Questions tagged [consciousness]

Consciousness, and related notions like sentience and self-awareness, denote the capacity of certain organisms to express recognition of their own presence in the world.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
3answers
1k views

If the universe came from “nothing”, why is it assumed that there is no life after death?

I've been thinking today about the Big Bang theory and how I've heard people claim that before the big band there was "nothing". And that when we die, there is nothing. No more life, etc. But is that ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What makes a computer artificially intelligent?

What features would make a computer be considered truly artificially intelligent? Better question yet, what would make a computer truly intelligent and conscious? (true artificial intelligence is an ...
2
votes
3answers
250 views

What is the physicalist response to the explanatory gap for conciousness?

The zombie argument against physicalism usually goes like this Physically identical zombies are conceivable. If zombies are conceivable, they are metaphysically possible. Therefore physicalism is ...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Tegmark conscious matter, Lucretious atoms of anima and qualia

Tegmark in his paper, Consciousness as a state of matter appears as something as an outlier in the physics and philosophy literature in that he designates consciousness as a state of matter. But this ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Regarding the Mind-brain conflict

Some philosopher or scientist made an analogy of Mind versus Brain is related to Software versus Hardware. What was that about? If an A.I. computing system called P.A.L. has a self-sustaining ...
2
votes
3answers
336 views

Is reincarnation possible for a concious computer?

The physical substance of a computer can deteriorate and eventually stop functioning, but the immaterial program & its state can be transferred to another computer. Its conciousness is effectively ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

Does language itself support the extended mind hypothesis?

language, even when taking into Chomskys hypothesis of the biological ground of 'Deep Grammar', is primarily public: The English language is not built into our minds, it is 'out there'. I come into ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

The inexplicable case of consciousness locality and continuity

Recently, Ars Technica ran a monumental article on beaming in Star Trek and its implications, and more importantly, whether it's plausible to beam consciousness without killing us in the process. It ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

What Ethical Responsibilities Could the Creator of an Artificial Consciousness be Held To?

Or in other words, what are the implications of this act of creation? Would it be unethical to even pursue this? Quoting "what ethical rules must developers of AI adhere to for humane reasons?" (...
2
votes
1answer
300 views

Does Nagel's take on what it's like to be a bat dissolve the question of what causes consciousness?

Does Nagel's take on what it's like to be a bat dissolve the question of what causes consciousness? As far as I know, he claims that we can't know what it's like to be a bat. Does that mean that the ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Is it possible to catch the moment of waking up?

Brian Magee, a British philosopher, begins his autobiography by a question that possessed him as a child - why could he not be aware of falling asleep; the actual moment of the onset of sleep evaded ...
2
votes
3answers
344 views

How might the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness assign a degree of consciousness to the internet

I am puzzled by a claim by Christof Koch, one of the authors of the Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness (IIT), that the internet may possess a “small” degree of consciousness. According to ...
2
votes
3answers
151 views

How is physical space inferred from sense data?

Everyone seems to have a notion of "physical space". How do we come to acquire it in our development, exactly? Every individual person has a visual percept, but how do we extrapolate from that to a ...
2
votes
1answer
448 views

Unconscious Mental States and the Ontological Subjectivity of Reality

Searle claims that social reality is ontologically subjective. By this, should one interpret him as meaning that our perception of reality is ontologically subjective since perception requires ...
2
votes
3answers
165 views

What step in this argument is the least valid?

I know this is not a totally formal argument, and it is not mine, I just tried to distill it as much as I could to find where the weakest point is. Please help me if you want. It goes like this: H (...
2
votes
3answers
224 views

Is consciousness considered a resolved/able problem?

Is the existence of qualia generally considered an unresolved problem by philosophers? Is there a consensus on its nature or whether it can be studied at all?
2
votes
1answer
230 views

If we had a hive mind, could we discover it?

Question prompted by @jobermark answer to my question: Are there many minds or is there only one? The idea that 'greater-that-the-sum-of-its-parts' minds (functional decision capable entities) exist ...
2
votes
2answers
216 views

Aquinas on the role of consciousness in women

My question is on exactly what comments Aquinas has made on consciousness in women. This is because I believe he said we all have God-given reason as we are made in the image of God. Except he also ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

What are the main theories about divided consciousness?

I've found several different articles which compile interpretations of an actual possibility of brain dissection where both hemispheres continue working, and, where both still closely relate, but I'm ...
2
votes
5answers
953 views

Is it possible that things that are not alive possess conciousness?

Is it possible that things that are not alive possess conciousness? I guess it's pretty plausible that animals like dogs or cats feel that they are alive. We humans are there to experience things ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Who invented the notion of Philosophical Zombies?

Philosophical zombies are beings that look like human beings, act like them, drink, eat, talk, and in every other way behaviorally identical to normal human beings. However they have no inner life. I ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

How not to judge? [closed]

People constantly say not to judge people, but how is this possible? We all make mental remarks based on our past experience, for instance if I see a single mother smoking cigarettes, I will judge ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Temporal Consciences theories, what is meant by “temporal extension”?

I am reading an article on the overview and various theories of temporal consciousnesses. I have stumbled across some jargon that I can't seem to grasp. Retentional Model: our experiencing of ...
2
votes
3answers
99 views

According to early Wittgenstein, do we need language or thought for the mystical to show itself?

According to early Wittgenstein, do we need language or thought for the mystical to "show itself"? He does say the mystical shows itself. 6.522: There is indeed the inexpressible. This shows ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Is it possible for the “feeling of having a rational thought” to be an illusion? If so, how can you have any confidence whatsoever in your thoughts?

All our reasoning, logic, deductions, Science, Philosophy, eureka moments, Aha! moments, etc. are based on a feeling of confidence that we are "thinking correctly", we are "reasoning correctly", we ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Would there be any point in mind-uploading?

If you cloned a human being, atom for atom, you would almost certainly find that you've created a new entity, with its own consciousness, and memory of having been previously conscious. Assuming the ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Unethical to keep fishy trapped?

I've always wondered if it isn't too unethical afterall to have enclosed my goldfishy in a tiny tank given her extremely small memory span. Assuming that it is shorter than the time it takes her to ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

When are we part of something and when is something a part of us?

"I wanted to be a part of something bigger" "Hello people of the Internet" (implying the Internet has ownership of people)"
2
votes
4answers
198 views

Can a tool use itself?

I ask this question with connections to consciousness. It seems neuroscience has hit a plateau in explaining it materially since the smallest element of consciousness in the material brain seems to be ...
2
votes
2answers
325 views

Qualia in Computers [closed]

If it is possible to simulate consciousness using computer hardware and software, does that mean that computers are able to experience qualia?
2
votes
3answers
236 views

Asymmetry of consciousness?

There's a problem I've been thinking about recently. I feel like it must be ubiquitous, but I don't know what the popular solutions to it are, or if it has a fancy name. Basically: Why do I ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

To what degree is dreaming an aspect of consciousness

I feel that for subjectivists and physcialists to have common dialog at all on the subject, we need a simpler definition of "consciousness" that is not implicitly biased against either camp, but based ...
2
votes
3answers
187 views

Is consciousness mediated?

What are the main arguments brought forth in favor and against the unmediated nature of consciousness?
2
votes
2answers
387 views

what is the state of consciousness of inert objects? [closed]

Is it defined that inert objects by our scientific subjection of them being non-living have no consciousness at all? If that be so, what about viruses? And how would a rock's consciousness differ from ...
2
votes
1answer
472 views

A discussion of consciousness and existence

Consider the following three scenarios: 1) Two clones with the same memories, feelings, etc. are in a room. Clone A is killed by Clone B. Clone B immediately loses all memories of Clone A and the ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

What are some views on the ability to transfer consciousness into a machine?

What are some views on the ability to transfer consciousness into a machine? So when discussing this question, there are two set of questions that arises. What is consciousness, is it something that ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

At what stage of human development does a person attain secondary consciousness?

In regards to Gerald Edelman's definition on consciousness, at what stage of human development would a person attain secondary consciousness apart from their existing primary consciousness? Could this ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Is it possible to dissolve the hard problem of consciousness?

In the positivist tradition, it is common to dissolve certain ideas as being meaningless and not worth further consideration. Roughly, the statements corresponding to those elements of our mental ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

The illogical nature of want/motivation and its effects on free will

Are all the decisions and desires of humans made in order to stimulate pleasure centers and avoid pain? If so, could someone/thing which is unable to feel pleasure and pain, and only had the power of ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Which major philosophers (if any) prior to the 1900s believed that consciousness was an emergent property of the brain?

I am going to be doing an Independent Study with one of my professors, and I am obligated (due to the professor's expertise) to choose a philosopher prior to the 1900s. Were there any philosophers ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What is the relation between consciousness and thinking? [closed]

This jumble of questions isn't organized in any specific way. Please don't feel the need to address all the questions. Do we need the ability to think or be in possession of a unifying self to be ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

The exaggeration of the role of observer in quantum mechanics

In the famous double slit experiment, it's often said that the presence of an observer causes the electrons to behave as particles. "The need for the "observer" to be conscious has been rejected by ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Does the Knowledge argument refute physicalism?

Is there any research that disproves Jackson's three premises? Is there any research which argues that Mary does not learn all the physical facts whilst in the room, because experience itself ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

How does Hegel's idea of labor connect to idealism?

Was Hegel a Marxist, in that, he also believed that labor had liberating and oppressive potential? How is the concept of idealism linked to labor in his view?
2
votes
0answers
716 views

What are the best arguments against substance dualism? [closed]

As I understand it, substance dualism is a position that holds that current physics and neuroscience cannot account for certain properties of qualia and the mind, implying the existence of some other ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Are information carrying systems of the same complexity equivalent? (integrated information theory)

I have just come into contact with the integrated information theory of consciousness (and its relatives), which would have it that consciousness stems from information-rich (and integrated) systems. ...
2
votes
0answers
979 views

Materialist Epistemology?

In a normal theory of knowledge, a person's phenomenal consciousness is taken as basic. Thus, the sciences are an attempt at explaining the "world" that affects phenomenal consciousness. Excising ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What sort of things might a higher level of consciousness be capable of? [closed]

While the nature of consciousness itself is still unclear, the products of consciousness are quite evident. A few of the perks of human level consciousness include: The capacity for complex ...
2
votes
6answers
4k views

Can anyone ever know for sure that other people are also conscious? [closed]

For all I know, I might be asking this question to programmed beings.
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Do we need a theory of mind to think about qualia, and are these the capacity to think about the senses?

On animal consciousness Carruthers (1998a,b, 2000) has argued to this effect based on his ‘higher-order thought’ theory, according to which, phenomenal consciousness requires the capacity to ...