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Questions tagged [cognitive-bias]

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Does philosophy suffer from an ad populum bias?

It seems to me that positions in philosophy are taken more seriously depending on how many people believe in them. For example, someone who believes in a monotheistic God is taken a bit more seriously ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
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2 answers
158 views

Are algorithms on the internet going to 'completely' remove any sort of common ground to discuss and share 'objective' knowledge in the future?

I always try to self-analyze whenever I am doing deep research on the internet, and it seems to me that Google usually gives me topics that seem to be in direct views as of my own. I understand that I ...
How why e's user avatar
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4 votes
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Fallacies and biases of analogical reasoning

When we observe a dog wounded in a traffic accident, for instance, we infer that the dog must be in pain, based on the analogy between humans and dogs and what we know about humans. The structure of ...
quanity's user avatar
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Master morality vs slave morality

I have read master morality vs slave morality through youtube and net. Every one has different interpretation. Can some one summarize and explain what Nietzsche really tried to say ?
quanity's user avatar
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6 answers
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What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

Is the so called sunk cost fallacy truly a total fallacy, or does it have some kernel of truth? Certainly it is a widespread instinctive/impulsive form of reasoning. Presumably it must then have had ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there a name for when someone asserts something can't happen because it hasn't happened to them?

Recently on Twitter someone posted CCTV footage of a man leaving a launderette then one second later a drier explodes taking out the front of the building and the door he just left by, followed by ...
Sim Wood's user avatar
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2 answers
115 views

Why is a rare but unique kind of event seen as more surprising as a rare but common kind of event?

If the question sounds confusing, allow me to illustrate two examples of events. First example: You think of a number between 1 and 1000. 1000 different people all guess it. One of them gets it right. ...
user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is it possible to be completely objective?

Ideally, in all analysis, one would like to be completely objective. Is this possible? What are the indicators that my view is not objective? What philosophies or philosophers best address this ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
720 views

Difference between fallacies and biases

What is the basic difference between biases, such as confirmation bias, anchoring bias, etc., and fallacies such as argumentum ad antiquitatem, argumentum ad hominem, argumentum ad ignorantiam, etc.? ...
quanity's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
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Veganism and Cognitive dissonance

I had a recent discussion with a friend about the ethics and morality of veganism. I defined veganism as the following Minimising harm to animals to the maximal extent Some background information, ...
R.Su's user avatar
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6 votes
5 answers
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How can you know if your judgment is unbiased?

If one want to develop the skill that optimises the efficiency of the constant feedback loop that we engage in with ourselves (with intentions of self-development or a better understanding of the ...
Mike's user avatar
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Why do I doubt my instincts and instead take a wrong decision for that task or situation though the answer or solution or strategy is within my reach?

I choose my instincts when doing something, but I doubt it and then do something else or something opposite. When reflecting back on it, I realize that my instincts were true. In short, why do I doubt ...
iCantFindaGoodUsername's user avatar
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2 answers
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What can be the cause for this mess I'm or the road to insanity I am on? Or is it that I am insane or with an unsound mind? [closed]

Why do I keep questioning myself; my mind and brain keep unfolding questions regarding my behaviour, constantly questioning my behaviour and intentions. Indefinitely doubt every bit and the part about ...
iCantFindaGoodUsername's user avatar
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1 answer
128 views

Does the confirmation bias really exist? [closed]

The confirmation bias is said to be the tendency to exclude information that contradicts our belief. But does this bias really exist ? What if the researcher who discovered this bias only gathered ...
WaterBearer's user avatar
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1 answer
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Fallacy/Cognitive Bias of assuming that being an expert in one field makes you an expert in other fields

Assume that Bob is truly an expert in field A. He can voice strong opinions about A and his ideas are considered valid or worthy of consideration by all other experts of field A. Bob also believes ...
ck1987pd's user avatar
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What is the name of this cognitive bias?

When it comes to plane crashes, the statistical chance of getting into one is extremely low, however, due to the media making so much content about plane crashes, people assume they are much more ...
akshat's user avatar
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1 answer
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When is it right to be biased?

When is it right to be biased? Bias often has a negative connotation, suggesting that it's an "unfair, unreal tendency or deviation". However, it's possible that some forms of "...
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What is the official name of the "but sometimes" logical fallacy or cognative bias?

Context We often put equal importance on differing options, without taking factors such as frequency or risk into account. Examples Traffic Lights In their video The LED Traffic Light and the Danger ...
James Geddes's user avatar
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Looking for an answer on a fallacy or debate tactic to discredit the other person

I am trying to find out what it is called when you disagree with a certain group on the status, tactics, view, etc so they call you exactly what they are against just to discredit your viewpoint. Even ...
Spicy Situation's user avatar
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0 answers
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Can bias be a good thing in the quest for knowledge?

When looking for knowledge, you'll often find conflicting information. This is because, in many topics, there'll be a "for" and "against" side. Those sides are biased towards what ...
prata's user avatar
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How does indexicality relates to causality?

I recently found this in an article In everyday language, to say that B is caused by A draws on the idea of the index, though for the semiotician causality is just one manifestation of the indexical ...
user40208's user avatar
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What bias it would be called?

When someone thinks that he is being biased towards selecting option 1 (between option 1 and option 2) and hence he switched into option 2 where his correct decision would actually be selecting option ...
Sazzad Hissain Khan's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

Allais' paradox

Theories of practical rationality have usually taken it for granted that given a choice, people will prefer a maximum of expected utility. The Allais' paradox states that there are many situations in ...
user43163's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
130 views

Is it self-defeating for commentators to tell people not to believe or trust the media?

For example: let's suppose that I am a conspiracy theorist and commentator, my job is to report what goes on in the world of politics, social media, and give my opinions. Is it self-defeating to tell ...
Jesse Kapahua's user avatar
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0 answers
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Is there any formal studies of why philosophers think a certain way or focus on certain topics?

In other words, I looking for a formal study of philosophers and their thinking as the object to be studied. Parts of what philosophers think about is influenced by history, of course. It is no ...
J Li's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is this an application of the sunk cost fallacy?

Before going to sleep, make your agenda as specific as possible! Then you'll have a harder time abandoning it since you already put so much effort into creating it. Is it the sunk cost fallacy if it ...
Jossie Calderon's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
248 views

If knowledge is structural, does "confirmation bias" follow of necessity?

That 'knowledge' is structural is fairly uncontroversial. Although there are certainly different types, I would like for sake of this question to characterize (what I see as) a generalization of the ...
christo183's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
166 views

Does everybody have a bias? [closed]

I was in a heated debate with a housemate, and they mentioned that 'Everyone has a bias'. At the time I disagreed, and these were my reasons: To say 'all have a bias' is to then say that I have a ...
Meilton's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the fallacy / bias where the sample is taken after the fact?

I came across a post on Facebook which tried to celebrate how the "old ways" (when we were kids) are better, which went along the lines of: Like this post if you used to cycle around on your bike ...
komodosp's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
818 views

What is the difference between the Narrative Fallacy and the Post-hoc Rationalization?

Or are they the same thing? Personally I fail to see the difference between these two, but I want to be sure. EDIT Narrative fallacy "Metaphors and stories are far more potent (alas) than ideas; ...
KarmaPeasant's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
444 views

How does philosophy not fall into the confirmation bias?

Daoism and Buddhism in Eastern philosophies emphasize adaptation and flexibility, and critique rationality. They have different frameworks to understand the same phenomenon, and different goals for ...
Ooker's user avatar
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6 votes
6 answers
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Is it scientific or a logical error to claim something is true because I can't think of another explanation

The situation Let's say, someone is wrong on the internet. She says The forums on that newspaper article is closed. Apparently the newspaper want to suppress public debate. I reply: That's ...
akraf's user avatar
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