Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or playing a difficult game of chess.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
2answers
148 views

Is anything wrong with this argument about the Turing test?

I seem to be having a bit of difficulty explaining what seems to me to be an important failure of the Turing test as performed. A failure that means that to date, no performance has yielded any ...
2
votes
5answers
156 views

In the presence of higher moral intelligence, is one obliged to follow its advice?

Whether from God, from a benign moral genius, or from a super AI focused on morality, if one has sufficient evidence that an entity has vastly superior moral reasoning to oneself, is one morally ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Are there moral dilemmas that can not be solved just by unbounded resources, that require something other to solve them?

Are there moral dilemmas that can not be solved just by unbounded resources, that require something other to solve them? By solving the moral dilemma I mean either one of the following: Identify, ...
-1
votes
1answer
68 views

A question about the Turing test

Alan Turing bases his famous test for human-like machine intelligence on a party game between a man and a woman. Each communicates with a hidden judge by teleprinter (text alone). Nowadays, consoles ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

What does Searle mean by "intentionality" and "causal processes"?

I am struggling to understand the meaning of some of the terminology John Searle uses in "Mind, brains, and programs." For example, right before "IV. The combination reply," he ...
22
votes
15answers
10k views

Why is it impossible for a program or AI to have semantic understanding?

relatively new to philosophy. This question is based on John Searle's Chinese Room Argument. I find it odd that his main argument for why programs could not think was that because programs could only ...
16
votes
9answers
8k views

What are the retorts to Searle's Chinese Room?

Searle's Chinese Room basically argues that a program cannot make a computer 'intelligent'. Searle summarises the argument as Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a room ...
4
votes
3answers
258 views

How does the Chinese Room Argument handle the pile of sand paradox?

The Chinese Room setup is as follows, quoted from an earlier question on the same topic: Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a room full of boxes of Chinese symbols (a ...
5
votes
4answers
706 views

Concerning A.I. and Robots - Can they reach sentience and consciousness?

If a robot had a cognitive system in its 'head' that can pass the Turing Test and its AI abilities where self-sustaining (and it can reprogram any part of 'itself' without causing self-sabotage) how ...
1
vote
3answers
539 views

Will computers ever have consciousness?

Will computers ever have consciousness? What would it take to accomplish it? How can we determine if a computer has one?
-1
votes
3answers
207 views

Is artificially generating images of minors in sexual positions unethical?

First let me start by saying that I think that every sexual interaction with minors is absolutely disgusting and nothing that ever could turn me on (or at least I hope so). But I am a machine learner, ...
2
votes
5answers
317 views

Is ESP, in particular telepathy, not computable?

In Alan Turing’s “Computing Machinery and Intelligence” he writes in 6(9) The Argument from Extrasensory Perception that I assume that the reader is familiar with the idea of extrasensory ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Which Philosophers talk about the Future. the technologies beyond AI and John Searle?

I like philosophy since long time ago I know a little about Socrates, Plato, Descartes, Hegel, Marx, Kant, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche and Leibniz. I like his work but there is a topic that I am really ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Is anybody aware of studies that have proved objective ethics?

I recently watched a lecture from linguist Noam Chomsky, in which he alluded to studies that may or may not be coming closer to revealing the objectivity of ethics. A search for such studies has not ...
2
votes
5answers
278 views

What actually is a simulation philosophically?

Everyone has heard of the idea that the universe might be a simulation - which we understand to mean that there is some computer in the "base" universe, which is running a program that is ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Book or source recommendations on philosophy and the web

I am looking for a philosophical take on the Internet and so far find surprisingly little of what I was hoping for. While I am also interested in information theory, digital culture, social critique, ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Is it immoral to kill a philosophical zombie?

Is unplugging a robot from power the same as killing a person? As the commenters said this does not quite work because robots can be plugged back in. So let's replace robots with philosophical zombies,...
-1
votes
2answers
146 views

Is AI in a Crisis of Science?

According to Thomas S. Kuhn in his classic work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: ...'normal science' presupposes a conceptual and instrumental framework or paradigm accepted by an entire ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

Is Turing test still serving as criterion of machine intelligence?

During the first half of the last century Alan Turing proposed his 'Turing test' as means by which to answer whether machines have intelligence. To recall: the test amounts to a conversation between ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Name the concept: AI utilitarianism gone wrong

I believe there is a name for the concept of an AI that attempts to maximise utility but fails due to lack of common sense. Typical example being: Goal: Cure cancer Result: AI kills all humans, so no ...
0
votes
1answer
636 views

What is the difference between the resolution rule and the elimination in natural deduction?

I understand that elimination is: p v q ¬q then p and resolution is: q1 v q2 v q3...qn ¬q1 v q2 v q3...qn then q2 v q3...qn I see no difference, but my teacher is telling us don't use the ...
5
votes
11answers
3k views

Philosophy and the question 'When is a robot considered alive and thinking?'

I originally posted this question in Robotics Stack Exchange, but it was deemed off-topic there and it was recommended I post here: I was watching a youtube video of a robot: https://www.youtube.com/...
7
votes
4answers
167 views

What is intelligence?

I am interested in studying AI, and I thought it would be a good idea to study the nature of intelligence before stepping into the field. I googled "books to read about intelligence", but it ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

Nonreductionist supervenience

I'm currently reading Kim's The Mind-Body Problem after Fifty Years which tries to summarise how the MB problem has evolved and been approached the past few decades. One of the very important terms ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Is there a philosophical framework for deciding on exposing humanity changing technology?

Let us assume, there is an inventor who thinks he/she is possess a humanity altering technology. For example, an artificial intelligence. He/she is also concerned, with possible adverse effects, his/...
0
votes
2answers
406 views

Turing Test and Functionalism

I know Turing Test and functionalism respectively but get confused about: What is the influence of Turing Test on functionalism? (I suppose Turing Test is both behaviorist and functionalist.) Is ...
0
votes
4answers
113 views

Is there a field of study for AI inspired goals for humans?

I'm not very familiar with this kind of formal philosophy discussions so please excuse my unpreciseness. I know that the Artificially intelligent agent we have been putting the most hopes into ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

How do Probably Approximately Correct algorithms work, and is the PAC model an eludication of Piercean abduction

I recently read a fascinating review (in issue no. 136 of Philosophy Now) of Probably Approximately Correct written by Harvard Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Leslie Valiant. ...
0
votes
3answers
199 views

Are Life and Intelligence analogous?

Let me explain what I mean. From the standpoint of biology, life is often defined by having a metabolism, the ability to reproduce, evolve, etc. (There is no single definition so far as I can tell.) ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How would luck egalitarianism deal with AI and automatisation in production?

Mainstream theories of justice, particularly luck egalitarianism, accept that the "good fortune," the goods that result from endowments, not from choice or effort, be redistributed to aid those ...
2
votes
1answer
365 views

Computers, Artificial Intelligence, and Epistemology

Some classification schemes don't list logic as a separate branch of philosophy. I assume they regard logic as a component of epistemology. Of course, others regard logic as a separate branch. The ...
2
votes
1answer
374 views

An English room inside Searle's Chinese Room?

The Chinese room experiment has a fundamental function of giving the system/person interacting with it the illusion that the room understands chinese, but it seems flaky to me what the term ...
3
votes
5answers
287 views

Human Mind vs Computer

We start from axioms, use rules of logic, and derive theorems. These theorems establish what is the case in relation to the context. In all disciplines employing mathematics, we reason by saying '...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Is Google Duplex unethical if it doesn’t specifically identify itself as a non-human?

The recent Google Duplex demo caused a firestorm of criticism online. One of the things that I kept hearing was that it was an unethical deception for an AI system to present itself as a human caller....
11
votes
3answers
1k views

On Wittgenstein's family resemblance and machine learning

Wittgenstein proposed in his later philosophy the concept of family resemblance to describe groups which cannot be defined by a single (or simple set) of common features but instead display (from the ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Are these arguments -- in philosophy of mind?

Do any of these arguments [epiphanies] exist in the philosophy of mind? Consciousness is a complex structure, and it is unlikely to be realizable in just any structure, else anything big enough would ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Do machine learning algorithms have knowledge (if not justified true beliefs)?

By "machine learning algorithm" I'm referring to basic, primarily statistical, machine learning algorithms; for concrete examples consider simple classifier algorithms like SVM or Bayesian classifier ...
7
votes
6answers
5k views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
-1
votes
5answers
1k views

Is Artificial Intelligence an Oxymoron?

Is Artificial intelligence an oxymoron? One can not 'fake' great intelligence except if like a con-artist one say's all sorts of things that 'sound' intelligent without saying anything. An actor ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

AGI and Quine's conundrums:underdetermination and holism

How has [or will] the prevalence of “big data” – the exploding plethora of information and computing power to classify, categorize and correlate it, combined with Artificial General Intelligence, or ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Application of Epistemology to Robotics or other machine-based "exploration" systems?

So, as epistemology is the main branch of philosophy dealing with knowledge, it would be reasonable to assume that (multiple) people tried to apply ideas from it to practical knowlegde-accumulating ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Is brain reward hacking immoral?

Consider the following scenarios, each of which at their core refer to a form of 'reward hacking'. Based on personal observation, each scenario below generally elicits an immediate, visceral feeling ...
10
votes
3answers
576 views

What other philosophy of mind books might be recommended if I like John Searle?

What other philosophy of mind books might be recommended if I like John Searle? I am an engineer who is interested in AI and the possibility of machines become able to think and the philosophy behind ...
2
votes
3answers
434 views

Understanding the simulation argument

I came across Nick Bostrom's paper called Are You Living in a Computer Simulation?. The paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: The human species is likely to go extinct ...
6
votes
2answers
379 views

Why do some non-religious people reject artificial consciousness?

I use "artificial consciousness" as a broad term to describe the possibility that a computer may have the same experience of reality and of itself that we have. I guess that a religious view, more ...
0
votes
3answers
138 views

Would it be ethical to use AI to determine a user’s gender from the content they upload, without them knowing?

I originally tried to find an answer on /UX but was told that this would get a better response here. I’ve been thinking about this for a while, and am unsure how the average user would feel about ...
18
votes
6answers
4k views

How can one refute John Searle's "syntax is not semantics" argument against strong AI?

There are many refutations of John Searle's Chinese Room argument against Strong AI. But they seem to be addressing the structure of the thought experiment itself, as opposed to the underlying ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

A reply to the Chinese room argument

All replies to the Chinese Room Argument (CRA) that I've seen assume the computer science concept (explanation, "definition" as Searle says) of the electronic digital computer. But what of other ...
-3
votes
1answer
575 views

Can an AI answer every possible question? [closed]

Let's suppose an artificial intelligence developed a level of intelligence which we humans can not understand/handle. will the program/robot be able to answer every possible question? My argument: ...