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Questions tagged [definitions]

The tag has no usage guidance.

1
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1answer
64 views

Efficient cause and answering questions unambiguously

I am trying to understand the physical concept of friction in terms of Aristotle's efficient cause. This is not a physics question. Friction is said to be caused by the electromagnetic force between ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Term for the idea that regardless of our philosophy, only the observable/physical matters

I'm looking for terms that define the following presuppositions: every action should be valued based on its outcomes, not choosing is a choice impact of an action must be valued based on the ...
2
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2answers
40 views

Can someone expand Rousseau's proper definition of war?

Rousseau, in his 'Of the Social Contract', chapter IV, 'Slavery', puts that: Men, from the mere fact that, while they are living in their primitive independence, they have no mutual relations ...
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7answers
630 views

What is the meaning of Spinoza's first three definitions?

I've just started reading Spinoza's Ethics and I'd like to have delucidations about his first three definitions. Definition one: By that which is self-caused, I mean that of which the essence ...
1
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2answers
136 views

When would someone not have free will?

I was thinking about free will, and I kind of got confused. What would it look like for someone to not have free will? For example, if someone was paralyzed, they could still control their thoughts. ...
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5answers
93 views

How is/was “good” (as the contrary of bad) defined?

As Nietzsche differentiated there are two kind of good: this question focus is on the contrary of bad, not the contrary of evil. There are quite a lot possibilities to define the common term "good". ...
2
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3answers
69 views

Does it make sense to have a causal component in a definition?

I am trying to respond to a comment from a reviewer, where he/she suggests that there might be definitions which have a causal component. Suppose I have the following totally made up definition (...
0
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0answers
25 views

Compositional relations vs definitional relations, always distinct kinds of relations?

Are compositional (mereological) relations always distinct from definitional relations, or can compositional relations be considered definitional relation in some cases? Does this depend on whether we ...
12
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4answers
6k views

Are all concepts polar ?

Do all concepts operate in pairs such that in order to define one member of the pair we need to specify its opposite ? For instance, we cannot define 'nothing' without understanding - being able to ...
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4answers
811 views

Is Artificial Intelligence an Oxymoron?

Is Artificial intelligence an oxymoron? One can not 'fake' great intelligence except if like a con-artist one say's all sorts of things that 'sound' intelligent without saying anything. An actor ...
3
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1answer
90 views

What is the difference between object, concept and Gestalt?

Within the context of philosophical writings (i.e. not psychology), what is the difference and relations of the following terms: Begriff Gegenstand Gestalt For example as used by Frege ("Ueber ...
2
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1answer
74 views

What exactly is “logical justification”?

I read and hear the term "logical justification" and I can't find a definition for it. Is it as pedestrian as it sounds (can be put in the form of logic and makes a valid argument), or is it a term of ...
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7answers
1k views

Why did we define vacuous statements as true rather than false?

I have been trying to understand why implications about the empty set are treated as "true". It seems to me intuitively that vacuous statements should be false. For example consider the sentence: ...
0
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1answer
57 views

The definition of “scientific community”?

What is a "scientific community"? What are its features? I am looking for rather recent and widely received definition of "scientific community".
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2answers
179 views

How does constructive empiricism differ from instrumentalism?

Constructive empiricism is the belief that science aims to give theories which are empirically adequate (i.e. agree with observables), and accepting a theory means believing that it is empirically ...
6
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5answers
958 views

What is “limited free will”? [closed]

I have heard that humans have a limited or constrained free will, especially when biological limitations are brought up. However, Merriam-Webster dictionary says: Limited 1a: confined within ...
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5answers
2k views

What was Cantor's philosophical reason for accepting the infinite but rejecting the infinitesimal?

I have begun inquiring recently into mathematical aspects of Georg Cantor's theory of transfinite numbers and sets, which he developed between the years of 1874 and 1897. Throughout his theory, Cantor ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Paradoxical definition? [closed]

I recall reading once that the name of the numbers in the set {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} is related to the number of angles people in antiquity used to trace while drawing them: Does not it strike you as a ...
2
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2answers
111 views

What is this argument called?

What do you call an argument where you try to invalidate criticism of a narrative work (I'm not sure what the correct term is to describe it) by using fact or explanation from the narrative work ...
3
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3answers
48 views

Defining 2 words with respect to each other

I apologize if this is in the wrong forum. I listen to a radio show where the host talks a lot about love & hate. He defines love as 'the absence of hate' and he says that hate is 'the absence of ...
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2answers
88 views

Why is this definition for optimist false: “An optimist is anyone who believes that optimists exist”?

From: Philip Johnson-Laird BA PhD Psychology (UCL), Stuart Professor of Psychology Emeritus at Princeton. (Author isn't a logician.) How We Reason (1st edn 2008). p. 161. I emboldened.   Do ...
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3answers
87 views

A world where nothing can be hidden. No lies, always truth

In a Bollywood movie Pk, a man comes from a planet where lying is not possible as all the thoughts/knowledge is transferable via human contact. Due to which they do not have to lie about anything or ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Need help translating a formal definition into FOL

I need help formally translating the following definition into FOL: "a property F is essential to an object x if and only if x could not have been the object it is without possessing the property F." ...
1
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1answer
104 views

What is a place?

Asked in a manner identical to that of Plato. What is a place? A good place to start with any such question is listing out a bunch of things I consider places. The list will start with the ones most ...
4
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2answers
120 views

Aristotle's meaning of 'present in subject'

I've been reading the entry of Aristotle in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "[Aristotle] says: ‘By “present in a subject” I mean what is in something, not as a part, and cannot exist ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Role of definitions in analytic–synthetic distinction

A: All bachelors are unmarried B: Water is liquid We all agree that A is analytic. To prove its truth, we only need to replace "bachelor" with its definition. The proposition B can be controversial,...
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2answers
1k views

“pleasure” vs “happiness”

With regards to the field of philosophy, are there any notable precise definitions of "pleasure" and "happiness"? How does "pleasure" compare to "happiness" and vice-versa?
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1answer
4k views

What are the differences between postmodernism, post-structuralism and deconstruction?

I know they can be used interchangeably, but in the spirit of structuralism, what are the differences between them? From Postmodernism - Wikipedia, I think that postmodernism and post-structuralism ...
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14answers
4k views

What is a straight line?

I am not a philosopher; I am an engineer with a reasonable grasp of mathematics. This question has been bothering me for a long time, and I have asked a variation of it to a mathematical community. ...
1
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2answers
59 views

What is the intended use of “the” in the definition of science (Oxford)?

The definition of science: "the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical and natural world through observation and ...
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4answers
306 views

What is the definition of God? [duplicate]

The concept of God in different religions as well as deism seems to be inconsistent. So what is the best way of defining God?
3
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3answers
103 views

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined?

Does physicalism imply everything can be defined at least to a certain extent?
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5answers
1k views

What is the opposite of me (i.e., my consciousness)?

In a thread on this site, somebody says that everything that can be defined, must have an opposite. Then what is the opposite of me? I can define me using my consciousness: I am my concsiousness. ...
6
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4answers
156 views

Definitions and choice

My specific question that I want answered is: Among definitions, how do we choose which one is the best? When it comes to definitions of abstract concepts, it seems like we can define things willy-...
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0answers
33 views

How can we define a memory (a “souvenir”) [closed]

I was wondering how we could properly define a memory/souvenir. It sounds pretty hard to define to me. So I am asking here if anyone had a clear idea about how to clearly define a souvenir/memory. ...
1
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1answer
3k views

The Difference Between Truth and Reality. And what does fact stand for?

I'm interested in the different forms of actuality. Fact For me fact must be a constant, base level of deducted 'fact'. Something that cannot be disproved. For instance, fire is hot. Fact is ...
3
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2answers
85 views

Can fitting to a definition be considered to be a fact?

As I understand the event of objects falling down is a fact (due to gravitation, for example). Or water taking the shape of its container. But can someone say that it is a fact that we are "...
1
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0answers
191 views

Is gaslighting always wrong? [closed]

Gaslighting defined as Gaslighting is a form of manipulation that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or in members of a targeted group, hoping to make them question their own ...
2
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2answers
101 views

What is the meaning of an explanation

I am a software engineer and recently got involved in a community project that aims to teach underprivileged kids. This got me thinking about the term 'explanation'. What I want to ask is- what in ...
1
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1answer
857 views

Operational Definition: 'Intelligence is the property measured by IQ.'

If we define intelligence as above in the title, is the following statement true? The question whether the above operational definition is too broad does not depend on whether what it actually ...
3
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3answers
154 views

Does a definition have a truth value?

Can we speak of true and false definitions, and if so, in what context? Is saying what x is different from saying the definition of x? Would it perhaps be better to say that a statement which affirms ...
1
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2answers
72 views

What properties constitute the definition of a thing?

If a triangle is defined as a plane figure with 3 straight sides and 3 angles, would it be part of its definition that it has one less side than a square? Or is that just a property of it? How do I ...
3
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5answers
442 views

How is the modern philosophical definition of life shaped by evidences from natural sciences?

How does philosophy define life? And how does it overlap and contrast with the concepts and nuances of other sciences such as biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics, and how has it been ...
2
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0answers
61 views

What is a phenomenon? [closed]

According to philosophy ,what is a phenomenon ? And does that definition include mental phenomenons as well? Lastly , is there anything which is not a phenomenon?
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11answers
1k views

What makes something mathematics?

What classifies something as math? Is "math" simply performing operations with a certain set of axioms in mind? Is "math" anything that involves numbers? What about mathematical logic? Google ...
0
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3answers
87 views

Non-European words for philosophy

Heidegger states in his 'lecture' "Was ist das - die Philospophie?" (1955/1963) that philosophy is in essence a Greek phenomenon (P.13). Of course Heidegger was a philogreek, and most people see that ...
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4answers
6k views

Does Aristotle ever explicitly refer to man as a “rational animal”?

Did Aristotle every explicitly refer to man as a "rational animal" (ζῷον λόγον ἔχον)? The internet is riddled with uncited claims to this effect: that "rational animal" was an explicitly stated ...
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2answers
183 views

Can you Define Something in Terms of What is True About it?

Is it possible to define something in terms of what is true about it? Suppose for example, the case where in mathematics a definition is given in terms of formal symbols and rules for which strings ...
2
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5answers
285 views

Does this definition of a soul make sense?

A few years ago I came up with a (perhaps?) novel concept of a "soul" which, to me, seems very robust and meaningful. I have, however, no background in philosophy and would like to know what real ...
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7answers
1k views

Please explain to a beginner: what is metaphysics?

As I understand it, most or all of philosophy can be put into the three main branches of philosophy: Epistemology, Metaphysics, and Axiology. A devotee of reason, I have great affinity for, and ...