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Axiomatic and formal establishment of Plato's dialectics

After years of studying Plato I have seen some attempts to formalize somehow Plato's dialectics. To be more precise, I have found writers who present Plato's dialectics (especially as it is presented ...
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does Hegel's Dialectical Materialism needs justification when we re-examine the notion of "opposite" and whether that's a fact of the world?

Hegel basically says thesis-antithesis-synthesis, and this works because there are opposition of ideas or there are contradictions Derrida also uses concepts like "binary oppositions" he ...
Parsa Fakhar's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
318 views

What's the difference between elenchus and dialectic?

I know that "elenchus" is often associated with Socrates and the Socratic method whereas "dialectic" is more associated with Plato. But what is their relationship? Is elenchus a ...
John Smith's user avatar
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Modal dualism: is there a combination of counterpart and transworld-identity theory classifying objects based on which relation they enter into?

Theorists love to be competitive, but often enough we find out that they don't have to be like that. The SEP article on infinitesimals, for example, notes at one point: It is of interest to note that ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
73 views

In what shape do opposites exist?

A common notion is that the opposite of “cold” is “warm” and that the opposite of “slow” is “fast”. Would it be equally correct to say that the opposite of “cold” is “fast”? How come that most people ...
Ethan Brown's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
140 views

How is Hegel's dialectic a logic?

There are several features of this account that Hegel thinks raise his dialectical method above the arbitrariness of Plato’s dialectics to the level of a genuine science. First, because the ...
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2 answers
160 views

Model of an argument

I have the thought that an informal argument is fundamentally about building a justification graph: a directed acyclic graph from premise propositions to intermediate and conclusion propositions, ...
causative's user avatar
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Hegelian dialectic to transcend Stoic vs Nietzsche?

I would like to apply Hegel's dialectic to the following thesis/antithesis and that you help me find sublimating synthesis ideas. Here is the thesis: "to live a happy life, you must accept your ...
mellow's user avatar
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Sociological-philosophical theories of society’s tendencies to react against itself, inescapably biased in some way

Basically, in case it comes up, I mean something more than Hegelian (?) “dialectic”, an idea of society or knowledge moving forward through refutation, synthesis, progress. I am thinking about how ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
114 views

Why does Karl Marx think a new social form will derive from the inherent paradoxes of capitalism? [closed]

My professor said according to Marx, what capitalists purchase is not labor goods, but the products of labor. To me, the result is not the market economy of "distribution according to labor",...
Clare Parkinson's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

When does a conditional statement hold true according to Dialetheists?

I understand that for the consequent to really follow from the antecedent, it (the consequent) must be both relevant and necessary given the antecedent. So my question is: which types of conditional ...
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Is there a rule/s for determining whether a contradiciton is a Dialetheia?

If not, is there a set of accepted properties or qualities that dialetheic statements have?
help-me's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Enantiodromia--How Do Symbols Undergo an Inversion of Meaning?

I am looking for writings in philosophy, semiotics, or psychology that deal with the shifts and ultimately the inversion of practical meaning in symbols. This would be something like Orwell's concept ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
205 views

According to Horkheimer and Adorno, how is the Enlightenment Dialectical?

In 1947 the Frankfurt School philosophers Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno published their seminal work "Dialektik der Aufklärung", first translated to English in 1972 as "Dialectic ...
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2 answers
151 views

What topics of philosophy should I study to understand the dialectics of societies?

I am new to this site, it will be really helpful if you can help me with tags. I live in an area which is a socially, morally and intellectually very backward part of the world, although materially ...
Ben's user avatar
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4 answers
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Isn't it rationality circular reasoning?

Rationalists say that reason is the source of ultimate truth or logic. Reason is absolute but if reason is absolute then won't defending it through reason be a circular reasoning? Like you can't ...
Schnoz's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does Hegel mean by “return to itself”?

I am reading a secondary source that has a section dedicated to Hegel. It says “For Hegel, the whole of history is such a dialectical process—one that is driven by Geist returning to itself, having “...
Anthony Fallone's user avatar
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1 answer
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Dialectics and postmodernism as competing attacks on liberalism

I recently posted an inquiry over the attitude of Hegelian and Marxist dialectics toward Enlightenment liberalism. A comment mentioned postmodernism as an example of a tradition more plainly ...
brainchild's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
273 views

Relation of dialectics, as of Hegel and Marx, toward Enlightenment liberalism

I wish to understand how Hegelian dialectics, further carried, through Marxism, from an idealist to materialist orientation, positions itself with respect to the Enlightenment and liberalism. It is ...
brainchild's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

What does it exactly mean to be a Hegelian in terms of politics what are they opposed to?

Does it simply mean viewing the progression of history as dialectic where internal contradictions within the imagining of a thesis sort themselves out dialectically ? Does it mean a belief in ...
ashRawls's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
100 views

Analytic vs Dialectic logic

What are analytic and dialectic logic in Kantian philosophy? What's the difference between them and why can't we use analytic logic as an organon?
Saeed Saeed's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the meaning of "dialectic"and "analytic" in Kant's First Critique?

The meaning of the term dialectic, as in Transcendental Dialectic, in the Critique Of Pure Reason, is obscure. This, mixed with the already complex text, makes this term difficult to assess. A list of ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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Fredric Jameson's "Dialectical Sentences"

Fredric Jameson is one of the few hard line Marxists in America today. He writes extensively on topics about capitalism, postmodernity, etc, all through the lens of Hegelian/Marxist dialectics, which ...
John Smith's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
242 views

What is meant by dialectic materialism?

When looking up "dialectic materialism in the Oxford dictionary one can read: the Marxist theory (adopted as the official philosophy of the Soviet communists) that political and historical ...
Deschele Schilder's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
297 views

What is meant by “dialectical overcoming”?

In Alexandre Kojéve’s Introduction to Hegel, the author is explaining, in the first chapter, about the self-consciousness of a human as it is originated only in the presence of another human. He says ...
ConGovDeIn's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
85 views

Dialectics vs Overdetermination

Is overdetermination a more broad form of dialectics? Something of a pluralistic "antithesis" maybe? If this is not correct, what is the distinction?
Matt Watson's user avatar
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0 answers
128 views

Did Hegel impact future philosophers by showing them how to view concepts as thesis/antithesis pairs?

I'm trying to understand Hegel's impact on future thinkers. It can be difficult to read philosophical ideas and ascertain how they had "real world" impact, which includes impact on future ...
djechlin's user avatar
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3 answers
221 views

What philosophical approaches towards social philosophy and social relations do we know?

Personally I can name two scientifically oriented examples: In critical realism (M. Archer, T. Lawson, D. Elder-Vass, etc.) social relations are being studied on an intersubjective level as "an ...
Evgeniya's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
212 views

Dialectics and Machiavelli

What is the relation between Marxist dialectics and Machiavelli's philosophy? I have read Lefort, and he seems good, but I was unsure if he was an academic playing games.
user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
612 views

Is there an issue with the Socratic method arguing against points?

So, I've noticed something, looking at the classic example: Do the gods know everything? Yes. Do some gods disagree with others? Yes. So gods disagree about what is true? I suppose they must. So gods ...
Nicholas's user avatar
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0 answers
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Could NIetzsche be read as saying Aufheben is the meaning of life?

It is unclear what the 'will to power' means, and if it is about the world The will to power doctrine seems to claim that everything that exists rests fundamentally on an underlying basis of “...
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2 votes
0 answers
40 views

Where might I find the Socratic dialogue on the mythical story of private property/homesteading?

I read a great story awhile back about a group of philosophers who approached Socrates with a question regarding the rights of private property and if a man could rightly own land on a world that ...
Lance Weisser's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
120 views

Hegel's Master and slave dialectic interpretation

Hi I am not sure wether my interpretation is correct. Could someone please correct this if they see any mistakes in it. Hegel's master/slave dialectic 1) Starts of with a self consciousness, the ‘I ...
PDT's user avatar
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0 answers
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In Hegelian Dialectic is an antithesis ever a shift in the status quo, or only an opposition to the status quo?

I am trying to understand how the Hegelian dialectic evolves over time. I will use tn (where n is a constant integer) informally, such that tn+2 - tn+1 is not necessarily the same duration as tn+1 - ...
user40715's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
480 views

Is Hegel's sublation a gateway to Deleuze's Difference and Repetition?

I am trying to find the best vantage point from which to penetrate Difference and Repetition. Is Deleuze's title not just another way of saying "aufheben" (Hegelian sublation)? What is the relation ...
user39823's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
138 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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5 votes
5 answers
1k views

How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

I was told, a while ago now, that if I wanted to study Hegel, even Hegelian Marxism, I'd be best off studying his logic first. Having recently asked this question I was wondering how do contemporary ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
306 views

Extreme examples for exploring the scope of statements - does this technique have a name? - Is it a fallacy?

When discussing opinions with friends, I often resort to making extreme scenarios out of their opinions in an attempt to investigate the limits within which their statements hold true (to them). ...
FotisK's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

How exactly did Hegel describe the dialectic and what [historical] examples, if any, did he offer to sustain it? Please, provide sourced quotes. I will attempt to summarize my understanding of what ...
useranonis's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
126 views

How to build up clear ideas

I was reading Descartes' Rules for the direction of mind and noticed how clear are his ideas. I would love to speak in that way, where every sentence is a necessary step to climb up the final idea. ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
286 views

How do I differentiate between synchronic and dialectic approaches?

Marx has often been said to be using dialectic method and structuralism synchronic. Can someone, with examples, explain the two terms/approaches to me?
user33377's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

is there an any practical application of dialectical materialism?

Are out there practical applications of dialectical materialism? something on sciences, engineering or art?
Darwin's user avatar
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4 answers
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What does Kierkegaard think the self is?

At the beginning of the first chapter of The Sickness Unto Death we find the paragraph Man is spirit. But what is spirit? Spirit is the self. But what is the self? The self is a relation which ...
Canyon's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
151 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

What relation does the Hegelian dialectic have to the structuralist notion of binary opposition? If it has any, where does the synthesis fit in to the dualistic nature of the structuralist system? ...
martin's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel?

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel? I'm asking for two reasons, one a little inane, and the second a little naive. I'm wondering how much of our cultural ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
692 views

Dialectic : alternative to heuristic approach

Which approach can be alternative to heuristic in dialectic ? I'm afraid that the only named approach that I'm aware of of eristic. But, didn't the philosophers studied something more constructive ...
Michael Hooreman's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
640 views

What does "helical change" mean in Hegelian dialectic?

Is it possible to clarify the "helical change" in Hegelian dialectic with an example?
user2326844's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between dialectic and logic?

What is the difference between dialectic and logic? By dialectic, I mean what Plato employs in dialogues. Thanks in advance!
Frank Booth's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
4k views

What is the "concrete universal" in Hegel and Adorno?

The core argument of this article is that Adorno adopts the distinction between an abstract and a concrete universal from Hegel and criticizes Hegel, on that basis, as abstract. The first two ...
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