Questions tagged [critical-thinking]

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6
votes
1answer
133 views

Is the principle of non-contradiction self-evident?

The principle of non-contradiction is that contradictory propositions cannot both be true, e. g. the two propositions "A is B" and "A is not B" are mutually exclusive. However, whenever something is ...
5
votes
3answers
478 views

Rigorous, modern introductions to informal reasoning and critical thinking?

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a modern, rigorous, and intelligently written introductory book on informal logical reasoning and critical thinking, aimed at a non-mathematical audience (...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Is there a name for the fallacy where you pretend some universal fact is particular evidence for your claim?

I feel like this fallacy should have a name. Here is the toy example. Alice and Bob have one loaf of bread between them. For some reason only one of them is allowed eat the bread; they cannot share ...
4
votes
2answers
335 views

Information paradox: the more we know, the less confident we are

I've been studying critical thinking and come across what looks like a paradox. Let's say we have the following argument: P1) If a person is A, then it's likely that that person is also B. P2) This ...
3
votes
3answers
331 views

Is this an example of the fallacy of affirming the consequent?

Would this be an example of the "fallacy of affirming the consequent"? If suspect X did the deed, then we would find evidence A, B, C and D. And, yes, look, here is evidence A, B, C and D. So ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Is coherence subjective

When an argument is dismissed by an individual for being incoherent, is there an objective standard to which coherence can be held? I'm trying to determine the difference between the statement "that ...
2
votes
3answers
231 views

What is the premise and conclusion here?

"Half of the American population believes that the universe is 6000 years old. They are wrong about this. Declaring them so is not 'irreligious intolerance'. It is intellectual honesty." -Excerpt ...
2
votes
4answers
142 views

Necessary or Sufficient

Vitamin C prevents scurvy (a disease that kills due to a lack of vitamin C). Many fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C. What type of condition is vitamin C to preventing scurvy? I think that ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

What is scientific mind?

How can you define scientific mind? What i think , it is a bend of mind that can be developed by any person(also one not related to field of science).This mind is fulfilled with abilities to observe ...
1
vote
3answers
280 views

What is the name of this logical fallacy: Why should your god be the one?

Even if there is a deity, why should your god be the one? This is a common response from the nonbelievers. I assert that it is a logical fallacy, not because the statement in itself is totally ...
1
vote
4answers
263 views

Why these two ways of constructing an argument produce different results?

I have two arguments which I want to combine. Depending on the way I do it I get different results. Argument #1 P1) If a person is A, then it's likely that that person is also B. P2) This person ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

Authors that wrote on how to look for the truth efficiently?

The human mind is perhaps not efficient when it comes to looking for the truth, specially when you are emotionally attached to an idea about any subject such us close relatives, God, your government, "...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Fallacy of denying the antecedent

Would this be "Fallacy of denying the antecedent or Fallacy of affirming the consequent?" The police profile said' the rapist is a white male, 25-35, and aggressive,' Jack is white, 30 years old, and ...
-1
votes
1answer
971 views

Operational Definition: 'Intelligence is the property measured by IQ.'

If we define intelligence as above in the title, is the following statement true? The question whether the above operational definition is too broad does not depend on whether what it actually ...