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35 votes
17 answers
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What are some good introductions to philosophy? [duplicate]

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
JNat's user avatar
  • 736
30 votes
5 answers
4k views

In what way(s) does popular New Atheism fail to be philosophical?

I've seen some derision against the popular New Atheism movement, in particular against Richard Dawkins, Christopher Hitchens, and Sam Harris (particularly interesting since he makes a big deal that ...
adhoclobster's user avatar
27 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the major research programmes in contemporary logic?

As an interested outsider who is prone to reading about different formulations of logic, I've become interested in better understanding the big picture of what people are trying to accomplish as they ...
Niel de Beaudrap's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
4k views

How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism?

How does posthumanism differ from transhumanism? Specifically, what are the major points of disagreement and regions of overlap between the two movements/schools of thought? Some critics treat the ...
Joseph Weissman's user avatar
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14 votes
10 answers
5k views

Is there any philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century?

Is there any new, i.e., conceived in the last century, philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century? I know it's kinda hard to come up with a precise and definitive ...
ludwijk's user avatar
  • 175
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are there any non-western thinkers regarded as Analytic philosophers?

European and American analytic philosophers argue that the values and aspirations of the analytic tradition, such as clarity and rigor, are meant to be universal. Some even say that analytic ...
user23987's user avatar
  • 101
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
user223635's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
691 views

Who are some contemporary philosophers outside of the "new atheism" authors who have responded to Plantinga's works?

I'm looking for contemporary philosophers other than those typically labeled as part of the New Atheism movement (i.e., Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, Sam Harris, Christopher Hitchens, and Victor J. ...
Vinko Vrsalovic's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
4k views

Which contemporary philosophers deal with the concept of honour without dismissing it out of hand?

Whenever I read about honour (the evaluation of a person's social status as judged by that individual's community), it is usually in a negative context (e.g., honour killings) or strictly comparative (...
Ruben's user avatar
  • 634
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

Contemporary philosophers similar to Schopenhauer

Who are the contemporary -not necessarily living- philosophers whose view of the world is similar to Schopenhauer's?
fury's user avatar
  • 189
6 votes
8 answers
451 views

Does a philosophy scholar in the modern world need to study ancient philosophy?

I am a philosophy enthusiast and I study philosophy on my own. I wanted to know whether a philosophy scholar in the modern world needs to study the ancient philosophical ideas, such as those by ...
MMD's user avatar
  • 99
6 votes
3 answers
481 views

What are some commonly accepted theories of aesthetics?

What are the commonly accepted theories of aesthetics? Other than Kant, I haven't read much work on the topic, so I wouldn't mind hearing suggestions of contemporary works on aesthetics.
That Guy's user avatar
  • 1,953
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

What criticisms of Wittgenstein's philosophy of language have been offered?

In a 2003 obituary, Anna Sherrat described one of my many philosophy heroes, Donald Davidson, as “one of the greatest American philosophers.” She did an excellent job of summarizing one of the ...
Rortian's user avatar
  • 369
5 votes
8 answers
84k views

Who are the most influential living philosophers? [closed]

Who are the most important, widely-read or influential living philosophers still actively working and contributing to the field today? Which thinkers are recognized for doing the most interesting and ...
5 votes
5 answers
256 views

Narrative, what is it?

Most dictionaries define a narrative as telling about consecutive events. However i frequently see in philosophical works and discussions, especially postmodernist ones, the use of this word in such ...
Mirzhan Irkegulov's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
495 views

Can it be shown that video games have in some way impacted philosophy or vice versa?

Video games are a quite recent invention and they became popular far after being invented, maybe by the 90s. However, I think video games somehow affected my worldview and produced some ideas. I will ...
rus9384's user avatar
  • 2,696
5 votes
1 answer
4k views

Ontic vs. Ontological

Are the two terms the same or not? In what sense Heidegger makes a distinction between the two? Can someone give also simple examples of the difference?
m137's user avatar
  • 191
5 votes
1 answer
606 views

Philosophical work that focuses on "pattern" and "change"?

My own specialty is A.I., but I figure this is an essentially philosophical topic. The existence of patterns and of change, or, said differently, of continuous change at multiple levels of abstraction,...
tom_q's user avatar
  • 53
5 votes
1 answer
278 views

Is the Tractatus considered to have had any permanent influence on philosophy, given that Wittgenstein himself later repudiated it?

I was reading a text book that stated that Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is rarely criticized in a serious way, since Wittgenstein himself rejected its ideas in his later phase, as ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
7k views

What is the definition of Derrida's term "dissemination"?

Derrida is hard to sum up but can someone define his notion of "dissemination" or does anyone know a good passage where he defines it? I know that Derrida writes on dissemination and has an original ...
Ian Delairre's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
942 views

Are old philosophical texts worth reading for ordinary individuals?

There is no doubt that the past philosophical texts have provided very useful ideas and have contributed significantly to society. However, because these books have been around for some time a lot of ...
Bunny's user avatar
  • 1,310
4 votes
2 answers
245 views

Have any contemporary political philosophers argued for autocracy?

Have any contemporary political philosophers argued for autocracy? I know that very few go near fascism anymore (I read this in an encyclopaedia twenty years ago: history completely disproved it all). ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

What kind of math curriculum would one need to go through to understand Lacanian topology and knot theory?

All the latest psychoanalytic theory has been pursuing a highly mathematized trajectory which has left me in the dust as a philosophy/psychology student (4 years of liberal arts college with no math ...
Ian Delairre's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
185 views

Who should I read to broadly understand contemporary philosophical discourse?

I'm taking ancient philosophy at a public university. I've engaged with the Western canon from the pre-socratics through Aristotle, a number of the medievals and a smattering of modern philosophers ...
Noogah's user avatar
  • 41
4 votes
1 answer
783 views

Has anyone discussed the relationship between Philosophy and Poetry? [closed]

The fragmentary pre-socratic record abounds in aphorisms, Nietszche wrote poetic & prophetic prose, the continental tradition is highly literary - to the point where it is incomprehensible to the ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
476 views

What is frequentism?

I am studying for an exam and I ran into frequentism. Honestly, I don't understand anything about that. Is frequentism related to probability only? Why are probabilities understood as frequencies? I ...
RojasJ's user avatar
  • 61
4 votes
2 answers
315 views

Is there an ethical difference between taking away and withholding?

Has anyone in contemporary ethics discussed whether or not there is a difference between (1) taking something away (e.g., stealing $100) or withholding something (e.g., refusing to pay $100 of taxes)?
alephmembeth's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
538 views

Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
Lukas's user avatar
  • 3,155
3 votes
1 answer
399 views

What does "to naturalize reason" mean?

I am a newbie in philosophy. I've just started reading "The philosophy book" that is a broad introduction about the main philosophers. I found interesting the article on Richard Rorty, so I started ...
Robbo's user avatar
  • 169
3 votes
1 answer
573 views

What are some current debates in metaphysics today?

What are some current debates in metaphysics today? I would be very interested to hear what the very most recent debates in this field focus on, what's hot, or whether some new views have emerged or a ...
George Welder's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Who is the contemporary philosopher that believes a dictatorship can be built without controlling access to information?

I apologize if this question is not in a good format for this Stack Exchange, but I am mostly looking for a name, that I wrote on a scrap of paper and lost. I became interested in this contemporary ...
joao's user avatar
  • 141
3 votes
4 answers
415 views

Why do fictional characters not exemplify properties?

I recently read about encoding and exemplifying. From what I understand - Detective Smith (a real person) exemplifies detectiveness, but Sherlock Homes does not. Sherlock Homes isn't real - and if,...
Hal's user avatar
  • 1,230
2 votes
2 answers
236 views

Are there contemporary philosophers of nature that don't accept 20th century science?

Are there any 20/21th century philosophers that talk about a different approach to the study of nature other than science? Are there any that criticize science?
Yechiam Weiss's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
242 views

Are most philosophers analytic nowadays?

I know, the expression "analytic philosophy" is not something perfectly clear-cut, nor it is devoid of variations and multiplicity. The same can be said about "continental philosophy&...
Qfwfq's user avatar
  • 185
2 votes
1 answer
380 views

Tautologies in religious language discussion

Influenced by Carnap and Wittgenstein, my view is that the disagreement between religious and non-religious people is mostly a semantic issue: the theistic and atheistic are referring to the same ...
Joe Martin's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

Arguments for naturalistic moral realism

In current philosophy, what are the main strands of argumentation when it comes to substantiating naturlistic moral realism? My question may be rephrased into: How would you argue?
usario's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
0 answers
298 views

Which philosophers have left sucessful academic careers to pursue other work?

I'm looking for (names of) philosophers who had successful careers in academia but, for whatever set of reasons, chose to leave and pursue work outside of academia, even if only temporarily. For this ...
Max Wallace's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
171 views

How does contemporary analytic philosophy reply to the late Wittgenstein's injunction against theory?

In the In Our Time episode on Wittgenstein philosopher Ray Monk says the following: It's a central view of the later Wittgenstein that there can be no such thing as a philosophical theory. I think ...
Max Wallace's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
83 views

Are there analytic philosophers of difference?

I've gathered from the IEP article on Differential Ontology that Gilles Deleuze wrote about difference in the sense that I'm interested in but not in a way that I'm interested in. I would like to see ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
172 views

To what extent do variations of Hume's Fork permeate modern philosophy, and specifically the analytical community?

Hume's Fork, which divides knowledge into 'relations of ideas' and 'matters of fact' has had an incredible influence on philosophy ever since its conception (though it is sometimes claimed that others ...
Ovid 's user avatar
  • 203
1 vote
2 answers
217 views

criticisms of mathematical structuralism

A popular, pretty modern trend in the philosophy of mathematics has been to treat mathematical objects as only possessing properties within the context of a mathematical structure. Does anyone know of ...
Joa's user avatar
  • 528
1 vote
1 answer
128 views

What is the current state of the Philosophy of Video Games?

Since there is philosophy of literature and philosophy of film I was wondering if someone could describe the current state of the philosophy of video games since there doesn't seem to be any articles ...
GEP's user avatar
  • 582
1 vote
0 answers
190 views

Recent developments in philosophy of history

We have all heard of Hegel's or Marx's ideas about what drives human history. Likewise, during the 19th century, other ideas on the same subject were formulated by authors such as Thomas Carlyle or ...
Davius's user avatar
  • 680
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians has the most citations?

Who among 20th and 21st century Aristotelians is the most influential in terms of citations? And through what are they cited the most?
Geremia's user avatar
  • 8,230
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

How many mirrors must a man look in before he becomes a man?

In Lacanian theory, the mirror stage first becomes effective when the infant ego is confronted with the possibility of another ego - an other - usually taken as the gaze of the mother; but this is but ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
213 views

What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how?

What important contemporary philosophers are engaged in a critique of technology, and how? I'm interested in reading the best of these, and an outline would help me decide who to read. I'm asking ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
156 views

Is it ethical to have a "personal philosophy"?

I'm not sure what having a "personal philosophy" means, but it seems like that's the only way non academics can relate to philosophy. I suppose it means taking some philosophical idea seriously enough ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
102 views

What do contemporary philosophy schools say about the Platonic theory of forms?

What do different schools of contemporary philosophy think about the Platonic Theory of forms? Is it approved by any philosophers today? What are the different thoughts towards it?
MMD's user avatar
  • 99
0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Russell v. Meinong

Was the crux/essence of Russell's quarrel with Meinong a matter of epistemology or ontology? As I recall, it had primarily to do with fictive objects/non-denoting expressions, and Russell's theory of ...
gonzo's user avatar
  • 1,875
0 votes
1 answer
106 views

If Socrates time travelled to the 21st century, would he still face the same fate?

I believe that the Athenian community and authority did not appreciate his philosophy and political view. Sometimes, I tell himself that they just didn't know his worth as he was way ahead of his time....
OBezzad's user avatar