Questions tagged [aristotle]

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, famous for his prolific writings on a vast array of subjects, including logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, politics, and even the natural sciences. He is widely considered a "founding figure" in Western philosophy.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
0answers
22 views

How does Aristotle reconcile the claim that contemplation is the chief good when clearly not all things aim at it?

In this Ethics, he starts with the explanation that the chief good is "that at which everything aims". He furthers that it is "want we want for its own sake," everything else "we want is for the sake ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

When describing someone are virtues and character the same?

Are virtues and character the same thing? If not how would they differ
3
votes
2answers
480 views

Conceptual distinction between “ strength” , “ force” and “ power”?

Philosophers distinguish between 2 kinds of " powers": moral powers ( authority, right to order something) which corresponds to potestas in Latin and " physical power" ( ability to do something, or to ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Did Aristotle think that children could be happy?

Given that children can't exhibit the classical virtues in the same way that adults can, did Aristotle think that children could be happy? If so, in what sense?
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Existential Import

How is it that universal propositions (from the Boolean standpoint) don't commit us to the existence of the subject term while particular propositions actually do? Also, why particularly take or focus ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored?

Question: Did Aquinas or Aristotle discuss what happens to the man when he feels bored? What do they say about it? How do they explain that feeling? I coupled Aristotle and Aquinas in this question ...
-2
votes
2answers
98 views

Probabilty and QM [closed]

What has been written so far on the theme?
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Do Aristotle's three laws of logic apply to statements about the future?

I have just read about Aristotle's Three Laws of Logic. I was wondering if statements such as "There is a chance of it raining in the next hour" can be evaluated using the three laws. Can you apply ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Aristotle's Categories and Linguistics

I have actually two questions: What he calls substances or non-substances seem to me as, now what we call a matter of language. So what he calls substances could be seen as concrete nouns, and non-...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Do you know of a book on Greek philosophy with a Corinthian helmet on the cover?

I read it years ago, and it seems I have lost it. The biggest thing I can remember is that it had a Corinthian helmet on the front cover. Also that it was translated by multiple authors and it had ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is there a difference in the definition of “some” between Aristotelian and modern logic?

My logic prof told me that "some are" does NOT necessarily mean "some are not".... Ie. it could possibly mean "ALL are", but not necessarily (ie. we are not certain that all are) However, recently I ...
6
votes
2answers
105 views

The concept of eudaimonia

The usual definitions of eudaimonia as "happiness" or "flourishing" or the like, don't seem to fit the actual translation of the word. The word means "a good spirit," where "spirit" has semi-mystical ...
1
vote
3answers
90 views

Contradictory statements with Nested Quantifiers

Edit: Thanks very much to everyone for the answers! As a follow-up question, I'm curious if there are Aristotelian methods for finding contradictories to statements with nested quantifiers. As, thanks ...
3
votes
2answers
324 views

What is the difference between praxis and poiesis?

I have found online this distinction, but I cannot wrap my mind around it: poiesis - means 'to make'; it is an action that transforms; it refers to 'bringing-forth'; a threshold occasion: a ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

The synthetic apriority of the categorical imperative

Weirdness I noticed about Kant's theory of the categorical imperative: he says that the CI is "synthetic," in the second Critique using the very imposing phrase "sic volo, sic jubeo" to characterize ...
-2
votes
1answer
162 views

Does the Law Of Excluded Middle Apply to the Principle Of Identity and Non Contradiction? [closed]

This argument will seem confusing, precisely because it observes the laws of identity being subject to equivocation. If this is kept in mind, the following should make more sense and explain why the ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

Do Most Philosophers Ignore the Rules of Dialectical Logic?

In metaphysics it is well known that all selective conclusions about the world as a whole are undecidable. Most philosophers infer from this that metaphysics is incomprehensible. I believe this is a ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

How to resolve this argument against possibility of change?

Let's say that some being A is changed to being B (example: lion burned to ashes, cold metal turned to hot metal, etc.). Thesis. It is impossible that being A is changed to being B. Proof. Suppose ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

When did the idea of free will begin? Same for determinism

Hey so I'm doing this free will v determinism thing for class and I've tried but I can't seem to find when the separate beliefs came about. I know Socrates and Aristotle had something to do with them ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Could the link between virtues and pleasures and pains in the third chapter of Nicomachean Ethics' book II be considered a hypothetical syllogism?

In the chapter 3 of Nicomachean Ethics' book II, Aristotle says: Again, if the virtues are concerned with actions and passions, and every passion and every action is accompanied by pleasure and ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

How and why Aristotelian essentialism is a problem for Quine?

I cannot understand how and why the Aristotelian essentialism is problematic for Quine. I have tried to read articles on the theme but probably I am not smart enough to understand them. Could you ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Calumnies on Aristotle's character

I've heard people allude to writings of some of Aristotle's students alleging bad character of Aristotle. I've not found the actual writings or any secondary literature on them. Can someone point me ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

What is the the difference between common sense and phronesis?

For refference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_sense https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phronesis For me this started with Giambattista Vico who pretty much had the same idea of "common sense" ...
3
votes
3answers
287 views

How do Thomists prove that: “Everything that exists must exist by something.”?

One variation of principle of sufficient reason that Thomists use is: Everything that exists must exist by something. How do they prove such a statement? In particular, why can not something just ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Aristotle's Categories: Original Greek text for Chapter 2?

I'm trying to find the original Greek for this passage in the Octavius Own Oxford edition. Does anyone know of a source? Likewise also some things are predicated of a certain subject, yet are in ...
1
vote
3answers
185 views

Aristotle's Logic and Human Thought

Is Aristotle's logic sufficient to model human reasoning? If not, why not? Are there counter-examples, certain cases where we reason differently? Let's assume we're talking about sound reasoning,...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Where does Aristotle say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?

In which of Aristotle's works does he say it's impossible to do philosophy and its methodology simultaneously?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories [duplicate]

I am looking for a traditional beginner's commentary on Aristotle's categories in order to start learning Aristotle's system of logic. Even better would be a "road map" for studying Aristotle's logic ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Aristotle's Four Virtues---A Negative Example

Aristotle's four virtues, as I understand it, in the modern context is that if I think of carrying out a job, then 1). Prudence: That I have sufficient reasons to carry out the job 2). Justice: ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Where can I study this in more detail?

I am finding al-Farabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle on pages 13-17, paragraphs 1-9, (pages 11-13 in the pdf file linked below), very interesting: http://traditionalhikma.com/wp-content/uploads/...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

How did Aristotelian logic view this?

I am very interested in the logical aspect of Aristotelian philosophy, especially how it was used by al Farabi and Ibn Sina in explaining understanding and breaking this complicated process down ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

What were Plato's views on substance?

Forms are Plato’s substances, for everything derives its existence from Forms. In this sense of ‘substance’ any realist philosophical system acknowledges the existence of substances. Probably the ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

Principle of proportionate causality - what are virtual and eminent causes?

I'm reading Edward Feser's book Five Proofs of the Existence of God. On pages 32-33 he introduces the principle of proportionate causality (PPC). I'm having trouble understanding what precisely ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

DId Aristotle say there can be no virtue without action: and how accepted is that in virtue ethics?

Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility: Fortune's Web By N. Athanassoulis, p64 I've not read Aristotle's Ethics, but am intrigued by whether we can have a virtue without an action that has that ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

Soft question: Is it possible to self study Aristotle?

I am a mathematics PhD student who has an interest in philosophy. In my undergraduate work, I took a minor in philosophy. I never took a course on the great thinkers such as Aristotle, Socrates, or ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Is this argument equivalent to the argument of prime mover of Aristotle?

For alternation in the status of A to be a cause of the alteration in the status of B, we naively demand that the former alteration exists before the later, and so the later [i.e.; the alteration in ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

What exactly is the 'potential' that is actualized in Aristotelian metaphysics?

From my understanding, Aristotelian metaphysics uses the concepts of potentiality and actuality to explain change. Since being cannot come from non-being, when change occurs a potential is simply ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Is the idea of potential energy (from physics) influenced by the idea of potentiality found in Aristotelian metaphysics?

Aside from the common usage of the term 'potential,' was the development of the idea of potential energy influenced by the Aristotelian idea of potentiality and actuality, at least historically? ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Efficient cause and answering questions unambiguously

I am trying to understand the physical concept of friction in terms of Aristotle's efficient cause. This is not a physics question. Friction is said to be caused by the electromagnetic force between ...
3
votes
2answers
457 views

A typology of ethical theories for beginners?

Ethical theories can doubtless be classified, cross-connected and contrasted in many ways. I am not looking for a definitive classification, only a useful typology to get me started. Refinements and ...
2
votes
0answers
209 views

Does ontology study “being qua being”?

May I say that ontology studies "being qua being", while the sciences study "entity qua entity" ? I ask this because I don't understand how ontology could study the "entity qua entity", taking into ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Where can I access or purchase Aristotelis Opera (edited by Immanuel Bekker)?

I have been trying to find the following as I am very interested in reading Aristotle in the original Greek: Aristotle. Aristotelis opera. Edited by Immanuel Bekker, Christian August Brandis, and ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the goal of tragedy, according to Aristotle and what is the role of the plot in achieving this goal?

I honestly think the goal of tragedy for him is catharsis. And the role of the plot is a story to follow in a logical order.
2
votes
3answers
150 views

What does Aristotle mean by this text?

Poetry in general can be seen to owe its existence to two causes, and these are rooted in nature. First, there is man's natural propensity, from childhood onwards, to engage in mimetic activity (...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

What does “it” refer to in this short Aristotle passage?

In this sentence: "In short, virtue is concerned with pleasures and pains; the actions that are its sources also increase it or, if they are done differently, ruin it" (Nicomachean Ethics ii3 1105a15) ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Plato or Aristotle on trading lives

I am sure I remember either Plato or Aristotle saying that most people, if a god approached them with an offer to trade their life for someone else's, would run away. But I have been wrong before ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Help with philosophical interpretation of the movie Cloud Atlas

I feel very sorry to ask for this but I really need help, I have a hard time getting an answer to what I need for my metaphysical essay related to the movie "Cloud Atlas", I have seen it several times ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

“Syllogisms which produce understanding”

I remember reading somewhere that the aim of Aristotle's Prior and Posterior analytics was to show which kinds of syllogisms produce understanding. I do not remember where I read this but I think it ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

For Aristotle, how and why does friction generate heat?

I'm still a bit new to Aristotle, so this question may be imperfect: In Meteorology, Aristotle uses friction to explain how the sun generates heat. Although it's composed of aether, and not fire, ...
3
votes
5answers
417 views

Why must the first mover be unmovable?

In the first way of Aquinas it is proved that there exists an unmoved mover (or unchanged changer or even better, actualizer which was not actualized). It is often claimed that God is pure act without ...