Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or playing a difficult game of chess.

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The person in the Chinese Room Argument is a strong AI

For those who don't know, here is a description of the Chinese Room Argument. The argument is essentially that even if an AI may give the impression of being intelligent because they answer questions ...
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Reincarnation as the "lottery ticket hypothesis" in neural networks?

Excuse if this is not the right place for posing this question: I am not an expert in any of these areas, just an idea that came to my mind which I wanted to discuss: The lottery ticket hypothesis for ...
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Intelligence as a prerequisite for consciousness/sentience?

Google engineer Blake Lemoine recently made headlines by claiming that he thought Google's LaMDA conversational AI was sentient, based on his interactions with it. (E.g.: https://www.wired.com/story/...
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How to distinguish the species of „real“ persons from the species of simulated persons?

Today I learned from an academic talk given by Prof. Gilles Brassard (Montreal): In the context of artificial intelligence one discusses not only civilizations (level 1) which are simulated by ...
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What is the most probable AI?

then I have a difficult question to ask. Let's imagine that in the distant future of our universe, through the arrangement of atoms that move in empty space, various objects are formed, any object can ...
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What methods have been proposed to identify sentience in an AI?

It is in the news that google has suspended a software engineer for violating confidentiality policies after sought "outside consultation" over concerns the AI he was working on is sentient. ...
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Will Artificial Intelligence doubt Atheism? [closed]

Artificial intelligence will know/see/talk with its maker. What acceptable answer will we give when it asks: “If I came into reality through you, into whose reality did you come?”
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14 votes
6 answers
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Why do some physicalists use the Turing Machine as a model of the brain?

It has always puzzled me when people casually make comments like "Since the brain is a Turing Machine...". Just to clarify: I'm talking about generic discussions, not philosophical journals ...
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PhilPapers Survey 2020, Why do so many physicalists deny consciousness of future AI systems?

According to PhilPapers Survey from 2020 there are 239 philosophers who identify as accepting or leaning towards Physicalism and yet reject consciousness of future AI. To me this seems very puzzling, ...
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Help with intentional instantiation in "The nature and plausibility of Cognitivism"

When the computer-based chess player is explained [1], the bottom level components of the chess playing heirarchy are intentionally instantiated by list processors. My question is this, doesn't ...
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Linguistic meaning among evolved artificial agents [closed]

Suppose we have used an evolutionary algorithm to produce a community of artificial agents. These agents navigate a virtual environment, seeking food and avoiding predators. No one designed these ...
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AI philosophers

Which modern philosophers examine problems of ethics and knowledge between artificial, intelligent agents, leaving their relationship to humans aside? What I'm looking for: The assumption that AIs ...
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Can an intellect judge itself?

Suppose you want to measure the length of something, e.g. the length of a kitchen table. It's not an easy task, but luckily you have a meter stick on hand! So you take your meter stick and make your ...
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Is anything wrong with this argument about the Turing test?

I seem to be having a bit of difficulty explaining what seems to me to be an important failure of the Turing test as performed. A failure that means that to date, no performance has yielded any ...
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In the presence of higher moral intelligence, is one obliged to follow its advice?

Whether from God, from a benign moral genius, or from a super AI focused on morality, if one has sufficient evidence that an entity has vastly superior moral reasoning to oneself, is one morally ...
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A question about the Turing test

Alan Turing bases his famous test for human-like machine intelligence on a party game between a man and a woman. Each communicates with a hidden judge by teleprinter (text alone). Nowadays, consoles ...
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What does Searle mean by "intentionality" and "causal processes"?

I am struggling to understand the meaning of some of the terminology John Searle uses in "Mind, brains, and programs." For example, right before "IV. The combination reply," he ...
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Are there moral dilemmas that can not be solved just by unbounded resources, that require something other to solve them?

Are there moral dilemmas that can not be solved just by unbounded resources, that require something other to solve them? By solving the moral dilemma I mean either one of the following: Identify, ...
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How does the Chinese Room Argument handle the pile of sand paradox?

The Chinese Room setup is as follows, quoted from an earlier question on the same topic: Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a room full of boxes of Chinese symbols (a ...
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Why is it impossible for a program or AI to have semantic understanding?

relatively new to philosophy. This question is based on John Searle's Chinese Room Argument. I find it odd that his main argument for why programs could not think was that because programs could only ...
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Is artificially generating images of minors in sexual positions unethical?

First let me start by saying that I think that every sexual interaction with minors is absolutely disgusting and nothing that ever could turn me on (or at least I hope so). But I am a machine learner, ...
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Which Philosophers talk about the Future. the technologies beyond AI and John Searle?

I like philosophy since long time ago I know a little about Socrates, Plato, Descartes, Hegel, Marx, Kant, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Leibniz. I like his work but there is a topic that I am really ...
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Is anybody aware of studies that have proved objective ethics?

I recently watched a lecture from linguist Noam Chomsky, in which he alluded to studies that may or may not be coming closer to revealing the objectivity of ethics. A search for such studies has not ...
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Can the brain be considered an analog computer?

Some people consider the brain a computer. Like brain philosopher D. Hofstadter. In a public talk he gave he tried to do anything to show that. Including tackling opponents. But he couldn't convince (...
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Book or source recommendations on philosophy and the web

I am looking for a philosophical take on the Internet and so far find surprisingly little of what I was hoping for. While I am also interested in information theory, digital culture, social critique, ...
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Is AI in a Crisis of Science?

According to Thomas S. Kuhn in his classic work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: ...'normal science' presupposes a conceptual and instrumental framework or paradigm accepted by an entire ...
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Name the concept: AI utilitarianism gone wrong

I believe there is a name for the concept of an AI that attempts to maximise utility but fails due to lack of common sense. Typical example being: Goal: Cure cancer Result: AI kills all humans, so no ...
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What actually is a simulation philosophically?

Everyone has heard of the idea that the universe might be a simulation - which we understand to mean that there is some computer in the "base" universe, which is running a program that is ...
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What is intelligence?

I am interested in studying AI, and I thought it would be a good idea to study the nature of intelligence before stepping into the field. I googled "books to read about intelligence", but it ...
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Is Turing test still serving as criterion of machine intelligence?

During the first half of the last century Alan Turing proposed his 'Turing test' as means by which to answer whether machines have intelligence. To recall: the test amounts to a conversation between ...
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Is there a philosophical framework for deciding on exposing humanity changing technology?

Let us assume, there is an inventor who thinks he/she is possess a humanity altering technology. For example, an artificial intelligence. He/she is also concerned, with possible adverse effects, his/...
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Turing Test and Functionalism

I know Turing Test and functionalism respectively but get confused about: What is the influence of Turing Test on functionalism? (I suppose Turing Test is both behaviorist and functionalist.) Is ...
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How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
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How do Probably Approximately Correct algorithms work, and is the PAC model an eludication of Piercean abduction

I recently read a fascinating review (in issue no. 136 of Philosophy Now) of Probably Approximately Correct written by Harvard Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Leslie Valiant. ...
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Are Life and Intelligence analogous?

Let me explain what I mean. From the standpoint of biology, life is often defined by having a metabolism, the ability to reproduce, evolve, etc. (There is no single definition so far as I can tell.) ...
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An English room inside Searle's Chinese Room?

The Chinese room experiment has a fundamental function of giving the system/person interacting with it the illusion that the room understands chinese, but it seems flaky to me what the term ...
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Human Mind vs Computer

We start from axioms, use rules of logic, and derive theorems. These theorems establish what is the case in relation to the context. In all disciplines employing mathematics, we reason by saying '...
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Are these arguments -- in philosophy of mind?

Do any of these arguments [epiphanies] exist in the philosophy of mind? Consciousness is a complex structure, and it is unlikely to be realizable in just any structure, else anything big enough would ...
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Application of Epistemology to Robotics or other machine-based "exploration" systems?

So, as epistemology is the main branch of philosophy dealing with knowledge, it would be reasonable to assume that (multiple) people tried to apply ideas from it to practical knowlegde-accumulating ...
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Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
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Is there a field of study for AI inspired goals for humans?

I'm not very familiar with this kind of formal philosophy discussions so please excuse my unpreciseness. I know that the Artificially intelligent agent we have been putting the most hopes into ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
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3 answers
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Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
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A reply to the Chinese room argument

All replies to the Chinese Room Argument (CRA) that I've seen assume the computer science concept (explanation, "definition" as Searle says) of the electronic digital computer. But what of other ...
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Can an AI answer every possible question? [closed]

Let's suppose an artificial intelligence developed a level of intelligence which we humans can not understand/handle. will the program/robot be able to answer every possible question? My argument: ...
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6 votes
2 answers
389 views

Why do some non-religious people reject artificial consciousness?

I use "artificial consciousness" as a broad term to describe the possibility that a computer may have the same experience of reality and of itself that we have. I guess that a religious view, more ...
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Why did Turing say computers manipulate symbols?

In his 1936 paper, Turing explains that humans compute by manipulating symbols that are external to the human brain (humans compute with pen and paper). Electronic digital computers do the same thing -...
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What is the difference between the resolution rule and the elimination in natural deduction?

I understand that elimination is: p v q ¬q then p and resolution is: q1 v q2 v q3...qn ¬q1 v q2 v q3...qn then q2 v q3...qn I see no difference, but my teacher is telling us don't use the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there anything in epistemology beyond exploration+reinforcement learning (RL)? [closed]

I am trying to build consciousness in artificial intelligence. The general mechanism is that agent (randomly or based on some preexisting knowledge) performs some actions (gets some knowledge, makes ...
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Does strong AI disprove physicalism?

This question is motivated by a comment to an answer I provided to another question about John Searle and the Chinese Room Argument: What relevance, if any, does collective memory in ants have to John ...
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