Questions tagged [belief]

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32 views

Summary of philosophical positions on how belief revision proceeds in mathematics?

Since mathematicians have embraced classical logic, as e.g. MacFarlane points out in his 2021 intro book to philosophical logic (§ 7.4), one needs to distinguish between [meta-]reasoning and argument/...
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3answers
148 views

Where do I turn to in Eastern philosophy in this case?

In Western philosophy, every belief one holds is scrutinized. However, it seems to me that there is more room for accepting seemingly self-evident philosophical beliefs in Eastern philosophy. Can you ...
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3answers
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Defending the Unpopular: Foundationalism

Foundationalism, once considered a valid and popular philosophy, now receives nearly universal contempt. There seems to be a consensus, in both analytic and continental camps, it is dead. Are there ...
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1answer
168 views

How does one distinguish fact and belief?

I have seen a similar question, but I am looking for the distinction between fact and belief, and not knowledge and belief. Also, I do not seek, necessarily, Plato's view. In order to distinguish fact ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the difference between warrant and justification according to Plantinga?

According to the traditional account of knowledge: S knows P iff S has a (1) Justified (2) True (3) Belief. I have not faced any account of knowledge that denies that last two things (epistemic ...
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4answers
244 views

Are extraordinary first-hand subjective accounts more likely to be true the more people report the same experience?

For illustrative purposes, let's take as an example the following claim X = "I went to sleep, but then I suddenly woke up at 3:00 a.m. feeling a terrifying evil presence, and then my bed began to ...
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33 views

Are there beliefs that are non-propositional?

What, if they exist, are non-propositional beliefs? Are beliefs Propositionalised representations by definition, or can they exist in other forms? Would they just exist as a memory of raw sense data / ...
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25 views

Does Procedural/Non-propositional Belief Exist?

In the SEP article on knowledge-how, procedural knowledge is said to be "the knowledge that is manifested in the performance of a skill", whereas declarative/propositional knowledge is "...
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66 views

Can one only believe in perceptions?

In the following example provided by SEOP, Kai is said to believe a proposition: for example, when Kai reads that astronomers no longer classify Pluto as a planet, he acquires a new belief (in this ...
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45 views

What is the relation between Belief and one's Axioms?

Suppose Person A believes in [Fact 1]. Is this equivalent to Person A 'operating' with the axiom: "Fact 1 is true" (and any axioms necessitated by Fact 1). Similarly if Person A states their ...
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6answers
352 views

Is there anything a supernatural entity (e.g. God) could do to irrefutably prove its existence to humans? [closed]

I just posted a question in which I ask if spontaneously regrowing amputated limbs would constitute a proof of the supernatural, and several of the answers have presented interesting objections. This ...
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5answers
179 views

Truth condition in JTB

I have been told that knowledge is usually analyzed as being justified true belief (although this conception has been criticized - namely after Gettier published his famous article - it seems to be ...
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7answers
207 views

Can someone be both a theist and an atheist?

People can have contradictory beliefs. For example, they can both believe there is a god, and believe there is no god. So, does this mean someone can be both a theist and an atheist?
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299 views

What are the most rational basic beliefs?

I understand that this question might be difficult or even unresolved. But within a foundationalist view of knowledge, has anyone proposed a set of basic beliefs that seem to be the most rational for ...
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117 views

First person, present indicative of “To believe falsely”

There is a Wittgenstein quote I've been thinking about ever since going through AI to Zombies: If there were a verb meaning 'to believe falsely', it would not have any significant first person, ...
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1answer
355 views

Are atheists taking atheism by faith? [duplicate]

The problem with Atheism, is the fact that they can't prove their claims for which god doesn't exist, but where is the evidence for that? In which they shift the burden of proof, to theists that are ...
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123 views

Do you actually believe something or you think you believe something because you have accumulated?

So what exactly is the dot line or a break point between knowing something and believing in something, level plus from basic philosophy. When you think you believe in something, is that actually just ...
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2answers
116 views

Do philosophers think beliefs are bearers of truth-value?

In the literature about what sorts of things have a truth-value, the idea that acts of belief bear truth-value seems present, yet uncommon. On the other hand, objects of belief like propositions or ...
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429 views

Is expecting an outcome based on past occurrences alone superstition?

I have observed 2 phenomena so far, out of which the first i believed is superstition : Phenomena 1 : Around 80% of the times some one said 'what a beautiful boy' my son has fallen sick. There is ...
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1answer
173 views

Is it possible to make decisions without some kind of belief system? [closed]

Normally when we talk about belief, we mean religious beliefs. But even the criticizers of religions have some kind of belief system. They base all their decisions on the premise of logic. Thats why I ...
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40 views

Is true beauty long lasting (through long periods of time)? Is beauty therefore objective?

When people think of objects that are considered "beautiful," people think of gold, diamonds, and crystals. These objects are resistant to change over time and tend to last in their original forms. ...
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4answers
319 views

What is the difference between faith and belief in philosophy?

Is there any difference between faith and belief philosophically speaking? I am trying to think of these two concepts as separate, but I am unable to unlink them. Is there any answer or any texts ...
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2answers
358 views

Would answering belief challenges be the same as the scientific method?

Let's say I believe this statement: "all swans are white". Someone comes and asks me these Socratic questions: "is it true that all swans are white?", "is there an instance that a swan is not white?", ...
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1answer
71 views

Can voluntary radical change of core beliefs be considered as a suicide from perspective of psychological continuity?

I understand psychological continuity as view that only preservation of psyche is important in determining if somebody survived or not. Like if my body, including the brain, is gradually replaced by ...
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6answers
189 views

Would it be sensible to say “I know Santa does not exist”?

Would it be sensible to say "I know Santa does not exist", and more generaly, what do we really say when we say "I know that [some fact]" ? It is a well known principle that "absence of evidence is ...
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2answers
229 views

Tacit inferences?

Does anyone give a useful account of tacit inferences? I am interested in the psychological notion of inference here, and do not in the context focus upon the logical notions of validity and soundness....
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1answer
223 views

Is it possible to track the truth?

Epistemology seems to show that knowledge is always fallible. How can that position be satisfying at all? It seems to me that we are eternally condemned to hope we are going in the right direction and ...
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2answers
77 views

Seeking literature on whether all beliefs should be justified

This is more or less just a reference request. Sometimes, when a belief is revealed to be unjustified, we should respond by either giving up that belief or at the very least, yielding a certain ...
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4answers
365 views

Does Reality change when theory change?

I was going to include a caveat to prove a premise: to show that truth has become more subjective and then proceeding from older to newer theories of truth, I would cite a survey showing how ...
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0answers
8k views

If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
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27 views

Are political “ism”-beliefs artificial? But some of them must exist, so how can they be measured?

Are political "ism"-beliefs artificial? But some of them must exist, so how can they be measured? Over and over again, I find concepts such as: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chauvinism to be ...
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1answer
151 views

References discussing self-evident truths?

I am interested in philosophical or logic-based texts that discuss the nature of self-evident truths, which seem related to Alvin Plantinga's discussion of so-called properly basic beliefs. I am more ...
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2answers
82 views

Does understanding require momentary belief?

Consider the following scenario. You are learning a difficult argument for the first time, but your prior beliefs disagree with the conclusion of the argument. It takes you significant effort to parse ...
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5answers
222 views

Does theism imply worship?

There are and were many theistic religions. In most if not all of them there is some kind of worship. However, as far as I am aware theism only means a belief in some kind of unworldly beings who ...
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3answers
132 views

can you rationally believe in an ever changing identity, but also believe that parts of us persevere?

Is it possible to rationally believe that certain aspects of the identity don't change, while still acknowledging the fact that we are not the same person we were an instant ago? In other words, is it ...
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2answers
280 views

How do I believe in free will? [closed]

After considering all possible ways that famous philosophers have tried to explain it, and reading so many articles that treat it like God’s greatest gift to mankind, I still don’t get it. Is it that ...
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1answer
63 views

Are there any sources dealing with Clark's *Without Evidence or Argument: A Defense of Reformed Epistemology*?

Clark's argument seems to be in response to Clifford's Ethics of Belief. Are there any sources which attempt to defend Clifford's argument against Clark's supposed rebuttal? Thank you very much, any ...
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Why is belief necessary for justified true belief?

In justified true belief it is said that for a person to know a fact it must be true, she must believe in it and she must be justified in believing it. My question is: Is belief necessary? Why is the ...
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2answers
214 views

Knowledge without a belief: do infants have beliefs?

We say that knowledge is connected with beliefs. Infants do some basic things required to sustain their life, like breathing. We can say they know how to breath. Maybe they do it aimlessly, but they ...
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1answer
54 views

Online (pdf) resources on doxastic logic

I would be interested in learning more about doxastic logic. The wiki entry is rather detailed but still obviously very summarised and references therein are either papers with a paywall or books ...
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4answers
256 views

How can I abandon beliefs supplied by the culture?

I have beliefs which seem irrational and trivial to me. These beliefs diminish my freedom. But still, guilt is produced when I am not acting in accordance with these beliefs. I am not speaking about ...
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4answers
291 views

Difference between “epistemological” belief and “theistic” belief

This question might sound odd, maybe because of lack of better phrasing, maybe because it's simply odd thinking, but I think there's something really interesting here. The epistemological stages ...
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5k views

What is the term for the fallacy/strategy of ignoring logical reasoning intended to disprove a belief?

Updated 10/19/2018 -- Regards for all the responses. Much appreciated. To address the point of fact that one cannot "prove" anything about reality: Yes, I agree. This is the reason I now set my ...
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3answers
180 views

What makes possible for people to make claims to knowledge or make claims based on beliefs?

What makes possible for people to make claims to knowledge or make claims based on beliefs? Intuitively, anyone can claim anything. Anyone can hold any sort of belief. Practically it also seems that ...
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5answers
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What is the difference between justification, truth and belief?

I have seen "justification", "truth" and "belief" used a lot in Crash Course philosophy and would like to know some hard differences between the three.
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3answers
145 views

Equal evidence for and against a belief - which to choose?

If there is a belief for which there is an equal amount of evidence both for and against (the evidence is provided by experts in the appropriate field), what is the most rational thing to do in a ...
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1answer
6k views

What makes a basic belief a properly basic belief?

I'm currently looking into Plantinga's reformed epistemology and I'm trying to wrap my head around what makes a basic belief a properly basic belief. I understand what a basic belief is, in that it ...
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1answer
280 views

Can belief in reincarnation be justified using empirical evidence?

It's claimed in An Introduction to Parapsychology, 5th ed.: The survival hypothesis concerns the notion of postmortem survival, that is, that a disembodied consciousness or some such discarnate ...
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2answers
428 views

What defines “lack of evidence” and is it irrational to believe in something without evidence?

It is commonly accepted that the lack of evidence for a particular proposition makes belief in said proposition irrational. However, imagine the following proposition, P: An object exists for ...
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3answers
671 views

Do people get according to their deeds?

Do the good and bad deeds of a person pay off? I had seen many of such examples and even heard of many, but I'm quite unsure of whether this is just a belief or are there any ideal principles behind ...