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Questions tagged [concept]

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42 views

Philosophy of concepts - can it be (gradually) expressed in type theory?

Reasoning in mathematics is simple and subject to automation and discipline/system, because every concept (e.g. integer number, real number, derivative, integral, differential equation and its ...
2
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1answer
92 views

What does Nietzsche refer to with the “backworldsmen”?

I'm a rookie to philosophical thinking but trying my best to understand the concepts. I'd be appreciated if you could enlighten me about this: In Chapter 3 of Thus Spake Zarathustra, he is addressing ...
3
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1answer
113 views

What's the simplest thing?

If we imagine the world and what surrounds us as concepts, if you then had to explain these ideas (i.e. What's a person? What's an animal? What's a living being? ...) you'd then need to recursively ...
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2answers
51 views

Can “moral reasoning” be defined as a perception?

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1527-2001.1996.tb01017.x I saw this research paper titled "Moral reasoning as perception", and I was wondering how is it possible to conceive "moral ...
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3answers
91 views

What are the differences between conditional and relative truths?

I thought they meant the same thing, but after asking about it in a philosophical forum, I was told they are different, but how so? Are there universal meanings attributed to "conditional truth" and ...
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1answer
43 views

Is the story “The happiness of fish” in Zhuangzi about naïve realism?

Here is the story, translated by Victor Mair: Zhuangzi and Huizi were strolling along the bridge over the Hao River. Zhuangzi said, “The minnows swim about so freely, following the openings ...
5
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1answer
337 views

Is a paradox a concept?

Obviously 'paradox' is a concept, we name certain things to be so. We share the knowledge of those things through the use of language. But those things, "in themselves", those particular "instances of ...
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3answers
162 views

Who has used Poetry for Philosophy?

"Ineffable" is the word for that which can be touched by the mind but not the tongue. But in poetry images may be made that transcend the reality of mere language. This seems to me an excellent ...
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2answers
122 views

What is moral inquiry in the context of James Lenman's paper?

I’ve been trying to understand this concept on my own, but I’m unable to grasp it. Google keeps referring to a paper published in the Aristotelian Society, but that article is hidden behind a paywall. ...
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0answers
39 views

Superiority of the concept as opposed to synthetic apperception

In The Foundations of Arithmetic (§ 48, p. 61), after maintaining that statements of numbers are indeed statements of fact, Frege asserts that: The concept has a power of collecting together far ...
2
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1answer
67 views

On the universal and preconception in stoic logic: the word “natural” (naturale) from Diog. L., VII, 54

Foreword: as an Italian student, I hope that I will not make many mistakes in translating the lexicon from my native language to English; sometimes this will happen, and so putting the Italian word in ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Concept Formation

I would like some suggestions about Concept Formation. Especially if there is a reference to Plato's Theory of Forms. I believe the two are linked but cannot find appropriate material. Thank you.
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0answers
87 views

Do all “meta” questions within philosophy reduce to descriptive and normative?

At first, under "meta" I, of course, mean such things as metaphilosophy, metaethics, and some other "metas" trying to answer the questions "What is X?", "What properties does X have?", etc. And this ...
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4answers
254 views

Could we develop a notion of conceivability that would allow us to imagine impossible/inconsistent/illogical things?

There are things that we cannot imagine because they are impossible (like a solution to Russell's set theory, since it is impossible to reach that solution because it is illogical.) Some months ago, ...
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0answers
96 views

Relations between “natural” and “artificial”

When we say "aritificial", we typically mean "created by intelligent being". When we say "natural", we typically mean "created by nature, not by intelligent being". But then is the human created ...
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2answers
360 views

Is topology of cultural ideas and concepts studied in modern philosophy?

I am going to mumble about couple of things I really don't know and I am going to ask for guidance and further reading material. There is a field of mathematics called topology which studies ...
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5answers
620 views

How could mathematics and logic exist without us, if they are concepts created by us independent of reality?

Would maths and logic exist if we didn't exist despite we created them, and do not have correspondence with reality?
2
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1answer
212 views

What branch of metaphysics studies things like “Nowhere”, “Limbo”, “Non-being”, “Neither dead nor alive”, “neither present nor absent”?

Recently, when thinking about metaphysics and in particular the notion of abstract concepts, while also reading various settings of movies, games and books, I noticed that usually, entities that are ...
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2answers
190 views

It is often easier to fight for principles than to live up to them [closed]

It is often easier to fight for principles than to live up to them. [Adlai Stevenson, speech, New York City, Aug. 27, 1952] I read this sentence from principle | Origin and meaning of principle by ...
5
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1answer
590 views

What does Kierkegaard mean by recollection, repetition and remembrance?

I'm reading Either/Or and I'm progressing quite well with the book. I'm supplementing it with some external resources where needed, but for the most part I'm doing well without those, by the way, I'm ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What is “ownership”?

So I was partaking in a course about Indigenous Peoples of America (and Canada, in particular). One of the questions that arose was "What is ownership?". (It was actually part of an assignment, but it ...
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1answer
2k views

How does Kant derive the categories of the understanding from the logical forms of judgment in the Critique of Pure Reason?

I didn't arrive at any cogent and clear conception of the exact relation between Kant's logical forms of judgment and his categories, and most importantly, how he derives the latter from the former. ...
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0answers
78 views

How may Nikolaus von Kues’ “concept of concept” be applied as a bridge between logic and theology?

I am neither a specialist for logic nor for theology. Yet, I was electrified about Nikolaus von Kues statement that God is the concept of concept. Has Kues’ proposition somehow been applied as a real ...
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6answers
171 views

Concepts with inexistant definitions but for which our common intuition is enough for practical usage

There are some concept that most people (if not sometimes all people) fail to accurately define - eventually because the concept does not match a natural category - however we all have a good enough ...
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1answer
246 views

What is the difference between class and concept?

What is the difference between class and concept? − I am not sure whether, for instance, “chair” is typically a class or rather a concept, or both. I would say that it is only a class, though it is ...
1
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1answer
284 views

What is the intension of the concept “intension”? [closed]

I think that it should be possible to assign to all concepts a plausible intension, consisting of just one or two words. However, in textbooks or encyclopedias I never found such focused appointments ...
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2answers
346 views

Is entropy a circular reasoning concept?

After reviewing several texts about the second law of thermodynamics and the concept of entropy, from a systemic point of view, it seems to me that entropy is only a circular reasoning concept. ...
2
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1answer
39 views

What historically encouraged the move to thinking of judgements rather than Aristotelian terms as the most basic units of conceptual content?

The reasoning behind thinking of Aristotelian terms as the most basic unit of conceptual content correlates to reasoning about the origin of conceptual content in the person. It was held that simple ...
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1answer
168 views

What is the relationship between conceptual engineering and social change?

I am currently doing research on the relationship between projects in conceptual engineering and actual, realized, social change. Of primary interest to me is how, for instance, Haslanger's ...
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4answers
556 views

Distinction between concrete vs. abstract in software [closed]

I want to describe requirements for a computer program and I'm having trouble. As a context, I think a concrete object in the real-world is something detectable by one or more of the senses (feel, ...
2
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1answer
95 views

Are Concepts Colorless?

Consider the concept of green and the color green. Is it right to say that the concept of green is also green? I would think not, since the concept merely reports what the color green is like. It ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Is Brandom's account of history satisfactory to justify itself against doubts?

Brandom's idealism is multi-faceted and complicated. A rough summary of it might be as follows: Rationality is a conceptual normality, a typical way we do things. Specifically, it is a practical ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Name of the theory where abstract concepts are considered only to exist within our mind

I'm be no means an expert in philosophical terms, but I want to learn more. My question is about whether there is a name for the idea that abstract concepts (e.g. Goodness, baddness, value, etc...) ...
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3answers
109 views

Can more than 2 things be in direct opposition?

What I mean by this, is something which is exactly opposite to say both positive and negative, just as much as the two are in opposition to each other. This idea arose and evolved when I was thinking ...
6
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1answer
304 views

Did Wittgenstein consider the possibility of a private language with public content?

Wittgenstein criticized the idea that there could be a meaningful language that was only known in principle by one person. His insights have often been used to disregard the idea of private mental ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Can meaning indeterminately be said to be indeterminate?

James Ross has given several reasons as to why he believes thought (and formal thought especially) is determinate. Among these, and under a formulation put forward by the contemporary philosopher ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Could there be such a thing as a universal logical language?

That is, are there certain conceptual primitives, such as object, action, structure, property, logic, event, quantity, partial, paradox, system, concept, etc, or connectives/judgements, such as for ...
4
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1answer
118 views

How do medieval theories of reference account for *entia rationis* (objects of thought)?

The medieval theories of logic generally hold, at least as represented in the brilliant work of Thomas Aquinas, that non-existent being can be said of existent being because non-existent being can be ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Is there a certain connection between Quine and Buridan in their understanding of the distinction between meaning and naming?

In "On What There Is" Quine notes that "there is a gulf between meaning and naming even in the case of a singular term which is genuinely a name of the object". This distinction can be made more clear ...
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0answers
271 views

Under moderate realism, what is considered the reason for similarity?

Moderate realism is a position on universals that holds the 'universality' of universals to be an aspect of universals that is added on by the mind in concepts through abstraction, and that '...
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1answer
99 views

Would Frege say “blue” is a concept or object?

"3" is an object, because numbers are special. "falling under 3" is a concept. This particular whale whom I've named Ernie, "Ernie" is an object. "Whales" is a concept. "being blue" is a concept. ...
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3answers
193 views

In which text/paper was the concept of dialetheism first introduced as a serious position?

More or less the question title. My final-year logic course a few years back covered a number of non-classical logics (deontic, Kleene/Lukasiewicz multi-valued, etc.), however dialetheism was left as ...
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1answer
148 views

“Change” last forever? If not what fallacy breaks the chain of reasoning shown here?

In movies, a frequently mentioned idea is that "Nothing lasts forever" .There's also a Chinese saying 變幻是永恆 Having thought too much into treating concepts as something similar to "building blocks", I ...
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3answers
58 views

What's a simple term for “constructing the best instance of a concept in a situation”?

I'm looking for a simple term or phrase (friendly for laypeople) for the following idea about concepts. Suppose you have a goal to hammer a nail into a piece of wood. In this instant, you have a ...
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2answers
423 views

The difference between innatism and empiricism

I've read on many websites (including Wikipedia) that empiricism is the opposite of innatism. Could someone explain me why?
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2answers
84 views

New Year's concept [closed]

How does the New Year's concept works? I mean, is it necessary for the masses or can we live without it? Assume that the Earth takes a billion years instead of one year to go all around the Sun. Then ...
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3answers
243 views

Does there a unifying concept of sin that works for all religions?

If we agree with the definition from Wikipedia, i.e. that it is "an immoral act considered to be a transgression against divine law," then it would be the divine law (and not us) that decides what sin ...
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2answers
155 views

Concepts as Mental Representations

The SEP entry on concepts is heavily committed to an RTM functionalism characterization of concepts as mental representations. But, it makes no real mention of alternatives to this position. Are there ...
4
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1answer
288 views

Are concepts necessarily false even if useful?

I was listening to Neil deGrasse Tyson on Star Talk the other day, and he was answering a question about orbits. But he added that it's not entirely true that, for instance, the earth orbits the sun, ...
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6answers
9k views

What is the difference between an 'idea' and a 'concept'?

What is the difference between an 'idea' and a 'concept'? Has a distinction between the two terms been settled and accepted by most modern philosophers?