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Questions tagged [cognitive-sciences]

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Instinct driven decisions

I know there are many factors when making decisions such as emotion, logic and reason etc ... But my question is how significant is instinct or intuition driven decision making important when human ...
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How do we get science interested in formal logic as a model of logic? [closed]

To the extent that deductive logic is thought of as a capacity of the human brain, and to the extent that formal logic is meant to be a model of it, I believe a scientific approach is badly needed. ...
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What is horizontal attentional displacement? [closed]

I recently came across this article https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjop.12399 an excerpt from it says Furthermore, other concepts were also shown to rely on horizontal ...
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2answers
151 views

How can we be accountable if we are chemically programmed?

If we accept that molecular biology largely explains cognitive function deterministically, how can we be accountable? Is determinism not inherently nihilist in that a person is a victim of ...
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1answer
107 views

Is there overlap between semantics and syntax in the mind?

Please don't give me the Wikipedia or dictionary explanations, we're looking at mutual influence. In computer science the primitive expression of syntax would be as the format for instructions to the ...
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2answers
117 views

If I saw UFOs, and I was of sound mind and body, does that give the right to say that it is true? [closed]

Around a year ago I saw some spectacular things in the skies above me, on three separate occasions. I believe I was of sound mind and what I saw really did exist. Given that what I saw was so out-...
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0answers
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Is there such thing as “random” when it comes to expressionism? [closed]

I am wondering if there is such a thing as "random" when it comes to expressionism. Your brain decides things even before you've realized it. For example, if you pick something up, a fraction of a ...
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2answers
91 views

Science and philosophy: how to study the issue of mind [closed]

Short background The issue of mind has perturbed me for many years, and still does. It is common to hear questions like: What is life, or matter or anything, I used to wonder about mind, so asked: ...
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1answer
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Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
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1answer
681 views

To what extent is embodied cognition falsifiable?

As a matter of philosophy of science, since Karl Popper (1934), falsifiability is a crucial distinctive property of scientific inquiry. So, I wonder to what extent are some hypotheses of cognitive ...
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Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
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4answers
106 views

Thought as a physical process

Short background I suppose everyone sometime ask to the mirror: what is thought? Answer requires some definitions or analogies. 'Thought is like motion', for example. But the question that leads to ...
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1answer
86 views

What is insight and can we develop it?

One person really helped me to develop a subject knowledge and I thank him saying: "Thank you so much for your time and knowledge!". He said, you can be more knowledgeable than me, but what it takes ...
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4answers
2k views

What exactly is the CTMU?

http://www.ctmu.org/ So recently I read about this guy with a really high IQ, Chris Langan, who crafted an ultimate theory of reality - CTMU, Cognitive-Theoretical Model of the Universe - which he ...
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What makes the artificial in AI?

(I'm aware this is a duplicate of a closed thing, I have different questions) 'Artifice', so with a purpose. But didn't the eye evolve dependent on observation of external conditions, with selection ...
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3answers
365 views

What is the relationship between cognition and qualia?

First, I must admit I'm having trouble formulating this question because I'm somewhat confused about the relationship between these two items (cognition and qualia). Please let me know if I can ...
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1answer
61 views

Cognitions influence on the physical body

This question is related to the mind body problem, specifically how cognition, which is mental, plays a role in causal processes. Cognition includes thinking, seeing, imagining, understanding, ...
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2answers
258 views

Are Dawkins and Dennett more Sci-Fi than Science? [closed]

We hear much talk today about "consciousness explained" or the "selfish gene." These have become fashionable pop culture scientific explanations of the implications of human evolution from Daniel ...
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3answers
133 views

Is there a named fallacy for the argument that a proposition is “believable by comparison”?

Consider an argument where a completely absurd story is presented, and then it is "debunked", and replaced with a more reasonable story. The reasonable story gains credence because it expressly ...
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1answer
191 views

Is there a term in philosophy for “direct knowledge transfer”?

I am really only asking if a concept of "direct knowledge transfer" or perhaps "downloads" exists as a point of discussion or study in philosophy and cognitive sciences. In information theory, we ...
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1answer
131 views

Contemporary literature on the teleportation paradox

The classic formulation of the teleportation paradox goes something like: you have a machine that scans, disassembles, and reassembles you somewhere else instantaneously (modulo details of different ...
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6answers
755 views

Is it possible that I see color differently?

Is it possible that I see color differently; for example what I call 'red' is 'blue' in your vision. Edited.. As we know the science of color, nothing is colored. Red is not "in" an apple. The ...
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2answers
549 views

Fodor's language of thought

Fodor developed his idea of language of thought (representational account of propositional attitudes) from Brentano's ideas of intentionality. At the same time Daniel Dennett criticised the Fodor's ...
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2answers
134 views

What are some good books about the philosophy of mind?

I took a class covering some problems of philosophy of mind last term; On free will and mental causation. And I'm reading Kim's philosophy of mind But since my professor was taught by Kim, I want to ...
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Trouble understanding Chomsky's answers on the free will question

Now, I don't think there's any scientific grasp, any hint of an idea, as to how to explain free will. Suppose somebody argues that free will is an illusion. Okay. This could be the case, but I don't ...
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143 views

Could Cultural/Epistemologial Biases Have Influenced the Evolutionary Concept of Behavioral Modernism? [closed]

Could orthodox conceptions of Human evolution--which rest upon the theory of Behavioral Modernism--be marred by cultural and epistemological biases. For example, are industrialized human populations ...
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5answers
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Does artificial intelligence necessarily mean a system can somehow “freely” vary its own behaviour?

If an artificial intelligence system existed in a robot and it was able to constantly reprogram and reconfigure itself in any way without disrupting its necessary functions, and without even partly ...
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2answers
115 views

Moral Implications of Consensual Sex of Dementia Sufferers

I'd like to ask a question that has to do with consent. Do you believe that those suffering from dementia are able to fully give consent to sex? Would it be unethical if one were having sex with a ...
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1answer
72 views

How come we recognize symmetrical objects as related (or even as the same)?

I'm not sure whether this question belongs here, so I apologize in advance if it does not, however, I think it's worth a try. Also please excuse my poor English, I am not native English speaker. My ...
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1answer
58 views

What is the term for this idea about thought relative to action?

An idea was described to me once, that went something like this: Thoughts give rise to actions. But, given that mental activity involves movement of neurotransmitters, etc. then thought itself is an ...
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5answers
308 views

Since any human language describes objects, does it therefore contain some knowledge of the Nature and laws of its development? [closed]

This question complements the question: Do higher level comprehensive Laws, which govern the phenomena of Nature, exist? One philosophical debate in epistemology and ontology is whether knowledge ...
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1answer
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How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
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1answer
460 views

Regarding the Halting problem and the human mind

The Halting problem (I think) is the problem of trying to find a general algorithm for determining if a specific program will halt within a computer system. It's been shown a general procedure for ...
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1answer
303 views

How do Philosophy and Cognitive Science differ?

I have studied neither philosophy nor cognitive science in an academic capacity. When answering this question here, a comment was made that perhaps my answer was better suited for Cognitive Science ...
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4answers
3k views

Does veridical perception in Near death experiences prove the spiritual and supernatural to be true? [closed]

One of the greatest, if not the greatest piece of evidence that the mind can and does survive bodily death is veridical perception in near death experiences. Veridical perception in near death ...
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2answers
134 views

Dennett's view on the effect language has on the mind/brain

Several years ago, while studying philosophy, I recall reading in numerous sources that Dennett believed (or was interpreted as believing - by either Clark or Churchland [or Fodor?]) that it was ...
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1answer
125 views

Which mental features resist naturalization the most and why?

According to contemporary philosophy and cognitive science which mental features resist naturalization the most and why? By mental features I mean something like qualia, consciousness, mental ...
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1answer
188 views

Are there any replies to Searle's philosophy of mind but Bennett's and Hacker's?

For a term paper I am looking for specific responses to Searle's philosophy of mind (though it's hard to even call it that) as presented in Minds, Brains and Science or the paper Consciousness (2000). ...
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How is a priori synthetic knowledge possible?

One of Kant's example of a priori synthetic knowledge is the knowledge of geometry, that is of space itself. It is a priori as it cannot be otherwise - it is independent of experience because it is a ...
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858 views

What does it mean to have a sense of geometry innate to us - if that is in fact the case?

Most people, if asked whether they know any geometry, will answer no; but most, if not all, can recognise a straight line, a right angle, or a circle; of course they will not be able to define them as ...
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7answers
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Is human consciousness encoded in DNA in an infinitely regressive way?

Human DNA contains roughly 3 Billion base-pairs. That is 1.5 Gigabytes of data. This can easily fit onto a small usb memory stick. Can something as complex as a human consciousness be derivable from ...
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3answers
431 views

What is the actual process of realization?

What is the actual process of realization? What are the factors that must coexist at the same time in order to set the brain's state of realizing something? I found that In probability and ...
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3answers
2k views

Why are humans risk-averse? [closed]

The economic theory and much of the decision theory are based on the assumption that we are risk-averse creatures; in the sense that we are more sensitive to bad outcomes than the good ones and so ...
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4answers
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What are the differences between sentience, consciousness and awareness?

Dictionary definitions such as this one often seem to use the terms sentience, awareness, and consciousness as if they are synonymous with each other. Is this really the case? If not, how do they ...
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What are the arguments against the emergence of mind?

There are theories that state that a mind or human consciousness emerged from the properties of underlying systems, e.g. physical properties of the atoms of the brain, or biological properties of the ...