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Is there a fallacy for "A doesn't work very well, therefore B is better than A"?

Assuming that A can be objectively proven to not work very well, and no objective proof is available that B works well. For example: Allopathic system of medicine has lots of problems, therefore ...
James Taylor's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
67 views

What is strategy? [closed]

This is a word that is commonly used as a buzz-word to describe a wide range of things - it's something that has always bothered me. My personal view on 'strategy' is: at the most abstract level, a ...
surbjit singh's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
254 views

Translating a sentence with a time element into first order logic

The sentence I want to translate into FOL = "Some people lie sometimes" I know that Ex(Px ^ Lx) = "Some people lie" And Ex(Tx) = "There exist some times" (or "...
butterfliesfloat530's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
79 views

Argument analysis question

A simple question for those familiar with argument analysis / formalization. Can you elaborate and explain what is going on in the following two arguments? They appear to lead to opposing conclusions ...
butterfliesfloat530's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
184 views

What’s the logical fallacy that’s based on “what could have been” arguments?

I’ve recently become interested with religious philosophy, and when researching I often come across this line of thought: “it would’ve been better if life hadn’t been created at all, because living is ...
seministic's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
79 views

Does an argument require an explicit statement of conclusion?

The book I'm reading Critical Thinking by Brooke Noel Moore, Richard Parker says that the following is an argument. John Montgomery has been the Eastern Baseball League’s best closer this season. ...
Santiago's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
130 views

Is this an objective or subjective claim "With enough experience, a person who doesn’t like opera can come to appreciate it"?

My reasoning is that the veracity of the claim depends on what a person considers "enough experience" and thus makes it a subjective claim. But on the other hand, if there were a way to ...
Santiago's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Is it possible to quantify or even just suggest when someone is to blame for being tricked?

Is it possible to quantify or even just suggest when someone is to blame for being tricked? It is a common adage that gullible people are to blame for it, even if it is not exactly immoral to be ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
154 views

Flawed Thinking -> Thinking Clearly. Metacognitve approaches to change the way we we think?

Flawed thinking -> Flawed Understanding -> Flawed Conclusions (1) Flawed thinking -> Flawed application of concepts. (2) (1) and (2) -> Inability to solve a Novel problem even if you have ...
Thinker's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
35 views

Inductive/Deductive Arguments, Appeals to ignorance, Begging the Question [closed]

Is every sound argument a inductive argument? Can arguments be both inductive and deductive? Are arguments that do not prove their premise, appeals to ignorance? Are arguments that use their ...
G T's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
118 views

Did Ayn Rand embrace critical realism?

Critical realism in the sense that although a world exists outside our perception, we never fully grasp it.
iwab's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does this mean about critical theory?

In the introduction of her recent book "Between Gaia and Ground", Elizabeth Povinelli says: This book examines four axioms of existence that have emerged in recent years across a ...
Sasan's user avatar
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1 answer
90 views

What is the view of the origin of language according to contemporary philosophy of language?

Do we think in the language we speak? If we didn't know any language or think of a child for an instant, perhaps a newborn, is there still thinking? and if so, is it a universal language? Some say we ...
Akash's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
72 views

Why is it that, if not often but quite often, that I want to do something new or say, learn a new thing, my brain and the way I feel are miles apart? [closed]

Consider a scenario wherein I want to learn XYZ & having Googled lots about it makes me quite well-versed with the rudimentary knowledge about that. Now the problem is that when I proceed with a ...
iCantFindaGoodUsername's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
281 views

What does the term "critical realism" mean in 2021

I cannot help but notice the increasing tendency of late to ambiguate the term “critical,” ostensibly in the service of rhetorical ends. My concern here is with the sense of that term in the concept ...
gonzo's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
53 views

To discern whether a specific opinion is true, is it important to engage in discussions with holders of that opinion?

To discern whether a specific opinion is true, is it important to engage in discussions with those who hold that opinion? In what cases it is, and in what cases it is not? What is the demarcation line?...
Sam's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
285 views

What makes a fallacy... a fallacy?

According to Wikipedia, a fallacy is "the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning, or 'wrong moves' in the construction of an argument". I'm curious, however, about how are some things ...
Jp_'s user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the difference between the principles of plurality and parsimony in Occam's razor?

Kasser in the Systems Thinker's Toolbox defines them as such: The principle of plurality: plurality should not be posited without necessity, or don’t make things more complex than they need to be. ...
Alumi's user avatar
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-3 votes
1 answer
109 views

Is there any meaning to political criticism by people who are not in the government? [closed]

There are all sorts of people who criticize the government for various good or bad decisions. It could be meaningful if they have studied it to great depth and give constructive criticism, but, that's ...
Abhishek Choudhary's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
69 views

Is the distinction between fact and opinion, and objectivity and subjectivity universal or cultural? [closed]

I noticed in certain cultures that I interact with here in Malaysia, it seems that the distinction between fact-opinion and objectivity-subjectivity is non-existent. Whereas in STEM and the scientific ...
Chris Edward's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
411 views

Question about Cogito, ergo sum

As far as I know Decartes tried to prove that he existed from the fact that he was thinking. And he thought this was only proof. My question is following: -- why is the argument brought up above, ...
don's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
174 views

What are the differences between idealism and notion of magical thinking?

I am now viewing a "documentary" called Enlightenment which is full of new age nonsense, but I am not able to make a good argument about some of the thoughts laid out there. For example, one ...
user's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Recommend a book that teaches fact versus opinion

I would like to find a book or some reliable source that explains how to teach the difference between a fact and an opinion. I would like this to appeal to as many people as possible, many ages, many ...
H. Eck's user avatar
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0 votes
3 answers
92 views

Is Such an Exhortation an Argument or Not?

Given the quotation: As much as you can, keep worldly life in your hand--not in your heart. That means when someone insults you, keep it out of your heart so it doesn't make you bitter or ...
Amber's user avatar
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1 answer
481 views

heteropathic and idiopathic identification

Reading the book "Art and Psychoanalysis" by Maria Walsh on modern art criticism and philosophy, I encountered the words "heteropathic identification" and "idiopathic identification". Do they mean ...
user127733's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
67 views

What is the difference between inductive and abductive reasoning? [duplicate]

I would deeply appreciate it if you would answer this question, since I do not know or understand exactly the difference between inductive reasoning and abductive reasoning, which is a problem for me ...
uehkjbk y84ydkjfnb's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
124 views

the disembodied nature of the spectator

The following text is from the book Art and Psychoanalysis by Maria Walsh. Does any one have any information about "the disembodied nature of the spectator"? I have not ever heard of it. Text: ...
user127733's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
616 views

Is it true that an argument cannot be both inductive and cogent?

I have been asked a question in class where we would need to pick out the false statement from a given set of options. The problem is that I am not really sure why my answer was wrong? Here is the ...
Flavio Esposito's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
45 views

Criticizing Arguments: Identifying Weaknesses

I have recently gained interest in Philosophy as I quite arbitrarily came across an interesting video on YouTube discussing the importance of Philosophy and how it evolved throughout history. I more ...
Flavio Esposito's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
302 views

Help understanding deductive arguments

I am currently finding it hard to understand deductive arguments. I am taking a module called 'Effective Reasoning'. I've been finding it so hard to understand some things (as simple as this). I ...
Iva's user avatar
  • 33
2 votes
4 answers
443 views

What Is Critical Thinking, and How Does One Go About Learning It?

I am a freshmen taking an 'Effective/Logical Reasoning' course as an elective. Admittedly, I thought it would be something I could understand easily, but I soon found that this is not something I can ...
Iva's user avatar
  • 33
2 votes
9 answers
1k views

What is the name of this logical fallacy: Why should your god be the one?

Even if there is a deity, why should your god be the one? This is a common response from the nonbelievers. I assert that it is a logical fallacy, not because the statement in itself is totally ...
blackened's user avatar
  • 471
7 votes
1 answer
560 views

Is the principle of non-contradiction self-evident?

The principle of non-contradiction is that contradictory propositions cannot both be true, e. g. the two propositions "A is B" and "A is not B" are mutually exclusive. However, whenever something is ...
user3776022's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
657 views

What is the premise and conclusion here?

"Half of the American population believes that the universe is 6000 years old. They are wrong about this. Declaring them so is not 'irreligious intolerance'. It is intellectual honesty." -Excerpt ...
Mumukshu's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
415 views

Is there a name for the fallacy where you pretend some universal fact is particular evidence for your claim?

I feel like this fallacy should have a name. Here is the toy example. Alice and Bob have one loaf of bread between them. For some reason only one of them is allowed eat the bread; they cannot share ...
Daron's user avatar
  • 941
1 vote
2 answers
113 views

Authors that wrote on how to look for the truth efficiently?

The human mind is perhaps not efficient when it comes to looking for the truth, specially when you are emotionally attached to an idea about any subject such us close relatives, God, your government, "...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
306 views

Is coherence subjective

When an argument is dismissed by an individual for being incoherent, is there an objective standard to which coherence can be held? I'm trying to determine the difference between the statement "that ...
JacobIRR's user avatar
  • 399
1 vote
4 answers
304 views

Why these two ways of constructing an argument produce different results?

I have two arguments which I want to combine. Depending on the way I do it I get different results. Argument #1 P1) If a person is A, then it's likely that that person is also B. P2) This person ...
Vlad's user avatar
  • 53
4 votes
2 answers
451 views

Information paradox: the more we know, the less confident we are

I've been studying critical thinking and come across what looks like a paradox. Let's say we have the following argument: P1) If a person is A, then it's likely that that person is also B. P2) This ...
Vlad's user avatar
  • 53
2 votes
0 answers
1k views

What is scientific mind?

How can you define scientific mind? What i think , it is a bend of mind that can be developed by any person(also one not related to field of science).This mind is fulfilled with abilities to observe ...
Doraemon's user avatar
  • 103
7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Rigorous, modern introductions to informal reasoning and critical thinking?

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a modern, rigorous, and intelligently written introductory book on informal logical reasoning and critical thinking, aimed at a non-mathematical audience (...
symplectomorphic's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
196 views

Necessary or Sufficient

Vitamin C prevents scurvy (a disease that kills due to a lack of vitamin C). Many fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C. What type of condition is vitamin C to preventing scurvy? I think that ...
Jack's user avatar
  • 81
0 votes
1 answer
171 views

Fallacy of denying the antecedent

Would this be "Fallacy of denying the antecedent or Fallacy of affirming the consequent?" The police profile said' the rapist is a white male, 25-35, and aggressive,' Jack is white, 30 years old, and ...
Jack's user avatar
  • 81
3 votes
3 answers
622 views

Is this an example of the fallacy of affirming the consequent?

Would this be an example of the "fallacy of affirming the consequent"? If suspect X did the deed, then we would find evidence A, B, C and D. And, yes, look, here is evidence A, B, C and D. So ...
Jack's user avatar
  • 81
-1 votes
1 answer
4k views

Operational Definition: 'Intelligence is the property measured by IQ.'

If we define intelligence as above in the title, is the following statement true? The question whether the above operational definition is too broad does not depend on whether what it actually ...
stephchia's user avatar