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Questions tagged [complexity]

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2answers
41 views

What are some non-living things that can spontaneously increase their complexity? [closed]

I mostly have cave crystals that grow on their own on my mind, along with perhaps river channels that change their shape over time - but perhaps there are some other, better examples. Also, the more ...
1
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1answer
42 views

What are the current best explanations as to why does division of labor work? [closed]

What are the current best explanations as to why does division of labor work? It seems like black magic in complex economies.
3
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5answers
156 views

Does the complexity of the world defeat explanation?

It is not a very uncommon feeling in us, that of feeling the nature of the world too hard, too complex, too unattainable. Is there any philosophical reasoning in this matter or at least a name to use ...
1
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0answers
65 views

Downward causation and unpredictable pattern formation in cellular automata [closed]

In Cellular Automatas , like game of life, different preliminary conditions will produce different pattern, that are unpredictable. Some of these large complex structures can effect on the internal ...
5
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1answer
226 views

Is there a fundamental difference between strong and weak emergence?

Weak emergent properties are said to be properties of a large system that can be predicted or derived by computing the interactions of the system's constituent parts. Strong emergent properties of a ...
4
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4answers
125 views

Emergent Complexity In Probability Distributions

I originally posted this in Physics SE but was told it's more appropriate here... In quantum mechanics we describe waves of probability or probability distributions. Does this have to or should it be ...
2
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4answers
267 views

Redefining the Analytic/Synthetic Distinction in Terms of Computational Complexity

I've been reading Kant for the first time and encountered Quine's objections to the analytic/synthetic distinction and am want to agree that they feel a little obscure in their definitions. That is, ...
2
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6answers
206 views

If it weren't for the theory of evolution, would the argument from design for God's existence be justified?

Let's assume that someone is an educated and intelligent person from the 17th or 18th century. They've been though the enlightenment, they know of the scientific method and have a scientific world ...
4
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2answers
147 views

Computational intractability and reductionism?

It seems straightforward to argue that if the variables of one physical (or biological) theory A are shown to be uncomputable (in the Turing sense) as a function of the variables of another physical ...
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5answers
283 views

Complex Systems Theory in Philosophic Terms

Given the below paragraph: Complex Systems Theory involves the systematic, scientific and mathematical study of complexity itself, as it is found throughout the natural world. With a view to ...
3
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4answers
3k views

The Opposite Point of Positivist Epistemology

In the philosophy of science, I wanted to know what is the exact opposite point of the positivist epistemology? Actually I'm not from the philosophy area and thus not familiar with different ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy. Dynamic Systems

Below is an extract from Schelling's Organic Form Philosophy by Bruce Matthews. Two requests: I'm completely new to philosophy and trying make sure I'm understanding the fundamentals; jumped in the ...
0
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1answer
61 views

What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?

refer back to my older question: https://philosophy.stackexchange.com/questions/16408/what-are-some-criticism-of-buddhism-in-logic What are some praise of Buddhism in philosophy?
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6answers
1k views

Is thinking algorithmic?

I'm wondering about the fundamental differences between human thinking and computer thinking. Is it wise to consider all human thinking in terms of algorithms?
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3answers
119 views

Looking for a treatise on philosophy of “smoothness”

Forgive me, I don't know what to call it. During the Enlightenment there came about an idea that the main phenomena of the universe might be represented by simple equations. For example, Netwon's ...
2
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4answers
650 views

Determinism and P=NP

This one has been busting my brain for quite a while now. As far as physics currently tells us, we live in a world where the physical laws are inductive but not deterministic, because at some ...
1
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3answers
132 views

Can anything really be called complex?

What makes something complex? If someones mind can, in reasonable time, understand something considered complex, is it no longer complex? If it's the brain changing in presence of a complex object, ...
2
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1answer
173 views

If the universe is a turing machine, must it be one without an oracle?

According to wikipedia, turing machines can be equipped with oracles that solve the halting problem; but then a new halting problem arises - whether machines equivalent to themselves ie with the ...
3
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2answers
717 views

What are the essential differences between Quantum & Classical Turing Machines?

The classical Turing machine comes in a variety of different flavours. The basic version is the one first outlined by Turing, the non-deterministic version allows finite branching at every computation ...
3
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1answer
187 views

Is self-consciousness because of complexity?

Suppose I have enough material from the chemistry periodic table and also I have enough power to combine and concatenate them to create a complex human once at a time; Does this complexity guarantee ...
2
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1answer
215 views

Problem of induction without i.i.d

In this paper of Aaronson's, a proof is given of Occam's razor by appealing to PAC learning. My understanding of Valiant's bounds for PAC learners is that it requires i.i.d. This is often a ...
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2answers
150 views

Does complexity generate more complexity in nature? [closed]

I'm a computer programmer. There is one thing that I've noticed now for some time, and it has obsessed my mind. Does complexity generate more complexity naturally? To understand the example better, ...