Questions tagged [christianity]

Christianity is a religious belief, historically based on Jewish roots. The central tenet of this religion is the belief that Jesus is the Son of God.

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How common is the notion of God taking a break from work?

In Judeo-Christian tradition, the day when God finished creating the earth is the day of rest. “and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. ” Does this idea appear in other ...
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Problem with origin of evil

It is often defended by Christians that evil exists because god gave us free will. And god gave us free will basically because he wanted to be truly loved. Not just "loved" by "mindless ...
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Can the concept of the Trinity be logically supported as the belief in one God rather than three Gods?

Christianity has its roots in Judaism, as such some of the teachings in the Old Testament have carried into and are reaffirmed in the New Testament, one such being is the monotheistic belief in one ...
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Did Augustine try to prove God's existence using Set Theory?

Some time ago I heard a professor of mine describe Augustine's Confessions as an attempt to prove God's existence using set theory. I didn't get a chance to ask him more of what he meant, and ...
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In which points do Neoplatonic ideas differ from Christianity?

I've been reading some topics about the influence of Neoplatonism in Christianity. Some topics I read said that, although Neoplatonic ideas influenced Christianity a lot, there are some divergence ...
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How can God be in the genus of efficient causes?

In Summa Theologica I q. 3 a. 5 "Whether God is contained in a genus?", Aquinas says that if God were in a genus, it would be the genus of "being," but being cannot be the genus of anything (cf. ...
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Is “practical atheism” really so different from “practical christianity?”

First time questioner here! Apologies if this is not specific enough/would better belong on a different StackExchange. If one takes a second to peruse any number of Christian apologetics books, the ...
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Is process philosophy at odds with orthodox Christian theology?

Process philosophy regards change, as opposed to stasis, as the basis of reality. Does this contradict orthodox Christian theology, such as Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and the various Protestant ...
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How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? [closed]

How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? Aristotle holds the former view, while Aquinas, Islam and Judaism in the Middle Ages hold the latter view.
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Can any Christian action truly be morally good?

If someone does a morally good action because they fear God, which is a selfish motive, surely this means it is not a morally selfless action. In the same way, if any morally good action is not ...
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Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
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What are all attributes of God and what is the manner of knowing them according to Aquinas?

What are all of the divine attributes, and in which way is each of them predicted of God (univocal, equivocal or analogical way; if in an analogical way, what kind of analogy)? An answer should be ...
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Why Christianity did not evolve into “strict” monothiesm? [closed]

Answering Jewish / Muslim objections to their faith, Christians frequently appeals to historical research, which illustrates that existence of "semi-god" or godly king etc. was not a strange thing to ...
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The Full Scope of Sloth [closed]

Disclaimer one: I am not a Christian, nor do I have any religious agendas with this post. Disclaimer two: This is a quite lengthy post, with a considerable amount of preliminary stuff, and also a few ...
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The concept of eudaimonia

The usual definitions of eudaimonia as "happiness" or "flourishing" or the like, don't seem to fit the actual translation of the word. The word means "a good spirit," where "spirit" has semi-mystical ...
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Do those who deny a univocal understanding of “God is good” conflate sense and connotation?

Several theologians following Aquinas have said that when we say things like "God is good" that this must mean something different to when we call other things good; this is called analogical use of ...
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Does God still know what He has forgotten?

The following is from the Christian text Hebrews 10:15-17: [my emphasis] 15 The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 16 “This is the covenant I will make with them ...
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Are Christians more afraid of death? [closed]

This might be a better question for a psychology forum, but I'll try here first. I've observed many Christians who spend much of their lives talking about how they don't fear death because they know ...
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Who is Kierkegaard's knight of faith?

I have hardship to understand who the knight of faith is after reading an exerpt from Fear and Trembling: "The tragic hero assures himself that the ethical obligation is totally present in him by ...
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Any contemporary/older philosophers who criticize the Christian concept of “preservation in the memory of others”? [closed]

I'm trying to sort out my ideas, so bear with me here if my questions is not abundantly clear. There's a Christian understanding that when one dies, only the body dies, therefore, the spirit remains, ...
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If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
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What puts Christians off “hard determinism”?

Scott Christensen has written a book, "What about free will?" published 1995, in which two Christian positions are examined. They are, page 238, Libertarian Beliefs and Compatabilist Beliefs. However, ...
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If God created evil would that make Him evil or, the creator of evil? [duplicate]

God cannot be what He has created. So if He creates something there will be a gap between Him and His creation. That gap is defined in various ways. e.g. God alone can create. God is holy. Evil exists....
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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Is the Christian view of eternal life an epistemic mistake if no aspect of us exists after death? [closed]

In Christian teachings, eternal life is not an inherent part of human existence, and is a unique gift from God, based on the model of the Resurrection of Jesus, viewed as a unique event through ...
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Worshiping Jesus and saints

Mainstream Christians do not worship the Essence of God itself (may be because it is too impersonal and impossible to grasp for creature), but as it is eternally manifested in the Trinity. Even with ...
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Are analogies logical arguments?

I have heard several analogies that attempt to give people a better understanding of the Christian trinity. Some compare it to H2O and how water can be solid, liquid, or gas. However, this is a form ...
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Is being omnipresent of each person of the Trinity contradictory? [closed]

Each person of the Trinity has all of God's attributes. Being omnipresent (not being bounded by any location, to be present everywhere) is one of God's attributes. So, each person of the Trinity has ...
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From ethical actions to ethical goals, from the Commandments/Beatitudes to the New Jerusalem? [closed]

Artificial intelligence (AI) systems (autonomous vehicles, autonomous decision support systems, autonomous humanoid robots etc.) are required to make ethical decisions and it is strong feature of the ...
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Who came up with the notion of a properly basic belief?

I first heard about so-called properly basic beliefs in the context of discussions about belief in God. Moreover, when I do a Google search for the term "properly basic belief," I get a bunch of ...
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Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
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Was early Christianity the Communism of its day? [closed]

I have been watching a lot of documentaries on Vietnam, Russia and Marxism, and Religion debates here and there. I've come to a conclusion but I am not sure if it is true. It seems to me that ...
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Metaphysical substrate and the Judeo-Christian legacy

Is the idea of a metaphysical substrate, of stories, meaningful? I have been listening to some talks by Jordan Peterson, and it seems he posits this idea of a metaphysical substrate as counterpoint to ...
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If the bible says 'Thou shalt not judge' why do people judge LGBT lifestyle? [closed]

It's something that puzzles me. It's like the bible says one thing, but then many people turn it around and use it to bash other people with it. I've also seen so-called Christians make lies, and the ...
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What are the differences between Christianity, Gnosticism and Neo-Platonism during the time of Plotinus?

A. H. Armstrong writes in the introduction to his translation of the Enneads of Plotinus the following (Plotinus George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1953, p. 27): We may sum up the general philosophical ...
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If everything that happens is “part of God's plan”, how can anything be immoral? [closed]

My question is addressed to people familiar with religious theology for any monotheistic religion (e.g., Christian doctrine, Islamic doctrine, etc.). For example, I have heard practicing Christians ...
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How consistent is Christian theology compared to Islamic and Buddhist theologies?

I'm not an expert on theology but I've heard that Christianity is filled with inconsistencies and incongruencies. My question, if this is the case, is whether this is normal for the major theologies ...
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Christianity and innocent victims [closed]

I'm taking a few statements from Christian belief: 1) Christianity does not advocate reincarnation. 2) The Christian God is the one true God/Saviour. 3) God loves all beings. So...if He is the one ...
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In what ways were the philosophies of William James and Kierkegaard similar?

Especially with regards to the justification of having religious belief- were they both fideists?
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Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
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Why does Philo skip Genesis 1?

In Νόμων Ἱερῶν Ἀλληγορίαι, (Legum Allegoriæ), Stoic Philosopher Philo of Alexandria sets out to make an allegorical commentary on Genesis 2-3. Why does Philo choose to pick up with chapter 2 instead ...
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What does Nietzsche mean by religion of decadence?

In The Antichrist, Nietzsche says that Christianity and Buddhism are both religions of decadence. What does this mean? Specifically, what are the hallmarks of such a religion? What are its values? ...
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Does providence imply the same thing as fate in Christianity?

Fate implies the idea that all things which happen were meant to happen. They could not have happened another way. I am curious to know whether providence also implies this idea. I know that the two ...
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Where is Nietzsche's Antichrist last part (Law against Christianity)?

I was looking for a sentence in the last part of Nietzsche's The Antichrist (a part called "Law against Christianity"), which comes after the chapter 62. To my surprise, the vast majority of "full-...
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How can I reconcile my philosophy with my faith? [closed]

My philosophy holds the belief that freedom is one of the most important traits, and that when given the choice, without manipulation, a person will choose to do the right thing. Furthermore, that the ...
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If Christianity is true, why are we not created perfectly?

I formalize my argument as follows: God is perfect, omnipotent, and omniscient God made humans for the purpose of ruling over His creation. If God is perfect, omnipotent, and omniscient, then ...
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How can Christian heaven be interpreted as a part of materialist ontology?

Assume that heaven exists and we experience it in a physical way. In other words, we experience heaven as we do this Earth. Also assume we have bodies in heaven. Now, where is a possible place this ...
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“To what extent would society break down without a moral code?”

Okay so I'm new here and I hope that this will abide by the rules and everything that the site dictates about questions. The title of the page is a question I formulated for a school assignment. I ...
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Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...