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Questions tagged [david-lewis]

David Lewis (1941–2001) was an important 20th century analytic philosopher who worked in many areas of philosophy, especially in metaphysics.

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The mereological account of sets

So it has come to my attention that David Lewis, David M. Armstrong and others tried a mereological account of sets. James Franklin states it as: Armstrong adopts David Lewis’s proposal that a ...
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How does the concept of the 'virtual' (Deleuze) relate to 'counterfactuals' (Lewis)?

We read: "[...] Deleuze will reject the notion of the possible in favor of that of the virtual. Rather than awaiting realization, the virtual is fully real; what happens in genesis is that the ...
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In possible-world semantics, what do nested modal quantifiers mean?

I'm trying to learn modal logic and I'm having trouble translating sentences like [][]A and []<>A into natural language using possible-world semantics. The first statement seems to read, "In ...
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What logical fallacies exist in David Lewis and Stephanie Lewis' article called “holes”?

In David & Stephanie Lewis' Article "Holes" the nominalist/realist debate gets taken to a phenomena that all of us are likely directly aware of at one point in our lives. Holes. The absent ...
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Time of Occurrence of Events

I'm wrestling with the notion of events in indeterministic worlds. Suppose that given an event type and a world we can in principle tell if the event occurs in that world. (Indeed we could represent ...
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What's the difference between being spatiotemporally isolated and causally isolated?

In this Wikipedia article on modal realism, section "Main tenets of modal realism", there's a list of six tenets. Here are the fifth and the sixth of them: 5.Possible worlds are unified by the ...
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For the modal realist, do possible individuals (and worlds) exist necessarily?

For David Lewis's Modal Realism, do the worlds and individuals that inhabit them exist necessarily? In a sense, the answer is "no". For an individual to exist necessarily would be for it to have a ...
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Is the mathematical notion of a “standard model” a metaphysical or a (purely) epistemic distinction?

When doing mathematics and providing models that satisfy a given theory, we differentiate between standard and non-standard models. Now, assume you are a platonist and believe that the objects ...