Questions tagged [dialectic]

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How does Søren Kierkegaard use the word "dialectic" and how does his use of it differ from G.W.F. Hegel's?

According, to my understanding, the meaning of dialectic is... In Plato: a back-and-forth conversational style of reasoning from his later dialogues In the Middle Ages: the scholastic style of ...
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What does Hegel mean by "Quality"?

In the Science of Logic, Hegel initially presents quality as existent determinateness. He further distinguishes two modes of determining quality in accordance with the moments of existence: ...
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Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

For example, Did Socrates really meet Zeno in Parmenides as a young man and the conversation that took place between them was recorded by Plato? Are ANY of Plato's dialogues recordings of actual ...
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8 votes
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Which philosopher discusses simultaneously considering an opinion and its opposite?

I remember reading somewhere that philosophical thinking was about being able to simultaneously consider one opinion and its opposite, or something of the like. Where was that? I am pretty sure it was ...
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Introduction to Hegel for a Marxist

What subset of Hegel should a person know to understand Marxist philosophy? In political alignment i'm a Marxist, and mostly subscribe to social and political positions of the kinds like Slavoj Žižek ...
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3 answers
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What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?

I have heard that knowledge is discerning differences or to that effect. For example, if all things are the same such that there is no differentiating qualities, we can't really speak of anything ...
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2 answers
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Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

How exactly did Hegel describe the dialectic and what [historical] examples, if any, did he offer to sustain it? Please, provide sourced quotes. I will attempt to summarize my understanding of what ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

What relation does the Hegelian dialectic have to the structuralist notion of binary opposition? If it has any, where does the synthesis fit in to the dualistic nature of the structuralist system? ...
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How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

I was told, a while ago now, that if I wanted to study Hegel, even Hegelian Marxism, I'd be best off studying his logic first. Having recently asked this question I was wondering how do contemporary ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Dialectical Relationships

When I read over Rollo May's books I found that he uses several times the phrase "dialectical relationship". I cannot deduce from those contexts what this phrase really means, but I figure it must be ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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What is the meaning of "dialectic"and "analytic" in Kant's First Critique?

The meaning of the term dialectic, as in Transcendental Dialectic, in the Critique Of Pure Reason, is obscure. This, mixed with the already complex text, makes this term difficult to assess. A list of ...
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How to build up clear ideas

I was reading Descartes' Rules for the direction of mind and noticed how clear are his ideas. I would love to speak in that way, where every sentence is a necessary step to climb up the final idea. ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Dialectical materialism outside Marxism

Wikipedia page on dialectical materialism mentions that some evolutionary biologists used it in their inquiries. What are other examples of using dialectical materialism outside Marxism? By "outside ...
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2 answers
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Question on learning type in Plato Cave Allegory

My question is based on the Cave of Plato. In this myth I see two types of learning. The first type of learning is the person that is released from the cave and climbs up to the light. The second ...
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Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

This is a test question: State and examine the main features of Dialectical Materialism as enunciated by Hegel. Is it wrong? The reason I ask is because Hegel propagated the concept of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between dialectic and logic?

What is the difference between dialectic and logic? By dialectic, I mean what Plato employs in dialogues. Thanks in advance!
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3 votes
5 answers
330 views

Is there an issue with the Socratic method arguing against points?

So, I've noticed something, looking at the classic example: Do the gods know everything? Yes. Do some gods disagree with others? Yes. So gods disagree about what is true? I suppose they must. So gods ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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What does Kierkegaard think the self is?

At the beginning of the first chapter of The Sickness Unto Death we find the paragraph Man is spirit. But what is spirit? Spirit is the self. But what is the self? The self is a relation which ...
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Fredric Jameson's "Dialectical Sentences"

Fredric Jameson is one of the few hard line Marxists in America today. He writes extensively on topics about capitalism, postmodernity, etc, all through the lens of Hegelian/Marxist dialectics, which ...
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2 votes
3 answers
135 views

What philosophical approaches towards social philosophy and social relations do we know?

Personally I can name two scientifically oriented examples: In critical realism (M. Archer, T. Lawson, D. Elder-Vass, etc.) social relations are being studied on an intersubjective level as "an ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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is there an any practical application of dialectical materialism?

Are out there practical applications of dialectical materialism? something on sciences, engineering or art?
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What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel?

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel? I'm asking for two reasons, one a little inane, and the second a little naive. I'm wondering how much of our cultural ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
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1 answer
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What would Marx and his dialectic claim happens when both classes have been ruined?

Marx famously, in his communist manifesto, said Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master(3) and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is meant by “dialectical overcoming”?

In Alexandre Kojéve’s Introduction to Hegel, the author is explaining, in the first chapter, about the self-consciousness of a human as it is originated only in the presence of another human. He says ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Dialectics and Machiavelli

What is the relation between Marxist dialectics and Machiavelli's philosophy? I have read Lefort, and he seems good, but I was unsure if he was an academic playing games.
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2 votes
0 answers
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Where might I find the Socratic dialogue on the mythical story of private property/homesteading?

I read a great story awhile back about a group of philosophers who approached Socrates with a question regarding the rights of private property and if a man could rightly own land on a world that ...
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2 votes
3 answers
492 views

What does "helical change" mean in Hegelian dialectic?

Is it possible to clarify the "helical change" in Hegelian dialectic with an example?
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2 votes
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Can the meaning of "negative dialectics" be paraphrased?

At the very beginning of his book Negative Dialectics, Adorno writes As early as Plato, dialectics meant to achieve something positive by means of negation; the thought figure of a “negation of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is Hegel's sublation a gateway to Deleuze's Difference and Repetition?

I am trying to find the best vantage point from which to penetrate Difference and Repetition. Is Deleuze's title not just another way of saying "aufheben" (Hegelian sublation)? What is the relation ...
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1 vote
3 answers
142 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
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1 vote
1 answer
169 views

How do I differentiate between synchronic and dialectic approaches?

Marx has often been said to be using dialectic method and structuralism synchronic. Can someone, with examples, explain the two terms/approaches to me?
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1 vote
2 answers
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Extreme examples for exploring the scope of statements - does this technique have a name? - Is it a fallacy?

When discussing opinions with friends, I often resort to making extreme scenarios out of their opinions in an attempt to investigate the limits within which their statements hold true (to them). ...
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1 answer
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What is meant by dialectic materialism?

When looking up "dialectic materialism in the Oxford dictionary one can read: the Marxist theory (adopted as the official philosophy of the Soviet communists) that political and historical ...
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1 vote
1 answer
580 views

Dialectic : alternative to heuristic approach

Which approach can be alternative to heuristic in dialectic ? I'm afraid that the only named approach that I'm aware of of eristic. But, didn't the philosophers studied something more constructive ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the "concrete universal" in Hegel and Adorno?

The core argument of this article is that Adorno adopts the distinction between an abstract and a concrete universal from Hegel and criticizes Hegel, on that basis, as abstract. The first two ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What does it exactly mean to be a Hegelian in terms of politics what are they opposed to?

Does it simply mean viewing the progression of history as dialectic where internal contradictions within the imagining of a thesis sort themselves out dialectically ? Does it mean a belief in ...
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1 vote
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Dialectics vs Overdetermination

Is overdetermination a more broad form of dialectics? Something of a pluralistic "antithesis" maybe? If this is not correct, what is the distinction?
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1 vote
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Hegel's Master and slave dialectic interpretation

Hi I am not sure wether my interpretation is correct. Could someone please correct this if they see any mistakes in it. Hegel's master/slave dialectic 1) Starts of with a self consciousness, the ‘I ...
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1 vote
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In Hegelian Dialectic is an antithesis ever a shift in the status quo, or only an opposition to the status quo?

I am trying to understand how the Hegelian dialectic evolves over time. I will use tn (where n is a constant integer) informally, such that tn+2 - tn+1 is not necessarily the same duration as tn+1 - ...
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Analytic vs Dialectic logic

What are analytic and dialectic logic in Kantian philosophy? What's the difference between them and why can't we use analytic logic as an organon?
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0 answers
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Does Hegel believe in many absences?

According to Hegel, is every absence the same thing, or are there very many absences? I am wondering whether, in dialectics, nothing is truly absent from the whole unless the whole itself does not ...
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Did Hegel impact future philosophers by showing them how to view concepts as thesis/antithesis pairs?

I'm trying to understand Hegel's impact on future thinkers. It can be difficult to read philosophical ideas and ascertain how they had "real world" impact, which includes impact on future ...
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Could NIetzsche be read as saying Aufheben is the meaning of life?

It is unclear what the 'will to power' means, and if it is about the world The will to power doctrine seems to claim that everything that exists rests fundamentally on an underlying basis of “...
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-4 votes
2 answers
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Is Humankind just a stage in the chain of stages, of which evolution of Nature is comprised of? [closed]

Is Humankind just a stage in the chain of stages, of which evolution of Nature is comprised of and will humanity be superseded at some point because of either biological or intellectual evolution? If ...
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