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Questions tagged [consciousness]

Consciousness, and related notions like sentience and self-awareness, denote the capacity of certain organisms to express recognition of their own presence in the world.

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The illogical nature of want/motivation and its effects on free will

Are all the decisions and desires of humans made in order to stimulate pleasure centers and avoid pain? If so, could someone/thing which is unable to feel pleasure and pain, and only had the power of ...
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How can we describe consciousness?

Humans consist of complex physical materials. However, we determine and experience our lives through numerous spiritual moments. Should consciousness be described as an outcome of physical matter and ...
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When would someone not have free will?

I was thinking about free will, and I kind of got confused. What would it look like for someone to not have free will? For example, if someone was paralyzed, they could still control their thoughts. ...
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What are the main oppositions to the extended mind thesis? and who presents them?

Andy Clark and David Chalmers are huge in promoting the extended mind thesis but who/what is their main opposition?
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Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...
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Inductive Logic on Existence

Because we, only by inductive reasoning, are sure about next moment 'happening' (or more precisely, not worried about it not happening), does this mean that there is no logical guarantee that next ...
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Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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The exaggeration of the role of observer in quantum mechanics

In the famous double slit experiment, it's often said that the presence of an observer causes the electrons to behave as particles. "The need for the "observer" to be conscious has been rejected by ...
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Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
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How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
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Is autonomy or deduction the more primary component of intelligence?

I find myself again facing a gap in definitions with a given range of philosophical schools. So at the risk of "pushing agenda" or "simply requesting opinion" I would like to ask for other ways of ...
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Scholarly retorts to “Quining Qualia”?

I've been reading and rereading Daniel Dennett's dismissal of qualia, and I have been wanting to see what some of the experts in the field think of his portrayal. For example, has Nagel, Hoffman, or ...
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Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
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There is consistency among whole indian philosophical schools?

i try to prove this by Buddha's &sankara's concept of Consciousness".bcoz both are represent two different tradition (Samanic & Vedic). 2. Both stressed the impermanence of worldly life. 3. ...
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Is existence restricted by rendering?

Is existence restricted by the rendering of the being? For example, as I am rendered as a physical being in the form of my body, is the plane of my existence limited to the physical world? I would ...
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Particular concepts in integrated information theory

Recently I have been reading about the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness, and have been impressed by its intuitiveness, relative simplicity, explanatory power, and falsifiability. All ...
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Materialist Epistemology?

In a normal theory of knowledge, a person's phenomenal consciousness is taken as basic. Thus, the sciences are an attempt at explaining the "world" that affects phenomenal consciousness. Excising ...
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Non locality of consciousness

Are there any major philosophies that postulates the non locality of consciousness? I have tried searching for them but could not find anything...thank you very much.
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How can an animal be interested in avoiding pain, without being aware that one has such an interest?

Source: Benatar, David. Better Never to Have Been (2008 1 edn). pp. 135-136. I don't understand 1 and 2 beneath. Please LMK if 2 ought be asked as a separate question. Philosophers have offered ...
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On the nature of reality

On the last times of our history there have been lot of discoveries in neuroscience and physics-chemistry. Just to remember relativity and quantum mechanics, and how the brain is not only a device to ...
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Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists?

Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists? So, suppose someone agrees that our mental lives can be explained by brains and bodies, because ...
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Physicalism: If consciousness isn't an illusion, what's its nature? What are the best clues?

I'm asking very generally so I'm expecting very general answers. I've read the answers from the question: How can consciousness be an illusion? and I pretty much got understanding of how our brain ...
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Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...