Questions tagged [buddhism]

a religion of eastern and central Asia that is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha

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160 views

Is 'illusion' as viewed in indian philosophy founded on more fundamental concepts or experiences?

Concerning the concept of illusion of the world of common experience, as found in many systems of Indian philosophy, I am under the impression that it always comes as a "made-up" solution to ...
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Is Nietzsche's goal — for the “overman” and “higher type” — just 'forgetfulness'?

Is Nietzsche's goal -- for the overman and higher type of human being -- just the Buddhist concept of "forgetfulness" or dukkha? I am asking because it makes sense in my -- somewhat -- ...
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The Simultaneity of Cause and Effect in Buddhism?

Background So I received pictures of a wonderful book (Unlocking Mysteries of Birth and Death) and wanted to know about my interpretation of the passages. However first a detour (1): In a ...
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What's wrong with this reconstruction of Nagarjuna?

I was trying to add clarity to my concept of "rebirth" on the Buddhist stack exchange. Nagarjuna's karika, 1.3 (Batchelor) reads: The essence of things does not exist in conditions and so on. If ...
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Why does an explanation involving a “person” appeal?

If the common source of the natural order and the karmic order is impersonal, we are still in need of some account of how and why it would be such as to produce these two quite different sorts of ...
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How does Buddhist soteriology link to the first cause argument?

Aquinas argued that the observable order of causation is not self-explanatory. It can only be accounted for by the existence of a first cause; this first cause, however, must not be considered ...
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107 views

Are there historical connections between the concepts of apatheia/ataraxia and nirvana?

These concepts seem very similar to me: loosely speaking, it's all about how limiting our desires is good. Knowing that there was contact between ancient Greece and ancient India, could it be that one ...
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318 views

How did Buddhism philosophy influence on Hideki Yukawa's thought?

Since physicist Hideki Yukawa was somewhat influenced by Oriental and Buddhist philosophy, he had some ideas about the complementarity of opposite things. In fact, when Niels Bohr published his ...
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Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
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9answers
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Does enlightenment mean loss of all emotions?

In Hinduism, it is believed that any being which is free from pain and suffering and happiness attains enlightenment. A mechanical robot created in the image of man is capable of doing everything a ...
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95 views

Are Wittgenstein's propositions about death incompatible with momentariness?

Are Wittgenstein's propositions about death incompatible with momentariness? I think mean that death, which is a cessation that is not lived through, cannot change life, and we are immortal outside ...
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How are 'voluntary' actions possible in the scope of Sam Harris's framework of free will (its absence actually)?

Disclamer: I am striving to understand the point of view, not to examine if it is right or wrong (makes sense or not, etc.). I have listened to two audio excerpts by Sam Harris, discussing his views ...
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What are the relationships between Foucault's medical gaze, scientific investigation, and Buddhist detachment?

From this note from a clinical psychologist, the Foucault's gaze is described as: ... with this powerful gaze the physician could penetrate illusion and see through to the underlying reality, that ...
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What is Buddhism: and have any Western philosophers got anything ineffable across? [closed]

I understood almost all the philosophical texts of the Western countries I read, because the West separates philosophical issues from religious and nationalist issues. But when I read about Buddhism, ...
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1answer
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Does a material cause either depend on its effect or appear to be somehow self-sufficient?

Does a material cause either depend on its effect or appear to be somehow self suffiient? Aristotle considers the material "cause" (hyle) of an object as equivalent to the nature of the raw ...
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Buddhist canon database

Is there an online database that either contains the Buddhist canon in either English or Chinese? I've had a difficult time tracking down first hand sources other than the usual suspects (Heart ...
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363 views

Buddhism and soul

My understanding is Buddhism does not agree with an immutable soul and yet it talks about Karma and rebirth. I do not quite see how they are reconciled. I have an idea but am not sure if this is what ...
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How to reconcile the understanding of pain in Buddhism with that of Kabbalah?

A Kabbalistic interpretation of pain says, "Everything that we talk about and experience is never our soul experiencing pain; it's the body consciousness, the Desire to Receive for the Self Alone. And ...
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Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same? There seems like there should be. However, I'm highly confused by what a "final nirvana", complete extinction, could ...
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Is Buddhism antinatalist?

I was listening to a discussion with David Benatar, and the point that Buddhism seems to be antinatalist was raised. It seems that people argue this both ways. Can Buddhism be said to be antinatalist? ...
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Does the question further?

Sometimes, a lay person would approach the Buddha and ask a question, such as, "If I earn all of the money in the world, will she like me?" to which the Buddha would reply, "It does not further". As ...
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How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
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How similar were Epicureans and Stoics to Buddhism on suffering?

One of the main goals of the Buddhist philosophy/religion is to be free of suffering. Buddhism identifies ego, desire, non acceptance of impermanence, ignorance and all negative emotions(because the ...
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What if Brentano was wrong?

Brentano held that every mental phenomenon has content, has a mental object, is about a mental object, or words to that effect. However, skillful Buddhist phenomenologists, over millenia, have found ...
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Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
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Descartes vs Buddha - Was Descartes wrong?

Descartes imagined an Evil Demon to suggest that the external world could be a complete illusion. This Evil Demon would have the power to trick all your senses. This idea is similar to the Buddhist ...
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Is there a relation between postmodernism and Asian philosophies?

As an Asian, I see that postmodernism and Taoism and Buddhism all share a similar idea: the truth cannot be grasped. Is there any relation between postmodernism and Asian philosophies? Can Laozi and ...
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Nietzsche on European Buddhism

What does Nietzsche mean, in the Genealogy of Morals, when he refers to European Buddhism? Did he think Europeans misunderstood Buddhism?
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Foucault and Derrida on spiritual liberation

Apart from his analysis of truth and power, when Foucault says... ...truth isn’t the reward of free spirits, the child of protracted solitude, nor the privilege of those who have succeeded in ...
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Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

I have read that some Eastern philosophies, such as Buddhist philosophy, have considered extra-sensory perception (as attained through meditation), a valid source of knowledge. For example, the Buddha ...
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The Origin of Thought

What is the most fundamental form of thought? In Tibetan Buddhism, there is the concept of the Three Vajras, or The Three Doors, which are body, speech, and mind. The human mind can be said to think ...
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What is the philosophical significance of the First Law of Thermodynamics?

The Law states that “no energy can be destroyed or created, for it is constant; it can only be transformed from one form to another”. Do you think this alignes with many of the teachings of Buddhism, ...
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The non-existence of Gettier problems in Indo-Tibetan epistemology

Reading the paper Gettier and Factivity in Indo‐Tibetan Epistemology the author claims at some point early in the paper that There are two initial problems which make it difficult to compare ...
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Does Nagarjuna's MMK offer any interesting arguments against the existence of a God?

Does Nagarjuna's MMK offer any interesting arguments against the existence of a God? I believe that it's meant to be a refutation of the view that dharmas, elements of cognition, have svabhava, or ...
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765 views

What does Nietzsche mean by religion of decadence?

In The Antichrist, Nietzsche says that Christianity and Buddhism are both religions of decadence. What does this mean? Specifically, what are the hallmarks of such a religion? What are its values? ...
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Could Zen have a chance to “transform” ( aka outbreak ) the Western logos oriented thoughts?

This Saturday I will have a chance to meet someone whose father is a Zen Buddhist. Personal things aside, along with learning Zen, I have found out the similarity that Zen, one of whose main methods, ...
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How can anyone who hasn't realised the truth claim that Mahatma Buddha or any other person in history realised the God or Truth?

Isn't it possible that whatever they have realised is just a psychological effect? Doing continuously hard practices leads to affect their mind and they tend to believe that, yes, this is the truth. ...
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Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
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Is Logic Empirical?

We use the logical system that we know from observations (empirical data) holds true in the world we live in (please correct me if I am wrong). Hence the axioms of logic we choose are themselves ...
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235 views

Why does Nagasena reject Attributes + Dependence on Constituents Parts, as a Substance?

Source: p 362 Top. Introducing Philosophy for Canadians: A Text with Integrated Readings (2011 1 ed). Nagasena's point? As it is with 'chariot', so it is with 'person'. Like 'chariot', 'person' ...
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Can there be momentum in an atomic moment of time?

Nagarjuna, a buddhist philsopher around 200 AD, in India, wrote on the impossibility of motion in the context of justifying Buddhist ontology (lack of svabhava); this is the content of the second ...
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Unitedness of environment and self philosophical movement

This, I believe is a well known concept within Nichren Buddhism (and perhaps other parts of Buddhism; I don't know), but I am wondering if there is a name for the idea that the environment and self ...
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203 views

What debating tactic does the monk Nagasena use against King Milinda?

Source: p 36, Chapter 4, Philosophy ; A Very Short Introduction (2002) by Edward Craig. Chapter 4 here summarises Milindapañha, the Questions of King Milinda the entirety of which I have not read.  ...
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How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
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What is the religion of the future? [closed]

There's a famous quote said by Albert Einstein: "The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion.  It should transcend a personal God and avoid dogmas and theology.  Covering both the natural and ...
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166 views

Concrete language as a manifestation of Being [closed]

Foucault in the preface to The Order of Things wrote how he 'laughed out loud' when he discovered a Chinese Encyclopedia whose categorisation of knowledge was different from his European ...
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Buddhism self, no-self and the middle path. [closed]

I have come across several articles attempting to define the concept of no-self, not-self and self. These articles include http://www.wildmind.org/blogs/on-practice/if-there-is-no-self http://www....
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Does the Christian concept of eternal God and souls violate the Buddhist concept of Annica and Anatta?

Annica (impermanence) says that all conditioned beings are in a constant state of flux. Anatta (not-self) says that all beings (both conditioned and unconditioned) have no essence. It seems that the ...
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The unanswered questions

Avyākṛta in sanskrit. The Buddha remained silent when asked these fourteen questions. He described them as a net and refused to be drawn into such a net of theories, speculations, and dogmas. ...
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How does catuskoti apply to everyday life?

An article on Aeon published the concept of catuskoti, a principle in use during the age of Buddha. It states that for any given statement, there are four possibilities i.e. it might be true (and ...