Questions tagged [dualism]

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191 views

Why is mind/body duality so widely accepted?

It seems strange that Cartesian mind/body duality is so widely accepted, given that it leads to scepticism around the possibility of human knowledge. Why is it so widely accepted, and how do its ...
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81 views

Are mental objects timeless?

Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially ...
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53 views

Do panpsychism and its variants (such as Russellian monism) face an interaction problem?

Many philosophers of the mind—such as David Chalmers, Galen Strawson and Philip Goff—have become sympathetic to variants of panpsychism when it comes to explaining consciousness. Yet, on their own ...
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What is a dualists response to Sean Carroll’s QFT objection to souls?

https://www.preposterousuniverse.com/blog/2011/05/23/physics-and-the-immortality-of-the-soul/ He argues that given the universe operates on QFT, we would need to create new physics to account for ...
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Is dualism unlikely because the mind is inextricable in its activity from matter?

I've been thinking about dualism lately, but one thing that deals a pretty strong blow to this view in my mind is that it implies that the mind can exist apart from physical reality (an immaterial ...
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322 views

How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy?

How is the causality of mind consistent with the law of conservation of energy? Intuitively, the mind can influence the physical world (with causality), and it is hard to see how such causality does ...
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1answer
122 views

What is the argument posed by Katherine Hayles in “The Condition of Virtuality” as to the relation between matter and virtuality and why?

I am learning in class of the influence the new media have on old-aged dichotomies such as matter-mind, subject-object and their like. Our new-media teacher asked us to read the paper "The ...
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127 views

Consciousness and a simulated brain

There are already several projects that are trying to simulate the human brain (see, for example, Algorithm for large-scale brain simulations) Let's suppose that it is possible to simulate with an ...
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6answers
295 views

The experience of simultaneously holding very different interpretations of reality

Disclaimer: I am describing here something that's been my personal perception/interpretation/mode of being for many many years. I may not (probably don't) know the correct terminology, or whether this ...
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1answer
290 views

How does Descartes argue that mind and body are different substances if mind can exist without a body?

How does Descartes argue that mind and body are different substances if mind can exist without a body? I think he does this in meditation II Descartes’ argument so far is that minds can exist ...
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136 views

Does modern physics lend support to or reject dualism?

I have seen a few papers/articles which apparently show that dualism is supported by modern quantum mechanics: A Quantum-Mechanical Argument for Mind–Body Dualism QUANTUM MECHANICS AND DUALISM ...
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88 views

Does property dualism imply survival in the teletransportation paradox?

Property dualism posits the existence of only the physical substance, but the existence of both mental and physical properties. The teletransportation paradox presents a situation in which a person ...
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241 views

Can any philosophy of mind be empirically verified?

(This is sort of a follow-up from this question) Can dualism, materialism, or anything in between be empirically verified? There seems to be some disagreement here. This page presents both views ...
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231 views

Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

The SEP states that "dualism has come upon hard times lately, and is widely regarded as being discredited." It seems to me that most theists (I'm thinking mostly of Christians here) accept dualism to ...
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2answers
76 views

Is there an argument against physicalism on the grounds that the view would make what we call a subjective experience astronomically unlikely?

If we assume that physcialism is true and all that there is, then we can safely assume that what we think of as subjective experience and consciousness, is driven by the atoms in our brain and the ...
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254 views

Debate on dualism, physicalism. etc in philosophy of mind

(I do not have a philosophy background but I do read philosophy myself.) I have read some review papers of emergence theory, where philosophy of mind is a major battle ground. I find an absence of a ...
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77 views

If the mind is spatial does that mean it is material and cannot contain qualia?

The reason that people like mind body dualism is that material things cannot contain qualia and therefore there must be another entity that explains our consciousness. However, if we assume that the ...
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2answers
143 views

Can substance dualism (Cartesian) account for split consciousness?

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains A long time ago neuroscientists discovered that when a persons brain is split their consciousness splits as well. Some ...
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80 views

According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial?

https://www.newdualism.org/papers/F.Dilley/Dilley-faithphil_2003.pdf I was reading Dilley's critique on the emergent dualism view, and it seems to me that the biggest reason to reject Hasker's view ...
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117 views

wouldn't Psychophysical Parallelism require an explanation as to why the mind and body correlate?

One thing I don't understand about Psychophysical Parallelism, is that it states that the mind and body are perfectly coordinated, yet there is no causal relationship between them. If this is true, ...
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747 views

How can substance dualism (Cartesian) explain how the mind is affected from brain damage?

One of the biggest arguments against substance dualism is the fact that when the brain is damaged, the mind is altered. If the brain and mind are two different substances, the mind should not be ...
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43 views

For substance dualism, what are some solutions regarding how the physical can affect the mental without invoking Divine intervention?

In epiphenomenalist substance dualism, what can be a mechanism for how the physical affects the mental without invoking divine intervention? Epiphenomenalist dualism is where the physical can affect ...
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How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

On the Wikipedia page for Mind-body dualism, one of the arguments against dualism is neuroscience. In some contexts, the decisions that a person makes can be detected up to 10 seconds in advance by ...
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89 views

Does emergent dualism solve the problem of brain damage without resorting to interactionist dualism?

Emergent dualism is a solution to the brain damage problem for substance dualism. It states that the mind is a substance that arises from certain configurations of matter (such as the brain). And when ...
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257 views

Is there any way to have substance dualism without invoking God?

Can one solve these objections to substance dualism without invoking divine intervention? 1.Causal interaction 2.Brain damage affects mind 3.Why do only living things with brains have consciousness?...
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179 views

According to Descartes, the mind and body communicate through a tiny part of the brain (the pineal gland) where the 'common sense' is located

True or False? I'm unsure about this question because it seems like he only refers to the mind and the brain in this context, but not the body as a whole. Here's the passage: "The mind isn't ...
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405 views

Should we think twice about dualism?

With the rise of Materialism and Physicalism a dualistic ontology has fallen out of favor. The successes of Science makes makes us comfortable to deny any entity beyond the "Observable Universe". ...
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317 views

Cartesian dualist and dualist

I was taught that Cartesian dualists were those who believe strongly that the mind and the body are entirely two separate entities while a dualist believes the same but also believes that the mind and ...
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178 views

What does it mean to say what happens in your experience is inside your mind in a way in which what happens in your brain is not?

"If what happens in your experience is inside your mind in a way in which what happens in your brain is not, it looks as though your experiences and other mental states can't just be physical ...
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240 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
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876 views

Are there convincing arguments for dualism?

There are several reasons for thinking that the mental and the physical are essentially separate and fundamentally different. Should we be convinced by any of them? I'm required to give three ...
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1answer
217 views

Imagine that you look at yourself as a cat, what do you think of your own behavior?

I recently thought very much about the life of mammals who live in our cities, such as cats, and dogs. To see if I will find a philosophy in this, because, as we know, the Nature Is Our Best Teacher!....
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246 views

Isn't Mind–body dualism the result of a Complex Universe?

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable. Isn't ...
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2answers
129 views

If morality comes from our body, why does it contradict it?

Where does morality come from? One possible answer is that morality, as everything else, is a byproduct of interactions between physical matter. The same interactions that came together to produce our ...
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862 views

How can Brie Gertler's disembodiment argument account for the minds of others?

I'm currently reading Brie Gertler's essay In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism. She uses Descartes' conceivability argument to make her own disembodiment argument. For example, she says someone can ...
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1answer
460 views

How did Wittgenstein reject the Cogito or Cartesian dualism? Can I get the specific sources?

I have heard of the fact that Wittgenstein rejected Cartesianism by the Private Language Argument. But the connections are not clear for me. Also I'd like to know if there is any other piece of ...
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492 views

Evidence Against Dualism from Neuroscience

In this video, Patricia Churchland announced that the data from neuroscience has made it clear that there is no soul, immaterial mind, or other "spooky stuff." I was wondering if anyone is aware of a ...
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98 views

About ideologies or movements for an unwanted werewolf, is Dualism? [Spanish accepted] [closed]

Good Day, how are you? Today I want to ask about philosophical ideologies or movements that can help me understand what is happening behind a character that I want to analyze. First a bit of ...
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643 views

Hubert Dreyfus & Heidegger - is Heidegger a dualist?

Heidegger rejects Cartesian dualism... but this video with Hubert Dreyfus confuses me: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G24JBUh4yVg At 9:00, he implies that according to Heidegger, physics can't ...
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What is the difference between Interactionism and Cartesian Dualism?

I read that Cartesian Dualism is a subtype of Interactionism but I'm still confused. Can somebody help me to clear up this matter?
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941 views

Is there a flaw in Descartes' “clear and distinct” argument?

Is there a flaw in Descartes' "clear and distinct" argument regarding the separation of mind and body? I think that there is a flaw in the argument. I got this idea from an online lecture. Here is my ...
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710 views

Are there any philosophical writings/works about Fourier transforms?

I am interested in reading about possible meaning and implications of the time-frequency duality in Fourier transforms and the uncertainty principle (not necessarily the usually discussed Heisenberg ...
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725 views

Scientific consensus about the soul [closed]

I've read a bit of Julien Musolino's book “The Soul Fallacy” in which he claims that there is a scientific consensus that the soul does not exist. Is his view correct? For this question, “soul” ...
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785 views

Is the Phaedo relevant to a materialist?

I've just finished reading the Phaedo, and I'm wondering if one does not buy into the mind/body dualism arguments that Socrates advances in the dialogue, is there still anything to learned from it? Is ...
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267 views

Has Descartes interpreted the rational mind as res cogitans?

I've read several description of the Descartes' dualism but I'm still not really sure: Does Descartes comprehend the human rational mind, human psychology - the part of thinking that is not ...
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255 views

Physicalism versus dualism: is it reasonable to assign a burden of proof to one party?

I've been watching some video lectures online, and in some of the videos, the professor argues essentially as follows: Both the dualist and the physicalist believe in the body. This is status quo....
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968 views

Is materialism really an ontological position or is it an epistemic one?

In this post, Is a materialist afterlife possible? , the OP asks if the concept of afterlife as accepted in Christianity (and presumably other religions) is compatible with materialism. Presumably ...
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For Kierkegaard, how does being “animal” and “rational” compel us to invent meaning?

I'm working through "Alienation and Freedom" by Richard Schmitt right now. In explaining alienation and it's precondition, he posits: "The need for infusing one's life with meaning arises, as ...
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929 views

How did Kant “undermine the soul”?

In the beginning of William James' 1904 paper "Does 'Consciousness' Exist?" he states the following: At first, 'spirit and matter,' 'soul and body,' stood for a pair of equipollent substances quite ...
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945 views

What are the best arguments against substance dualism? [closed]

As I understand it, substance dualism is a position that holds that current physics and neuroscience cannot account for certain properties of qualia and the mind, implying the existence of some other ...