Questions tagged [christianity]

Christianity is a religious belief, historically based on Jewish roots. The central tenet of this religion is the belief that Jesus is the Son of God.

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27
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8answers
9k views

If the Bible contains circular reasoning, does it discredit it?

If the Bible contains circular reasoning, does it discredit it? One of the reasons why I wonder about this is because in most academic/professional fields circular reasoning would discredit the ...
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Is God either immoral or not omnipotent?

The usual (Christian) justification for suffering/evil in the world created by a benevolent God is freedom of the will. However, the more interesting question is not about the source of evil (which ...
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Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century?

The question's title says it all. Who are the most prominent Christian philosophers of the 21st century (if there are any) and why? By "Christian philosopher", I mean a philosopher who believes in ...
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Was Nietzsche influenced by Machiavelli?

I've been reading Machiavelli and I've noticed that his is very critical of Christianity in a way that reminds me of Nietzsche's Master-Slave morality; he does so by comparing the focus on 'heroic ...
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6answers
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What are the philosophical issues with a non-spatial, non-temporal Being creating a spatial, temporal universe?

Gerald O'Collins writes in Rethinking Fundamental Theology, p. 20: The attributes of God raise numerous questions and difficulties that deserve attention, especially from those with a philosophical ...
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St. Thomas Aquinas' Contingency Proof for the Existence of God

Frank Sheed is considered one of the best Thomistic theologians of the twentieth century. He is known for presenting St. Thomas' 5 proofs in a very clear way. If we consider the universe, we find ...
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1answer
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Are there any scholarly critiques of Edward Feser's work?

Have there been any critiques of Feser in academia, particularly philosophy of religion? I'd also like to see if there have been critiques of Aristotelian-Thomism which is what Feser's framework is ...
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2answers
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Who came up with the notion of a properly basic belief?

I first heard about so-called properly basic beliefs in the context of discussions about belief in God. Moreover, when I do a Google search for the term "properly basic belief," I get a bunch of ...
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2answers
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The concept of eudaimonia

The usual definitions of eudaimonia as "happiness" or "flourishing" or the like, don't seem to fit the actual translation of the word. The word means "a good spirit," where "spirit" has semi-mystical ...
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6answers
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Can any Christian action truly be morally good?

If someone does a morally good action because they fear God, which is a selfish motive, surely this means it is not a morally selfless action. In the same way, if any morally good action is not ...
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How similar are Taoism and Christianity?

The current Wikipedia article on Taoism contains a relatively prominent section devoted to arguments in favor of an alleged similarity between Taoism and Christianity. Some authors have dealt with ...
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542 views

Nietzsche a Reluctant or Triumphant Atheist?

I remember once reading some literature in which Nietzsche was classified as a reluctant atheist. The piece made the point that in Thus Spoke Zarathustra Nietzsche seems to be bemoaning the perceived ...
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Does believing in a Christian God logically imply believing in miracles?

Assume you are a Christian and you believe that the descriptions of the life of Jesus are facts. Things like turning water into wine magically, walking on water and other miracles seem to be ...
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4answers
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Does providence imply the same thing as fate in Christianity?

Fate implies the idea that all things which happen were meant to happen. They could not have happened another way. I am curious to know whether providence also implies this idea. I know that the two ...
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362 views

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God?

What are some philosophical defenses of the existence of God? Specifically, I'd be interested in any philosophers who have provided a thorough and rigorous defense of the existence of a Judeo-...
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Does Alvin Plantinga's book Knowledge and Christian Belief offer any substantial updates to Warranted Christian Belief?

The stated primary goal of Plantinga's Knowledge and Christian Belief (2015) was to condense the content of Warranted Christian Belief (2000) into a shorter and more accessible book. My question is ...
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3answers
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Was Plato influenced by Moses?

The 2nd century Christian apologist Justin Martyr is known for defending Christianity to the Platonists of his day. In his First Apology, he claims that Plato's understanding of the creation of the ...
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1answer
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What does Barthes mean when he calls boxing a “Jansenist sport”?

In the essay The World of Wrestling, Roland Barthes has this to say about the distinction between boxing and wrestling. This public knows very well the distinction between wrestling and boxing; it ...
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2answers
898 views

Metaphysical substrate and the Judeo-Christian legacy

Is the idea of a metaphysical substrate, of stories, meaningful? I have been listening to some talks by Jordan Peterson, and it seems he posits this idea of a metaphysical substrate as counterpoint to ...
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6answers
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Is being omnipresent of each person of the Trinity contradictory? [closed]

Each person of the Trinity has all of God's attributes. Being omnipresent (not being bounded by any location, to be present everywhere) is one of God's attributes. So, each person of the Trinity has ...
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Are there any counterarguments to the criticism of Christianity as too local in time and space?

A common criticism of Christianity is that it is too limited in time and space for its claims to be true: Christianity has only been around for a relatively short period of humanity's existence, and ...
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Who is Kierkegaard's knight of faith?

I have hardship to understand who the knight of faith is after reading an exerpt from Fear and Trembling: "The tragic hero assures himself that the ethical obligation is totally present in him by ...
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How can Christian heaven be interpreted as a part of materialist ontology?

Assume that heaven exists and we experience it in a physical way. In other words, we experience heaven as we do this Earth. Also assume we have bodies in heaven. Now, where is a possible place this ...
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1answer
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Why does Philo skip Genesis 1?

In Νόμων Ἱερῶν Ἀλληγορίαι, (Legum Allegoriæ), Stoic Philosopher Philo of Alexandria sets out to make an allegorical commentary on Genesis 2-3. Why does Philo choose to pick up with chapter 2 instead ...
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What did Nietzsche mean when he said “There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride”?

In the book The Dawn of Day, Aphorism 69, Nietzsche said Inimitable.—There is an enormous strain and distance between envy and friendship, between self-contempt and pride: the Greek lived in the ...
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If everything that happens is “part of God's plan”, how can anything be immoral? [closed]

My question is addressed to people familiar with religious theology for any monotheistic religion (e.g., Christian doctrine, Islamic doctrine, etc.). For example, I have heard practicing Christians ...
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1answer
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How can God be in the genus of efficient causes?

In Summa Theologica I q. 3 a. 5 "Whether God is contained in a genus?", Aquinas says that if God were in a genus, it would be the genus of "being," but being cannot be the genus of anything (cf. ...
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What does Nietzsche mean by religion of decadence?

In The Antichrist, Nietzsche says that Christianity and Buddhism are both religions of decadence. What does this mean? Specifically, what are the hallmarks of such a religion? What are its values? ...
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How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? [closed]

How to evaluate the impersonal God and the personal God? Aristotle holds the former view, while Aquinas, Islam and Judaism in the Middle Ages hold the latter view.
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1answer
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What are all attributes of God and what is the manner of knowing them according to Aquinas?

What are all of the divine attributes, and in which way is each of them predicted of God (univocal, equivocal or analogical way; if in an analogical way, what kind of analogy)? An answer should be ...
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3answers
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What is the proper term for “a secondary knowledge that reinforces a primary belief”?

Let us say that someone believes in God, and acts in accordance with this belief. Ordinarily, one thinks of this as "blind faith". However, in my case, the belief is reinforced by what I call "...
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Was early Christianity the Communism of its day? [closed]

I have been watching a lot of documentaries on Vietnam, Russia and Marxism, and Religion debates here and there. I've come to a conclusion but I am not sure if it is true. It seems to me that ...
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Is the depth of our desire considered proof of an ultimate desirable in theology?

There is a word (sehnsucht) that describes a deep and ineffable longing for something beyond description, joyous and enjoyable beyond anything in this World, that 'haunts' many people: like CS Lewis ...
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1answer
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The Full Scope of Sloth [closed]

Disclaimer one: I am not a Christian, nor do I have any religious agendas with this post. Disclaimer two: This is a quite lengthy post, with a considerable amount of preliminary stuff, and also a few ...
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1answer
657 views

Does the Christian concept of eternal God and souls violate the Buddhist concept of Annica and Anatta?

Annica (impermanence) says that all conditioned beings are in a constant state of flux. Anatta (not-self) says that all beings (both conditioned and unconditioned) have no essence. It seems that the ...
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0answers
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Is process philosophy at odds with orthodox Christian theology?

Process philosophy regards change, as opposed to stasis, as the basis of reality. Does this contradict orthodox Christian theology, such as Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and the various Protestant ...
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0answers
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Do those who deny a univocal understanding of “God is good” conflate sense and connotation?

Several theologians following Aquinas have said that when we say things like "God is good" that this must mean something different to when we call other things good; this is called analogical use of ...
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0answers
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If Satan punishes bad people, doesn't that make him a good person? [closed]

In Christian theology, the devil is generally thought of as both being evil in himself AND as being the punisher of bad people. But isn't punishing bad people a good thing? And if so, wouldn't that ...
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Why is The Grand Inquisitor from Dostoyevsky's The Brothers Karamazov considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why TGI is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. The chapter itself seems to ...
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If Christianity is true, why are we not created perfectly?

I formalize my argument as follows: God is perfect, omnipotent, and omniscient God made humans for the purpose of ruling over His creation. If God is perfect, omnipotent, and omniscient, then ...
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1answer
238 views

What puts Christians off “hard determinism”?

Scott Christensen has written a book, "What about free will?" published 1995, in which two Christian positions are examined. They are, page 238, Libertarian Beliefs and Compatabilist Beliefs. However, ...
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1answer
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Are analogies logical arguments?

I have heard several analogies that attempt to give people a better understanding of the Christian trinity. Some compare it to H2O and how water can be solid, liquid, or gas. However, this is a form ...
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1answer
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If God created evil would that make Him evil or, the creator of evil? [duplicate]

God cannot be what He has created. So if He creates something there will be a gap between Him and His creation. That gap is defined in various ways. e.g. God alone can create. God is holy. Evil exists....
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1answer
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Is the Christian view of eternal life an epistemic mistake if no aspect of us exists after death? [closed]

In Christian teachings, eternal life is not an inherent part of human existence, and is a unique gift from God, based on the model of the Resurrection of Jesus, viewed as a unique event through ...
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1answer
37 views

When in the history and literature is for the first time spoken about a more empathetically moral?

Some people say that the moral based from the point of view of another person started with Christianity. The Anglo in the past history would say that it is not good to rob a bag of an old lady ...
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What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia?

What is the difference between the Umma and the Ecclesia? I hope it's the place to ask theology questions. If it's not and that another forum does exist, I'll delete my questions, but I didn't find a ...
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1answer
591 views

Where is Nietzsche's Antichrist last part (Law against Christianity)?

I was looking for a sentence in the last part of Nietzsche's The Antichrist (a part called "Law against Christianity"), which comes after the chapter 62. To my surprise, the vast majority of "full-...
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How do Christians decide which biblical laws to retain and which to discard? [closed]

The Christian Bible contains a wide variety of laws and guidance covering a substantial range of topics. Modern Christians do not attempt to follow all of the laws and teaching. Some points are ...
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1answer
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What is zen-hristianity?

I've heard about this in several places, but I can't understand how these two things can collocate with each other. These two philosophical systems are too different to be merged, aren't they?
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Is “practical atheism” really so different from “practical christianity?”

First time questioner here! Apologies if this is not specific enough/would better belong on a different StackExchange. If one takes a second to peruse any number of Christian apologetics books, the ...