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Is consciousness a means of our species or a consequence of accumulated knowledge? [closed]

Consciousness for me is you being conscious of being in a body. It separates from the human body, for me, consciousness is the "being" of the "human being". So, is it a means of ...
Augosto's user avatar
  • 59
1 vote
2 answers
130 views

What do you think about all existence following the very same laws? [closed]

So, i was wondering: Planets, Stars, etc. Have a similar behavior to us, humans. I mean, they consume energy to stay "alive" and when this energy ends up they "die". And in the end ...
Augosto's user avatar
  • 59
2 votes
2 answers
87 views

Certainty for the existence of tomorrow?

The title might not be the best but it was the best I could do. The question presses on the matter of continuity of time and the necessity of existence as a connected metaphysical phenomena. Just like ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 1,226
6 votes
3 answers
324 views

What did Plato and Plotinus mean by "beyond being?"

The question is exactly what the title says. Plato, in the Republic, famously referred to the Good as "beyond being in power and dignity," and Plotinus later expounded this assertion in his ...
Johnathan Green's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
404 views

Classifying the ethical characteristics of entities by cognitive properties, non-human-specific

I am wondering if any theorists have developed a way of classifying entities by their cognitive properties in order to build general theories such as ethics, based on such properties. It should ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

Are Sartre's In-itself and For-itself pure concepts?

I take the In-itself and For-itself (in reading Being and Nothingness) to be entirely distinct concepts, much like a priori and a posteriori concepts. However, with the later, I'm given to understand ...
DanielFBest's user avatar
0 votes
6 answers
291 views

What is beyond time? [closed]

In asking this question many people seemed to think I was talking about time before the big bang. While there are similarities, this is not what I mean. In quantum mechanics it has been found that ...
DanielFBest's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
73 views

The Real Problem of Being [closed]

Suppose you come into existence as a human named Tom. The Creator tells you the one and only rule of the universe: be who you choose to be. This is fun. You design yourself, and you choose you hair ...
Fomalhaut's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
92 views

Can any given hypothetical being suffer from not coming into existence, if we consider that there is an infinite variation of them?

The question sounds like a direct contradiction on its own, since a being that does not exist does not have the capacity to suffer. However, most cultures have evolved, for obvious reasons, towards ...
Qwokker's user avatar
  • 169
8 votes
1 answer
906 views

Looking for a specific joke about arguments for Meinongianism

I remember reading a book (or a paper) some time ago, that had a line somewhat like this: There are good arguments for Meinongianism. They just don't exist. Now, I find this very funny and find ...
snofelet's user avatar
  • 113
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Justifying God's existence by our existence

I have a friend that claims to be theist because they exist and it's extremely unlikely for them (and the Universe, their experience of life, etc.) to exist. They say that it would be simpler (for ...
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3 answers
77 views

Traditionally in philosophy, anything that can be said to be is a being

True or false? Does this mean that tables and chairs, rivers and rocks, by virtue of the fact that they exist, can be called 'beings'?
Wayfarer's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
278 views

Does "Being-with-others" have an antonym?

Does "Being-with-others" have an antonym? If I, you or it did not have "Being-with-others" then what would that be? Just to illustrate what the phrase can mean, here's two quotes ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
198 views

What is 'Being'?

So far, being is what beings do, maybe. What is it? E.g. as the Bishop of Berkeley might align with, (Being & Time, page 61) Being, as the basic theme of philosophy, is no class or genus of ...
Chris Degnen's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
74 views

Modal logic for absoluteness

Modern modal logic has the modalities of necessity and possibility. However, both of these can be seen as relative to the set of possible worlds and the accessibility relation chosen for the semantics....
Avi C's user avatar
  • 986
3 votes
2 answers
331 views

Are there things that don't exist?

This question is tripping me up. My working definition of exists is "affecting something/someone" Consider the following frame of reference: My bedroom I now have two categories. Things that ...
WokeBloke's user avatar
  • 107
2 votes
4 answers
231 views

How is Authenticity affected by external influences?

Originally I had titled this as concerning "being yourself" but it appears this concept is already defined in Philosophy as "Authenticity". A few specifics to clarify on ...
FrontEnd's user avatar
  • 139
3 votes
1 answer
694 views

Heidegger's "Dasein" vs. Sartre's "Being for itself"

I must admit, I am relatively new to existentialist philosophy. But I couldn't help notice the similarities between Heidegger's "Dasein" and Satre's "Being-for-itself". I was ...
xaratustra's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
292 views

What does “being” mean in the context of Plato’s Republic?

Here is an excerpt from Plato Book V: SOCRATES: “Tell us this: does someone who knows know something or nothing?” You answer for him. GLAUCON: I will answer that he knows something. SOCRATES: ...
xrisk's user avatar
  • 111
2 votes
7 answers
1k views

Can there be more than one omnipotent being?

Assuming that an omnipotent being could exist, can more than one coexist each other?
Primordiarch's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
912 views

Does Eternalism imply looping consciousness?

If the idea of Eternalism as expressed by those like J.M.E. McTaggart and Sean Carroll is true (as much of physics seems to suggest), the idea of the present moment being more real than the past or ...
Trevor Villwock's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
191 views

Does the act-potency distinction lead to Meinong's jungle?

The Aristotelian-Thomistic distinction of act-potency is, among other things, supposed to solve Parmenides' paradoxes of change. Since change requires something non-existent popping into existence ex ...
Adam Sharpe's user avatar
  • 3,844
2 votes
1 answer
199 views

Is Hegel's Logic an Ontology?

Stephen Houlgate, in his book The Beginning of Hegel's Logic, puts forward the argument that Hegel's Logic is to be seen as an ontology. But is this view convincing? I'll try my best to reconstruct ...
Moritz Loritz's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

Do qualia have Being?

Do qualia have Being? I'm unsure what 'Being' means, but take it that it has something to do with red always being red, self sameness or identity. If qualia do have Being, is that itself like ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
151 views

Must an analysis of Being precede the positive sciences?

In the first few pages of Being and Time Heidegger writes: such an inquiry [into foundations]... still needs a guideline... it remains naive and opaque if... it leaves the meaning of being in ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
101 views

Understanding 'existence' and 'being' in debates about ordinary objects

Quine has brought forward his definition of existence: 'To be is to be the value of a bound variable.' But has also taught us that the sciences ultimately determine what actually exists contrary to ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 31
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

What were Plato's views on substance?

Forms are Plato’s substances, for everything derives its existence from Forms. In this sense of ‘substance’ any realist philosophical system acknowledges the existence of substances. Probably the ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
389 views

Does ontology study "being qua being"?

May I say that ontology studies "being qua being", while the sciences study "entity qua entity" ? I ask this because I don't understand how ontology could study the "entity qua entity", taking into ...
Guilherme Penteado's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
285 views

Does anyone consider Being a primitive, unanalyzable, term?

Does anyone say that Being is a primitive, unanalyzable, term? That probably would make Being and Time the greatest work of nonsense of all time. I certainly feel able to imagine that Being is ...
user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why must the first mover be unmovable?

In the first way of Aquinas it is proved that there exists an unmoved mover (or unchanged changer or even better, actualizer which was not actualized). It is often claimed that God is pure act without ...
Thom's user avatar
  • 288
3 votes
3 answers
232 views

Can potentiality be used to dispel Parmenides's monism?

Can we say that beings are different precisely because this being has this potencies and that being has that potencies? Is the (only) thing differentiating two different things their set of potencies? ...
Thom's user avatar
  • 288
2 votes
1 answer
422 views

What are the best arguments for the defense of the "principle of motion"?

How would someone (I would love to hear how Aquinas and/or Aristotle would) defend the principle of motion (that is, whatever is changed is changed by another or only actual being can actualize ...
Thom's user avatar
  • 288
6 votes
2 answers
467 views

Book on Meinong's theory of objects

Could anyone please recommend a book to begin to learn about Meinong's theory of objects and "Meinong's Jungle". I thought a good one might be "Meinong's Theory of Objects and Values" by Findlay (1963)...
user50229's user avatar
  • 163
1 vote
1 answer
785 views

Could "I" become consciousness as someone else in the future?

I want to immediately dismiss any idea of soul or spiritual component of human being and I accept that death is nothingness (end) when it comes to my question. No rebirth, reincarnation etc. But ...
thealophen's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
112 views

The preconditions of being

Can you tell who discussed the precondition of being? Also, when I was at college, a long time ago, I remember studying only one (British, I think) philosopher tackling that issue, and he listed ...
user157860's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
675 views

Is being something and not any other thing a necessary and sufficient condition of existence?

Is being something and not any other thing a necessary and (the only) sufficient condition of existence? I'm working on something close to the idea of Apoha, but in an ontological sense. I suppose ...
Francesco D'Isa's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
206 views

The grades of being

I read once that Indian philosophy considers four levels of existence: being being and not being not being and being not being I thought this fascinating and more realistic than Western ...
user157860's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
95 views

What are the third and fourth ways in which William Charlton says "being" is used in Aristotle?

I'm reading William Charlton's commentary on Aristotle's Physics I and II, and I am having trouble with the following: Aristotle recognizes four main "ways in which a thing might be said" i.e. ...
César D. Vázquez's user avatar
7 votes
9 answers
1k views

How does being come into being? How does existence come into existence?

So, the universe was created by the big bang. And the big bang was created by some stringy things, or branes or whatever. But what created those strings? And what created the thing that created them? ...
dtech's user avatar
  • 230
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

How could being follow action?

Some philosophers have denied the philosophical axiom "Agere sequitur esse"* ("'To act' follows from 'to be'"). What reasons do they give for thinking that action precedes (logically? ontologically? ...
Geremia's user avatar
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