Questions tagged [dualism]

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Spencer's concept of balance in nature, can it explain consistent 50/50 election results?

We are preconditioned to see balance in life. "If she is beautiful she would have some problems" "If he is powerful he is probably unhappy." "If someone is lucky, that means ...
TheMatrix Equation-balance's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Is it audacious and false to encapsulate Descartes Philosophy in this one simple sentence? [closed]

Namely: "I, therefore God, therefore body and mind". I want to see if I understand the bigger picture of his Philosophy.
Deni Abdumuslimov's user avatar
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5 answers
712 views

Does mind-body dualism entail supernaturalism?

The concept of mind-body dualism emphasizes a profound division between the mental and physical dimensions of human existence, positing the body as physical and the mind as non-physical. With this ...
Mark's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
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About the validity of the Zombie concept

Related Posts that I read: why zombies' existence imply physicalism is false "Could all of us be zombies" assumption Context Just to make sure we talk about the same type of Zombie, here ...
Minsky's user avatar
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4 answers
473 views

Which is the best explanation of the mind body relation, dualism or physicalism? [closed]

As far a my knowledge of philosophy there is two schools of thought dualism that the human mind is separate from the physical body, and the other school of thought is physicalism that the mind is ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
96 views

Self-duality (in category theory) and advaita (non-duality in metaphysics)

In category theory, there are self-dual objects, where A ≅ A∗ (A is isomorphic to its dual), with the strict, but possibly non-coherent, case being when A equals A∗ (see Selinger[??]). In some ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
64 views

What did Eugene Wigner mean by his non-QM argument for the influence of consciousness?

In 1961, Eugene Wigner introduced the so-called "Wigner's friend" thought experiment as a plausible demonstration of the effect of the consciousness on the physical world, or more ...
Feryll's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
123 views

Philosophy presupposes the individuality of the Whole?

I thought of a flaw in the very essence of philosophy Philosophy presuppose that the individualisation of the Whole, which is created by language, corresponds with the Whole as it is, and that it is ...
Esmond's user avatar
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1 answer
98 views

What is the standard name for this mild form of dualism?

Dualism is traditionally thought to be the belief that matter and mind are separate things. However, I have this belief that while matter causes mind to emerge, nonetheless they are separate entities. ...
user107952's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What responses are there to this criticism of Chalmers' p-zombies?

In this blog post, Elizier Yudkowsky criticizes Chalmers' idea of "p-zombies" - that is, a physically identical version of the universe in which all the same physical actions and events ...
redroid's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
396 views

Why does naturalistic dualism imply panpsychism?

From this article: First, [naturalistic dualism] seems to imply panpsychism, the view that everything in the universe has consciousness. Once you accept the existence of nonphysical features of the ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
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1 answer
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Does gender identity require a dualist account of consciousness?

For the sake of argument, let us say that gender identity exists and is analytically and ontologically distinct from sex. Let us also say that: Gender identity is accessible through introspection, ...
sket's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
165 views

Is there a middle ground between substance and property dualism?

I am trying to work out if there is a middle ground theory between substance and property dualism? Substance dualism: physical and mental domains are fundamentally different and separate substances ...
Teddy's user avatar
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4 votes
8 answers
2k views

I have seven steps to conclude a dualist reality. Which of these steps are considered controversial/wrong?

Step 1: We start by believing in the bare minimum : our own subjective experience exists. This is the only thing we know to exist. The existence of other things can only be inferred. And to deny your ...
Ryder Rude's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
285 views

Seeking Help on Cartesian Dualism and the Mind-Body Relationship

I'm currently studying philosophy and I'm struggling with the concept of Cartesian dualism, particularly in relation to other theories about the mind-body relationship. I'm wondering if anyone here ...
cricket900's user avatar
19 votes
16 answers
5k views

Why is mind interacting with matter any more problematic than matter interacting with matter?

So there's this supposedly an 'interaction' problem for substance dualism, that isn't there for physicalism or idealism. I've never understood this. So as Hume pointed out, we see event a followed by ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
530 views

If dualism provides an escape from determinism, how does it work

There are confusing number of types of dualism, i am not sure which one to restrict the question to. Reductionist physicalism has a dichotomy between determinism and random. Dualists like to claim ...
tkruse's user avatar
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3 answers
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Which arguments support Dualism as the best view of the human person?

If you had to choose between Dualism, Physicalism, and Hylomorphism, which one do you think is more likely to be accurate and why? I think Dualism is the most plausible, but that might be because I am ...
Cristiana's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
103 views

Relationship between duality and absolute reality

"A problem is only a problem when there's a solution. We exist in a world of duality: positive vs negative, happiness vs sorrow, light vs darkness. The contrastive relationship helps us ...
Algo7's user avatar
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Descartes and natural inclinations and aversions

Descartes mentions “secondary properties” (qualitative properties) which guide human behavior. E. g. we can not only recognize that food became spoiled by its odor but we’re immediately repelled by it....
viuser's user avatar
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How does hylomorphic dualism (Thomism) deal with free will?

As I understand, according to hylomorphism the soul and the body are one in the same. The soul "informs" the matter, but does not interact as it would in interactionism. But how does this ...
Nick's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
211 views

Implications of Cartesian Psychophysical Dualism for free-will and determinism

For Descartes, reality consists of two fundamental substances: the mental, and the physical. The mental substance is distinct from the physical substance in that it is not bound by the deterministic, ...
KeithMadison's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
99 views

How does a dualist explain changing their mind?

If I'm a monist about the mind and physicalism and/or causal determinism, when I change my mind about some topic, I can posit something causally linked to my mind as changing my opinion. Perhaps I ...
J Kusin's user avatar
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1 answer
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Experiment to prove that dualism is true

To prove experimentally that dualism is true, the dualist would need to show that: Let be a person in physical state A at some instant t1 with conscious experience X. Now, in another instant t2, the ...
Carlitos_30's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
114 views

Does the "sin that dwelleth in me" corresponds to kundalini?

In the Letter to the Romans, the apostle Paul writes about "sin" as some entity that dwells in the human body. Now, I do believe that this entity corresponds to kundalini. sin entered into ...
donkeydown's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
164 views

Is the mind a substance in dual aspect monism?

I'm having a difficulty of the concept of the mind in dual aspect monism. Is the mind a substance in this philosophy of mind?
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Has the concept of bodily integrity been discussed in the context of the human-nature relationship?

Human rights and many constitutions protect humans' bodily integrity. The concept is regularly linked to personal autonomy, freedom of movement and choice (Wikipedia). The idea that the origin and ...
sba222's user avatar
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Can Thomas Nagel be considered an epiphenomenalist?

Regarding the mind-body-problem, Thomas Nagel argues against both materialism and ontological dualism, presenting a view which revolves around subjective phenomena (individualism). Could these ...
Luatic's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
163 views

Does sensory information exist, and do philosophers have a name for it?

Are there really sensory sensations such as sight, hearing, tactile sensations, smell, taste, and umami? In other words, are those sensations or sense-data real, and if they are not real physically, ...
Android's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is it that philosophers use terms that aren't literally true in their literature?

In lectures and talks that I have attended/watched, I've noticed a propensity to use the term "move" when describing the primary driving force behind an argument. In context, it might sound ...
scoopfaze's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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Was the notion of mind-body dualism invented, or at least popularized, by Rene Descartes?

This dualism seems so compelling (from a layman’s perspective) that it seems difficult to imagine that Descartes invented or even popularized it. For instance, people kept using words like “soul” to ...
J Li's user avatar
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0 answers
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Philosophy of non duality or oneness it's equivalent in west

In India there is a philosophy of non duality / oneness / enlightenment... And people practice it... Is there something similar in western philosophy ? Also there is this idea that the individual the ...
Ronit sharma's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
368 views

Why is mind/body duality so widely accepted?

It seems strange that Cartesian mind/body duality is so widely accepted, given that it leads to scepticism around the possibility of human knowledge. Why is it so widely accepted, and how do its ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
467 views

Are mental objects timeless?

Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially ...
christo183's user avatar
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Do panpsychism and its variants (such as Russellian monism) face an interaction problem?

Many philosophers of the mind—such as David Chalmers, Galen Strawson and Philip Goff—have become sympathetic to variants of panpsychism when it comes to explaining consciousness. Yet, on their own ...
natojato's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is a dualists response to Sean Carroll’s QFT objection to souls?

https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2011/05/23/physics-and-the-immortality-of-the-soul/ He argues that given the universe operates on QFT, we would need to create new physics to account for ...
Nick's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
143 views

Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
natojato's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy?

How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy? Intuitively, the mind can influence the physical world (with causality), and it is hard to see how such causality does ...
AnduinWilde's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
240 views

What is the argument posed by Katherine Hayles in "The Condition of Virtuality" as to the relation between matter and virtuality and why?

I am learning in class of the influence new media have on old-aged dichotomies such as matter-mind, subject-object and their like. Our new-media teacher asked us to read the paper "The condition ...
Luna's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
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Consciousness and a simulated brain

There are already several projects that are trying to simulate the human brain (see, for example, Algorithm for large-scale brain simulations) Let's suppose that it is possible to simulate with an ...
Marco Altieri's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
724 views

The experience of simultaneously holding very different interpretations of reality

Disclaimer: I am describing here something that's been my personal perception/interpretation/mode of being for many many years. I may not (probably don't) know the correct terminology, or whether this ...
Stilez's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How does Descartes argue that mind and body are different substances if mind can exist without a body?

How does Descartes argue that mind and body are different substances if mind can exist without a body? I think he does this in meditation II Descartes’ argument so far is that minds can exist ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
221 views

Does modern physics lend support to or reject dualism?

I have seen a few papers/articles which apparently show that dualism is supported by modern quantum mechanics: A Quantum-Mechanical Argument for Mind–Body Dualism QUANTUM MECHANICS AND DUALISM ...
user40443's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Does property dualism imply survival in the teletransportation paradox?

Property dualism posits the existence of only the physical substance, but the existence of both mental and physical properties. The teletransportation paradox presents a situation in which a person ...
APCoding's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can any philosophy of mind be empirically verified?

(This is sort of a follow-up from this question) Can dualism, materialism, or anything in between be empirically verified? There seems to be some disagreement here. This page presents both views ...
Josh's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
327 views

Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

The SEP states that "dualism has come upon hard times lately, and is widely regarded as being discredited." It seems to me that most theists (I'm thinking mostly of Christians here) accept dualism to ...
Josh's user avatar
  • 355
2 votes
2 answers
147 views

Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
83457's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
320 views

Debate on dualism, physicalism. etc in philosophy of mind

(I do not have a philosophy background but I do read philosophy myself.) I have read some review papers of emergence theory, where philosophy of mind is a major battle ground. I find an absence of a ...
Clément Dato's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
109 views

If the mind is spatial does that mean it is material and cannot contain qualia?

The reason that people like mind body dualism is that material things cannot contain qualia and therefore there must be another entity that explains our consciousness. However, if we assume that the ...
Noah's user avatar
  • 768
3 votes
2 answers
368 views

Can substance dualism (Cartesian) account for split consciousness?

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains A long time ago neuroscientists discovered that when a persons brain is split their consciousness splits as well. Some ...
Noah's user avatar
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