Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [cosmology]

The tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

5
votes
0answers
128 views

Are uncomputable numbers/things a problem for Wheeler's “it from bit”?

I have some questions related to Wheeler's ideas of "It from bit" and "Law without law" In summary, these both theories postulate that there was an initial universe with no laws from which laws of ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Can Schmidhuber's hypothesis reproduce all types of universes? And Wheeler's it from bit? Or Weizsäcker's ur-theory?

I found a paper that talked about paraconsistent logic systems (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraconsistent_logic) and trivialist systems (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trivialism) and the ...
3
votes
8answers
491 views

How can God be temporal if he never began?

I was reading through this article and it says: What may be the dominant view of philosophers today is that he is temporal but everlasting; that is, God never began to exist and he never will go ...
1
vote
3answers
107 views

Cosmology - What are the problems with the theory of Eternal Return?

I have been thinking of Niestzche's Eternal return theory and how it could be possible that everything we do and our entire history and the universe will be repeated exactly the same again, and again ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Questions about Frank Tipler's Omega Point theory?

He defends in that theory that God could become real, but that he would be limited. He wouldn't be strictly the same God as the one in classical religion. He couldn't do/know the physically and ...
1
vote
1answer
424 views

What is the origin of the symbols for the four elements used in alchemy?

Alchemy uses the following symbols for the four elements that appear in a number of classical cosmologies, namely fire, earth, air and water (I have added letters to show which is which): The symbols ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Luck of certainty

Title may be bit confusing but let me explain. Our existence depends on very small possibilities as a person and as humanity. There are billions of planets without any living thing but there is life ...
0
votes
2answers
181 views

Can order come from chaos?

I've been considering the idea that matter, or some material substance, has either always existed, or just began to exist because it's necessary that it exist. In either event, it was chaotic, ...
0
votes
4answers
297 views

Logical proof of the existence of other dimensions

I'm new to the forum, I'm not a philosophy student, I'm an engineer of sorts. I was struck the other day by a thought after reading several unrelated posts here. Given that : 1) Infinity exists for ...
1
vote
4answers
253 views

Can Resurrection and Reincarnation be reconciled?

Many philosophies and religions adopt either reincarnation (in cyclic creation) or resurrection (then final judgement then eternal life in paradise or hell). Is there a philosophy or a religion which ...
9
votes
5answers
750 views

Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how?

I wonder how existing major religions follow modern cosmology. Is God a god of the planet Earth, or of the whole solar system, or of the entire universe? If he is the god of the whole universe, is he ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Does cosmological argument prove that anything that exists has a cause of its existence?

Does the cosmological argument "prove that anything that exists has a cause of its existence", or is that just a premise of the argument?
0
votes
0answers
60 views

If the cosmological argument is unsuccessful

If the cosmological argument is unsuccessful, does that make it irrational for anyone to believe in God?
1
vote
2answers
541 views

Why is aidios, aionios, and aion translated eternal in Plato's Timaeus?

Plato's Timaeus.... When the father creator saw the creature which he had made moving and living, the created image of the eternal (aidos: imperceptible) gods, he rejoiced, and in his joy ...
0
votes
2answers
165 views

How the air and earth elements have been seen in several cosmologies?

In the classical philosophy, air is hot and wet, while earth is cold and dry. In the Indian teachings, both of these are rather cold; air is dry and earth is wet. These are merely examples. I'd like ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Does physical cosmology imply ontological dualism?

This question has to do with scientific claims about the universe and could be asked in a number of ways. To my own very imperfect understanding, claims about "the universe" cannot be scientific ...
1
vote
3answers
194 views

What are the relationships between the classical elements?

I cannot find in sources of Empedocles the actual relations between all of the 4 elements. He stated that everything is in some relation to each other as being in love (i.e. positive, attracting) or ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

If X cannot emerge from nothingness, must X's existence be the decision of a Creator? [closed]

Laurence Krauss wrote a book titled "A Universe from Nothing" explaining how the Universe might have began. In this book Krauss does not address why the laws of physics exist, why they have the form ...
12
votes
9answers
497 views

Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?

The fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is based on the fact that certain physical constants can only have very specific values for life to exist in the universe. If there was even the ...
1
vote
6answers
210 views

Isn't anti razor as valid as Occam razor in explaining the Universe and things in it? [closed]

I give an example where this question is important: There are 2 explanations of how the Universe came into existence: The Universe come out of nothing or something similar to nothing like quantum ...
3
votes
2answers
251 views

The Copernican Principle and the Giant Void [closed]

Daniel Holz writes on a popular science blog Cosmic Variance:"The Copernican principle is a guiding foundation of cosmology. In short, it states that we are not in a privileged place in the Universe. ...
9
votes
5answers
654 views

What is nothing?

In Lawrence Krauss' book A Universe From Nothing he portrays "nothing" as a physical state. He says that nothing is found by removing all of what we know to be things (particles, electrons etc). I've ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

How to refute this argument that says the universe didn't begin to exist?

What arguments could be brought forward against the following argument? Everything that had a phenomenal start did not begin to exist. Universe has a phenomenal start. The universe did not begin to ...
1
vote
4answers
365 views

Does a beginning imply an ending? (In regards to the universe)

In regards to the universe if it said to have a start (Beginning) does that imply that it will have an end? Are beginning and ends implied when either ones is said to be true of a proposition or can ...
12
votes
12answers
2k views

How could our universe suddenly appear out of nothingness?

How could our universe suddenly appear out of nothingness? I understand that the big bang created all things but how could it when nothingness is purely the absence of everything?
5
votes
4answers
393 views

Flawed argument involving anthropic principle?

In his book Time Reborn: From the Crisis in Physics to the Future of the Universe theoretical physicist Lee Smolin takes a shot at the anthropic principle. He is not in favor, because the principle ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

According to Wikipedia, science can be divided into empirical science (such as natpirical s

According to Wikipedia, science can be divided into empirical science (such as natural science and social science) and formal science (such as mathematics, logic, statistics). I was wondering if ...
7
votes
3answers
175 views

What is a miracle, and why should it influence our metaphysical beliefs?

There's a question on this site regarding what a rational person should accept as a miracle, but the question and its answers seem to take the definition and categorization (as well as consequence) of ...
7
votes
3answers
472 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What makes primitive cosmology primitive?

In Mary Douglas's Purity & Danger, she reports that the anthropologist Vansina recalled affectionately three very independent thinkers he found amongst the Bushong, who liked to expound their ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Can Something Exist in Nothing (Outside the bounds of our Universe)?

I have always been intrigued by cosmology and the idea that there is a possibility that absolutely nothing exists beyond our universe. Now I know that there are many theories regarding the universe (...
4
votes
3answers
291 views

GUT and TOE as Fallacies of Misplaced Concreteness?

A.N. Whitehead warns in the introduction to Process and Reality, that the “chief error” of Western philosophy is “overstatement.” He states: “the aim at generalization is sound, but the estimate of ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Is the cosmological principle empircally compativle with the concept of relativity?

OK...before everyone blasts this with references to the relativistic invariance of the physical laws, time dilation, etc let me add some context. Also, I am an amateur with an interest in physics, so ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the argument in this Paragraph

What is the argument in this Paragraph (Aquinas's Five Ways): The fifth way is taken from the governance of the world. We see that things which lack intelligence, such as natural bodies, act for an ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Is a theory of physics possible with no constants?

The Standard Model of Physics has a number of constants. Obviously the fewer the better - simply in terms of there being less fundamentally inexplicable constants to explain. It seems to me, in as ...
5
votes
2answers
175 views

Can the fine-tuning problem be finessed out of existence via the multi-verse?

The standard model has a number of constants whose specific values are under scrutiny. The fine-tuning problem is that these constants must be a very narrow range for the universe to exist in a real ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Should Time and Space Serve as Necessary or Contingent modalities of Division in Cosmology?

In the introduction to Process and Reality, Whitehead criticizes the tendency to posit logical or ontological necessity as the primary modes of cosmological explanation. For Whitehead time is a ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

Is a void where the laws of physics hold actually a void?

I don't have much background in Cosmology, but an argument I've heard is that the universe sprang into existence from the void via a quantum fluctuation. That is both spacetime & its matter/energy ...
1
vote
2answers
506 views

Why do we assume that we know there is a difference between something and nothing?

For example, we ask questions like: Why is there something rather than nothing? it implies that we know the characteristics of what constitutes nothing and something. What if what we perceive as ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Does the universe have solid structures on multiple spatial scales?

Is it reasonable to suggest that if we were to "zoom out" further and further in space with our eyes focused on some object at our initial position, that all the solar systems, then galaxies, and so ...
-3
votes
2answers
197 views

Changing Universe vs Infinity: [closed]

If we accept the idea of a dynamic, changing, evolving Universe (Big Bang Theory), must Infinity remain entirely conceptual? If the Universe is changing and evolving, this necessarily implies borders ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Can there be an infinite chain of causes/effects? [duplicate]

One of Aristotle's premises for proving that God exists is that there cannot be an infinite chain of causes and effects, hence there must be one cause which had no previous cause (i.e. God). Does ...
-3
votes
1answer
155 views

How something came from nothing. [closed]

I am not sure whether I am asking this question at the right site of Stack Exchange. If one thinks of a time when there was nothing in this void (I would not even say “in this universe” because the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Can we ever know the origin of universe? [closed]

For sake of argument, let's assume that everything has to come from something. In this case, our universe must have come from something, lets call it 'thing 1'. 'Thing 1' in turn must have come from '...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

To what extent did the Presocratics borrow from neighbouring Babylonian & Egyptian cultures?

The IEP entry on Anaximander has: The astronomy of neighboring peoples, such as the Babylonians and the Egyptians, consists mainly of observations...In contrast, there exists only one report of an ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is there a God rather than nothing? [closed]

Theists ask, "Why is there something rather than nothing?" How would they answer the question, "Why is there a God rather than nothing?" Is this a valid objection to theism?
5
votes
3answers
179 views

How is concept of Nature different from a concept like God?

I have regularly noticed people using words "Nature, Natural" to describe events, objects etc. Sometimes to denote contrast from "Artificial" origin, sometimes by atheists to refute "Intelligent ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the universe rational? [closed]

Physics relies on the fundamental postulate that the universe follows certain laws which, because they are laws, are rational. It remains to find out exactly what those laws are. If one could find out ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Are there philosophical principles that made convincing in antiquity that the Earth was a sphere?

According to Wikipedia, there is no account of how the sphericity of the Earth was established. Though it goes on to say 'A plausible explanation is that it was "the experience of travellers that ...
7
votes
1answer
236 views

What role does “counting histories” play in Deutsch's critique of the “simulation argument”?

In his book The Beginning of Infinity, David Deutsch argues that there is a problematic assumption behind the simulation argument that "virtually all instances of us are in ... simulations and not in ...