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16 votes
12 answers

Differentiating an argument from authority from expert testimony

Consider the following argument : The mathematical theorem T is a true theorem, because person(s) P say so. In a scientific context, it would be a fallacious argument from authority. However, suppose ...
9 votes
2 answers

Has anyone recast Aristotle's Law of Noncontradiction as a law of recontextualization?

Aristotle's Law of Noncontradiction (LNC) is translated in a variety of ways: Let us next state what this principle is."It is impossible for the same attribute at once to belong and not to ...
1 vote
3 answers

Some questions on "context" in Mathematical Logic

Recently I was having a discussion with user21820 in this chatroom. There very naively (in the sense that I didn't choose carefully each word of my following statement) I expressed the opinion that, ...
34 votes
14 answers

If I said I had $100 when asked, but I actually had $200, would I be lying by omission? [closed]

If you had $200 cash on you right now, and I asked you if you had $100 on you, would the correct answer be yes (always/no matter what other conditions there are), no (always/no matter what other ...
7 votes
4 answers

Is there a definition for "context"?

What is the/a definition for the term 'context'? The term is used everywhere, and the dictionaries only give a description of it's meaning.Definitions for other terms such as concept, perspective, ...
12 votes
4 answers

What are some alternative readings of Aristotle's remark "O my friends, there is no friend"?

Jacques Derrida's 1988-89 seminar on "The Politics of Friendship" centers itself around a quotation attributed to Aristotle, found in Diogenes Laertius (V, 1, 21) and later quoted by Montaigne ("On ...
4 votes
3 answers

Why did Feyerabend criticize scientists like Feynman and Schwinger given his philosophy?

From a quick read of Wikipedia, I got the impression that Feyerabend's philosophy would suggest it's beneficial for scientists to ignore all philosophical prescriptions when practicing science. ...
6 votes
1 answer

Why substitutivity doesn't work in an intensional context?

I was trying to grasp some more insights on the difference between intensional and extensional. I started reading this article by Melvin Fitting on intensional logic. It seems interesting but I ...
4 votes
2 answers

What does this excerpt from Plato's Republic mean?

This excerpt is from Book II, concerning Plato's reasoning for censoring a certain story of Hesiod's: The doings of Cronus, and the sufferings which in turn his son inflicted upon him, even if they ...
5 votes
1 answer

Contextual meaning of a philosophical text

I want to confirm a sentence, which I have rendered bold below, related to Aristotle's view regarding Thales philosophy in a philosophical article. In Book I of the Metaphysics, Aristotle claims ...
1 vote
1 answer

How to handle reading longer texts?

I read philosophy books on my own accord, and I have run into a bit of an issue: it is taking me much too long to read through longer texts. My system is as follows: I read a book, then I watch videos ...
5 votes
1 answer

What is the name of the fallacy that only reasons about an action in itself, outside of its context?

This would cover an argument that ignores the broader implications of an action. General or repeated instances of the action would lead to results different from the user's claim. The argument is ...
5 votes
1 answer

Canonical Papers on Context

The notions of context and contextual disambiguation are either implicitly or explicitly deployed in order to solve problems of ambiguous reference and meaning in the majority of the theories of ...