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Questions tagged [buddhism]

a religion of eastern and central Asia that is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha

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8answers
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To what extent can the invention of zero in India as a number be tied to Buddhist philosophy, if at all?

The Wikipedia entry on zero suggests that the ancient Greeks were unsure about the ontological status of zero. They asked themselves, 'How can nothing be something?' whereas in Buddhism, Sunyata or ...
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7answers
2k views

Is Logic Empirical?

We use the logical system that we know from observations (empirical data) holds true in the world we live in (please correct me if I am wrong). Hence the axioms of logic we choose are themselves ...
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13answers
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Is Nothing actually imaginable?

It's possible to imagine something, for example a table, we see one everyday and can bring it in front of our minds eye (although it's a moot point whether we can see it - I certainly don't). But of ...
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1answer
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How valid is Nietzsche's critique of Buddhism?

According to a paper titled Nietzsche's Reception of Buddhist Psychology With Constant Reference to Christianity by McDonald (2012), given at a conference in Copenhagen, Nietzsche's work contains 158 ...
12
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1answer
225 views

The non-existence of Gettier problems in Indo-Tibetan epistemology

Reading the paper Gettier and Factivity in Indo‐Tibetan Epistemology the author claims at some point early in the paper that There are two initial problems which make it difficult to compare ...
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8answers
785 views

Is “opacity of mind” specifically a Nyingma position within Buddhism?

In various Nyingma Buddhist groups in Nepal there is a local theory of mind that, most basically, holds that you can not ever know what another person is thinking. This is a phenomenon that I have ...
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3answers
719 views

How might studying philosophy impact your mental health?

According to wikipedia on Pessimism and Pragmatic Criticism ...Al-Ghazali and William James rejected their pessimism after suffering psychological, or even psychosomatic illness... Other authors ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Was Aristotle aware of Buddha's teachings?

Are there any references in Corpus Aristotelicum to suggest whether Aristotle was aware of Buddhist teachings or Eastern philosophy? Aristotle travelled to Asia Minor at one stage of life, left a ...
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4answers
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Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical traditions on what constitutes rationality?

I am aware of the way Western philosophers define rationality but I do not know whether Eastern philosophers define it. Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical ...
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6answers
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Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?

Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the ...
8
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4answers
475 views

Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
8
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3answers
208 views

Whats the earliest documented instance of Buddhist Philosophy on European thought?

Whats the earliest recorded instance of Buddhist thought in a European context - say a translation. I know that Schopenhauer (1788-1860) read the Bhagavad Gita - but this is a Hindu text and not a ...
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3answers
514 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
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4answers
207 views

Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

I have read that some Eastern philosophies, such as Buddhist philosophy, have considered extra-sensory perception (as attained through meditation), a valid source of knowledge. For example, the Buddha ...
6
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1answer
278 views

Is Belnap's four-valued logic technically a relevance logic?

Belnap, the American Logician, constructed a four-valued logic which is a form of relavance logic; interestingly the truth-values it takes are: true false both true & false neither ...
5
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6answers
1k views

How does catuskoti apply to everyday life?

An article on Aeon published the concept of catuskoti, a principle in use during the age of Buddha. It states that for any given statement, there are four possibilities i.e. it might be true (and ...
5
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6answers
638 views

How can anyone who hasn't realised the truth claim that Mahatma Buddha or any other person in history realised the God or Truth?

Isn't it possible that whatever they have realised is just a psychological effect? Doing continuously hard practices leads to affect their mind and they tend to believe that, yes, this is the truth. ...
5
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2answers
556 views

Does Buddhism have a creation myth?

How does Buddhism explain the world? Was it created or eternally existant? Do they have creation myths? I'm asking this question, because what little & superficial knowledge I hve about Buddhism ...
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7answers
1k views

What is the karma according to buddhism?

The simple definition of karma that is given is: If you do good then you will get good in return and vice-versa. I'm not able to understand where would the effect come back from? Some says other ...
4
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8answers
559 views

Trying to understand koan, Buddhist philosophy

I'm having a hard time trying to understand a koan from the Introduction of Mathematics Made Difficult, by Carl E. Linderholm "One of the great Zen masters had an eager disciple who never lost an ...
4
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6answers
289 views

How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
4
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4answers
815 views

Descartes vs Buddha - Was Descartes wrong?

Descartes imagined an Evil Demon to suggest that the external world could be a complete illusion. This Evil Demon would have the power to trick all your senses. This idea is similar to the Buddhist ...
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3answers
107 views

Foucault and Derrida on spiritual liberation

Apart from his analysis of truth and power, when Foucault says... ...truth isn’t the reward of free spirits, the child of protracted solitude, nor the privilege of those who have succeeded in ...
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5answers
559 views

Buddhism self, no-self and the middle path. [closed]

I have come across several articles attempting to define the concept of no-self, not-self and self. These articles include http://www.wildmind.org/blogs/on-practice/if-there-is-no-self http://www....
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1answer
469 views

Is there an influence of Buddhist thought in Leibniz's Monadology?

In his Monadology Leibniz writes: each portion of matter can be conceived as like a garden full of plants, or like a pond full of fish. But each branch of a plant, each organ of an animal, each ...
4
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2answers
146 views

What if Brentano was wrong?

Brentano held that every mental phenomenon has content, has a mental object, is about a mental object, or words to that effect. However, skillful Buddhist phenomenologists, over millenia, have found ...
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2answers
69 views

Can fictional entities have capacities?

Can fictional entities have capacities? I think in Buddhism there is a definite trend to claim that every entity is fictional, but has causes and effects. i wouldn't really assent to the idea that ...
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3answers
398 views

What is Buddhism: and have any Western philosophers got anything ineffable across? [closed]

I understood almost all the philosophical texts of the Western countries I read, because the West separates philosophical issues from religious and nationalist issues. But when I read about Buddhism, ...
3
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3answers
308 views

Is there a relation between postmodernism and Asian philosophies?

As an Asian, I see that postmodernism and Taoism and Buddhism all share a similar idea: the truth cannot be grasped. Is there any relation between postmodernism and Asian philosophies? Can Laozi and ...
3
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3answers
366 views

What is the philosophical significance of the First Law of Thermodynamics?

The Law states that “no energy can be destroyed or created, for it is constant; it can only be transformed from one form to another”. Do you think this alignes with many of the teachings of Buddhism, ...
3
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6answers
489 views

If our perceptions are not “real”, how can common perceptions be explained?

I am trying to understand emptiness (Buddhism). As I understand it, nothing that can be changed, or broken down into smaller parts is inherently real. If my worldly perceptions of emptiness are not ...
3
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4answers
214 views

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same?

Are there specifically Buddhist arguments against the eternal return of the same? There seems like there should be. However, I'm highly confused by what a "final nirvana", complete extinction, could ...
3
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3answers
232 views

The Origin of Thought

What is the most fundamental form of thought? In Tibetan Buddhism, there is the concept of the Three Vajras, or The Three Doors, which are body, speech, and mind. The human mind can be said to think ...
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3answers
288 views

Nietzsche on European Buddhism

What does Nietzsche mean, in the Genealogy of Morals, when he refers to European Buddhism? Did he think Europeans misunderstood Buddhism?
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1answer
389 views

Understanding fundamental questions of life via mathematics

I am a university student of mathematics and is also interested in philosophy, mainly spiritualism. Besides knowing that mathematics is, in general, also a study of how the world works, I do not know ...
3
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2answers
80 views

What are the relationships between Foucault's medical gaze, scientific investigation, and Buddhist detachment?

From this note from a clinical psychologist, the Foucault's gaze is described as: ... with this powerful gaze the physician could penetrate illusion and see through to the underlying reality, that ...
3
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1answer
196 views

What is a Nihilist and a Buddhist point of view on music and other forms of entertainment?

From what I know, Buddhism seeks to detach from every form of pleasure and craving, listening to music could be seen as a way of not being present in the moment, but I'm sure they too can enjoy music. ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Does a material cause either depend on its effect or appear to be somehow self-sufficient?

Does a material cause either depend on its effect or appear to be somehow self suffiient? Aristotle considers the material "cause" (hyle) of an object as equivalent to the nature of the raw ...
3
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2answers
92 views

Does the question further?

Sometimes, a lay person would approach the Buddha and ask a question, such as, "If I earn all of the money in the world, will she like me?" to which the Buddha would reply, "It does not further". As ...
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2answers
501 views

What does Nietzsche mean by religion of decadence?

In The Antichrist, Nietzsche says that Christianity and Buddhism are both religions of decadence. What does this mean? Specifically, what are the hallmarks of such a religion? What are its values? ...
3
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3answers
131 views

Unitedness of environment and self philosophical movement

This, I believe is a well known concept within Nichren Buddhism (and perhaps other parts of Buddhism; I don't know), but I am wondering if there is a name for the idea that the environment and self ...
3
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1answer
635 views

Is there a Sanskrit term that overlaps semantically with ἀ–λήθεια (a-letheia)?

Sat (Sanskrit: सत्): is a Sanskrit adjective meaning "the ideal; pure and true essence (nature)" of an entity or existence in the Vedanta. It can thus be concluded as "the self-existent or ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Have there been any studies on how Marxist philosophy interacted with Chinese philosophy in China?

The Chinese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai in 1921, and assumed full control of mainland China by 1949. Marxist philosophy, in short, is the Hegelian anti-thesis of Hegelian philosophy. ...
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3answers
274 views

Prestige in Buddhist philosophy

What does Buddhist say to all forms of prestige? Starting with high-school popularity, social status, being regarded as intelligent, or honest. Should Buddhists try to build these as long as they ...
3
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5answers
712 views

Validation of Enlightenment in Buddhism

What standards are used to evaluate and validate the potential enlightenment one may have achieved in Buddhism? Do these vary between Theravada and Mahayana traditions, or vary in even more ...
3
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0answers
97 views

How are 'voluntary' actions possible in the scope of Sam Harris's framework of free will (its absence actually)?

Disclamer: I am striving to understand the point of view, not to examine if it is right or wrong (makes sense or not, etc.). I have listened to two audio excerpts by Sam Harris, discussing his views ...
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6answers
1k views

Is Buddhism a religion or philosophy?

I am planning to live with Buddhist monks. But I am hesitant. I am not sure whether I shall be able to live with them without leaving my current religion. I think, if Buddhism is a religion, I am ...
2
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1answer
690 views

Definition and scope of dukkha

The goal of the Buddha's doctrine is said to be the eradication of 'dukkha' variously translated as anguish, stress, unsatisfactoriness, pain... what is the definition of this term as given in the ...
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2answers
275 views

What is the all (sabba) in the buddhist suttas and philosophical context?

What does the Buddha mean by 'the all' (sabba) as found in the suttas? How is this perspective categorized philosophically and how does this perspective compare with other modern philosophies? I have ...
2
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1answer
102 views

How consistent is this excerpt of John Cages in terms of the ethics of Zen Buddhism?

John Cage in an excerpt from his 1959 work "Indeterminacy," in which he tells 90 stories in 90 minutes taking about one minute for each story. The collision of dialogue and music, like the collision ...