Skip to main content

Questions tagged [cosmology]

The tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
38 votes
13 answers
3k views

What should a rational person accept as a miracle?

I was reading through this collection of short essays from theologians, scientists and thinkers each responding to the question "Does the Universe have a purpose?" which was suggested to me in a ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
33 votes
18 answers
10k views

What is the purpose of the universe? [closed]

There are two extremes known as creationism vs evolutionism. Let's consider creationism for a moment, and imagine that God exists, and he/she has created us. The question that obsesses my mind after ...
Saeed Neamati's user avatar
22 votes
10 answers
4k views

Is the universe isomorphic to a universal turing machine?

I often think about problems that require an understanding of the very essence of computation and its inherent limitations. So, my questions are as followed: Is the universe isomorphic to a universal ...
Quaternary's user avatar
14 votes
9 answers
965 views

Does refuting the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God necessarily require belief in a Multiverse?

The fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is based on the fact that certain physical constants can only have very specific values for life to exist in the universe. If there was even the ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
3k views

What is the best scientific argumentation against the Dust Theory?

The "Dust Theory", by Greg Egan, states that... ... there is no difference, even in principle, between physics and mathematics, and that all mathematically possible structures exist, among ...
Hugo Sereno Ferreira's user avatar
13 votes
12 answers
4k views

How could our universe suddenly appear out of nothingness?

How could our universe suddenly appear out of nothingness? I understand that the big bang created all things but how could it when nothingness is purely the absence of everything?
Dan's user avatar
  • 141
12 votes
12 answers
3k views

Does the "Sniper Firing Squad" analogy undermine the anthropic principle’s objection to the fine-tuning argument for God's existence?

The anthropic principle, also known as the "observation selection effect", is the hypothesis, first proposed in 1957 by Robert Dicke, that the range of possible observations that could be ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,554
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is nothing?

In Lawrence Krauss' book A Universe From Nothing he portrays "nothing" as a physical state. He says that nothing is found by removing all of what we know to be things (particles, electrons etc). I've ...
William Perkins's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
1k views

How do proponents of the Cosmological argument respond to the nature of time?

How do proponents of the Cosmological argument respond to the nature of time? Is asking what occurred before the Big Bang like asking what is north of the North Pole? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
user16659's user avatar
  • 233
9 votes
5 answers
1k views

Has religion adapted to modern cosmology and if so how?

I wonder how existing major religions follow modern cosmology. Is God a god of the planet Earth, or of the whole solar system, or of the entire universe? If he is the god of the whole universe, is he ...
John Am's user avatar
  • 1,324
8 votes
4 answers
446 views

What is a miracle, and why should it influence our metaphysical beliefs?

There's a question on this site regarding what a rational person should accept as a miracle, but the question and its answers seem to take the definition and categorization (as well as consequence) of ...
That Guy's user avatar
  • 1,943
7 votes
8 answers
2k views

Is topology used outside of cosmology in philosophy?

It seems like topology is used to model spacetime, but outside of cosmology, it seems like topology has absolutely no use in philosophy. Is topology used to create models that relate to abstract and ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 4,219
7 votes
1 answer
282 views

What role does "counting histories" play in Deutsch's critique of the "simulation argument"?

In his book The Beginning of Infinity, David Deutsch argues that there is a problematic assumption behind the simulation argument that "virtually all instances of us are in ... simulations and not in ...
orome's user avatar
  • 265
6 votes
3 answers
917 views

Can there be Creation Ex Nihilo?

In Christian & Islamic Theology, one could argue that there can't be Creation Ex Nihilo since 'before' Creation there was God. In Philosophical Naturalism (which is not Physicalism - it subsumes ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
338 views

Are uncomputable numbers/things a problem for Wheeler's "it from bit"?

I have some questions related to Wheeler's ideas of "It from bit" and "Law without law" In summary, these both theories postulate that there was an initial universe with no laws from which laws of ...
physistack's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
3k views

Are there any fallacies in Stephen C. Meyer's argument for classical theism from the Big Bang singularity?

Christian YouTuber and apologist Brandon McGuire recently shared a review of Piers Morgan's interview with Stephen C. Meyer, author of Return of the God Hypothesis, on his talk show Piers Morgan ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 5,554
5 votes
9 answers
1k views

How can God be temporal if he never began?

I was reading through this article and it says: What may be the dominant view of philosophers today is that he is temporal but everlasting; that is, God never began to exist and he never will go ...
Cannabijoy's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
838 views

Flawed argument involving anthropic principle?

In his book Time Reborn: From the Crisis in Physics to the Future of the Universe theoretical physicist Lee Smolin takes a shot at the anthropic principle. He is not in favor, because the principle ...
Drux's user avatar
  • 1,674
5 votes
3 answers
199 views

How is concept of Nature different from a concept like God?

I have regularly noticed people using words "Nature, Natural" to describe events, objects etc. Sometimes to denote contrast from "Artificial" origin, sometimes by atheists to refute "Intelligent ...
user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
278 views

Can the fine-tuning problem be finessed out of existence via the multi-verse?

The standard model has a number of constants whose specific values are under scrutiny. The fine-tuning problem is that these constants must be a very narrow range for the universe to exist in a real ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
513 views

Should Time and Space Serve as Necessary or Contingent modalities of Division in Cosmology?

In the introduction to Process and Reality, Whitehead criticizes the tendency to posit logical or ontological necessity as the primary modes of cosmological explanation. For Whitehead time is a ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
  • 2,045
4 votes
4 answers
313 views

Book about presocratic cosmology

Is there any book focusing on presocratic cosmological ideas? Such as Heraclitus: The Cosmic Fragments, but covering all of the presocratics. My main motivation is that I would like to give a lecture ...
user42912's user avatar
  • 149
4 votes
3 answers
407 views

GUT and TOE as Fallacies of Misplaced Concreteness?

A.N. Whitehead warns in the introduction to Process and Reality, that the “chief error” of Western philosophy is “overstatement.” He states: “the aim at generalization is sound, but the estimate of ...
Paradox Lost's user avatar
  • 2,045
4 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can we ever know the origin of universe? [closed]

For sake of argument, let's assume that everything has to come from something. In this case, our universe must have come from something, lets call it 'thing 1'. 'Thing 1' in turn must have come from '...
sequel.learner's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
404 views

What would happen if the universe had no global symmetries and conservation laws?

I am asking this question in this site as it involves some philosophy of physics... I am trying to understand what would happen to the universe if it had no global symmetries (including those that ...
vengaq's user avatar
  • 559
4 votes
2 answers
428 views

Is a theory of physics possible with no constants?

The Standard Model of Physics has a number of constants. Obviously the fewer the better - simply in terms of there being less fundamentally inexplicable constants to explain. It seems to me, in as ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
611 views

Does cosmological argument prove that anything that exists has a cause of its existence?

Does the cosmological argument "prove that anything that exists has a cause of its existence", or is that just a premise of the argument?
abluezebra's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can Something Exist in Nothing (Outside the bounds of our Universe)?

I have always been intrigued by cosmology and the idea that there is a possibility that absolutely nothing exists beyond our universe. Now I know that there are many theories regarding the universe (...
TAEHSAEN's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
873 views

Why does the world exist, as opposed to nothingness, from Indian perspective?

I came across this Ted Talk by philosopher and author Jim Holt which raised the question as to why the universe, as we know it, exists at all as opposed to existence. The viewpoints discussed in the ...
Muralidhar Rao's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
747 views

Can many worlds interpretation have universes with different laws?

The Many Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics is classified by Max Tegmark as a level-3 multiverse hypothesis. This means that in the universes that it will predict, there could be different ...
Forsete's user avatar
  • 99
3 votes
1 answer
195 views

Are there any non-scientific non-religious cosmology theories proposed in recent times?

Are there any non-scientific non-religious cosmological theories proposed in recent times? I looked at various cosmological theories proposed and I only see scientific ones (ex: Machian universe), and ...
puffofsmoke's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
80 views

Implicit assumptions of the statement "If I've come to exist once, I will come to exist again" and if it could be disproved

"If I've come to exist once, I will come to exist again". It could be thought of as of an alternative to "reincarnation" but in a much more general sense, abstracted from any ...
Tim Korelov's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
302 views

Did Stephen Hawking think that logic is contingent on physics?

According to this book*: Extrasensory Perception: Support, Skepticism, and Science, it says that Stephen Hawking thought that logic was contingent on physics, i.e that logic depends on the physics of ...
vengaq's user avatar
  • 559
3 votes
5 answers
780 views

An argument against brute physical facts

I would like to know what anybody thinks of the following argument against brute physical facts, such as the idea that the material universe as a whole is a brute fact. A physical fact is taken to ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 377
3 votes
0 answers
165 views

Can Schmidhuber's hypothesis reproduce all types of universes? And Wheeler's it from bit? Or Weizsäcker's ur-theory?

I found a paper that talked about paraconsistent logic systems (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraconsistent_logic) and trivialist systems (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trivialism) and the ...
bautzeman's user avatar
  • 329
2 votes
5 answers
265 views

How to explain the cosmic expansion? [closed]

We know from astrophysics that the cosmos expands, i.e. that all galaxies recede from each other. This fact is confirmed by observation. It can also be obtained as a solution of the Einstein equations....
Jo Wehler's user avatar
  • 33.2k
2 votes
3 answers
328 views

Why we haven’t observed any galactic civilization of III or IV type? [closed]

This question is scoped to natural philosophy. The study of natural philosophy seeks to explore the cosmos by any means necessary to understand the universe https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
Dmytro Brazhnyk's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
282 views

Can the Universe make sense at all?

Considering that nearly everything that exists cannot be even imagined by humans (or would it be reasonable to assume the contrary?), what is the chance of finding a scientifically coherent ...
user1975053's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
279 views

Isn't anti razor as valid as Occam razor in explaining the Universe and things in it? [closed]

I give an example where this question is important: There are 2 explanations of how the Universe came into existence: The Universe come out of nothing or something similar to nothing like quantum ...
Arnes Klisura's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
259 views

What makes primitive cosmology primitive?

In Mary Douglas's Purity & Danger, she reports that the anthropologist Vansina recalled affectionately three very independent thinkers he found amongst the Bushong, who liked to expound their ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
174 views

Can we consider the multiverse as the capstone of the Copernican Revolution?

The Copernican Revolution was a major shift in our mindset as a species. No longer were we the special center of the universe. If we generalize this notion, we see it surface in many areas beyond ...
Annika's user avatar
  • 1,673
2 votes
2 answers
570 views

A small reformulation of the Cosmological Argument

I am sure the cosmological argument has been raised here by people like me who know nothing about philosophy numerous times before on this board. But I'm wondering if a slightly different approach can ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 377
2 votes
10 answers
1k views

How is it possible for an infinite number of moments to have elapsed prior to now?

In the context of the cosmological argument: How is it possible for an infinite number of equal length moments to have elapsed prior to now? For more context . . I have read several discussions, ...
Daegod's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
2 answers
125 views

Luck of certainty

Title may be bit confusing but let me explain. Our existence depends on very small possibilities as a person and as humanity. There are billions of planets without any living thing but there is life ...
Deniz Yılmaz's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
419 views

If X cannot emerge from nothingness, must X's existence be the decision of a Creator? [closed]

Laurence Krauss wrote a book titled "A Universe from Nothing" explaining how the Universe might have began. In this book Krauss does not address why the laws of physics exist, why they have the form ...
Lynel Hudson's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
260 views

Can space be distorted without things that occupy the space being distorted?

Can space be distorted without things that occupy the space being distorted? I mean it is whether in reality or imagination?
manpower's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
220 views

Does the Strong Anthropic Principle lead to Idealism?

I have to admit this question isn't very neatly thought out, but I've always been a bit puzzled by the Anthropic Principle. I realize there are various forms or "strengths" of the idea, and ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
523 views

Questions about Frank Tipler's Omega Point theory?

He defends in that theory that God could become real, but that he would be limited. He wouldn't be strictly the same God as the one in classical religion. He couldn't do/know the physically and ...
Forsete's user avatar
  • 99
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why is aidios, aionios, and aion translated eternal in Plato's Timaeus?

Plato's Timaeus.... When the father creator saw the creature which he had made moving and living, the created image of the eternal (aidos: imperceptible) gods, he rejoiced, and in his joy ...
Cannabijoy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

Does the universe have solid structures on multiple spatial scales?

Is it reasonable to suggest that if we were to "zoom out" further and further in space with our eyes focused on some object at our initial position, that all the solar systems, then galaxies, and so ...
user avatar