Questions tagged [eastern-philosophy]

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What distinguishes between saguna and nirguna Brahman?

Not knowing any Sanskrit, but knowing a little philosophy and some Bengali I'd translate nirguna as nir-guna (no qualities); and this in the phrase: nirguna Brahman A term used in several places ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What are some of the differences between Chinese and Japanese philosophy?

I am currently in the process of enrolling for a Philosophy major. I would like to balance the amount of western philosophy with eastern philosophy. However, I can only choose Chinese or Japanese ...
5
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1answer
252 views

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

Were the philosophers of Ancient Greece aware of Eastern Philosophies, such as Zoroastrianism or Buddhism? Is there any mention of them, either directly, or similar concepts in existing writings?
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1answer
170 views

Do we consider all parameters when we deal the term, 'SCIENTIFIC'? [closed]

There are different sciences and different definitions to 'science'. But there must be some commonness when we use the term--'SCIENTIFIC'. Since it is supposed that almost all sciences are seeking ...
2
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2answers
54 views

What are some good English translations of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

I have acquired a desire to read Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, but I do not read Sanskrit and I do not know which translations should be trusted. What are high quality translations of the Brihadaranyaka ...
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3answers
67 views

Do eastern and western views differ on questions like “feasibility of computational intelligence”?

Do eastern and western views differ on questions like "feasibility of computational intelligence"? Something I thought. I perceive that the western mind is deeply rooted to the existencies of logical ...
11
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4answers
438 views

How or where are lines drawn, if at all, between eastern mysticism and philosophy?

Having taken Philosophy 101 at too early an age and my professor being a very dry speaker I had been turned off by philosophy for years. For the last 5 years or more I have been introduced to J. ...
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2answers
228 views

Does doing comparative philosophy presuposse adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
4
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3answers
278 views

What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western (...
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2answers
102 views

Could Zen have a chance to “transform” ( aka outbreak ) the Western logos oriented thoughts?

This Saturday I will have a chance to meet someone whose father is a Zen Buddhist. Personal things aside, along with learning Zen, I have found out the similarity that Zen, one of whose main methods, ...
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4answers
552 views

Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
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3answers
270 views

“There are no absolutes.”

A common criticism of relativistic moral and philosophical thinking, of the kind that flies the banner "there are no absolutes," is that by making that statement you are in fact holding to an absolute....
2
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1answer
648 views

Schopenhauer and Maya

Schopenhauer in Die Welt refers to the Vedanta in Die Welt; and in one specific passage he declares: 'It is Maya, the veil of deception, which blinds the eyes of mortals and makes them behold a ...
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2answers
566 views

Does Buddhism have a creation myth?

How does Buddhism explain the world? Was it created or eternally existant? Do they have creation myths? I'm asking this question, because what little & superficial knowledge I hve about Buddhism ...
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1answer
142 views

Historically speaking, what have been considered “reliable” sources of knowledge in Eastern philosophy and Western philosophy?

Historically and in general, what have Eastern and Western philosophies considered "reliable" sources of knowledge? Where do they tend to converge or diverge in this matter?
5
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4answers
215 views

Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

I have read that some Eastern philosophies, such as Buddhist philosophy, have considered extra-sensory perception (as attained through meditation), a valid source of knowledge. For example, the Buddha ...
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7answers
2k views

Is Logic Empirical?

We use the logical system that we know from observations (empirical data) holds true in the world we live in (please correct me if I am wrong). Hence the axioms of logic we choose are themselves ...
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7answers
10k views

How similar are Taoism and Christianity?

The current Wikipedia article on Taoism contains a relatively prominent section devoted to arguments in favor of an alleged similarity between Taoism and Christianity. Some authors have dealt with ...
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3answers
105 views

Are there sources in daoistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of daoistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
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5answers
2k views

Why is chinese philosophy usually ignored in western philosophy courses?

Is it because western tradition ignores them? Or because they think it's not philosophy, but mysticism? Or because they are afraid of losing ground to a superior thinking? Ignorance, prejudice or ...
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8answers
7k views

Why are western Philosophers not fair to Indian philosophers?

I have been browsing these philosophical pages on web for some time. Can someone explain this taboo regarding Indian philosophy when ever it comes in discussion.
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1answer
202 views

Analytic Philosophy in India

After studying Jonardon Ganeri's Philosophy in Classical India, one is made to think whether there are applications of Indian classical Navya-Nyaya logic in Analytic Philosophy? What is the ...
5
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8answers
951 views

Empiricism in Eastern Philosophy?

Some definitions: Empiricism: Sensory/Empirical data is the only or best source of knowledge. Eastern philosophy: Philosophical traditions that grew independently of the Greco-Roman philosophical ...
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6answers
414 views

Why does the eastern teaching of no-self be so difficult to accept, as an actuality and not as a weird claim, by western thought?

In West, self is seen as a precious concept, central to everyday life decisions. On the opposite, Western stretches the illusory nature of a permanent entity. It seems to be there such an huge ...
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4answers
621 views

Is Dasein Heideggerian Zen? [closed]

I was reading about Heidegger's concept of "Dasein" as being or existing in the moment. It struck a chord of similarity with the eastern concept of Zen. Is there a parallel?
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2answers
256 views

“For one who is dead, birth is certain.” Counter arguments [closed]

The Bhagavad Gita Chapter: 2 Verse: 27 says, "For one who is born, death is certain. For one who is dead, birth is certain. Therefore, you should not grieve over that which is inevitable." ...
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0answers
76 views

How does feng shui and aestethics work together?

According to Wikipedia Feng Shui is a is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. It is closely linked to Daoism... [and] is one of the Five Arts ...
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2answers
189 views

Difference between information and knowledge?

As far as I think projection of data unto subject mind is information for the subject whereas indentation or impressions accumulated owing to projection of data unto subject mind is knowledge for the ...
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6answers
2k views

Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?

Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Are there sources in hinduistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of hinduistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
8
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2answers
380 views

Where do I turn after Stoics, Montaigne and Taleb?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
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0answers
1k views

Comparison between Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy [closed]

As a beginner in "Philosophy" ... I'd like to know the difference between the Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy in terms of Essence, Thought, Ideology, History, Purpose... etc. and the eminent ...
13
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4answers
1k views

Does the dueling notion of good and evil exist in non-Abrahamic (Eastern) philosophies as it does in the Western tradition?

I am looking for discussions about good and evil in non-Abrahamic philosophies (meaning traditionally Eastern schools of thought, such as those from India and China). The reason being, good and evil ...
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1answer
62 views

Stance of Bhagwad Gita regarding permanence of life [closed]

I am reading God Talks With Arjuna by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda. In chapter 2 verse 20, I came across the following line in the interpretation: This stanza expresses the profound truth of the ...
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3answers
140 views

Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
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4answers
2k views

Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical traditions on what constitutes rationality?

I am aware of the way Western philosophers define rationality but I do not know whether Eastern philosophers define it. Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical ...
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2answers
170 views

What is the meaning of the following sentence in “Nature, Man and Woman” by Alan Watts?

I am reading "Nature, Man and Woman" by Alan Watts and I am not able to grasp the meaning of the sentence highlighted below fully. There is a prevalent belief in the West that intellectual and ...
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3answers
921 views

What are some good resources for learning Indian philosophy?

I am a science student. During my free time, I study philosophy and occasionally do courses in philosophy in my university. I've noticed that in academia, "Philosophy" means "Western Philosophy". ...
3
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6answers
307 views

How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
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2answers
144 views

How important is the Gita within Indian Philosophy?

The Bhagavad Gita is a late chapter in the Mahabharata, and I've read in several places that it's central to Indian Philosophy; but I also read a counter-opinion which posited its importance as an ...
5
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1answer
118 views

Are there eastern pacifist philosophers?

We know that in the West pacifism has been inspired by Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre who wrote the Perpetual Peace and inspired Kant and Rousseau. But what about the eastern philosophy? Who ...
3
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1answer
144 views

Truth and factness of reality [closed]

In relation to my earlier question, Apart from Fact being a component of reality, what other factors comprise of reality which are sufficient for anything to be Fact? And by saying Truth: a ...
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7answers
1k views

Is the “Eastern philosophy” really philosophy? [closed]

I'm a undergraduate student in an eastern country. And I'm interested in contemporary "western" philosophy. But to graduate, I'm forced to take some "eastern philosophy" course like Buddihism or ...
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1answer
148 views

How can one interpret impenetrability in Schopenhauer?

In Schopenhauers Die Welt, he writes: How early again was this truth recognised by the wise men of India, appearing indeed as the fundamental tenet of the Vedanta philosophy as ascribed to Vyasa, ...
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2answers
269 views

What do we learn about the sun when applying the yin and yang viewpoint?

The post Chinese Philosophy: the yin aspects of the sun discusses what the yin and yang properties of the sun are according to Daoism. What is the explanatory value of yin and yang, what is ...
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4answers
346 views

What's the significance of 'Om' in Indian philosophy?

I recall reading somewhere that Om has a certain significance in Indian philosophy; is this due to it being the first vowel in the Sanskrit alphabet (which in Sanskrit is also the first letter, as all ...
3
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1answer
191 views

Have there been any studies on how Marxist philosophy interacted with Chinese philosophy in China?

The Chinese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai in 1921, and assumed full control of mainland China by 1949. Marxist philosophy, in short, is the Hegelian anti-thesis of Hegelian philosophy. ...
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1answer
355 views

Relationship between Western thoughts and “Eastern thoughts”

I sometimes feel an agony between these two, when especially considering the so-called philosophy developed in terms of modern terminology in Western countries. I am now particularly referring here. ...
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2answers
572 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To use ...
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2answers
212 views

“One achieves knowledge and indifference at the same time” André Weil reference to the Gita. Source?

The great mathematician André Weil said this: Nothing is more fruitful – all mathematicians know it – than those obscure analogies, those disturbing reflections of one theory in another; those ...