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Questions tagged [causality]

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is there any inconsistancy if i claim thing-in-itselmselves are giving our mind "causality"?

i'm simply testing this out the "problem of affection" in kant happens because kant says causality is an apriori knowledge can't we just say, thing-in-itself gives us "causality" ...
Parsa Fakhar's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

How does dialectical causality work in practice?

I'm currently reading Evan Thompson's Mind in Life (2007). He was a collaborator of Fransisco Varela on Autopoiesis so he expands it from biological forms to, ultimately, cognitive science. It's an ...
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
11 votes
9 answers
2k views

Is consciousness causally superfluous?

I cannot for the life of me even conceptualize the idea of conscious decisions causing an actual, physical effect (unless one becomes an idealist). Consciousness will always be a first person ...
Curious's user avatar
  • 387
2 votes
3 answers
103 views

What does the essence of anything matter, if its effect is the same?

This came to me as a generalization of another question: What does the algorithm matter, if the input-output game plus performance is the same? And lead me to a rabbit hole of following philosophical ...
retrospace's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

The question about "trumping" in Lewis's "causation as influence

In Lewis's "Causation as Influence," in section 1.4 titled "Trumping," Lewis describes a scenario as a case where a causal chain can be said to preempt a potential causal chain ...
유준상's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
75 views

Does ontological commitment to unobservables in science give one ontological commitment to causality?

If we have ontological commitment to an unobservable like electrons, are we ontologically committed to the causal relationship between their existence and the observable phenomena we use to know that ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 885
4 votes
2 answers
118 views

Can moral realism, physicalism, and physical causal closure be all true at the same time?

For illustrative purposes, let X be the set of all instances where Bob has tortured and eaten babies alive for fun. (Also assume that X is non-empty, to avoid trivial responses.) Suppose that ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,395
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Justification for Aristotle's principle of causality?

[W]hen... a potential is actualized.. something already actual must be what actualizes it. This is sometimes called the principle of causality. (Feser, Edward. Five Proofs of the Existence of God. ...
Bob's user avatar
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4 votes
6 answers
353 views

Is God necessarily superfluous? [closed]

Unless you are a believer in a physical God, you must assume that God, through some mysterious way, causes physical effects while being “non physical” himself (whatever that means). But each physical ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
51 views

Are causal anti-realism and metaphysical realism compatible?

Could the existence of a mind-independent reality be compatible with believing that causal relations aren't real? If so, how could the latter be justified? Could one make an instrumentalist case like ...
edelex's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
87 views

What are some examples of inmanent causes and effects in everyday nature?

Reading Spinoza's Ethics I find myself fascinated by the distinction bewteen inmanent cause and transitive cause. In the Ethics comes like so: E1 PROP. 18. God is the indwelling and not the transient ...
GONZALO ROCHA DE LA CRUZ's user avatar
2 votes
10 answers
2k views

How many dimensions does time have?

As phrased in the title, How many dimensions does time have? If one considers time by itself (in isolation from other putative phenomena such as space or spacetime), what can be said about the ...
pygosceles's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
149 views

Is magic an event that has no known cause or explanation?

Is an unknown cause for an event considered magic until that event has a known cause. I was thinking about radioactive quantum events. As far as I know, these events have no known specific cause ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
7 votes
8 answers
650 views

Is the principle of cause and effect bound to material?

I am having a hard time finding an answer to my question. The reason I’m asking it is to figure out if cause and effect could have existed before the universe was created. If anyone has insight on ...
Tristan Velez's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
216 views

Is there any principle that requires only things that begin to exist have a cause?

William Lane Craig argues that everything that begins to exist has a cause. But what about the reverse? Do things that don’t begin to exist not have a cause? Do things that exist past eternally ...
user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
119 views

Can Free Will be Explained?

Explanations are causal, at least to the extent that I'm aware. If I explain X then I basically identify and expand on the cause of X (if X involves an ontological claim the explanans is all about ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
144 views

Is the argument from freewill further supported by causal arguments

The argument from freewill is a paradox that can be loosely described as, if God is omniscient or all knowing then God subject's, man , cannot have freewill as the 'fate' or actions of man have been ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
124 views

Do acausal quantum events come in between two classical events?

You'll have to forgive my ignorance if the answer to this question has lots of examples of how and when this occurs. My knowledge of determinism is that it is a picture of a chain of events that goes ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
68 views

Are there phenomena which are partially spontaneous and partially causal?

Events can be spontaneous or non spontaneous. Spontaneous is defined as occurring without apparent external cause. Non spontaneous events are causal, that is, there is cause and effect. Suppose an ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
42 views

Does Hume's objection to causality apply to human actions?

I heard the example with the kid and the toys from this video (TL;DW A kid who has only been playing with cotton toys gets a rubber ball and is surprised to see it bounce. His father is not surprised ...
Dimitris02's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
628 views

What are some examples of spontaneous phenomena?

It is said that almost all phenomena are dependent on cause and effect. There is assumed to be a chain of cause and effect ,leading the philosophers and scientist to believe that there must have been ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
1k views

Explanation of the cause of the event of the beginning of time

Events in the natural world are determined to have temporal cause and a temporal effect. One temporal event is the cause of another temporal event which is the effect of that temporal cause and forms ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Please evaluate my argument about incompleteness theorem and first cause

Here is my argument: One of the incompleteness theorems is “If a system is noncontradiction, it is incomplete” Incomplete means that there are propositions that are true but cannot be proven. The ...
Display name's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
439 views

cause “for which all causal relations exist”

Suppose there is a cause “for which all causal relations exist”. The cause exists before “all causal relationships exist.” Before “all causal relationships exist,” causal relationships do not exist. ...
Display name's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
1k views

If nothing is preventing something from existing, must it exist?

The question in the title; if there is no existent precluding factor (whatsoever) for the existence of some x, must such a x exist?
Max Maxman's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
140 views

Killing with bare hands vs Rube Goldberg killing machine: How can we connect causes to persons, and so be morally responsible for effects by us?

What brought up this question: I was watching a television show and was thinking of how powerful individuals can obtain hired guns to do their dirty work. The police and legal system then has ...
Xeon's user avatar
  • 489
1 vote
2 answers
128 views

On the framing of causality?

So I shall restrict Nagarjuna's dependent arising of phenomena to the physical realm*. The source of my understanding is "Part Two, Chapter one - Examination of Conditions" of the book the ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
129 views

What's the meaning and roots of the notion of "fault"?

This may sound naive and I'm not a native english speaker, but recently I've started wondering what people really mean by the notion of "fault", for example in the context of saying "it'...
Denis's user avatar
  • 206
2 votes
4 answers
185 views

causation correlation and constraints

We know causation doesn't imply correlation and correlation doesn't imply causation. I was curious to know does constraints implies correlation or causation. If A constraints B and B constraints A ...
quanity's user avatar
  • 1,365
5 votes
2 answers
112 views

What is character, and what role does it play in the decision making of an agent, according to proponents of libertarian free will?

I understand libertarian free will as an agent's ability to choose otherwise, or having more than one course of action available to them, when making a choice at time t, given a fixed past up to t. ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,395
6 votes
6 answers
2k views

Can a totally ordered set with a last element but no first element exist, or is this contradictory?

Can a totally ordered set with a last element but no first element exist, or is this contradictory? An example of such a set would be a set that is ordered from largest to smallest, with there being ...
Max Maxman's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
312 views

Cause of the outcome of quantum events

Do quantum events have no definite cause , a cause but the cause is unknown, they have no cause, they simultaneously have a cause and do not have a cause , there is a known cause, causes of events at ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
81 views

Is it true that there are phenomena without causes?

assume that there is cause A for "existence of all causality" (A -> all causality exist) It is contradictory that cause A belonging to causality exists before all causality exists. Thus, &...
Dimer's user avatar
  • 69
0 votes
1 answer
61 views

Are there models of causal regresses where each cause-effect pair is mapped to/from the integers?

Let's substitute the event into an integer for example event A is 2 "Cause B" of A is 1 cause of B is 0 Let's represent it like this So what does an integer less than all integers mean? the ...
Dimer's user avatar
  • 69
1 vote
3 answers
172 views

Is it correct to refute that what exists has a cause?

1.There is a cause for the existence of something. 2.There is causality. 3.There is a cause for the existence of causality. 4.Let's assume the cause A for the existence of causality. 5.A -> ...
Dimer's user avatar
  • 69
2 votes
3 answers
140 views

How is causal order not assuming directionality of time?

Hans Reichenbach argues for the causality and causal chain to define a topological coordinative definition of time order. Here is an excerpt from his textbook, The Philosophy of Space and Time, Dover(...
Ashwin Balaji's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
70 views

Is instantiation of properties causal?

Strange question here but can an object instantiating a property be a cause of it instantiating another different property? For example; I instantiate the property of being hairy and warm blooded ...
r0k1m's user avatar
  • 943
-1 votes
4 answers
142 views

How can we establish that causal relationships existed in the past?

From Hume's problem of induction, it is intuitive to me that, for example, "taking aspirin in the past has relieved my headaches" is insufficient to say with certainty that "taking an ...
IAAW's user avatar
  • 101
7 votes
5 answers
233 views

How can mathematical results impact the physical world?

In his 2007 book I Am a Strange Loop, Douglas Hofstadter uses an analogy based on a domino computer. Indeed, it is possible to build logical gates made of dominoes (see e.g. here) and realize simple ...
thingsthatmighthavebeen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
160 views

Does Hume undermine determinism? [closed]

The problem of induction (kind courtesy David Hume) states that causality isn't deductively justified. Determinism, predicated on causality, isn't justified. Ergo, free will is (at the very least) ...
Hudjefa's user avatar
  • 3,742
2 votes
2 answers
265 views

What is this idea of causality being articulated?

So I wanted to ask about the kind of causality when someone says something of the sort: "Communism made these people destroy their own society" or "I have a brilliant idea now I will ...
More Anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
173 views

Does anything exist that doesn't cause effects?

In trying to understand the meaning of the word 'exist', I'm asking if there is anything exists that doesn't cause effects. Or is there anything that causes effects that doesn't exist? If not then it ...
WokeBloke's user avatar
  • 107
3 votes
0 answers
50 views

Does David Hume hold an opinion on the kinds of objects of causation?

I'm reading about causality in the Treatise of Human Nature by D. Hume but I can't seem to find out exactly what he considers objects to be when talking about causes and effects. At some points he ...
r0k1m's user avatar
  • 943
1 vote
1 answer
34 views

Do the effects of performing instructions replace or cause their results?

For e.g. a recipe to bake bread consists of finding the ingredients, making the dough and using the oven. If we performed those steps, would the effects of those manifestations become the causes of ...
r0k1m's user avatar
  • 943
4 votes
4 answers
273 views

Can a final cause also be an efficient cause?

Aristotle distinguishes between four causes: material, efficient, formal and final. However, his use of 'cause' is different than our use. Our use of 'cause' is just the efficient cause, thing A ...
yters's user avatar
  • 1,877
4 votes
3 answers
194 views

Does Newton's first law of motion contradicts causality?

First, English is not my mother tongue and hence maybe the expressions I will use are not very accurate. Causality as I understand is when there is a change, then there is a preceding event "...
Mohamed Mostafa's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
232 views

Causation vs correlation in the context of physics

How to know whether A and B is causal or correlated? Is it correct to say that physicists have always been concerned about causation? The laws of physics are stated in terms of equations that have ...
quanity's user avatar
  • 1,365
3 votes
4 answers
136 views

Decision and volition: Can an act ever be voluntary in the absence of a decision to perform it?

Note: 'Act' here = 'A thing done'. Imagine two acts: The act of deciding to drink. The act of drinking. Suppose the decision to drink (Act 1) is involuntary. Is there any mechanism by which ...
Futilitarian's user avatar
  • 4,389
8 votes
3 answers
260 views

Do we cause words to mean things, or do words cause us to mean things?

This question occurred to me while reviewing a skeptical argument from Kripke regarding semantics: Suppose that I’ve never dealt with numbers larger than 57. (Given our finite nature and the ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
38 views

Spinoza: finding examples of a definite cause: where if no definite cause be granted, the effect cannot follow

When we typically think of cause and effect, we start with an event such as a death of a person and we ask what was the cause. For example, we might say that the cause of death was a heart attack. ...
Larry Freeman's user avatar