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Questions tagged [carnap]

Rudolf Carnap (1891-1970) was a German philosopher who moved to the United States. He was a member of the Vienna Circle. He advocated logical positivism.

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What is Carnap’s “Principle of Tolerance”, and how did Quine reject it?

Carnap’s Principle of Tolerance and Quine’s Objections Carnap holds that the role of philosophy is to analyze and clarify the language of science, and to formulate and recommend alternative languages. ...
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A technical question about the limitation of z of "jointing together" or "zus(x,y)" in Gödel Arithmetization

I am recently reading Professor Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. In p.61 D18.1., the limitation of z is not greater than: pot [prim (sum[lng(x), lng(y)]), sum(x,y)]. Remarks: z is the series-...
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Is this a more unequivocal way to make an analytic v synthetic distinction?

NEW UPDATE: An analytic expression x is redefined as any expression of language verified as completely true (or false) entirely on the basis that x (or ~x) is derived by applying truth preserving ...
polcott's user avatar
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The Vienna Circle and metaphysics

The Vienna Circle opposed to metaphysics. This is exposed in depth in Carnape's paper "'Überwindung der Metaphysik durch Logische Analyse der Sprache' in Erkenntnis, vol. 2, 1932 (English ...
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Why the 'degree of confirmation'?

Carnap from 1950 sets out his exposition on defining a system purely on inductive logic that he attributes with epistemic qualities from probability. This journey begins with his 'degree of ...
Stackcans's user avatar
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What does Carnap mean by the extensionality requirement in an observational language?

In his article Methodological Character of Theoretical Concepts (Section II), he lists the requirements proposed for any language L to be meaningful. However, I don't understand what he means exactly ...
Vanessa's user avatar
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State description in PWS

A very short question: If, following Carnap, we can represent a possible world as a state description starting from a quantified language L, why does it make sense, following standard modal logic, to ...
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Carnap's method of induction

Carnap provides a general understanding of symbolic induction, given as c(h, e)=r. c = degree of confirmation h = hypothesis e = evidence r = outcome What exactly is meant by Carnap's 'degree of ...
Meilton's user avatar
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Where did Carnap express his disagreement with Wittgenstein's Tractatus?

I read the following in G. E. M. Anscombe's description of the consequences of Wittgenstein's picture theory of language: (page 82) Carnap strongly objected to Wittgenstein's doctrine with its ...
Frank Hubeny's user avatar
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Do logically incoherent statements still have meaning?

My reading of Carnap's "The Elimination of Metaphysics Through Logical Analysis of Language" suggests to me that it is possible to form sentences in a language that are grammatically correct but ...
syntonicC's user avatar
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Rudolf Carnap's opinion about free will

I know that the logical positivists thought that many old philosophical questions are meaningless, but I never found a source on the internet about their position on free will. So what was their ...
JonnyPython's user avatar
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Why does Carnap say 'Caesar is a prime number' is meaningless?

I don't get it. Assuming there exists an individual Caesar, we can look at the set of prime numbers and not-(prime numbers), and Caesar will be in one of them. I just don't see, even though it may be ...
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