, but... that says a lot". Is this a fallacy?

I've seen this happen quite a lot in arguments about sensitive topics, such as racism, sexism or homophobia. When presenting a potentially controversial stance, someone might cushion the blow by ...
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The specific term for a logical argument

Is there a specific term to use when someone is mocking you for something you have done in the past that they know was wrong only because they know now what happened, after the fact. You couldn't tell ...
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Does logic have to work out despite the subject? [closed]

I have a disagreement with someone about the logic of an argument. He says the statement "if it doesn't affect you, then you shouldn't care about it" is not an invitation to substitute "...
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What are the differences between an argument and a syllogism?

What are the differences between an argument and a syllogism? Along with definitions and usages, I would like examples to understand the differences.
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What is this logical fallacy? (Nothing new under the sun?)

It has been two decades since I took a reason and argument course in college. I am rusty on my command of logical fallacies. With that preface, I have been trying to locate a logical fallacy that ...
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Is this a 'Post hoc ergo propter hoc' Fallacy?

Is this a Post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy? 'The most intense lightning storm ever recorded was followed by many numerous Bushfires; the lightning must have caused them.' and why? Thanks for any ...
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Structure of a deductive argument

I wonder if this is true for all deductive arguments, a deductive argument must have at least one premise where the term "ALL" or "NONE" or an equivalent word appears Is it true? ...
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How would Descartes, Socrates, Hume and Popper respond to psychopathic gaslighting? [closed]

Let's say Descartes, Socrates, Hume, and Popper were up against a psychopath who tried to abuse their minds with gaslighting techniques to win an argument. They would meet the psychopath one by one ...
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What type of logical fallacy happens here?

This has been going on a lot lately in my country. Usually, in a discussion where some antisocial behavior of an organization is being criticized, a supporter of the organization, usually a member of ...
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How are objective probabilites and statistics (frequency in the world) of groups related to individual cases?

I'm a bit confused about why frequentist measures of probability based on groups are relevant to individual cases. It seems that moving from the group to the individual is somehow a violation of the ...
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Does Rawls aim at stating the necessary conditions or the sufficient conditions for a society to be just?

Note : this question does not aim at discussing in detail Rawls' theory, nor at showing a profound knowledge of Rawls' doctrine ; it only deals with the global intentions of Rawls in A Theory Of ...
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Is my analysis of Dawkins fallicies correct?

I have been analyzing arguments made by prominent atheist and looking for logical fallacies. I am new at this. Are my analyses correct? from: “The All Time best arguments against religion/faith #2 (...
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Metaphilosophy and the nature of philosophical disagreement

I have a question on how “disagreement” generally occurs in philosophy. It seems that in the various traditions of Western philosophy, much work concerns a quest to externalize our human intuitions, i....
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Question Concerning Validity and Logical Arguments

I have some questions about the study of logical reasoning and arguments. Is it true that no two false sentences are logically equivalent? For example, "A square has 5 sides" and "I ...
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According to logic and argumentation theory, how does one build strong arguments?

I'm very new to philosophy and the formal study of argumentation. In every essay so far, I've argued against a thesis. I attack the validity or strength of premises and the soundness or strength of ...
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What's the name of the fallacy?

What's the name of the fallacy? If I assume, someone X has done a fallacy in other argument A1 so he will do a fallacy in another argument A2. What would be the name of this fallacy I am doing?

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