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Questions tagged [dualism]

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13 votes
12 answers
5k views

Can someone be an atheist and subscribe to substance dualism at the same time?

I consider myself to be firmly in the atheist camp. None of the arguments for the existence of a higher being or prime mover convince me, let alone attempts at proving the existence of the old God of ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

What are the problems with the argument for the mind-body dualism from immateriality of thoughts?

I have started studying philosophy of mind and I am currently reading an introduction to the field. The first topic that is presented in the book is dualism of the Cartesian brand, and the case for it ...
Adrian's user avatar
  • 830
2 votes
1 answer
338 views

Is Reality an intersection of Incompatible Ontologies?

Empiricists do not ask questions about the ontological status of mathematical or logical structures. Idealists don't explain how Ideas are developed, or how technological advancement in general takes ...
christo183's user avatar
  • 2,467
5 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is any aspect of the supernatural testable? What level of proof is possible for the supernatural?

Assume the supernatural does exist, and consists of beings/forces that can interact with our natural universe in ways that are contrary to the natural laws of this universe (at least as we know them). ...
LightCC's user avatar
  • 1,026
8 votes
5 answers
3k views

How do modern dualists explain the mind-body interaction?

A serious challenge for dualism is explaining how mind and body interact if they are made of ontologically different substances, and more specifically how mental phenomena can causally drive bodily ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
772 views

Are there philosophies that call for things which are not mind nor matter?

Physicalism is the idea that everything is matter. Idealism is the idea that everything is made up of a mental substance. Dualism claims that there are both matter and mind in the universe. It ...
Cort Ammon's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

How did Kant "undermine the soul"?

In the beginning of William James' 1904 paper "Does 'Consciousness' Exist?" he states the following: At first, 'spirit and matter,' 'soul and body,' stood for a pair of equipollent substances quite ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
742 views

The experience of simultaneously holding very different interpretations of reality

Disclaimer: I am describing here something that's been my personal perception/interpretation/mode of being for many many years. I may not (probably don't) know the correct terminology, or whether this ...
Stilez's user avatar
  • 267
4 votes
8 answers
2k views

I have seven steps to conclude a dualist reality. Which of these steps are considered controversial/wrong?

Step 1: We start by believing in the bare minimum : our own subjective experience exists. This is the only thing we know to exist. The existence of other things can only be inferred. And to deny your ...
Ryder Rude's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the difference between functionalism and property dualism?

Functionalism and property dualism are both physicalist theories of the mind in that they don't admit any substances other than physical substance. Property dualism holds that mental states are non-...
Alexander S King's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
629 views

Should we think twice about dualism?

With the rise of Materialism and Physicalism a dualistic ontology has fallen out of favor. The successes of Science makes makes us comfortable to deny any entity beyond the "Observable Universe". ...
christo183's user avatar
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19 votes
16 answers
5k views

Why is mind interacting with matter any more problematic than matter interacting with matter?

So there's this supposedly an 'interaction' problem for substance dualism, that isn't there for physicalism or idealism. I've never understood this. So as Hume pointed out, we see event a followed by ...
Ameet Sharma's user avatar
  • 3,083
18 votes
4 answers
4k views

How can substance dualism survive the arguments from neuroscience?

On the Wikipedia page for Mind-body dualism, one of the arguments against dualism is neuroscience. In some contexts, the decisions that a person makes can be detected up to 10 seconds in advance by ...
Noah's user avatar
  • 768
17 votes
3 answers
7k views

What is the modern solution to the mind-body problem for those who still hold the mind is separate?

René Descartes gave us the problem of how the mind interacts with the body in its modern formulation. Essentially, he asked how the incorporeal mind was able to influence the material body. He also ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
  • 7,315
9 votes
4 answers
323 views

The demarcation problem and the materialism/dualism debate?

Presumably the end game of dualist philosophers is to definitively prove the existence of ontologically separate mental states which cannot be reduced to brain states. If they succeed in doing so, ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Contemporary proponents of Cartesian dualism

I have to find examples of contemporary philosophers who accept Cartesian dualism. Who would be the most important proponent? While philosophers who reject physicalism (e.g. David Chalmers, Thomas ...
user223635's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are there any philosophical writings/works about Fourier transforms?

I am interested in reading about possible meaning and implications of the time-frequency duality in Fourier transforms and the uncertainty principle (not necessarily the usually discussed Heisenberg ...
ali's user avatar
  • 257
4 votes
2 answers
152 views

According to Hasker's emergent dualism, why does the mind have to be spatial?

https://www.newdualism.org/papers/F.Dilley/Dilley-faithphil_2003.pdf I was reading Dilley's critique on the emergent dualism view, and it seems to me that the biggest reason to reject Hasker's view ...
Noah's user avatar
  • 768
4 votes
1 answer
246 views

What is the argument posed by Katherine Hayles in "The Condition of Virtuality" as to the relation between matter and virtuality and why?

I am learning in class of the influence new media have on old-aged dichotomies such as matter-mind, subject-object and their like. Our new-media teacher asked us to read the paper "The condition ...
Luna's user avatar
  • 769
4 votes
4 answers
582 views

Which is the best explanation of the mind body relation, dualism or physicalism? [closed]

As far a my knowledge of philosophy there is two schools of thought dualism that the human mind is separate from the physical body, and the other school of thought is physicalism that the mind is ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
330 views

Seeking Help on Cartesian Dualism and the Mind-Body Relationship

I'm currently studying philosophy and I'm struggling with the concept of Cartesian dualism, particularly in relation to other theories about the mind-body relationship. I'm wondering if anyone here ...
cricket900's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

If materialism is true, then what accounts for pleasure and pain?

[I went and wrote a long answer to a question that was in the interim deleted, so rather than waste that, I thought I'd do my best to reproduce it here. Credit to Micheal Lee for the original, some ...
selfConceivedAsEvil's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
553 views

Does dualism in conjunction with strong AI imply pan-psychism?

Let's assume that at some hypothetical point in the future, we arrive at two results: Based on results like DesCartes or Kripke's, philosophers and logicians arrive at a conclusive proof in favor of ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
330 views

Can theism be reconciled with the apparent state of dualism?

The SEP states that "dualism has come upon hard times lately, and is widely regarded as being discredited." It seems to me that most theists (I'm thinking mostly of Christians here) accept dualism to ...
Josh's user avatar
  • 355
2 votes
3 answers
163 views

Does sensory information exist, and do philosophers have a name for it?

Are there really sensory sensations such as sight, hearing, tactile sensations, smell, taste, and umami? In other words, are those sensations or sense-data real, and if they are not real physically, ...
Android's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
2 answers
164 views

Is the mind a substance in dual aspect monism?

I'm having a difficulty of the concept of the mind in dual aspect monism. Is the mind a substance in this philosophy of mind?
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
291 views

Isn't Mind–body dualism the result of a Complex Universe?

Mind–body dualism, or mind–body duality, is a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable. Isn't ...
The Last Jedi's user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
2k views

Have Descartes' arguments for dualism been entirely refuted by modern neuroscience and information theory?

From the IEP article on Dualism: Decartes argues that the mind is indivisible because it lacks extension. The body, as an object that takes up space, can always be divided (at least conceptually), ...
Alexander S King's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
467 views

Are mental objects timeless?

Let's suspend for a moment the How? of the body mind problem and suppose an ontological paradigm where there are two classes of objects: mental and physical. Also that physical objects are spatially ...
christo183's user avatar
  • 2,467
-1 votes
2 answers
2k views

On non-duality: Is there really such a thing as evil? [closed]

The non-duality philosophy idea seems to be that polarity is an illusion, because in reality everything is connected and whole. Even when things seem separated they are still connected and depend on ...
Crumhikuu's user avatar