Questions tagged [contemporary-philosophy]

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33
votes
17answers
32k views

What are some good introductions to philosophy?

I've been searching the questions posed here, and don't seem to find one that gives the answers I am looking for. I've proposed to start a list on meta but no one proposed anything, so I feel I must ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the major research programmes in contemporary logic?

As an interested outsider who is prone to reading about different formulations of logic, I've become interested in better understanding the big picture of what people are trying to accomplish as they ...
13
votes
11answers
5k views

Is there any philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century?

Is there any new, i.e., conceived in the last century, philosophical idea that radically changed the world in the twentieth century? I know it's kinda hard to come up with a precise and definitive ...
3
votes
3answers
456 views

Fundamental Questions of Contemporary Philosophy

In John Searles 'Making the Social World" (2010), the chapter 'the purpose of this book' starts with declaring the following question as a fundamental question of contemporary philosophy: How, if ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Which contemporary philosophers deal with the concept of honour without dismissing it out of hand?

Whenever I read about honour (the evaluation of a person's social status as judged by that individual's community), it is usually in a negative context (e.g., honour killings) or strictly comparative (...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What criticisms of Wittgenstein's philosophy of language have been offered?

In a 2003 obituary, Anna Sherrat described one of my many philosophy heroes, Donald Davidson, as “one of the greatest American philosophers.” She did an excellent job of summarizing one of the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Ontic vs. Ontological

Are the two terms the same or not? In what sense Heidegger makes a distinction between the two? Can someone give also simple examples of the difference?