Questions tagged [contemporary-philosophy]

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Russell v. Meinong

Was the crux/essence of Russell's quarrel with Meinong a matter of epistemology or ontology? As I recall, it had primarily to do with fictive objects/non-denoting expressions, and Russell's theory of ...
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Does a philosophy scholar in the modern world need to study ancient philosophy?

I am a philosophy enthusiast and I study philosophy on my own. I wanted to know whether a philosophy scholar in the modern world needs to study the ancient philosophical ideas, such as those by ...
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If Socrates time travelled to the 21st century, would he still face the same fate?

I believe that the Athenian community and authority did not appreciate his philosophy and political view. Sometimes, I tell himself that they just didn't know his worth as he was way ahead of his time....
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criticisms of mathematical structuralism

A popular, pretty modern trend in the philosophy of mathematics has been to treat mathematical objects as only possessing properties within the context of a mathematical structure. Does anyone know of ...
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Is there an ethical difference between taking away and withholding?

Has anyone in contemporary ethics discussed whether or not there is a difference between (1) taking something away (e.g., stealing $100) or withholding something (e.g., refusing to pay $100 of taxes)?
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What is the current state of the Philosophy of Video Games?

Since there is philosophy of literature and philosophy of film I was wondering if someone could describe the current state of the philosophy of video games since there doesn't seem to be any articles ...
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Best books on gender and racism

(Please excuse my poor wording and bad english) What are the best books to learn about gender and racism as of July 2020? I feel like my generation (born between 1990 and 2005 approx) may be the first ...
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What is a logical ground?

I've been stumbling upon the expression and am now asking myself what it's meaning is. What does mentioning a logical ground refer to? Perhaps anyone could try to break down the possibly multilayered ...
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Is the category of aesthetic truth still important?

The notion of aesthetic truth - here to be understood as more than simply 'correct judgments of taste' [1] - has been brought into discussion by a lot of thinkers: Hegel, Adorno, Lukacs, Heidegger, ...
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Arguments for naturalistic moral realism

In current philosophy, what are the main strands of argumentation when it comes to substantiating naturlistic moral realism? My question may be rephrased into: How would you argue?
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Which philosophers have left sucessful academic careers to pursue other work?

I'm looking for (names of) philosophers who had successful careers in academia but, for whatever set of reasons, chose to leave and pursue work outside of academia, even if only temporarily. For this ...
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Why is the logical philosophy of the Berlin and Vienna circles generally seen as the same?

According to Wikipedia's entry on the Berlin Circle, the terms logical empiricism and logical positivism are largely used interchangably. To wit: The Berlin Circle had much in common with the ...
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How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
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Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
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Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
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Tautologies in religious language discussion

Influenced by Carnap and Wittgenstein, my view is that the disagreement between religious and non-religious people is mostly a semantic issue: the theistic and atheistic are referring to the same ...
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What criticisms of Wittgenstein's philosophy of language have been offered?

In a 2003 obituary, Anna Sherrat described one of my many philosophy heroes, Donald Davidson, as “one of the greatest American philosophers.” She did an excellent job of summarizing one of the ...
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What is frequentism?

I am studying for an exam and I ran into frequentism. Honestly, I don't understand anything about that. Is frequentism related to probability only? Why are probabilities understood as frequencies? I ...
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Can it be shown that video games have in some way impacted philosophy or vice versa?

Video games are a quite recent invention and they became popular far after being invented, maybe by the 90s. However, I think video games somehow affected my worldview and produced some ideas. I will ...
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Are there contemporary philosophers of nature that don't accept 20th century science?

Are there any 20/21th century philosophers that talk about a different approach to the study of nature other than science? Are there any that criticize science?
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Ontic vs. Ontological

Are the two terms the same or not? In what sense Heidegger makes a distinction between the two? Can someone give also simple examples of the difference?
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What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how?

What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how? I'm interested in reading the best of these, and an outline would help me decide who to read. I'm asking ...
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Is it ethical to have a "personal philosophy"?

I'm not sure what having a "personal philosophy" means, but it seems like that's the only way non academics can relate to philosophy. I suppose it means taking some philosophical idea seriously enough ...
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What are some current debates in metaphysics today?

What are some current debates in metaphysics today? I would be very interested to hear what the very most recent debates in this field focus on, what's hot, or whether some new views have emerged or a ...
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Who should I read to broadly understand contemporary philosophical discourse?

I'm taking ancient philosophy at a public university. I've engaged with the Western canon from the pre-socratics through Aristotle, a number of the medievals and a smattering of modern philosophers ...
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Are there any non-western thinkers regarded as Analytic philosophers?

European and American analytic philosophers argue that the values and aspirations of the analytic tradition, such as clarity and rigor, are meant to be universal. Some even say that analytic ...
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Philosophical work that focuses on "pattern" and "change"?

My own specialty is A.I., but I figure this is an essentially philosophical topic. The existence of patterns and of change, or, said differently, of continuous change at multiple levels of abstraction,...
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To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
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Are old philosophical texts worth reading for ordinary individuals?

There is no doubt that the past philosophical texts have provided very useful ideas and have contributed significantly to society. However, because these books have been around for some time a lot of ...
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Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians has the most citations?

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians is the most influential in terms of citations? And through what are they cited the most?
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Is the Tractatus considered to have had any permanent influence on philosophy, given that Wittgenstein himself later repudiated it?

I was reading a text book that stated that Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is rarely criticized in a serious way, since Wittgenstein himself rejected its ideas in his later phase, as ...
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8 votes
4 answers
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Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
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Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
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27 votes
4 answers
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In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
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What are some commonly accepted theories of aesthetics?

What are the commonly accepted theories of aesthetics? Other than Kant, I haven't read much work on the topic, so I wouldn't mind hearing suggestions of contemporary works on aesthetics.
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How many mirrors must a man look in before he becomes a man?

In Lacanian theory, the mirror stage first becomes effective when the infant ego is confronted with the possibility of another ego - an other - usually taken as the gaze of the mother; but this is but ...
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What kind of math curriculum would one need to go through to understand Lacanian topology and knot theory?

All the latest psychoanalytic theory has been pursuing a highly mathematized trajectory which has left me in the dust as a philosophy/psychology student (4 years of liberal arts college with no math ...
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What is the definition of Derrida's term "dissemination"?

Derrida is hard to sum up but can someone define his notion of "dissemination" or does anyone know a good passage where he defines it? I know that Derrida writes on dissemination and has an original ...
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On the Nature of Truth [closed]

I'm fairly new to philosophical readings- that is, I've only parsed through various textbooks of antiquity. My questions, regarding the nature of truth, is as follows: Is contemporary consensus ...
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Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
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What does "to naturalize reason" mean?

I am a newbie in philosophy. I've just started reading "The philosophy book" that is a broad introduction about the main philosophers. I found interesting the article on Richard Rorty, so I started ...
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Why do fictional characters not exemplify properties?

I recently read about encoding and exemplifying. From what I understand - Detective Smith (a real person) exemplifies detectiveness, but Sherlock Homes does not. Sherlock Homes isn't real - and if,...
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Narrative, what is it?

Most dictionaries define a narrative as telling about consecutive events. However i frequently see in philosophical works and discussions, especially postmodernist ones, the use of this word in such ...
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35 votes
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What are some good introductions to philosophy?

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
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Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer

Who are the contemporary -not necessarily living- philosophers whose view of the world is similar to Schopenhauer's?
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Who are some contemporary philosophers outside of the "new atheism" authors who have responded to Plantinga's works?

I'm looking for contemporary philosophers other than those typically labeled as part of the New Atheism movement (i.e., Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, and Victor J. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Has anyone discussed the relationship between Philosophy and Poetry? [closed]

The fragmentary pre-socratic record abounds in aphorisms, Nietszche wrote poetic & prophetic prose, the continental tradition is highly literary - to the point where it is incomprehensible to the ...
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27 votes
3 answers
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What are the major research programmes in contemporary logic?

As an interested outsider who is prone to reading about different formulations of logic, I've become interested in better understanding the big picture of what people are trying to accomplish as they ...
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Is there any philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century?

Is there any new, i.e., conceived in the last century, philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century? I know it's kinda hard to come up with a precise and definitive ...
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How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism?

How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism? Specifically, what are the major points of disagreement and regions of overlap between the two movements/schools of thought? Some critics treat the ...
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