Questions tagged [consciousness]

Consciousness, and related notions like sentience and self-awareness, denote the capacity of certain organisms to express recognition of their own presence in the world.

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Does being able to remember conscious experience mean consciousness cannot be an epiphenomenon?

It has been proposed (or maybe just speculated) by a number of philosophers and scientists, including Richard Dawkins, that consciousness might be an epiphenomenon, but I think this cannot be the case....
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Has any philosopher discussed pre-cognitive or pre-linguistic conceptualization?

To get an idea of what I'm talking about one may pay close attention to their own thought process. It may become evident that one can gain awareness of certain conceptual assemblages. If awareness at ...
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Do really all mental states exist in some universe according to Many-Minds Interpretation?

According to the Many Minds interpretation of quantum mechanics (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Many-minds_interpretation), the distinction between worlds in the Many Worlds interpretation should be ...
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Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
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At what stage of human development does a person attain secondary consciousness?

In regards to Gerald Edelman's definition on consciousness, at what stage of human development would a person attain secondary consciousness apart from their existing primary consciousness? Could this ...
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Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
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100 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
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113 views

Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
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How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
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Is autonomy or deduction the more primary component of intelligence?

I find myself again facing a gap in definitions with a given range of philosophical schools. So at the risk of "pushing agenda" or "simply requesting opinion" I would like to ask for other ways of ...
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Materialist Epistemology?

In a normal theory of knowledge, a person's phenomenal consciousness is taken as basic. Thus, the sciences are an attempt at explaining the "world" that affects phenomenal consciousness. Excising ...
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Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...
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51 views

Undestanding “Emptiness”

One of the many sincere efforts by mankind has been to try to understand "Emptiness" sometimes by scientific methods, sometimes by religious doctrines. Recently, we are trying to investigate ...
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73 views

Does panpsychism imply consciousness after death?

Does panpsychism imply that after we die, we will still exist as some form of consciousness? It might be so faint that we are barely aware of anything, but it might still be consciousness. Is there ...
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219 views

Does This Answer The Two Hard Problems – Why Is There Anything? and How Do We Know It?

Question I imagine that most philosophers, professional or amateur, must have some kind of personal philosophical view of their preferred ontology/metaphysic, even if it is incomplete. This is mine as ...
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65 views

Are there any Things for which Hegel's approach to consciousness' apprehension of reality fails?

In the Consciousness chapter, Hegel presents two naive approaches to the picture of how consciousness interfaces reality. Hegel shows these approaches are inadequate in the endeavor of consciousness ...
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What is the theory of defining consciousness by the ability to use counterfactuals called?

I'm aware there are a number of ways of defining if something is conscious or sentient. Such as the ability to experience qualia, or the ability to be aware you're experiencing qualia. Another theory ...
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142 views

How do epiphenomenalists explain our knowledge of felt-states?

The traditional epiphenomenalist claim is that the mental properties are simply a by-product of neurophysiological events and so have no causal efficacy over the physical world. This obviously implies ...
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On Kierkegard's definition of the Self: “ a relation that relates itself to itself” ( question based on an SEP's quote)

In The Sickness unto death , Kierkegaard says in a sybilline way that the self is (1) a relation that relates itself to itself (2) a synthesis of finite and infinite. Should I understand that " ...
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How does Chalmers' “hard problem” differ from the “mind-body problem”?

They both seem be be asking how neurological processes can give rise to consciousness. Is there a real difference between the two questions, or is one just a reformulation of the other?
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Is the fact that there are qualia something internal or external?

I'm struggling to digest the SEP article on qualia. Is anyone saying that there being qualia is something about the world which exists independent of conscious awareness (knowledge and perception)? ...
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255 views

What did Bohm exactly mean when he said that mind and matter were the same?

In 1990, the physicist David Bohm published a paper named "A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter" promoting a "panpsychist" theory of consciousness based on Bohm's interpretation of ...
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Non locality of consciousness

Are there any major philosophies that postulates the non locality of consciousness? I have tried searching for them but could not find anything...thank you very much.
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Scholarly retorts to “Quining Qualia”?

I've been reading and rereading Daniel Dennett's dismissal of qualia, and I have been wanting to see what some of the experts in the field think of his portrayal. For example, has Nagel, Hoffman, or ...
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Consciousness/soul outside the range of human capabilities of intellect? McGinn/Searle

I personally extremely enjoyed the answer that Colin McGinn gave on understanding consciousness. Previously, I was actually afflicted by the question because the world seemed to divide itself in half ...
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48 views

There is consistency among whole indian philosophical schools?

i try to prove this by Buddha's &sankara's concept of Consciousness".bcoz both are represent two different tradition (Samanic & Vedic). 2. Both stressed the impermanence of worldly life. 3. ...
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Is existence restricted by rendering?

Is existence restricted by the rendering of the being? For example, as I am rendered as a physical being in the form of my body, is the plane of my existence limited to the physical world? I would ...
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251 views

Particular concepts in integrated information theory

Recently I have been reading about the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness, and have been impressed by its intuitiveness, relative simplicity, explanatory power, and falsifiability. All ...
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68 views

Inductive Logic on Existence

Because we, only by inductive reasoning, are sure about next moment 'happening' (or more precisely, not worried about it not happening), does this mean that there is no logical guarantee that next ...
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47 views

Is there an existing assessment to determine a person's stance on the nature of mind, cognition, consciousness, etc.?

There are a lot of different theories about the nature of consciousness, cognition, and the mind. I'm looking for a set of questions that a person could answer that would then give them some kind of ...
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How to explain nothingness in Consciousness theory of Tegmark

The hypothesis was first put forward in 2014 by cosmologist and theoretical physicist Max Tegmark from MIT, who proposed that there's a state of matter - just like a solid, liquid, or gas - in which ...
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Does Eternalism imply looping consciousness?

If the idea of Eternalism as expressed by those like J.M.E. McTaggart and Sean Carroll is true (as much of physics seems to suggest), the idea of the present moment being more real than the past or ...
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What is the relationship between consciousness and memory?

If someone has amnesia for a certain experience, was that person conscious of that experience in the past or was that person never conscious at that moment? If that person dies, their memories are ...
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Is it possible philosophically that the entire cosmic void with one or more universe/s inside it will stop exist eternally?

As a conscious agent who suddenly appeared in this cosmic void as a child to my parents and got a consistent memory since about the age of 3; With time I have learned of the question "why is there ...
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Are thoughts independent of physical variables around them and arise from inside?or just consequence of forces around it

For example non conscious bodies can't do a thing on their own ,like wind will move them, water will soak them, gravity will make them fall,but conscious beings can go against the nature like if i am ...
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Do panpsychism and its variants (such as Russellian monism) face an interaction problem?

Many philosophers of the mind—such as David Chalmers, Galen Strawson and Philip Goff—have become sympathetic to variants of panpsychism when it comes to explaining consciousness. Yet, on their own ...
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On the nature of reality

On the last times of our history there have been lot of discoveries in neuroscience and physics-chemistry. Just to remember relativity and quantum mechanics, and how the brain is not only a device to ...
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228 views

If we assume logic is correct, does it imply that our consciousness proccesses real information?

[major edits] Even if our consciousness is an illusion (even in the sense Denett suggests), the mere fact we see some information flowing across the universe means there is at least something that ...
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Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists?

Is a reason to believe something can be explained, also a reason to think that the explanadum exists? So, suppose someone agrees that our mental lives can be explained by brains and bodies, because ...
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Physicalism: If consciousness isn't an illusion, what's its nature? What are the best clues?

I'm asking very generally so I'm expecting very general answers. I've read the answers from the question: How can consciousness be an illusion? and I pretty much got understanding of how our brain ...
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Regarding the possibility of the mind as a real phenomenon

There have been many science fiction stories written about the possibility of alien life in forms seemingly impossible to 'common sense' like the idea of 'incorporeal beings'; alien life 'made' out of ...
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Self contradictory things that can't really exist: can they be fully conceived of?

It seems like we can conceive of self contradictory things that can exist. e.g. the proposition expressed by "this sentence is false" is self contradictory but I don't seem to have any trouble ...
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What is justice? Is justice blind?

Is justice something you find at a courthouse? Where would you find justice? From my perspective there is no justice until the one being judged has a say in how he is being judged. I believe ...
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Philosophy of anti-thinking: What does it feel like to consciously not think about X?

Take apples as an example: When we think of apples, we think of e.g. a round shaped object that is red and is juicy. But when we are not thinking about apples, we are either not aware we are ...