Questions tagged [classification]

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How can you argue for a classification without assuming the classification?

Assume population x differs from population y by characteristic z. One group of scholars argues that x and y belong to the same class and that z is incidental and irrelevant to the classification. ...
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68 views

Non-science according to Popper's Criterion for Demarcation

So, Popper's Criterion for Demarcation goes something like this: “statements or systems of statements, in order to be ranked as scientific, must be capable of conflicting with possible, or conceivable ...
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78 views

How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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1answer
239 views

What is the difference between class and concept?

What is the difference between class and concept? − I am not sure whether, for instance, “chair” is typically a class or rather a concept, or both. I would say that it is only a class, though it is ...
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1answer
88 views

Is one of the sciences superior to one (or several) of the others? [closed]

Is there such a thing as a superiority (or kingship) of one of the sciences over one (or several) of the others from some point of view? Considering the more exact sciences mathematics, physics and ...
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0answers
100 views

Is there such a thing as a systematics where the class members are comparing/systematizing themselves?

Goethe said that, although a „natural system is a contradictory expression”, provided that the distinction (in this system) is really substantial, its items will compare themselves. Does anybody here ...
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1answer
77 views

A question about taxonomy terms' usage [closed]

I am working on a paper in English and have stuck at taxonomy terms' usage. It is accepted that 'scientific disciplines divide the particulars they study into kinds'. But there are also taxonomy ...
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2answers
126 views

Difference between classification and prioritization

What is the difference between classification and prioritization in a depth way? What are the steps requiered in each one?
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2answers
818 views

One and many, particular and universal, individual and general… how do they relate?

In reading Koji Karatani's Transcritique, I found myself a bit confused by the distinctions and couplings he draws between these terms in relation to Hegel and Russell. It wasn't actually his approach ...
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6answers
1k views

What is the philosophical study of classification called?

What is the philosophical study of classification called? Taxonomy? Taxology? "Category theory"? "Classificology"? Logic? And which philosopher(s) studied exactly what it means to classify? How we ...
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2answers
714 views

What is an individual thing? Examples?

In common western philosophy, what does it mean when we say such and such things are individual things? Also could someone give examples of individual things and non-individual things?