Skip to main content

Questions tagged [cognitive-sciences]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
0 answers
31 views

What does process philosophy contribute to cognitive science?

What does process philosophy contribute to cognitive science? Is it newer constructs, hypotheses, or something else?
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

How does dialectical causality work in practice?

I'm currently reading Evan Thompson's Mind in Life (2007). He was a collaborator of Fransisco Varela on Autopoiesis so he expands it from biological forms to, ultimately, cognitive science. It's an ...
1 vote
3 answers
215 views

Language, thought, cognition

Are thoughts distinct from natural language and if so how can 'thought' be defined so this might be established if it is in fact the case? I am asking in response to a question elsewhere in 'Stack' ...
10 votes
2 answers
13k views

How does Kant respond to Hume's problem of induction?

It's generally well-known that Kant was responding, amongst other influences, to Hume's critique of the empirical method on purely logical grounds. One could consider him as a modern-day Pyrrhonniste. ...
1 vote
2 answers
284 views

What would be the best textbook for a philosophy of mind intro course for psychology majors?

My area of expertise is logic and philosophical logic, but I'll be teaching an introductory course on the philosophy of mind to second semester psychology majors (taking cognitive science as a minor). ...
2 votes
0 answers
28 views

What would be a recent follow-up or alternative to Pylyshyn's 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive Science"?

I was exposed to Zenon Pylyshyn's work through my master's thesis work in Cognitive Science. Recently, I picked up his 1984 book on "Computation and Cognition: Toward a Foundation for Cognitive ...
3 votes
6 answers
202 views

What is the basis of the sunk cost fallacy?

Is the so called sunk cost fallacy truly a total fallacy, or does it have some kernel of truth? Certainly it is a widespread instinctive/impulsive form of reasoning. Presumably it must then have had ...
17 votes
6 answers
42k views

What are the differences between sentience, consciousness and awareness?

Dictionary definitions such as this one often seem to use the terms sentience, awareness, and consciousness as if they are synonymous with each other. Is this really the case? If not, how do they ...
1 vote
1 answer
88 views

Is meaning on the cognitive or meta cognitive level?

So if we didn't have meta cognition we wouldn't say I have anger, rather, we would say I am anger. Now, in the same way is finding meaning a cognitive or meta cognitive function? Naively, I would ...
0 votes
4 answers
139 views

Are there any clear differences between the contributions of an AI bot and a human being to fora like Stack Exchange?

I perform the same tasks an AI Bot does when answering questions here: I go online and make sure that my answer can be validated online as a self-check. Is there a practical difference between me and ...
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the arguments against the emergence of mind?

There are theories that state that a mind or human consciousness emerged from the properties of underlying systems, e.g. physical properties of the atoms of the brain, or biological properties of the ...
0 votes
0 answers
22 views

What is a precise formulation of how people select one association as a high-probability indicator?

Consider there are 2 problems for some given belief. It is claimed that a present state of affairs strongly implies or determines, or makes highly probable, some future state of affairs - some ...
8 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is meant by abstract concepts and concrete concepts? Aren't the former tautologous and latter contradictory?

There are two phrases that I had often seen in books but now after giving a deeper thought, I'm unable to wrap my head around them. These phrases are 'abstract concept' and 'concrete concept'. The ...
6 votes
3 answers
366 views

Are there any philosophers who argue for a non-utilitarian moral realism from phenomenology?

What I have in mind is a non-utilitarian alternative to Sharon Hewitt Rawlette (a summary from a podcast) which would propose something like: Morality is objective because moral facts are equally as ...
2 votes
0 answers
44 views

Is analytic philsophy the most associated with "armchair" knowledge and is that subject to change?

*By armchair I mean knowledge one can gain by not going out into the world very far. And by my title I get the impression (perhaps mistakenly) that if armchair knowledge was lessened, so too would ...
6 votes
6 answers
1k views

Does artificial intelligence necessarily mean a system can somehow "freely" vary its own behaviour?

If an artificial intelligence system existed in a robot and it was able to constantly reprogram and reconfigure itself in any way without disrupting its necessary functions, and without even partly ...
5 votes
1 answer
197 views

Has any philosopher discussed pre-cognitive or pre-linguistic conceptualization?

To get an idea of what I'm talking about one may pay close attention to their own thought process. It may become evident that one can gain awareness of certain conceptual assemblages. If awareness at ...
0 votes
2 answers
232 views

How is the study of consciousness (as a discipline) differs from philosophy of mind, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience?

I recently come across books on the study of consciousness per se which seems to use a multidisciplinary approach similar to how cognitive science was studied about 30 years ago (being a joint effort ...
-1 votes
2 answers
87 views

What can be the cause for this mess I'm or the road to insanity I am on? Or is it that I am insane or with an unsound mind? [closed]

Why do I keep questioning myself; my mind and brain keep unfolding questions regarding my behaviour, constantly questioning my behaviour and intentions. Indefinitely doubt every bit and the part about ...
0 votes
1 answer
69 views

Why do I doubt my instincts and instead take a wrong decision for that task or situation though the answer or solution or strategy is within my reach?

I choose my instincts when doing something, but I doubt it and then do something else or something opposite. When reflecting back on it, I realize that my instincts were true. In short, why do I doubt ...
6 votes
7 answers
3k views

Trouble understanding Chomsky's answers on the free will question

Now, I don't think there's any scientific grasp, any hint of an idea, as to how to explain free will. Suppose somebody argues that free will is an illusion. Okay. This could be the case, but I don't ...
1 vote
4 answers
211 views

Does being able to train your brain mean or logically imply that you are distinct from your brain?

While reading Why I am not a Buddhist by Evan Thompson, I came across this quote: The category mistake is tied to a fundamentally unstable way of thinking about who you are in relation to your brain. ...
1 vote
1 answer
113 views

Is there an existing assessment to determine a person's stance on the nature of mind, cognition, consciousness, etc.?

There are a lot of different theories about the nature of consciousness, cognition, and the mind. I'm looking for a set of questions that a person could answer that would then give them some kind of ...
0 votes
0 answers
75 views

Is there a hierarchy to image schemas?

Image schemas are primitive concepts that are studied in diverse fields such as linguistics, psychology, cognitive linguistics, neuroscience. The influences of image schemas is not only seen in ...
1 vote
2 answers
118 views

What are the prerequisites for knowing something?

I want to get some references, expand and check mi intuitions. I think the epistemological prerequisites to know something are by order: an external reality, which is stable to a minimum degree so ...
0 votes
0 answers
68 views

Tracing the idea "Reality is an unstructured flux and our cognitive system is responsible for creating the structure we perceive"

I think reality is independent (I reject a solipsistic point of view) but also that reality is much less than we see because is a continuous and unstructured flux structured only by our cognitive ...
1 vote
2 answers
202 views

Is our reality completely illusionary as it is depicted in religions or various philosophical views?

I know that in many religions or in the work of many philosophers the ultimate truth or essence of existence is depicted monist. Some even argue further that all our experience is an illusion- which I ...
0 votes
7 answers
302 views

Why do people make theories without predictive power?

I studied neuroscience and during my studies I had a course called "The philosophy of consciousness". There we looked at a theory called Qualia, which infuriated me to no ends. Reading up on ...
0 votes
0 answers
144 views

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite?

Can a carrier of contradicting thoughts be called hypocrite? We know when people do/pretend something which he does not believe/poses, we call them hypocrite. Now what will happen if someone does not ...
2 votes
1 answer
151 views

Is thinking an activity of a subject?

I am interested in the question of whether thinking must be an activity of a subject. Is it true that thinking has no reality without being a mode of the subject? Could it be possible that there is ...
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

Allais' paradox

Theories of practical rationality have usually taken it for granted that given a choice, people will prefer a maximum of expected utility. The Allais' paradox states that there are many situations in ...
0 votes
3 answers
407 views

How is knowledge possible?

I haven't studied Philosophy and I get this is a fundamental question one cannot answer in one line. But I want to phrase it in this particular way: even in a finite possibilities-predetermined (few) ...
0 votes
0 answers
110 views

Have cognitive scientists dealt with Kant’s idea of a priori knowledge using their tools?

Since Kant’s concept of a priori knowledge is about how humans perceive and construct the world in their head, that sounds very directly related to cognitive science and psychology. Have scientists ...
7 votes
3 answers
618 views

What is the relationship between cognition and qualia?

First, I must admit I'm having trouble formulating this question because I'm somewhat confused about the relationship between these two items (cognition and qualia). Please let me know if I can ...
2 votes
1 answer
166 views

Does everybody have a bias? [closed]

I was in a heated debate with a housemate, and they mentioned that 'Everyone has a bias'. At the time I disagreed, and these were my reasons: To say 'all have a bias' is to then say that I have a ...
2 votes
7 answers
433 views

How can we be accountable if we are chemically programmed?

If we accept that neuro-chemistry largely explains cognitive function, deterministically, how can we be accountable? Not how or why can we be held accountable but how can we earnestly be in fact ...
2 votes
1 answer
174 views

Instinct driven decisions [closed]

I know there are many factors when making decisions such as emotion, logic and reason etc ... But my question is how significant is instinct or intuition driven decision making important when human ...
2 votes
0 answers
92 views

What is horizontal attentional displacement? [closed]

I recently came across this article https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/bjop.12399 an excerpt from it says Furthermore, other concepts were also shown to rely on horizontal ...
4 votes
1 answer
126 views

Was active ignorance the genesis of self awareness?

In other words, is an organism's ability to ignore some of the sensory input it receives from the outside world the first requirement in defining self from other?
-1 votes
1 answer
530 views

Is there overlap between semantics and syntax in the mind?

Please don't give me the Wikipedia or dictionary explanations, we're looking at mutual influence. In computer science the primitive expression of syntax would be as the format for instructions to the ...
1 vote
2 answers
167 views

If I saw UFOs, and I was of sound mind and body, does that give the right to say that it is true? [closed]

Around a year ago I saw some spectacular things in the skies above me, on three separate occasions. I believe I was of sound mind and what I saw really did exist. Given that what I saw was so out-...
0 votes
2 answers
112 views

Science and philosophy: how to study the issue of mind [closed]

Short background The issue of mind has perturbed me for many years, and still does. It is common to hear questions like: What is life, or matter or anything, I used to wonder about mind, so asked: ...
3 votes
1 answer
815 views

To what extent is embodied cognition falsifiable?

As a matter of philosophy of science, since Karl Popper (1934), falsifiability is a crucial distinctive property of scientific inquiry. So, I wonder to what extent are some hypotheses of cognitive ...
1 vote
0 answers
71 views

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same?

Does anyone say that mind/brain type identity theory is just vacuous without scientific evidence that some part brain state is always the exact same experience? I think that's what type identity ...
-1 votes
4 answers
283 views

Thought as a physical process

Short background I suppose everyone sometime ask to the mirror: what is thought? Answer requires some definitions or analogies. 'Thought is like motion', for example. But the question that leads to ...
6 votes
5 answers
6k views

How is a priori synthetic knowledge possible?

One of Kant's example of a priori synthetic knowledge is the knowledge of geometry, that is of space itself. It is a priori as it cannot be otherwise - it is independent of experience because it is a ...
2 votes
1 answer
135 views

What is insight and can we develop it?

One person really helped me to develop a subject knowledge and I thank him saying: "Thank you so much for your time and knowledge!". He said, you can be more knowledgeable than me, but what it takes ...
1 vote
0 answers
107 views

What makes the artificial in AI?

(I'm aware this is a duplicate of a closed thing, I have different questions) 'Artifice', so with a purpose. But didn't the eye evolve dependent on observation of external conditions, with selection ...
10 votes
6 answers
2k views

Is it possible that I see color differently?

Is it possible that I see color differently; for example what I call 'red' is 'blue' in your vision. Edited.. As we know the science of color, nothing is colored. Red is not "in" an apple. The ...
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Cognitions influence on the physical body

This question is related to the mind body problem, specifically how cognition, which is mental, plays a role in causal processes. Cognition includes thinking, seeing, imagining, understanding, ...