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Questions tagged [buddhism]

a religion of eastern and central Asia that is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha

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20 votes
7 answers
3k views

To what extent can the invention of zero in India as a number be tied to Buddhist philosophy, if at all?

The Wikipedia entry on zero suggests that the ancient Greeks were unsure about the ontological status of zero. They asked themselves, 'How can nothing be something?' whereas in Buddhism, Sunyata or ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
19 votes
18 answers
6k views

Is Nothing actually imaginable?

It's possible to imagine something, for example a table, we see one everyday and can bring it in front of our minds eye (although it's a moot point whether we can see it - I certainly don't). But of ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
17 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is Logic Empirical?

We use the logical system that we know from observations (empirical data) holds true in the world we live in (please correct me if I am wrong). Hence the axioms of logic we choose are themselves ...
Suraj Jain's user avatar
16 votes
2 answers
14k views

How valid is Nietzsche's critique of Buddhism?

According to a paper titled Nietzsche's Reception of Buddhist Psychology With Constant Reference to Christianity by McDonald (2012), given at a conference in Copenhagen, Nietzsche's work contains 158 ...
Dr Sister's user avatar
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12 votes
11 answers
2k views

Resisting a classic Buddhist Argument for Mereological Nihilism

I’ve been getting into mereology and this a classic Buddhist puzzle that he recommended. How can these premises be resisted? A. If wholes exist, then either wholes are identical with their parts or ...
Craigory 's user avatar
11 votes
8 answers
879 views

Is "opacity of mind" specifically a Nyingma position within Buddhism?

In various Nyingma Buddhist groups in Nepal there is a local theory of mind that, most basically, holds that you can not ever know what another person is thinking. This is a phenomenon that I have ...
LaurenG's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
580 views

The non-existence of Gettier problems in Indo-Tibetan epistemology

Reading the paper Gettier and Factivity in Indo‐Tibetan Epistemology the author claims at some point early in the paper that There are two initial problems which make it difficult to compare ...
Gabriel's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
3k views

Was Aristotle aware of Buddha's teachings?

Are there any references in Corpus Aristotelicum to suggest whether Aristotle was aware of Buddhist teachings or Eastern philosophy? Aristotle travelled to Asia Minor at one stage of life, left a ...
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9 votes
7 answers
5k views

Is life the root cause of all suffering?

According to Buddhism, "There is suffering in this world; suffering has a cause; and the cause is desire." So, the desire to stay alive, forces us to work which causes suffering in the form ...
user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
3k views

Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical traditions on what constitutes rationality?

I am aware of the way Western philosophers define rationality but I do not know whether Eastern philosophers define it. Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical ...
Elizabeth's user avatar
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9 votes
6 answers
3k views

Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?

Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the ...
Di Ana's user avatar
  • 346
9 votes
3 answers
273 views

Whats the earliest documented instance of Buddhist Philosophy on European thought?

Whats the earliest recorded instance of Buddhist thought in a European context - say a translation. I know that Schopenhauer (1788-1860) read the Bhagavad Gita - but this is a Hindu text and not a ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
157 views

Has anyone recast Aristotle's Law of Noncontradiction as a law of recontextualization?

Aristotle's Law of Noncontradiction (LNC) is translated in a variety of ways: Let us next state what this principle is."It is impossible for the same attribute at once to belong and not to ...
Nick Gall's user avatar
  • 211
8 votes
2 answers
5k views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
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7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
Kandrax's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
3k views

How does catuskoti apply to everyday life?

An article on Aeon published the concept of catuskoti, a principle in use during the age of Buddha. It states that for any given statement, there are four possibilities i.e. it might be true (and ...
Motivated's user avatar
  • 433
6 votes
5 answers
571 views

How does the Buddhist pursue meaning?

So I don't think positions like existentialism exist in Buddhist philosophy. I say this because the whole framing of causality is fundamentally different in Nagarjuna's treatise of dependent ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
6 votes
9 answers
3k views

Does enlightenment mean loss of all emotions?

In Hinduism, it is believed that any being which is free from pain and suffering and happiness attains enlightenment. A mechanical robot created in the image of man is capable of doing everything a ...
Ajinkya's user avatar
  • 169
6 votes
4 answers
2k views

Wanted references to the Phillip K Dick Total Recall (1990) paradox

The movie Total Recall 1990 was inspired by the book "We Can Remember It for You Wholesale" written by Philip K. Dick whose leading role was played by Arnold Schwarzenegger. The storyline is about a ...
user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
922 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
479 views

Is Belnap's four-valued logic technically a relevance logic?

Belnap, the American Logician, constructed a four-valued logic which is a form of relavance logic; interestingly the truth-values it takes are: true false both true & false neither true nor ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
5 votes
8 answers
945 views

Trying to understand koan, Buddhist philosophy

I'm having a hard time trying to understand a koan from the Introduction of Mathematics Made Difficult, by Carl E. Linderholm "One of the great Zen masters had an eager disciple who never lost an ...
jeyron blasse's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
396 views

Understanding "Emptiness"

One of the many sincere efforts by mankind has been to try to understand "Emptiness" sometimes by scientific methods, sometimes by religious doctrines. Recently, we are trying to investigate ...
Soumyadip Sarkar's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
474 views

Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

I have read that some Eastern philosophies, such as Buddhist philosophy, have considered extra-sensory perception (as attained through meditation), a valid source of knowledge. For example, the Buddha ...
user15299's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Does Buddhism have a creation myth?

How does Buddhism explain the world? Was it created or eternally existant? Do they have creation myths? I'm asking this question, because what little & superficial knowledge I hve about Buddhism ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
3k views

Descartes vs Buddha - Was Descartes wrong?

Descartes imagined an Evil Demon to suggest that the external world could be a complete illusion. This Evil Demon would have the power to trick all your senses. This idea is similar to the Buddhist ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
98 views

Wholesome Actions in Buddhist Philosophy [closed]

I was thinking about whether the goal of a wholesome action in Buddhist philosophy is to reduce suffering (dukkha) or to "shrink" the roots of suffering, namely craving, desire or aversion (...
JoJo's user avatar
  • 51
5 votes
3 answers
212 views

Discussion about Graham Priest's dialetheic views on Eastern and Western philosophy

Australian philosopher Graham Priest is famous for advocating Dialetheism, the view that there are true contradictions. Dialetheism goes against the law of non-contradiction. This gives rise to the ...
Dario Mirić's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
109 views

What's wrong with aretaic consequentialism?

What problems does it face, either as a classification of Buddhism or as meta ethical theory in general? Another approach [to how to classify Buddhist ethics] is aretaic consequentialism, an indirect ...
user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
2k views

What is the karma according to buddhism?

The simple definition of karma that is given is: If you do good then you will get good in return and vice-versa. I'm not able to understand where would the effect come back from? Some says other ...
user102131's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
758 views

How can anyone who hasn't realised the truth claim that Mahatma Buddha or any other person in history realised the God or Truth?

Isn't it possible that whatever they have realised is just a psychological effect? Doing continuously hard practices leads to affect their mind and they tend to believe that, yes, this is the truth. ...
sumit kumar's user avatar
4 votes
7 answers
685 views

If our perceptions are not "real", how can common perceptions be explained?

I am trying to understand emptiness (Buddhism). As I understand it, nothing that can be changed, or broken down into smaller parts is inherently real. If my worldly perceptions of emptiness are not ...
Derrick's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
4 answers
16k views

Are Buddhist allowed to kill mosquitoes?

I found this question very interesting because it shows some phenomenon: The Buddha said: Refrain from killing any sentient being. But the thing is, you can kill the "sentient being" just ...
Paweł Brewczynski's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
442 views

What is the "object of knowledge" in Buddhist theory of mind?

While reading The Heart of the Buddha's Teaching by Thich Nhat Hanh about mindfulness, I came upon this paragraph: "Remember that the subject of knowledge cannot exist independently from the ...
Aarrav Agarwal's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
4k views

Is Buddhism antinatalist?

I was listening to a discussion with David Benatar, and the point that Buddhism seems to be antinatalist was raised. It seems that people argue this both ways. Can Buddhism be said to be antinatalist? ...
CriglCragl's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
736 views

Buddhism self, no-self and the middle path. [closed]

I have come across several articles attempting to define the concept of no-self, not-self and self. These articles include http://www.wildmind.org/blogs/on-practice/if-there-is-no-self http://www....
Motivated's user avatar
  • 433
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Is there an influence of Buddhist thought in Leibniz's Monadology?

In his Monadology Leibniz writes: each portion of matter can be conceived as like a garden full of plants, or like a pond full of fish. But each branch of a plant, each organ of an animal, each ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
90 views

Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
261 views

What is a Nihilist and a Buddhist point of view on music and other forms of entertainment?

From what I know, Buddhism seeks to detach from every form of pleasure and craving, listening to music could be seen as a way of not being present in the moment, but I'm sure they too can enjoy music. ...
Eduardo Serra's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
530 views

How are 'voluntary' actions possible in the scope of Sam Harris's framework of free will (its absence actually)?

Disclamer: I am striving to understand the point of view, not to examine if it is right or wrong (makes sense or not, etc.). I have listened to two audio excerpts by Sam Harris, discussing his views ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
839 views

Is there a Sanskrit term that overlaps semantically with ἀ–λήθεια (a-letheia)?

Sat (Sanskrit: सत्): is a Sanskrit adjective meaning "the ideal; pure and true essence (nature)" of an entity or existence in the Vedanta. It can thus be concluded as "the self-existent or ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
1k views

Validation of Enlightenment in Buddhism

What standards are used to evaluate and validate the potential enlightenment one may have achieved in Buddhism? Do these vary between Theravada and Mahayana traditions, or vary in even more ...
Sunyatman's user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
411 views

How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
nir's user avatar
  • 4,960
3 votes
3 answers
442 views

What is Buddhism: and have any Western philosophers got anything ineffable across? [closed]

I understood almost all the philosophical texts of the Western countries I read, because the West separates philosophical issues from religious and nationalist issues. But when I read about Buddhism, ...
The Last Jedi's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the philosophical significance of the First Law of Thermodynamics?

The Law states that “no energy can be destroyed or created, for it is constant; it can only be transformed from one form to another”. Do you think this alignes with many of the teachings of Buddhism, ...
Вања Ђурић's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
720 views

Nietzsche on European Buddhism

What does Nietzsche mean, in the Genealogy of Morals, when he refers to European Buddhism? Did he think Europeans misunderstood Buddhism?
Moumeeta's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
109 views

Philosophy of religion

Buddhism is sometimes compared to solipsism. Discussions on this topic can be found on the Internet. I do not understand why Buddhism is sometimes compared to solipsism. As far as I know, in all ...
Antonio's user avatar
  • 49
3 votes
4 answers
950 views

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same? There seems like there should be. However, I'm highly confused by what a "final nirvana", complete extinction, could ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
697 views

Critique and criticism and counter to that, of the Karma doctrine of Indian religions?

The three main religions generally considered of Eastern origin - Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism - have a common doctrine of the concept of Karma-theory and subsequent infinite rebirth of the soul (...
Draupadi's user avatar
  • 179
3 votes
1 answer
430 views

Understanding fundamental questions of life via mathematics

I am a university student of mathematics and is also interested in philosophy, mainly spiritualism. Besides knowing that mathematics is, in general, also a study of how the world works, I do not know ...
math's user avatar
  • 297