Questions tagged [bergson]

Henri-Louis Bergson (1859-1941) was a French-Jewish philosopher. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927.

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What role did Bergson have in modernist art?

What role did Bergson have in modernist art? All I know, and I may be misremembering anyway, is that he was borrowed by the Italian Futurists, especially in their manifestos, presumably for his ...
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Open Self vs. Closed Self/Society Distinction

In political philosophy and cultural studies, certain thinkers from the twentieth-century stand out for their reliance upon distinguishing between open and closed selfhood. It is a long-running theme ...
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Why is an open society so totalitarian? [closed]

We live in an open society (in the West). The term is extensively used by George Soros. In the 20th century, the concept was popularized by Karl Popper, and originally coined by Henri Bergson. I ...
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What is the justification for Deleuze's 3rd synthesis of time?

In Difference and Repitition by Deleuze, he comes up with 3 syntheses of time. The first being habitus, which is the conditioning of actual experience through pre-existing material patterns for the ...
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Is Deleuze an Intuitionist?

I am reading Difference and Repitition currently by Deleuze. In it he describes his metaphysics as subverting identity, and instead replacing how people could process the world as an endless series of ...
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How does Bergson's philosophy relate to Sorel's brand of Marxism?

Apart from Reflections on Violence, I am unfamiliar with Georges Sorel's writings, and I have done only very limited reading on Bergson and Bergsonianism. I understand that Bergson is among the main ...
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How does Bergson’s conception of time differ from Heideggers’s?

I know that both did conceive of temporal time and brough it closer to our finite expirince, thus turning away from classical metaphysics of time. But what is the difference between them?
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Should Bergson be described as an individualist?

It's claimed that Bergson's "intuition of pure duration" is the "highest and most valuable form of human experience": is this an individualist or collectivist good? I'm asking because I'm interested ...
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What is a good joke, for Bergson?

What is a good joke, especially for philosophers who agree with Bergson? I understand he felt there were three rules of humour, but I wondered what made something a good joke, rather than just funny. ...
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Is there a cite for this attribution by Deleuze to Marx

Deleuze in his book Bergsonism compares a passage of Bergson to Marx saying “Humanity only sets itself problems that it is capable of solving.” But Deleuze gives no cite to Marx. I can see the drift ...
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Does Bergson mean we can't imagine our death, in The Idea of Nothing?

In fact, the object suppressed is either external or internal: it is a thing or it is a state of consciousness. Let us consider the first case... now, what is, and what is perceived, is the ...
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What is time for Bergson? And how is it different from duration?

I stumbled across references to Bergson while reading Photography, Cinema, Memory: The Crystal Image of Time. I started reading "Bergson's Conception of Duration" in The Philosophical Review to ...
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Is this a real quote by Bergson

I read in a text that when Henri Bergson was confronted about his arguments against abstract rationalism by pointing out that "he used reason to argue against rationalism" he replied "Hence, the final ...
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What does Heidegger mean by saying that Bergson's concept of time is essentially spatial?

In Being and Time, Heidegger writes: This task as a whole requires that the concept of time thus gained be distinguished from the common understanding of it. The latter has become explicit in an ...
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Was Bergson a physicalist?

In Radical Philosophy 92, Sean Watson in his article The New Bergsonianism writes: The first proposition central to any Bergsonist philosophy is simply that (in contrast to the traditional ...
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What scientific evidence is there that our actions are pre-conscious?

I recall reading some article or other some time ago that it had been demonstrated that our actions are apparent before we are entirely conscious of them; and here we are not talking about fractions ...
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Does Bergson view symbols negatively or only as a secondary source of knowledge?

In the Introduction to Metaphysics, metaphysics is defined as "that science which claims to dispense with symbols." Bergson contends that the human mind operates discursively, or by taking snapshots ...
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