Questions tagged [concept]

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38 views

draw a distinction between a class (abstract) and the set of all members (concrete)

I'm designing a learning program and I need to come up with a set of terms for the "objects" the user interacts with. In a concise way, I'd like to come up with two terms that describe: a ...
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4answers
248 views

Goals and benefits of the process abstraction for minds

What is the philosophical importance of abstraction in regard to philosophy of mind? People seem to use abstraction all of the time, however, can someone please bring a concrete example that ...
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14 views

Are there willful conceptual orderings?

One of the key themes of Rawls' AToJ, and a notion used in (I'll call them "classical") definitions of deontology vs. teleology, is that there is an alterable cognitive/intellectual ...
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74 views

Reaction of conceptual analysts to the “intuitions problem”

I have read that one common attack against traditional analysis is about the fact that people do not always share their intuitions about the application of a given concept. For example, two ...
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1answer
88 views

Is a set a concept?

Follow on from this question. Since sets have both intentional and extensional definition my thought is yes they are concepts. But maybe there is a technical reason that sets aren't concepts?
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1answer
118 views

Do the set of “Concepts” contain itself?

So I gather that a set containing itself is not allowed. Yet it seems like a set of all concepts (Concepts) should contain an element denoting the idea of "concept". Is it that there is a ...
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84 views

Identity of concepts' intentional content

I have recently read some articles about (lexical) concepts. Philosophers tend to think that, in order for two speakers to be able to communicate successfully, they must associate the exact same ...
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128 views

Concepts possession conditions

As a consequence of my growing interest in epistemology, I recently read some articles about concepts. The authors were originating from different fields, such as philosophy of mind, language and ...
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1answer
42 views

Where in Aristotle's Topics did he say there's no exact/clear way to distinguish two concepts?

I've heard that Aristotle supposed in his Topics that there's no exact/clear way to distinguish two concepts. What exactly did he say?
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2answers
180 views

Difference between *concept* and *knowledge*?

The SEP entry "Rationalism vs Empiricism" distinguishes between the terms concept and knowledge. Is there some standard distinction between these two terms that's commonly used by most philosophers? (...
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2answers
133 views

Does there exist a class of “fundamental concepts”? How could they be recognized?

Does there exist a class of "fundamental concepts"? That is concepts, such as "parameter", "part", "range", "form" etc. that at least for me seem like "something that is hard to take away without ...
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50 views

What is the “ontic principle”?

"there is no difference that does not make a difference" according to Bryant. Specifically, and independent of whether this is stated by him, does it mean that any two terms with the same referent ...
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93 views

How/when can categorization of things be correct?

How/when can categorization of things be correct? Meaning just "categorization" in general. It's intuitive that categorization is a "primitive" cognitive and linguistic phenomenon. Without ...
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87 views

Contradiction about intuition and concept in critique of pure reason

B377: intuitions and concepts are objective perception. B75: intuition and concept can be emprical or pure, if emprical, then the representation mixed with sensation. B377 suggests intuition and ...
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1answer
182 views

Are concepts, such as neoliberalism, essentially contested?

Gallie proposed that many philosophical concepts are contested, ambiguous and murky. However, it has also been argued that since antiquity, philosophers are good at conceptual analysis. Especially ...
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4answers
74 views

The truth of statements which do not capture everything about the object [closed]

Logically it could be true to say: "All human beings are mortal (and therefore Peter is mortal because Peter is a human being)." But the above statement could be false in a sense, because mortality ...
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1answer
62 views

Philosophy of concepts - can it be (gradually) expressed in type theory?

Reasoning in mathematics is simple and subject to automation and discipline/system, because every concept (e.g. integer number, real number, derivative, integral, differential equation and its ...
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1answer
922 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
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1answer
127 views

What's the simplest thing?

If we imagine the world and what surrounds us as concepts, if you then had to explain these ideas (i.e. What's a person? What's an animal? What's a living being? ...) you'd then need to recursively ...
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2answers
59 views

Can “moral reasoning” be defined as a perception?

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1527-2001.1996.tb01017.x I saw this research paper titled "Moral reasoning as perception", and I was wondering how is it possible to conceive "moral ...
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3answers
186 views

What are the differences between conditional and relative truths?

I thought they meant the same thing, but after asking about it in a philosophical forum, I was told they are different, but how so? Are there universal meanings attributed to "conditional truth" and ...
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282 views

Is the story “The happiness of fish” in Zhuangzi about naïve realism?

Here is the story, translated by Victor Mair: Zhuangzi and Huizi were strolling along the bridge over the Hao River. Zhuangzi said, “The minnows swim about so freely, following the openings ...
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1answer
350 views

Is a paradox a concept?

Obviously 'paradox' is a concept, we name certain things to be so. We share the knowledge of those things through the use of language. But those things, "in themselves", those particular "instances of ...
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3answers
175 views

Who has used Poetry for Philosophy?

"Ineffable" is the word for that which can be touched by the mind but not the tongue. But in poetry images may be made that transcend the reality of mere language. This seems to me an excellent ...
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2answers
224 views

What is moral inquiry in the context of James Lenman's paper?

I’ve been trying to understand this concept on my own, but I’m unable to grasp it. Google keeps referring to a paper published in the Aristotelian Society, but that article is hidden behind a paywall. ...
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40 views

Superiority of the concept as opposed to synthetic apperception

In The Foundations of Arithmetic (§ 48, p. 61), after maintaining that statements of numbers are indeed statements of fact, Frege asserts that: The concept has a power of collecting together far ...
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On the universal and preconception in stoic logic: the word “natural” (naturale) from Diog. L., VII, 54

Foreword: as an Italian student, I hope that I will not make many mistakes in translating the lexicon from my native language to English; sometimes this will happen, and so putting the Italian word in ...
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1answer
72 views

Concept Formation

I would like some suggestions about Concept Formation. Especially if there is a reference to Plato's Theory of Forms. I believe the two are linked but cannot find appropriate material. Thank you.
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115 views

Do all “meta” questions within philosophy reduce to descriptive and normative?

At first, under "meta" I, of course, mean such things as metaphilosophy, metaethics, and some other "metas" trying to answer the questions "What is X?", "What properties does X have?", etc. And this ...
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5answers
305 views

Could we develop a notion of conceivability that would allow us to imagine impossible/inconsistent/illogical things?

There are things that we cannot imagine because they are impossible (like a solution to Russell's set theory, since it is impossible to reach that solution because it is illogical.) Some months ago, ...
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99 views

Relations between “natural” and “artificial”

When we say "aritificial", we typically mean "created by intelligent being". When we say "natural", we typically mean "created by nature, not by intelligent being". But then is the human created ...
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2answers
539 views

Is topology of cultural ideas and concepts studied in modern philosophy?

I am going to mumble about couple of things I really don't know and I am going to ask for guidance and further reading material. There is a field of mathematics called topology which studies ...
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5answers
722 views

How could mathematics and logic exist without us, if they are concepts created by us independent of reality?

Would maths and logic exist if we didn't exist despite we created them, and do not have correspondence with reality?
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1answer
234 views

What branch of metaphysics studies things like “Nowhere”, “Limbo”, “Non-being”, “Neither dead nor alive”, “neither present nor absent”?

Recently, when thinking about metaphysics and in particular the notion of abstract concepts, while also reading various settings of movies, games and books, I noticed that usually, entities that are ...
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357 views

It is often easier to fight for principles than to live up to them [closed]

It is often easier to fight for principles than to live up to them. [Adlai Stevenson, speech, New York City, Aug. 27, 1952] I read this sentence from principle | Origin and meaning of principle by ...
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1answer
930 views

What does Kierkegaard mean by recollection, repetition and remembrance?

I'm reading Either/Or and I'm progressing quite well with the book. I'm supplementing it with some external resources where needed, but for the most part I'm doing well without those, by the way, I'm ...
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1answer
1k views

What is “ownership”?

So I was partaking in a course about Indigenous Peoples of America (and Canada, in particular). One of the questions that arose was "What is ownership?". (It was actually part of an assignment, but it ...
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How does Kant derive the categories of the understanding from the logical forms of judgment in the Critique of Pure Reason?

I didn't arrive at any cogent and clear conception of the exact relation between Kant's logical forms of judgment and his categories, and most importantly, how he derives the latter from the former. &...
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79 views

How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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178 views

Concepts with inexistant definitions but for which our common intuition is enough for practical usage

There are some concept that most people (if not sometimes all people) fail to accurately define - eventually because the concept does not match a natural category - however we all have a good enough ...
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1answer
413 views

What is the difference between class and concept?

What is the difference between class and concept? − I am not sure whether, for instance, “chair” is typically a class or rather a concept, or both. I would say that it is only a class, though it is ...
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1answer
564 views

What is the intension of the concept “intension”? [closed]

I think that it should be possible to assign to all concepts a plausible intension, consisting of just one or two words. However, in textbooks or encyclopedias I never found such focused appointments ...
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428 views

Is entropy a circular reasoning concept?

After reviewing several texts about the second law of thermodynamics and the concept of entropy, from a systemic point of view, it seems to me that entropy is only a circular reasoning concept. ...
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1answer
41 views

What historically encouraged the move to thinking of judgements rather than Aristotelian terms as the most basic units of conceptual content?

The reasoning behind thinking of Aristotelian terms as the most basic unit of conceptual content correlates to reasoning about the origin of conceptual content in the person. It was held that simple ...
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1answer
174 views

What is the relationship between conceptual engineering and social change?

I am currently doing research on the relationship between projects in conceptual engineering and actual, realized, social change. Of primary interest to me is how, for instance, Haslanger's ...
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4answers
908 views

Distinction between concrete vs. abstract in software [closed]

I want to describe requirements for a computer program and I'm having trouble. As a context, I think a concrete object in the real-world is something detectable by one or more of the senses (feel, ...
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1answer
101 views

Are Concepts Colorless?

Consider the concept of green and the color green. Is it right to say that the concept of green is also green? I would think not, since the concept merely reports what the color green is like. It ...
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1answer
85 views

Is Brandom's account of history satisfactory to justify itself against doubts?

Brandom's idealism is multi-faceted and complicated. A rough summary of it might be as follows: Rationality is a conceptual normality, a typical way we do things. Specifically, it is a practical ...
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174 views

Name of the theory where abstract concepts are considered only to exist within our mind

I'm be no means an expert in philosophical terms, but I want to learn more. My question is about whether there is a name for the idea that abstract concepts (e.g. Goodness, baddness, value, etc...) ...
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3answers
114 views

Can more than 2 things be in direct opposition?

What I mean by this, is something which is exactly opposite to say both positive and negative, just as much as the two are in opposition to each other. This idea arose and evolved when I was thinking ...