Questions tagged [dialectic]

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How does Søren Kierkegaard use the word "dialectic" and how does his use of it differ from G.W.F. Hegel's?

According, to my understanding, the meaning of dialectic is... In Plato: a back-and-forth conversational style of reasoning from his later dialogues In the Middle Ages: the scholastic style of ...
Kazark's user avatar
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What does Hegel mean by "Quality"?

In the Science of Logic, Hegel initially presents quality as existent determinateness. He further distinguishes two modes of determining quality in accordance with the moments of existence: ...
emi's user avatar
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11 votes
6 answers
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What philosopher said that knowledge is about discerning differences?

I have heard that knowledge is discerning differences or to that effect. For example, if all things are the same such that there is no differentiating qualities, we can't really speak of anything ...
moonset's user avatar
  • 111
10 votes
5 answers
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Did Plato record actual conversations in his dialogues?

For example, Did Socrates really meet Zeno in Parmenides as a young man and the conversation that took place between them was recorded by Plato? Are ANY of Plato's dialogues recordings of actual ...
Parmenides's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Which philosopher discusses simultaneously considering an opinion and its opposite?

I remember reading somewhere that philosophical thinking was about being able to simultaneously consider one opinion and its opposite, or something of the like. Where was that? I am pretty sure it was ...
Leo's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Introduction to Hegel for a Marxist

What subset of Hegel should a person know to understand Marxist philosophy? In political alignment i'm a Marxist, and mostly subscribe to social and political positions of the kinds like Slavoj Žižek ...
Mirzhan Irkegulov's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Questions concerning the Hegelian dialectic

How exactly did Hegel describe the dialectic and what [historical] examples, if any, did he offer to sustain it? Please, provide sourced quotes. I will attempt to summarize my understanding of what ...
useranonis's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is Hegelian dialectic of good and evil and how does it relate to binary opposition in structuralism?

What relation does the Hegelian dialectic have to the structuralist notion of binary opposition? If it has any, where does the synthesis fit in to the dualistic nature of the structuralist system? ...
martin's user avatar
  • 667
5 votes
5 answers
1k views

How do logicians think about Hegel's logic

I was told, a while ago now, that if I wanted to study Hegel, even Hegelian Marxism, I'd be best off studying his logic first. Having recently asked this question I was wondering how do contemporary ...
user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the meaning of "dialectic"and "analytic" in Kant's First Critique?

The meaning of the term dialectic, as in Transcendental Dialectic, in the Critique Of Pure Reason, is obscure. This, mixed with the already complex text, makes this term difficult to assess. A list of ...
RodolfoAP's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Enantiodromia--How Do Symbols Undergo an Inversion of Meaning?

I am looking for writings in philosophy, semiotics, or psychology that deal with the shifts and ultimately the inversion of practical meaning in symbols. This would be something like Orwell's concept ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
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How to build up clear ideas

I was reading Descartes' Rules for the direction of mind and noticed how clear are his ideas. I would love to speak in that way, where every sentence is a necessary step to climb up the final idea. ...
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4 votes
2 answers
15k views

Dialectical Relationships

When I read over Rollo May's books I found that he uses several times the phrase "dialectical relationship". I cannot deduce from those contexts what this phrase really means, but I figure it must be ...
Yes's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
148 views

What topics of philosophy should I study to understand the dialectics of societies?

I am new to this site, it will be really helpful if you can help me with tags. I live in an area which is a socially, morally and intellectually very backward part of the world, although materially ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 100
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Question on learning type in Plato Cave Allegory

My question is based on the Cave of Plato. In this myth I see two types of learning. The first type of learning is the person that is released from the cave and climbs up to the light. The second ...
Aristos's user avatar
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2 answers
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Sociological-philosophical theories of society’s tendencies to react against itself, inescapably biased in some way

Basically, in case it comes up, I mean something more than Hegelian (?) “dialectic”, an idea of society or knowledge moving forward through refutation, synthesis, progress. I am thinking about how ...
D J Sims's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between dialectic and logic?

What is the difference between dialectic and logic? By dialectic, I mean what Plato employs in dialogues. Thanks in advance!
Frank Booth's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
235 views

What's the difference between elenchus and dialectic?

I know that "elenchus" is often associated with Socrates and the Socratic method whereas "dialectic" is more associated with Plato. But what is their relationship? Is elenchus a ...
John Smith's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
156 views

Model of an argument

I have the thought that an informal argument is fundamentally about building a justification graph: a directed acyclic graph from premise propositions to intermediate and conclusion propositions, ...
causative's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
531 views

Is there an issue with the Socratic method arguing against points?

So, I've noticed something, looking at the classic example: Do the gods know everything? Yes. Do some gods disagree with others? Yes. So gods disagree about what is true? I suppose they must. So gods ...
Nicholas's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes
3 answers
825 views

Dialectical materialism outside Marxism

Wikipedia page on dialectical materialism mentions that some evolutionary biologists used it in their inquiries. What are other examples of using dialectical materialism outside Marxism? By "outside ...
Mirzhan Irkegulov's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
108 views

Why does Karl Marx think a new social form will derive from the inherent paradoxes of capitalism? [closed]

My professor said according to Marx, what capitalists purchase is not labor goods, but the products of labor. To me, the result is not the market economy of "distribution according to labor",...
Clare Parkinson's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
121 views

Hegelian dialectic to transcend Stoic vs Nietzsche?

I would like to apply Hegel's dialectic to the following thesis/antithesis and that you help me find sublimating synthesis ideas. Here is the thesis: "to live a happy life, you must accept your ...
mellow's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
5 answers
558 views

Did Hegel propagate the concept of dialectical materialism?

This is a test question: State and examine the main features of Dialectical Materialism as enunciated by Hegel. Is it wrong? The reason I ask is because Hegel propagated the concept of ...
user1343318's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
135 views

What's this historiographic method of argumentation used by Foucault?

I heard that Foucault, the French philosopher, uses this historiographic method of argumentation. What is this and is this a method of argumentation like Socrate's dialectic (not saying that they are ...
Sayaman's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
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What does Kierkegaard think the self is?

At the beginning of the first chapter of The Sickness Unto Death we find the paragraph Man is spirit. But what is spirit? Spirit is the self. But what is the self? The self is a relation which ...
Canyon's user avatar
  • 1,956
2 votes
4 answers
226 views

Isn't it rationality circular reasoning?

Rationalists say that reason is the source of ultimate truth or logic. Reason is absolute but if reason is absolute then won't defending it through reason be a circular reasoning? Like you can't ...
Schnoz's user avatar
  • 57
2 votes
4 answers
291 views

Fredric Jameson's "Dialectical Sentences"

Fredric Jameson is one of the few hard line Marxists in America today. He writes extensively on topics about capitalism, postmodernity, etc, all through the lens of Hegelian/Marxist dialectics, which ...
John Smith's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
210 views

What philosophical approaches towards social philosophy and social relations do we know?

Personally I can name two scientifically oriented examples: In critical realism (M. Archer, T. Lawson, D. Elder-Vass, etc.) social relations are being studied on an intersubjective level as "an ...
Evgeniya's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
280 views

How do I differentiate between synchronic and dialectic approaches?

Marx has often been said to be using dialectic method and structuralism synchronic. Can someone, with examples, explain the two terms/approaches to me?
user33377's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

is there an any practical application of dialectical materialism?

Are out there practical applications of dialectical materialism? something on sciences, engineering or art?
Darwin's user avatar
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1 answer
191 views

According to Horkheimer and Adorno, how is the Enlightenment Dialectical?

In 1947 the Frankfurt School philosophers Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno published their seminal work "Dialektik der Aufklärung", first translated to English in 1972 as "Dialectic ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel?

What is the role of subject and object in human history, according to Hegel? I'm asking for two reasons, one a little inane, and the second a little naive. I'm wondering how much of our cultural ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Dialectic vs Logical positivism

Dialectic is opposite to Metaphysic. Also Logical positivism criticizes Metaphysic since in Logical positivism only statements verifiable either logically or empirically would be cognitively ...
SerG's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
575 views

What does Hegel mean by “return to itself”?

I am reading a secondary source that has a section dedicated to Hegel. It says “For Hegel, the whole of history is such a dialectical process—one that is driven by Geist returning to itself, having “...
Anthony Fallone's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
256 views

What is meant by “dialectical overcoming”?

In Alexandre Kojéve’s Introduction to Hegel, the author is explaining, in the first chapter, about the self-consciousness of a human as it is originated only in the presence of another human. He says ...
ConGovDeIn's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
105 views

What would Marx and his dialectic claim happens when both classes have been ruined?

Marx famously, in his communist manifesto, said Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master(3) and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
49 views

When does a conditional statement hold true according to Dialetheists?

I understand that for the consequent to really follow from the antecedent, it (the consequent) must be both relevant and necessary given the antecedent. So my question is: which types of conditional ...
help-me's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
38 views

Where might I find the Socratic dialogue on the mythical story of private property/homesteading?

I read a great story awhile back about a group of philosophers who approached Socrates with a question regarding the rights of private property and if a man could rightly own land on a world that ...
Lance Weisser's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
614 views

What does "helical change" mean in Hegelian dialectic?

Is it possible to clarify the "helical change" in Hegelian dialectic with an example?
user2326844's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
298 views

Can the meaning of "negative dialectics" be paraphrased?

At the very beginning of his book Negative Dialectics, Adorno writes As early as Plato, dialectics meant to achieve something positive by means of negation; the thought figure of a “negation of ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
428 views

Is Hegel's sublation a gateway to Deleuze's Difference and Repetition?

I am trying to find the best vantage point from which to penetrate Difference and Repetition. Is Deleuze's title not just another way of saying "aufheben" (Hegelian sublation)? What is the relation ...
user39823's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
151 views

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do (but that the working class can still change it)? [closed]

Could a Marxist claim that interpreting the world is all that a Marxist vanguard can do, but that the working class can still change it? Marx, quite famously, said that philosophers have only ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
264 views

Relation of dialectics, as of Hegel and Marx, toward Enlightenment liberalism

I wish to understand how Hegelian dialectics, further carried, through Marxism, from an idealist to materialist orientation, positions itself with respect to the Enlightenment and liberalism. It is ...
brainchild's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
277 views

Extreme examples for exploring the scope of statements - does this technique have a name? - Is it a fallacy?

When discussing opinions with friends, I often resort to making extreme scenarios out of their opinions in an attempt to investigate the limits within which their statements hold true (to them). ...
FotisK's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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How is Hegel's dialectic a logic?

There are several features of this account that Hegel thinks raise his dialectical method above the arbitrariness of Plato’s dialectics to the level of a genuine science. First, because the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
215 views

What is meant by dialectic materialism?

When looking up "dialectic materialism in the Oxford dictionary one can read: the Marxist theory (adopted as the official philosophy of the Soviet communists) that political and historical ...
Deschele Schilder's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
677 views

Dialectic : alternative to heuristic approach

Which approach can be alternative to heuristic in dialectic ? I'm afraid that the only named approach that I'm aware of of eristic. But, didn't the philosophers studied something more constructive ...
Michael Hooreman's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
4k views

What is the "concrete universal" in Hegel and Adorno?

The core argument of this article is that Adorno adopts the distinction between an abstract and a concrete universal from Hegel and criticizes Hegel, on that basis, as abstract. The first two ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Modal dualism: is there a combination of counterpart and transworld-identity theory classifying objects based on which relation they enter into?

Theorists love to be competitive, but often enough we find out that they don't have to be like that. The SEP article on infinitesimals, for example, notes at one point: It is of interest to note that ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar