Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [atheism]

Atheism is (in a broad sense) a skeptic attitude towards the belief in deities. In a narrower sense, atheism rejects the existence of deities at all.

2
votes
6answers
256 views

How can a non-Materialist Atheist explain the Universe's creation without God(s)?

If we define Atheism and Materialism as follows: "Atheism: disbelief or lack of belief in the existence of God or gods." [1] "Materialism: the theory or belief that nothing exists except ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

Pandeism vs. Atheism vs. Darwinism: Do they achieve the same result?

Is there any conceptual difference between "Pandeism" and "Atheism" and "Darwinism"? It seems they achieve the same result about the universe's creation. I mean Pandeists achieve the same result ...
3
votes
6answers
1k views

Is being omnipresent of each person of the Trinity contradictory? [closed]

Each person of the Trinity has all of God's attributes. Being omnipresent (not being bounded by any location, to be present everywhere) is one of God's attributes. So, each person of the Trinity has ...
4
votes
2answers
282 views

Is Western atheism a kind of Protestant religion?

Alvin Plantinga, while setting up his evolutionary argument against naturalism in Where the Conflict Really Lies, writes (page 311): Now it is not clear that naturalism, as it stands, is a religion;...
4
votes
7answers
376 views

Is atheism about the existence of Deities or a personal perception of Sacredness?

Wikipedia on atheism: Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Now what about deities? A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred. ...
2
votes
5answers
381 views

Agnostic theism and agnostic atheism and their validity

Recently, there has been a rise of the terms like "Agnostic Theism" and "Agnostic Atheism" which one rarely comes across in philosophical literature. To me, these terms seem more of a mockery of the ...
1
vote
2answers
226 views

A philosophy of suspending disbelief. What is it called?

What do you call the following philosophy? On its own God doesn't exist. Imagination is essential for humans to thrive to their fullest potential. At specific times, imagination is so useful ...
3
votes
2answers
249 views

Is There A Way To Answer The Question? [closed]

There are two identical universes that differ only in that one has a God and the other doesn't. One may say that no universe can exist without a God, so, this hypothetical isn't valid. One may say no ...
-1
votes
1answer
318 views

Can objective morality exist apart from the existence of a transcendent being?

I've heard explanations by Sam Harris and Michael Schermer, but I'm not super convinced on this one. People like Harris and Schermer seem to be trying to get an ought from an is.
2
votes
2answers
201 views

How widely accepted is the “presumption of atheism” among philosophers?

The presumption of atheism is the idea that in debates between theists and atheists, the burden of proof is on the theist to prove that God exists. This principle appears to be taken for granted in ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Nature of Logic and Mathematics, and its relationship with God and materialism

I believe that logic is infallible, mathematics is true and that an entirely mathematical description of the entire universe is possible. Are these inconsistent with materialism and atheism? Can ...
4
votes
2answers
309 views

How do non-theists explain the reliability of our cognitive faculties given Plantinga’s EAAN?

Plantinga argued in his Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism (EAAN) that given naturalistic evolution we cannot expect our cognitive faculties to be reliable. This contradicts our experience that ...
0
votes
4answers
371 views

Are almost all atheists hypocrites? [closed]

By an atheist, I mean a person who stands behind the following two propositions. P1: It is irrational to believe without empirical evidence. Hence, it is irrational to believe in God. P2: ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Warranted Atheist Belief

Is there anything like a satire or serious response to Alvin Plantinga's Warranted Christian Belief for Naturalism / atheism / agnosticism..... something along the flavor of the title?
1
vote
5answers
215 views

Is it irrational to take a risk?

When person A says to person B, "You're being irrational," is it fair for person A to mean the following? What you are doing is a bad choice! I know because your alternative is 75% likely to be ...
5
votes
6answers
601 views

How does this New Atheist argument add up?

This is an argument I've heard from many New Atheists, including Dawkins and Hitchens. The conversation typically goes like this. NA stands for New Atheist, P is some other person. P: What's your ...
3
votes
3answers
261 views

The philosophical relationship of morality, rationalism, atheism and physicalism

I am an atheist and I hold a physicalist view of the world, that the world is made but of one kind of stuff (call it "physical", if you want) and the universe is composed only of one kind of ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Why would philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic atheism be considered more rational than philosophical agnosticism and pragmatic theism?

I'm referring to the accepted answer on this post. The answerer states that If one is both attentive to empirical scientific studies and to philosophical investigations of the limits of knowledge, ...
5
votes
2answers
412 views

Why did Voltaire think that deism would support an ethical social order better than atheism?

Voltaire advocated deism and vehemently opposed atheism. As far as I know, one of the most important reasons he gave was pragmatic, that the uneducated lower class must be kept believing in god, ...
2
votes
3answers
392 views

Why do people turn to atheism when they try to escape dogmas?

Sometimes people who were grown in some religious environment feel like they do not like that religion. Usually they do not like dogmas which tells them what is allowed and what's not. Since the ...
33
votes
17answers
14k views

Is atheism just another form of dogma?

I was raised Catholic, and part of my motivation for leaving Catholicism was my dislike of any kind of enforced structure. However, to my surprise, it seems like Atheism is also dogmatic. Is this ...
5
votes
8answers
2k views

Where in the evolutionary chain did morality start to evolve?

One could argue that there is a common moral standard in dominant cultures, and most atheists conclude that morality is a social need gradually evolved in organisms. But at which stage of the ...
3
votes
3answers
196 views

Is it possible to stay completely unbiased? What is a good balance between the pursuit of truth and stay happy?

It is scientifically, philosophically and psychologically impossible to prove or disprove the existence of God, as many posts have said. Why not move on and eliminate the possibility of going to hell? ...
5
votes
2answers
174 views

Who were the late renaissance/early enlightenment atheists?

Descartes (1596 – 1650) gave arguments against atheism, as did Blaise Pascal (1623 – 1662). Yet the first prominent atheist I can think of is David Hume (1711 - 1776), and even he wasn't explicit. ...
2
votes
6answers
377 views

Are atheists forced to believe that their imagination is “omnipotent”?

The primary argument of the atheist is A1: a belief without evidence is irrational from which it is deduced that religious beliefs are irrational. However, it is well-known that many atheists ("...
1
vote
6answers
483 views

Are New Atheists hypocritical?

There are plenty of things wrong with plenty of religions. But the go-to argument of new atheists is you believe in A. You have no concrete evidence for A. Hence, you are irrational and stupid ...
8
votes
6answers
542 views

Does being a moral atheist require being a vegetarian?

A semi-serious question: (a) Excluding the rare cases of atheists who are also dualists, most atheists are materialists who don't believe in souls. (b) Many such atheists are also moral/ethical ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

How can hard atheism & physicalism be adhered with confidence given quantum mechanics? [closed]

This is something I've wondered about. At first it didn't seem to be a problem and everything seemed nice and clear but as I read more, clarity of course gave way to mud, again. I am not sure whether ...
5
votes
7answers
261 views

Is there any difference of terminology between a person who would never worship God and one who will upon proof?

What I mean is that I've seen atheists being asked what would it take for them to worship God. Ultimately their answers amount to, "nothing will make me worship God - even if God exists - because I ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Is there an atheistic idealism that rejects noumena but isn't solipsism?

I know of one answered question on a similar subject, but mine is not quite the same thing. Berkeley's idealism holds that to be is to be perceived---nothing can exist, or can be thought to exist, ...
5
votes
4answers
448 views

Argument for Classical Theism

I am an atheist. I would be interested in seeing what a metaphysical argument for theism would look like. I would also like a counter argument as well, so I can understand both the strengths and ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Are some prominent atheists “religiously atheist” [closed]

There's a class of scientist (and non-scientist) that pursues the atheism argument religiously. It seems that their ears are closed to reasoned argument. They are typically, in all other spheres of ...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

Are agnosticism and ignosticism incompatible with each other?

If someone claims that the concept of God is ambiguous and it is meaningless to talk about its existence, then such a person cannot take a stance as far as knowledge is concerned. Wouldn't an Agnostic ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How does Schopenhauer maintain idealism without God?

In Berkeley's idealism God holds the world together, enabling us to avoid chaos and experience a shared, orderly reality. But Schopenhauer is an idealist and an atheist. How can we then explain the ...
0
votes
4answers
234 views

Has atheism answered this criticism of the moral philosophy “do as you would be done by”?

Many atheists who recognise society's need for a moral philosophy propose that the soundest workable one is "do as you would be done by". (Nicolas Walter, Colin Ward.) This philosophy is open to the ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

What sort of problems does reading theistic phenomenology like Jean-Luc Marion offer an atheist?

I asked this question on the phenomenology of art, and it was suggested I read an intro to Jean-Luc Marion. I do quite want to. What sort of problems does reading theistic phenomenology offer an ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

What is the philosophical definition for Agnosticism (compared to Atheism/Theism)? [closed]

Is there an agreed upon definition for Agnosticism from a philosophical perspective? Is there a proper philosophical categorization of it compared to theism/atheim? Looking through the literature I ...
15
votes
14answers
1k views

On Atheists who are sympathetic to religion?

Most Atheists I have encountered fall into 2 categories: New Atheists: People who don't believe in God and see religion as an evil to be eradicated given the harm it has caused humanity (i.e. ...
0
votes
5answers
193 views

How does the success of science offer an objection to religious miracles?

I see today many newspaper columnists etc. say that atheism is a faith as much as any religious one. But surely (I say to myself) the success of science makes any religious claim about a supposed ...
0
votes
2answers
629 views

What is the contraposition of “I think therefore I am”?

It's known that Descartes was someone who believed in a God but isn't the contrapositive of "I think therefore I am" an atheistic notion. That is -I am not therefore I do not think- meaning if one ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Is atheism a property of an individual? [duplicate]

So this is an argument I'm actually having, silly as it may seem. Can atheism be said to be a property of an individual? His argument is that it the lack of a property is not a property at all. This ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

What confirms the claim that Friedrich Nietzsche was an atheist from a christian perspective?

In reading some of Nietzsche's works, his disappointment with humanity and God is evident to me. But so far I haven't seen any text by him where he explicitly endorses atheism. At the same time, many ...
5
votes
3answers
181 views

Can Thomas Nagel be considered a pantheist?

I have recently come across Thomas Nagel's book "Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False", which I've only skimmed. I've also just finished ...
2
votes
1answer
390 views

How to properly define the “neutral” position between Theism/Atheism and Agnosticism/Gnosticism?

Assuming that: agnosticism = belief that there is no way to verify if god/s exist or not. gnosticism = belief that there is a way to verify if god/s exist or not. atheism = disbelief in the ...
5
votes
10answers
2k views

Is atheism or agnosticism more rational?

While there is still widespread disagreement regarding the existing definition of atheism, it is normally considered as the "Rejection of belief in the existence of deities". One accepted definition ...
-3
votes
1answer
719 views

What is the purpose of life? [mainly for non_believers] [closed]

I am aware this question has been asked quite often here; I wanted to customize the question to a certain context. other questions are also debated when this question is asked: Do we actually exist ...
3
votes
3answers
241 views

Regarding Atheism and skeptics

Do there exist non-religious or non-christian writers or philosophers that analyse Atheism from a skeptical point of view?
21
votes
17answers
7k views

The “point” to an Atheists existence [closed]

I've recently become Atheist (I am 45). I've slowly transitioned from my childhood's strong Christian upbringing; through Agnostic; to the point where my rational brain has now extrapolated the ...
0
votes
9answers
340 views

Is there any philosophical value in “atheistic theology” [closed]

Apologies for the slightly clickbait title. I am an atheist, and I have no philosophy training at all. My questions are actually pretty simple. Are there questions in theology/religious philosophy ...
26
votes
4answers
3k views

In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...