Questions tagged [belief]

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Degrees of belief without evidence

I'm not sure this is really a philosophy question. Suppose that I have some evidence that my wife is having an affair, but it all dates back to a year ago. How do I incorporate the lack of evidence ...
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Is the concept of having a degree of belief rational?

There are many statements I feel more confident in than others. For example, I would wager that almost everyone would feel more confident in the statement "The sun will rise tomorrow" than &...
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What is the difference between appearing to be sentient and able to make personal subjective statements and being sentient

It is not long that some will suppose AI has become alive but we must question, what is the difference between appearing sentient and able to act out of one's own will and able to make personal ...
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How do philosophers support their faith in other minds? [duplicate]

How do you support your belief that other people have minds like yours? Do you use any arguments to explain the reasons for your belief? I believe that other people have minds and mental states like ...
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Is there any psychological research into, or theory about, propositional attitude reports?

What do propositional attitudes such as belief and suspicion mean not just as logical (syntactic) conceptions but as something in the mind? When I believe or feel skeptical about certain propositions ...
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Why do people dislike being deceived?

First and foremost, this question seems like it has simple answer, but I wasn't able to find a satisfying one when thinking about it further. To expand on it: Why is the notion of being deceived so ...
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Is it possible to quantify or even just suggest when someone is to blame for being tricked?

Is it possible to quantify or even just suggest when someone is to blame for being tricked? It is a common adage that gullible people are to blame for it, even if it is not exactly immoral to be ...
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What arguments can I use to justify my belief in other minds? [duplicate]

What arguments can I use to justify my belief in other minds? https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/other-minds/ Here are all the arguments in favor of the existence of other minds, but I do not ...
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Is there an objective standard of sufficient evidence?

It's very common to hear people say that we should only believe claims that are supported by sufficient evidence. Intuitively it seems to make sense, until we realize that this recommendation begs ...
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4 answers
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Is it a contradiction to believe God is both transcendent and omnipresent?

From a classical theistic perspective, God both transcends time and space, yet is also present everywhere. But how can God be both outside time and space and yet be present everywhere?
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How can spirituality be reliably researched? [closed]

My questions are 1 is there a reliable method for research into spiritual activity such as an individual providing healing, or any other service? 2 is there a ‘happy medium’ pardon the pun, that’s ...
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Paradox of Plurality as a better idea

If X is in a zone where there is a rule that while a person has right to have/follow any opinion/view point but is REQUIRED (MANDATORY) to respect (and accept) plurality of opinions as a condition to ...
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Is there a biological description of "chakras" or is the concept of "chakras" mere pseudoscience?

It is widely claimed that we have many chakras(7 major chakras) situated at different locations along the spinal cord. Each of the chakras is said to be associated with certain energy channels, the ...
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Must beliefs be consciously entertained?

In discussing the Innate Knowledge Thesis in the article titled Rationalism vs Empiricism in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, there appears to be a discrepancy (emphasis mine). A serious ...
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How do fact and belief relate to each other?

So I understand the main differences between facts and beliefs, but is there a part where they overlap? Is it possible that there is a point where one can find similarities between both concepts? How ...
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Are all beliefs ultimately rooted in faith?

For the purpose of this question let 'belief' mean anything a person accepts to be true for whatever reason - in particular if someone 'knows' something they also 'believe' in it. I read this old ...
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Is it always rational to act according to your beliefs?

Is it always more rational to act according to one's beliefs than to refrain from acting on them?
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Why isn't this an argument?

This argument was in Critical Thinking by Moore and Parker. I think God exists, because I was raised a Baptist. The book states that this wasn't an argument because it just stated a reason for why ...
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What the Preface paradox tells us about the principle of explosion

The Preface paradox (adopted on a classical logician): Imagine that a classical logician has just written a textbook (on classical logic). He has included many assertions in it and has thoroughly ...
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Is there a difference between rejection of a belief, and withholding judgement? Does rejection of a belief B, mean ¬B or does it mean a lack of B?

Is there a difference between rejection of a belief, and withholding judgement? Does rejection of a belief B, mean ¬B or does it mean a lack of B?
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What does "true" mean in "justified true belief"?

What does TRUE mean in JUSTIFIED TRUE BELIEF? We define knowledge as "justified true belief". Now, my question is what does the term TRUE mean in the formal definition? Why not only "...
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Summary of philosophical positions on how belief revision proceeds in mathematics?

Since mathematicians have embraced classical logic, as e.g. MacFarlane points out in his 2021 intro book to philosophical logic (§ 7.4), one needs to distinguish between [meta-]reasoning and argument/...
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Where do I turn to in Eastern philosophy in this case?

In Western philosophy, every belief one holds is scrutinized. However, it seems to me that there is more room for accepting seemingly self-evident philosophical beliefs in Eastern philosophy. Can you ...
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Defending the Unpopular: Foundationalism

Foundationalism, once considered a valid and popular philosophy, now receives nearly universal contempt. There seems to be a consensus, in both analytic and continental camps, it is dead. Are there ...
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How does one distinguish fact and belief?

I have seen a similar question, but I am looking for the distinction between fact and belief, and not knowledge and belief. Also, I do not seek, necessarily, Plato's view. In order to distinguish fact ...
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What is the difference between warrant and justification according to Plantinga?

According to the traditional account of knowledge: S knows P iff S has a (1) Justified (2) True (3) Belief. I have not faced any account of knowledge that denies that last two things (epistemic ...
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Are extraordinary first-hand subjective accounts more likely to be true the more people report the same experience?

For illustrative purposes, let's take as an example the following claim X = "I went to sleep, but then I suddenly woke up at 3:00 a.m. feeling a terrifying evil presence, and then my bed began to ...
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Are there beliefs that are non-propositional?

What, if they exist, are non-propositional beliefs? Are beliefs Propositionalised representations by definition, or can they exist in other forms? Would they just exist as a memory of raw sense data / ...
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Can one only believe in perceptions?

In the following example provided by SEOP, Kai is said to believe a proposition: for example, when Kai reads that astronomers no longer classify Pluto as a planet, he acquires a new belief (in this ...
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What is the relation between Belief and one's Axioms?

Suppose Person A believes in [Fact 1]. Is this equivalent to Person A 'operating' with the axiom: "Fact 1 is true" (and any axioms necessitated by Fact 1). Similarly if Person A states their ...
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Is there anything a supernatural entity (e.g. God) could do to irrefutably prove its existence to humans? [closed]

I just posted a question in which I ask if spontaneously regrowing amputated limbs would constitute a proof of the supernatural, and several of the answers have presented interesting objections. This ...
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4 answers
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Truth condition in JTB

I have been told that knowledge is usually analyzed as being justified true belief (although this conception has been criticized - namely after Gettier published his famous article - it seems to be ...
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Can someone be both a theist and an atheist?

People can have contradictory beliefs. For example, they can both believe there is a god, and believe there is no god. So, does this mean someone can be both a theist and an atheist?
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What are the most rational basic beliefs?

I understand that this question might be difficult or even unresolved. But within a foundationalist view of knowledge, has anyone proposed a set of basic beliefs that seem to be the most rational for ...
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First person, present indicative of "To believe falsely"

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
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Are atheists taking atheism by faith? [duplicate]

The problem with Atheism, is the fact that they can't prove their claims for which god doesn't exist, but where is the evidence for that? In which they shift the burden of proof, to theists that are ...
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Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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Do philosophers think beliefs are bearers of truth-value?

In the literature about what sorts of things have a truth-value, the idea that acts of belief bear truth-value seems present, yet uncommon. On the other hand, objects of belief like propositions or ...
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Is expecting an outcome based on past occurrences alone superstition?

I have observed 2 phenomena so far, out of which the first i believed is superstition : Phenomena 1 : Around 80% of the times some one said 'what a beautiful boy' my son has fallen sick. There is ...
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Is it possible to make decisions without some kind of belief system? [closed]

Normally when we talk about belief, we mean religious beliefs. But even the criticizers of religions have some kind of belief system. They base all their decisions on the premise of logic. Thats why I ...
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Is true beauty long lasting (through long periods of time)? Is beauty therefore objective?

When people think of objects that are considered "beautiful," people think of gold, diamonds, and crystals. These objects are resistant to change over time and tend to last in their original forms. ...
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What is the difference between faith and belief in philosophy?

Is there any difference between faith and belief philosophically speaking? I am trying to think of these two concepts as separate, but I am unable to unlink them. Is there any answer or any texts ...
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Would answering belief challenges be the same as the scientific method?

Let's say I believe this statement: "all swans are white". Someone comes and asks me these Socratic questions: "is it true that all swans are white?", "is there an instance that a swan is not white?", ...
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Can voluntary radical change of core beliefs be considered as a suicide from perspective of psychological continuity?

I understand psychological continuity as view that only preservation of psyche is important in determining if somebody survived or not. Like if my body, including the brain, is gradually replaced by ...
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Would it be sensible to say "I know Santa does not exist"?

Would it be sensible to say "I know Santa does not exist", and more generaly, what do we really say when we say "I know that [some fact]" ? It is a well known principle that "absence of evidence is ...
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Tacit inferences?

Does anyone give a useful account of tacit inferences? I am interested in the psychological notion of inference here, and do not in the context focus upon the logical notions of validity and soundness....
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Is it possible to track the truth?

Epistemology seems to show that knowledge is always fallible. How can that position be satisfying at all? It seems to me that we are eternally condemned to hope we are going in the right direction and ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Seeking literature on whether all beliefs should be justified

This is more or less just a reference request. Sometimes, when a belief is revealed to be unjustified, we should respond by either giving up that belief or at the very least, yielding a certain ...
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Does Reality change when theory change?

I was going to include a caveat to prove a premise: to show that truth has become more subjective and then proceeding from older to newer theories of truth, I would cite a survey showing how ...
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Are political "ism"-beliefs artificial? But some of them must exist, so how can they be measured?

Are political "ism"-beliefs artificial? But some of them must exist, so how can they be measured? Over and over again, I find concepts such as: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chauvinism to be ...
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