Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or playing a difficult game of chess.

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What would be a simple definition of “self”? [closed]

Can we define the self in such a way that the machine or the robots could have a conscious mind?? or it is impossible for machines to have a conscious mind? And does "Sophia" has already passed the ...
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How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
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How likely is an artificial intelligence explosion? [closed]

An explosion in artificial general intelligence, sometimes called the "singularity," is a hypothetical event in which an artificial intelligence recursively improves itself, leading to exponential ...
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How do Probably Approximately Correct algorithms work, and is the PAC model generalizable to human brains

I recently read a fascinating review (in issue no. 136 of Philosophy Now) of Probably Approximately Correct written by Harvard Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Leslie Valiant. ...
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Are Life and Intelligence analogous?

Let me explain what I mean. From the standpoint of biology, life is often defined by having a metabolism, the ability to reproduce, evolve, etc. (There is no single definition so far as I can tell.) ...
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An English room inside Searle's Chinese Room?

The Chinese room experiment has a fundamental function of giving the system/person interacting with it the illusion that the room understands chinese, but it seems flaky to me what the term ...
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Human Mind vs Computer

We start from axioms, use rules of logic, and derive theorems. These theorems establish what is the case in relation to the context. In all disciplines employing mathematics, we reason by saying '...
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Are these arguments — in philosophy of mind?

Do any of these arguments [epiphanies] exist in the philosophy of mind? Consciousness is a complex structure, and it is unlikely to be realizable in just any structure, else anything big enough would ...
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Computers, Artificial Intelligence, and Epistemology

Some classification schemes don't list logic as a separate branch of philosophy. I assume they regard logic as a component of epistemology. Of course, others regard logic as a separate branch. The ...
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What is the relationship between scientific explanation and interpretability?

I am trying to understand the relationship between Scientific Explanation and Intelligibility / Understanding. I believe the former is grounded in the Metaphysics of Causation while the latter is ...
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Application of Epistemology to Robotics or other machine-based “exploration” systems?

So, as epistemology is the main branch of philosophy dealing with knowledge, it would be reasonable to assume that (multiple) people tried to apply ideas from it to practical knowlegde-accumulating ...
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Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
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Is there a field of study for AI inspired goals for humans?

I'm not very familiar with this kind of formal philosophy discussions so please excuse my unpreciseness. I know that the Artificially intelligent agent we have been putting the most hopes into ...
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Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
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Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
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A reply to the Chinese room argument

All replies to the Chinese Room Argument (CRA) that I've seen assume the computer science concept (explanation, "definition" as Searle says) of the electronic digital computer. But what of other ...
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Can an AI answer every possible question? [closed]

Let's suppose an artificial intelligence developed a level of intelligence which we humans can not understand/handle. will the program/robot be able to answer every possible question? My argument: ...
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Why do some non-religious people reject artificial consciousness?

I use "artificial consciousness" as a broad term to describe the possibility that a computer may have the same experience of reality and of itself that we have. I guess that a religious view, more ...
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Why did Turing say computers manipulate symbols?

In his 1936 paper, Turing explains that humans compute by manipulating symbols that are external to the human brain (humans compute with pen and paper). Electronic digital computers do the same thing -...
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What is the difference between the resolution rule and the elimination in natural deduction?

I understand that elimination is: p v q ¬q then p and resolution is: q1 v q2 v q3...qn ¬q1 v q2 v q3...qn then q2 v q3...qn I see no difference, but my teacher is telling us don't use the ...
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Is there anything in epistemology beyond exploration+reinforcement learning (RL)? [closed]

I am trying to build consciousness in artificial intelligence. The general mechanism is that agent (randomly or based on some preexisting knowledge) performs some actions (gets some knowledge, makes ...
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Does strong AI disprove physicalism?

This question is motivated by a comment to an answer I provided to another question about John Searle and the Chinese Room Argument: What relevance, if any, does collective memory in ants have to John ...
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193 views

Where's Sophia along the “spectrum of consciousness”?

This is really more of a follow-up to all the recent (and not-so-recent) somewhat goofy (and maybe some not-so-goofy) ai-and-consciousness-type questions. In that vein, I serendipitously stumbled ...
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How to motivate a general AI to be curious and explore the world [closed]

I recently posted a similar question over on Stack Overflow but they just weren't having it, so I figured I'd bring it over here. I'm developing a model for a general AI based roughly on Douglas ...
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AGI and Quine's conundrums:underdetermination and holism

How has [or will] the prevalence of “big data” – the exploding plethora of information and computing power to classify, categorize and correlate it, combined with Artificial General Intelligence, or ...
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203 views

What is Searle's argument against machine functionalism?

what is searle's main argument Machine functionalism?
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Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
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From ethical actions to ethical goals, from the Commandments/Beatitudes to the New Jerusalem? [closed]

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems (autonomous vehicles, autonomous decision support systems, autonomous humanoid robots etc.) are required to make ethical decisions and it is strong feature of the ...
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What is the relationship between consciousness and intelligence?

Some philosophers say that consciousness is all about experiences, feelings, etc. Can we say that intelligence is also an experience or feeling making it one of the outcomes of consciousness or ...
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Understanding the simulation argument

I came across Nick Bostrom's paper called Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?. The paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: The human species is likely to go extinct ...
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118 views

How could a computer acquire knowledge of its environment?

I've quite often seen AI respond to John Searle's Chinese room argument by accepting the systems reply: while the man in the room doesn't understand Chinese, the room (the system) as a whole could - ...
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Book Recommendation for Computational Theory of Mind

These days I'm really into studying the Computational Theory of Mind (CTM) and I have read papers and documents online. However, I have difficulty capturing the overall (received) theories of CTM at ...
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In the Turing test how can the computer understand the interrogator?

I thought an important feature of the Turing test was that the situation was exactly equal for each contestants, human and computer. The interrogator communicates with each using a teleprinter. Turing ...
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117 views

Is Artificial Intelligence (AI) a measure of a computers intelligence? Or, our own? [closed]

Fellow Citizens of Earth: During our digital age of privacy laws, data breaches, and consumer profiling; the distinct split happening within psychological minds of individuals needs to be addressed. ...
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AI singularity, and the transmission of intelligence

I was quite taken with David Deutsch's dismissal of the fear of the AI general intelligence singularity, based on the idea that any true intelligences will in some sense start with hybrid human-...
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Where is the knowledge that AI's “knowledge representations” represent?

I find this really confusing. AI often says its computer systems "know" things, but when AI explains how to program a computer to be intelligent, it talks only about "knowledge representation". E.g., ...
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Can you objectively determine if a given system has free will (according to compatibilism)?

Given some system, can you objectively determine if it has free will? In particular, you can examine the system to any extent that you want, but you are told nothing about its purpose. If so, what is ...
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Is Google Duplex unethical if it doesn’t specifically identify itself as a non-human?

The recent Google Duplex demo caused a firestorm of criticism online. One of the things that I kept hearing was that it was an unethical deception for an AI system to present itself as a human caller....
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How can we categorize schools to achieve AI?

If we want to show schools at AI, which criteria are used? For example I think something below, there are 2 school of AI. Human level AI Problem solution-level AI At human level we aim to make ...
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Machines vs Chaos of Human Language

Will it ever be possible for machines to understand language the way humans do? It is a famous XKCD comic strip pointing out how "Language isn't a formal system. It is a glorious chaos". It ...
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Common argument against current level of AI

A common argument against the current level of AI I often hear is "A child can recognize a dog after seeing it once, whereas it takes a model thousands of images". This makes sense on the surface, ...
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Can computers do things Turing machines can't?

Today's electronic digital computers are often referred to as universal Turing machines. That is, the concept of the UTM is used to understand today's stored-program electronic digital computers. But ...
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548 views

Why did Turing promote ESP (extra sensory perception)?

I've spent quite a while studying Turing's 1950 paper "Computing Machinery and Intelligence", regarded by many as the mission statement of AI, and one part of this paper has always seemed completely ...
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Why doesn't the Chinese room learn Chinese?

I just can't see how John Searle's Chinese room makes sense. The room passes the Turing test. People outside the room think there's a human inside who understands Chinese. But, Searle explains, the ...
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Is ESP, in particular telepathy, not computable?

In Alan Turing’s “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” he writes in 6(9) The Argument from Extrasensory Perception that I assume that the reader is familiar with the idea of extrasensory ...
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Does adding structure make the Chinese room semantic?

The Chinese room reacts just to syntax, or shape of symbols (is purely syntactic). But brains are full of structure. In the room, Chinese symbols sit scattered in "piles" on the floor or are moved ...
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Do relationships rebut the Chinese room argument?

Searle says syntax is neither sufficient for nor constitutive of semantics, all a computer gets (eg from sensors) is syntax (tokenised shapes) therefore computers will never understand the world. ...
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The Chinese room ain't no computer – but does it matter? [duplicate]

Central to Searle's Chinese room argument is his claim that the room has the semantic properties of an electronic digital computer. In a post a few days ago in a discussion about the semantics, I ...
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Is computationalism really a theory, or is it more like a doctrine or creed?

When studying AI, computationalism was always referred to as a theory, a theory of mind, the theory that the mind is an executing computation. But is it really a theory? How could it be disproved or ...
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Will Artificial Intelligence eventually be capable of feeling emotion? [duplicate]

My coworkers and I are having an argument regarding AI feeling emotions. Basically, the overarching question is whether or not AI will eventually be able to feel emotions. Here are the arguments. ...