Questions tagged [artificial-intelligence]

Artificial intelligence means making a computer do something that appears clever to humans. Fully general artificial intelligence remains an elusive and far-off goal; but many relatively 'intelligent' behaviors are now common even from consumer devices, for instance, recognizing a human face or playing a difficult game of chess.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
2answers
134 views

I am looking for the name of this paradox (too long to put in title, sorry)

I am looking for the name of the paradox below. I don't know if it is really a fallacy, its just what I'm calling it. I would like to read read more about what people think, but I don't know what it ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

What is understanding (of natural language texts) and how can we test or measure it?

What is the definition of the understanding of (written) natural language and how can we test or measure this understanding? What is understanding of the symbolic knowledge be it encoded in any form? ...
1
vote
1answer
344 views

How is this premises and conclusion to refute Searle's CR experiment?

So I've been digging into this topic for days now. I've gone through his paper and also some threads here, which I found were very helpful. I came up with these premises and following conclusions in ...
1
vote
2answers
714 views

How can Searle's Chinese Room argument refute to this argument? [duplicate]

I'm a relatively new student studying philosophy and became interested in the computer models of mind. I've read John Searle's CR experiment and had a quick thought. How can CR experiment refute to ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

To what extent is traditional theology relevant to simulated realities? [closed]

I've noticed from playing with the old Sims game that I have some of the attributes of God - I'm completely independent of them, I have an isolated moral framework, I can surround them with grills and ...
9
votes
3answers
794 views

On Wittgenstein's family resemblance and machine learning

Wittgenstein proposed in his later philosophy the concept of family resemblance to describe groups which cannot be defined by a single (or simple set) of common features but instead display (from the ...
7
votes
3answers
498 views

Would it be immoral to enslave your own simulated mind?

The following story has been envisioned in White Christmas episode (part II) of Black Mirror television series (see the short clip): Matt greets the confused and terrified "Greta cookie" ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

What do panpsychists think about artificial intelligence?

OK, it is extremely difficult to formulate a coherent and at the same time generic definition of panpsychism. But suppose we define it as the belief that all parts of matter contain/involve conscious ...
3
votes
2answers
200 views

Within a utilitarian framework, how should I handle research where I don't know whether it is ethical?

Let me start with an example. Let's assume I'm a computer scientist working on autonomous, human-like (at least in some aspects) artificial intelligence, which is expected to interact with humans, ...
0
votes
2answers
209 views

can a machine ai hallucinate?

It seems to me our current experience of the subjective consciousness of a human is currently based on the one of the following: - reporting of the subjective experience through language - observation ...
4
votes
3answers
502 views

Are “robot rebellions” even possible?

A common science-fiction trope is the "robot rebellion"...but I have a hard time comphrending how one could actually occur. Computers follow pre-designed instructions. Without these instructions, ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Philosophical work that focuses on “pattern” and “change”?

My own specialty is A.I., but I figure this is an essentially philosophical topic. The existence of patterns and of change, or, said differently, of continuous change at multiple levels of abstraction,...
0
votes
1answer
282 views

Is It Possible For A Computer To Have A Desire? [duplicate]

I suppose another way to ask it is, is it possible for a computer to feel?
6
votes
6answers
1k views

In what type of world is free will possible, if at all?

Why is free will a widely discussed, established concept? Does this concept emerge from religious / spiritual doctrine? Why is there so much interest in this topic? If a neural-network based AI ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

What makes artificial intelligence artificial? [closed]

Wikipedia says Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines. About intelligence it says It [intelligence] can be more generally described as the ability to perceive information, ...
3
votes
2answers
531 views

If a physical property is emergent, can it still be artificially recreated?

Let's assume that a physical property is emergent, in the sense that it cannot be reduced to a function of the properties of its components. Can such a property be artificially recreated, or is that a ...
2
votes
7answers
718 views

Can AI have ethics?

I work with machine learning. If there's one thing I've learned it's that AI are only driven by goals. Can an AI have ethics? It's taking in input and providing an output, following rules, driving ...
0
votes
2answers
172 views

Is consciousness the base definition of living?

Humanity is at the advent of making self-aware and hence conscious Artificial Intelligence. What is the limit when we stop calling these "Artificial"? When does a machine take the title of "Living"? ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What sort of things might a higher level of consciousness be capable of? [closed]

While the nature of consciousness itself is still unclear, the products of consciousness are quite evident. A few of the perks of human level consciousness include: The capacity for complex ...
3
votes
5answers
855 views

How might we define morality or ethics such that we can program it into an Artificial Intelligence?

With the speed at which AI is being developed, there is a pressing need to develop a clear system of morality that we might have an Artificial Intelligence operate from. In my understanding, there ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Would it be ethical to make a bot that would answer stack exchange questions? [closed]

Lets say the bot would be markov chain based and trained on the answers given previously on that tag. Would the answer to this question be different if it was based on neural networks? Would this ...
3
votes
1answer
448 views

Philosophical Implications of Connectionism and Pattern Recognition

As a machine learning researcher and amateur philosopher, I'm interested in the current status of the debate between the symbolic AI and connectionism\pattern-recognition schools from the perspective ...
4
votes
3answers
500 views

Can we recognize the existence of a Strong AI after it is created?

It is, of course, debatable whether a Strong AI even can exist. After all, philosophical arguments about the Chinese Room and Philosophical Zombies abound. However, it is possible to imagine a world ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Nonreductionist supervenience

I'm currently reading Kim's The Mind-Body Problem after Fifty Years which tries to summarise how the MB problem has evolved and been approached the past few decades. One of the very important terms ...
10
votes
8answers
1k views

Is the simulation of emotional states equivalent to actually experiencing emotions?

According to the 'Mario Lives!' video, researchers have been able to develop an AI unit that is able to experience emotional states, such as greed, hunger, and curiosity. If the AI is currently ...
4
votes
2answers
404 views

Can Mind-Body Functionalism be true yet General Artificial Intelligence still be impossible?

In this lecture Hilary Putnam says the following: Mind-body Functionalism is true. In fact not only is it true, but it makes ontological questions of philosophy of mind mostly irrelevant. The laws ...
8
votes
4answers
559 views

How does human intelligence differ from Searle's chinese room?

The Chinese Room argument attempts to prove that a computer, no matter how powerful, cannot achieve consciousness. Brief summary: Imagine a native English speaker who knows no Chinese locked in a ...
16
votes
6answers
3k views

How can one refute John Searle's “syntax is not semantics” argument against strong AI?

There are many refutations of John Searle's Chinese Room argument against Strong AI. But they seem to be addressing the structure of the thought experiment itself, as opposed to the underlying ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Free Will and Intelligence

What is the relation between free will and intelligence. I'll identify free will with conscious mind and wonder what their relation is. Obviously there is free will without intelligence. Just have a ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Is our idea of Artificial Intelligence incorrect?

IBM Watson's first incarnation was to be a competitive opponent on the show Jeopardy, where it was able to interpret the semantics of the questions with impressive accuracy, and find relevant answers. ...
11
votes
6answers
6k views

On the difference between “knowing” and “understanding”?

Intuitively, there is a clear difference between knowing something and understanding something. We speak of someone 'getting' or 'internalizing' a concept, of developing a 'gut feeling' for something, ...
1
vote
4answers
294 views

Does “technological unemployment” violate the second law of thermodynamics?

Marx claimed that machines cannot "produce surplus value" but only redistribute labor and provide individual firms with a temporary market advantage. Nonetheless, many thinkers across the spectrum ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

What fallacy assumes that being familiar with something makes one an expert on it?

In the article Why We Shouldn't Fear Artificial Intelligence, the author writes:"A common fallacy suggests that, because AI are hosted on computers, they’ll be good at manipulating them. But let me ...
1
vote
2answers
449 views

Is Elohim a person in “The Talos principle”?

Im not sure whether to put this here or on Arqade SE, but since the game is very philosophical, I post it here. In the game "The Talos Principle", humanity has gone extinct a very long time ago. In ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Why do rational beings care about the dead?

Anthropologists tell us that home sapiens are concerned about "others," even after they die. In settled (as opposed to nomadic) societies this concern seems to catalyze beliefs, rituals, and ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

Does Gödel's argument that minds are more powerful than computers have the inconsistency loophole?

In "Raatikainen, P., 2005, “On the Philosophical Relevance of Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems,” , the author argues that Penrose's and others use of Gödel's theorem as an argument against mechanism (...
-2
votes
3answers
251 views

Is an AI the kind of entity that would qualify for basic human rights? [closed]

If hypothetically someone were to create an artificial intelligence possessing systemic consciousness nearby that of humans, then would that separate entity be entitled to basic rights such as those ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Do machine learning algorithms have knowledge (if not justified true beliefs)?

By "machine learning algorithm" I'm referring to basic, primarily statistical, machine learning algorithms; for concrete examples consider simple classifier algorithms like SVM or Bayesian classifier ...
3
votes
2answers
337 views

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed?

In a Computational Theory of Mind, how do we identify what is being computed and/or what algorithm is being executed? In general, a process can be viewed at different levels of abstraction. So, for ...
2
votes
4answers
210 views

what ethical rules must developers of AI adhere to for humane reasons?

As developers and neurologists advance their studies of intelligence, artificially intelligent software will be pursued. This may result in virtual entities which feel, think, and exist in a different ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

Is self-improving artifical inteligence really unlimited? [closed]

In complex enviroment, better inteligence gives you better chance to survive. But complexity of every real-world environment is finite. Assume that more inteligence need more computing power, more ...
2
votes
6answers
1k views

Does this reasoning refute John Searle's Chinese Room argument?

I'm a programmer interested in the development of artificial intelligence. I just read about the Chinese Room argument by John Searle, and would like to know if my reasoning successfully refutes his ...
5
votes
2answers
437 views

On the personal identity of a self aware artificial intelligence

Philosophers have discussed the question of personal identity of humans, including humans uploaded to hypothetical computers; but are there any notable discussions of the problems of personal identity ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What are the differences between mind model and other models?

What are the main differences between mind model and any other models such as conceptual models and ... ? As far as I know these are some major differences: 1-mind models are dynamic whereas ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Introductory books on epistemology for someone interested in artificial intelligence

It was suggested to me, as someone who is interested in going into the field of AGI (artificial general intelligence) that I read up on epistemology (a field in which I am rather unfamiliar). Are ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

Which are the best Artificial Intelligence philosophy books?

I am a Computer Scientist interested in philosopy of Artificial Intelligence. Is there a good book that covers AI main philosphical questions?
4
votes
2answers
421 views

Do compatibilists consider robots to have freewill?

Compatibilism is the position that freewill and physical determinism are compatible. This is in opposition to the idea that since everything has a cause, any act or decision a person takes has ...
1
vote
1answer
339 views

Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
3
votes
1answer
327 views

What did John Searle mean by these self-contradictory statements?

In his 1980 article “Minds, Brains and Programs” John Searle wrote: ” Of course the brain is a digital computer. Since everything is a digital computer, brains are too. The point ...
1
vote
4answers
116 views

Artificial minds with psychological problems?

A somewhat playful question, with possibly serious implications. Imagine that some sort of artificial sentient organism was developed, whose kind could function in a human society as if they were ...