Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [contemporary-philosophy]

The tag has no usage guidance.

3
votes
2answers
73 views

What is frequentism?

I am studying for an exam and I ran into frequentism. Honestly, I don't understand anything about that. Is frequentism related to probability only? Why are probabilities understood as frequencies? I ...
5
votes
2answers
349 views

What is the impact of video games on philosophy?

Video games are a quite recent invention and they became popular far after being invented, maybe by 90s. However, I think video games somehow affected my worldview and produced some ideas. I will give ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Are there contemporary philosophers of nature that don't accept 20th century science?

Are there any 20/21th century philosophers that talk about a different approach to the study of nature other than science? Are there any that criticize science?
3
votes
1answer
441 views

Ontic vs. Ontological

Are the two terms the same or not? In what sense Heidegger makes a distinction between the two? Can someone give also simple examples of the difference?
0
votes
1answer
139 views

What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how?

What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how? I'm interested in reading the best of these, and an outline would help me decide who to read. I'm asking ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Is it ethical to have a “personal philosophy”?

I'm not sure what having a "personal philosophy" means, but it seems like that's the only way non academics can relate to philosophy. I suppose it means taking some philosophical idea seriously enough ...
3
votes
1answer
318 views

What are some current debates in metaphysics today?

What are some current debates in metaphysics today? I would be very interested to hear what the very most recent debates in this field focus on, what's hot, or whether some new views have emerged or a ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Who should I read to broadly understand contemporary philosophical discourse?

I'm taking ancient philosophy at a public university. I've engaged with the Western canon from the pre-socratics through Aristotle, a number of the medievals and a smattering of modern philosophers ...
10
votes
2answers
697 views

Are there any non-western thinkers regarded as Analytic philosophers?

European and American analytic philosophers argue that the values and aspirations of the analytic tradition, such as clarity and rigor, are meant to be universal. Some even say that analytic ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

In the 21st century, is it still important that every country has its own “brand” of philosophy? [closed]

We are fond of seeing philosophy as a product of culture. Consequently, we tend to classify philosophers and ideas according to their country or region of origin. We almost never classify a Chinese or ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Philosophical work that focuses on “pattern” and “change”?

My own specialty is A.I., but I figure this is an essentially philosophical topic. The existence of patterns and of change, or, said differently, of continuous change at multiple levels of abstraction,...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
4
votes
4answers
289 views

Are old philosophical texts worth reading for ordinary individuals?

There is no doubt that the past philosophical texts have provided very useful ideas and have contributed significantly to society. However, because these books have been around for some time a lot of ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians has the most citations?

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians is the most influential in terms of citations? And through what are they cited the most?
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Is the Tractatus considered to have had any permanent influence on philosophy, given that Wittgenstein himself later repudiated it?

I was reading a text book that stated that Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is rarely criticized in a serious way, since Wittgenstein himself rejected its ideas in his later phase, as ...
7
votes
4answers
951 views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
26
votes
4answers
3k views

In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
6
votes
3answers
296 views

What are some commonly accepted theories of aesthetics?

What are the commonly accepted theories of aesthetics? Other than Kant, I haven't read much work on the topic, so I wouldn't mind hearing suggestions of contemporary works on aesthetics.
1
vote
0answers
105 views

How many mirrors must a man look in before he becomes a man?

In Lacanian theory, the mirror stage first becomes effective when the infant ego is confronted with the possibility of another ego - an other - usually taken as the gaze of the mother; but this is but ...
4
votes
3answers
623 views

What kind of math curriculum would one need to go through to understand Lacanian topology and knot theory?

All the latest psychoanalytic theory has been pursuing a highly mathematized trajectory which has left me in the dust as a philosophy/psychology student (4 years of liberal arts college with no math ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the definition of Derrida's term “dissemination”?

Derrida is hard to sum up but can someone define his notion of "dissemination" or does anyone know a good passage where he defines it? I know that Derrida writes on dissemination and has an original ...
-1
votes
2answers
279 views

On the Nature of Truth [closed]

I'm fairly new to philosophical readings- that is, I've only parsed through various textbooks of antiquity. My questions, regarding the nature of truth, is as follows: Is contemporary consensus ...
3
votes
3answers
401 views

Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
4
votes
1answer
225 views

What does “to naturalize reason” mean?

I am a newbie in philosophy. I've just started reading "The philosophy book" that is a broad introduction about the main philosophers. I found interesting the article on Richard Rorty, so I started ...
3
votes
4answers
365 views

Why do fictional characters not exemplify properties?

I recently read about encoding and exemplifying. From what I understand - Detective Smith (a real person) exemplifies detectiveness, but Sherlock Homes does not. Sherlock Homes isn't real - and if,...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Narrative, what is it?

Most dictionaries define a narrative as telling about consecutive events. However i frequently see in philosophical works and discussions, especially postmodernist ones, the use of this word in such ...
29
votes
16answers
26k views

What are some good introductions to philosophy?

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer

Who are the contemporary -not necessarily living- philosophers whose view of the world is similar to Schopenhauer's?
8
votes
2answers
603 views

Who are some contemporary philosophers outside of the “new atheism” authors who have responded to Plantinga's works?

I'm looking for contemporary philosophers other than those typically labeled as part of the New Atheism movement (i.e., Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, and Victor J. ...
4
votes
1answer
661 views

Has anyone discussed the relationship between Philosophy and Poetry? [closed]

The fragmentary pre-socratic record abounds in aphorisms, Nietszche wrote poetic & prophetic prose, the continental tradition is highly literary - to the point where it is incomprehensible to the ...
25
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the major research programmes in contemporary logic?

As an interested outsider who is prone to reading about different formulations of logic, I've become interested in better understanding the big picture of what people are trying to accomplish as they ...
13
votes
11answers
4k views

Is there any philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century?

Is there any new, i.e., conceived in the last century, philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century? I know it's kinda hard to come up with a precise and definitive ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism?

How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism? Specifically, what are the major points of disagreement and regions of overlap between the two movements/schools of thought? Some critics treat the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Which contemporary philosophers deal with the concept of honour without dismissing it out of hand?

Whenever I read about honour (the evaluation of a person's social status as judged by that individual's community), it is usually in a negative context (e.g., honour killings) or strictly comparative (...
4
votes
8answers
80k views

Who are the most influential living philosophers? [closed]

Who are the most important, widely-read or influential living philosophers still actively working and contributing to the field today? Which thinkers are recognized for doing the most interesting and ...