Questions tagged [eastern-philosophy]

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15
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5answers
2k views

Why is chinese philosophy usually ignored in western philosophy courses?

Is it because western tradition ignores them? Or because they think it's not philosophy, but mysticism? Or because they are afraid of losing ground to a superior thinking? Ignorance, prejudice or ...
15
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7answers
2k views

Is Logic Empirical?

We use the logical system that we know from observations (empirical data) holds true in the world we live in (please correct me if I am wrong). Hence the axioms of logic we choose are themselves ...
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4answers
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Does the dueling notion of good and evil exist in non-Abrahamic (Eastern) philosophies as it does in the Western tradition?

I am looking for discussions about good and evil in non-Abrahamic philosophies (meaning traditionally Eastern schools of thought, such as those from India and China). The reason being, good and evil ...
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4answers
439 views

How or where are lines drawn, if at all, between eastern mysticism and philosophy?

Having taken Philosophy 101 at too early an age and my professor being a very dry speaker I had been turned off by philosophy for years. For the last 5 years or more I have been introduced to J. ...
10
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3answers
957 views

What are some good resources for learning Indian philosophy?

I am a science student. During my free time, I study philosophy and occasionally do courses in philosophy in my university. I've noticed that in academia, "Philosophy" means "Western Philosophy". ...
8
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4answers
2k views

Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical traditions on what constitutes rationality?

I am aware of the way Western philosophers define rationality but I do not know whether Eastern philosophers define it. Are there any differences between the Eastern and Western philosophical ...
8
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6answers
2k views

Are there any Western philosophies that present views similar to the No-self view of Buddhism?

Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the ...
8
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2answers
396 views

Where do I turn after Stoics, Montaigne and Taleb?

If one liked primary and secondary works by and about Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592; e.g. his essays and biography) where could one turn to next? The Stoics and Nassim Nicholas Taleb come to mind. ...
7
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4answers
608 views

Buddhism in Phaedo

At the end of Phaedo, Socrates proves, in his own manner, that the soul is immortal and goes through an endless cycle of metempsychosis and, "if deemed to have lived an extremely pious life are freed ...
6
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5answers
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Are there any recognized modern eastern or Asian philosophers out there? Is eastern philosophy taken seriously in the 21st century?

Philosophy has roots in both the eastern and the western world. Undoubtedly, there is a big difference between the two. Eastern traditions are more prescriptive and religious and less formal. Western ...
6
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7answers
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Is the “Eastern philosophy” really philosophy? [closed]

I'm a undergraduate student in an eastern country. And I'm interested in contemporary "western" philosophy. But to graduate, I'm forced to take some "eastern philosophy" course like Buddihism or ...
6
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6answers
414 views

Why does the eastern teaching of no-self be so difficult to accept, as an actuality and not as a weird claim, by western thought?

In West, self is seen as a precious concept, central to everyday life decisions. On the opposite, Western stretches the illusory nature of a permanent entity. It seems to be there such an huge ...
6
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0answers
1k views

Comparison between Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy [closed]

As a beginner in "Philosophy" ... I'd like to know the difference between the Western, Eastern and Islamic Philosophy in terms of Essence, Thought, Ideology, History, Purpose... etc. and the eminent ...
5
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7answers
11k views

How similar are Taoism and Christianity?

The current Wikipedia article on Taoism contains a relatively prominent section devoted to arguments in favor of an alleged similarity between Taoism and Christianity. Some authors have dealt with ...
5
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8answers
994 views

Empiricism in Eastern Philosophy?

Some definitions: Empiricism: Sensory/Empirical data is the only or best source of knowledge. Eastern philosophy: Philosophical traditions that grew independently of the Greco-Roman philosophical ...
5
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4answers
233 views

Is extra-sensory perception considered a valid source of knowledge in any Western branch of philosophy?

I have read that some Eastern philosophies, such as Buddhist philosophy, have considered extra-sensory perception (as attained through meditation), a valid source of knowledge. For example, the Buddha ...
5
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2answers
575 views

To use the limited to pursue the unlimited is foolish?

I have occasionally used an (apparent) quote from Chinese (Taoist) philosopher Zhuangzi's Wikipedia article and am wondering about the original form and where exactly it might be cited from: To use ...
5
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2answers
233 views

Does doing comparative philosophy presuposse adopting cultural-relativism?

Assuming that there are several distinct philosophical traditions - say - Western, Chinese and Indian and that philosophers can actually compare the manner certain philosophical problems were handled ...
5
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2answers
577 views

Does Buddhism have a creation myth?

How does Buddhism explain the world? Was it created or eternally existant? Do they have creation myths? I'm asking this question, because what little & superficial knowledge I hve about Buddhism ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What are some of the differences between Chinese and Japanese philosophy?

I am currently in the process of enrolling for a Philosophy major. I would like to balance the amount of western philosophy with eastern philosophy. However, I can only choose Chinese or Japanese ...
5
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1answer
210 views

Analytic Philosophy in India

After studying Jonardon Ganeri's Philosophy in Classical India, one is made to think whether there are applications of Indian classical Navya-Nyaya logic in Analytic Philosophy? What is the ...
5
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1answer
257 views

Did Greek philosophers know about Eastern philosophies?

Were the philosophers of Ancient Greece aware of Eastern Philosophies, such as Zoroastrianism or Buddhism? Is there any mention of them, either directly, or similar concepts in existing writings?
5
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1answer
119 views

Are there eastern pacifist philosophers?

We know that in the West pacifism has been inspired by Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre who wrote the Perpetual Peace and inspired Kant and Rousseau. But what about the eastern philosophy? Who ...
4
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2answers
501 views

What does this quotation suggest about Gurus in religion?

I was reading this article on the concept of "Gurus" in various religions, and the following quotation regarding Sikhism caught my attention: On the importance of guru, Nanak says: "Let no man in ...
4
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3answers
141 views

Why does water appear to be a common creative principle across Indo-European culture?

Thales (one of earliest Greek philosophers) said, as reported by Hippolytus, in the Refutation of all Heresies the archê (principle) and the end of all things is water. All things acquire firmness ...
4
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2answers
193 views

Difference between information and knowledge?

As far as I think projection of data unto subject mind is information for the subject whereas indentation or impressions accumulated owing to projection of data unto subject mind is knowledge for the ...
4
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3answers
281 views

What are the criteria by which we could determine whether some field is philosophy rather than wisdom?

There is a sub-field of philosophy called 'comparative philosophy' - it deals with philosophical themes by comparing how those themes were accounted for throughout history by Western and non-Western (...
4
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3answers
116 views

Are there sources in daoistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of daoistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
4
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2answers
275 views

What do we learn about the sun when applying the yin and yang viewpoint?

The post Chinese Philosophy: the yin aspects of the sun discusses what the yin and yang properties of the sun are according to Daoism. What is the explanatory value of yin and yang, what is ...
4
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2answers
639 views

Can Tao Te Ching be translated using paraconsistent logic?

Lao Tsu's Tao Te Ching is full of paradoxes. Is paraconsistent logic sufficient to translate Tao Te Ching to formal logic? To be specific, how can I get started with the following passage from J....
4
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3answers
2k views

How do Buddhism, Hinduism, etc. address the 'problem of evil'?

One of the arguments against the existence of god is the problem of evil and specifically, the death of innocent children. I'm curious to know if the concepts of reincarnation and a karmic carry-over ...
3
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6answers
313 views

How can we let go of one (the Self) and not the other (Free Will)? [duplicate]

I am under the impression that in western culture, it is quite common to conceive the Self as an illusion — probably as an import from eastern religions, and in particular from Buddhism, and in ...
3
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4answers
652 views

Is Dasein Heideggerian Zen? [closed]

I was reading about Heidegger's concept of "Dasein" as being or existing in the moment. It struck a chord of similarity with the eastern concept of Zen. Is there a parallel?
3
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3answers
9k views

What distinguishes between saguna and nirguna Brahman?

Not knowing any Sanskrit, but knowing a little philosophy and some Bengali I'd translate nirguna as nir-guna (no qualities); and this in the phrase: nirguna Brahman A term used in several places ...
3
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1answer
146 views

Truth and factness of reality [closed]

In relation to my earlier question, Apart from Fact being a component of reality, what other factors comprise of reality which are sufficient for anything to be Fact? And by saying Truth: a ...
3
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1answer
642 views

Is there a Sanskrit term that overlaps semantically with ἀ–λήθεια (a-letheia)?

Sat (Sanskrit: सत्): is a Sanskrit adjective meaning "the ideal; pure and true essence (nature)" of an entity or existence in the Vedanta. It can thus be concluded as "the self-existent or ...
3
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1answer
194 views

Have there been any studies on how Marxist philosophy interacted with Chinese philosophy in China?

The Chinese Communist Party was founded in Shanghai in 1921, and assumed full control of mainland China by 1949. Marxist philosophy, in short, is the Hegelian anti-thesis of Hegelian philosophy. ...
2
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1answer
237 views

Is there any evidence that Copernicus knew of the Heliocentric hypothesis elaborated in Antiquity?

Copernicus is commonly favoured with the discovery of the heliocentric theory. However, it's well known that the hypothesis was already discussed in Greek Antiquity, primarily by Aristarchus (300 BC) ...
2
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4answers
97 views

Is there transformation of self through realization in Western Philosophy

Transformation through realization a.k.a enlightenment is a recurring theme in eastern philosophy. Is there a counterpart for this in Western Philosophical writings?
2
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2answers
219 views

“One achieves knowledge and indifference at the same time” André Weil reference to the Gita. Source?

The great mathematician André Weil said this: Nothing is more fruitful – all mathematicians know it – than those obscure analogies, those disturbing reflections of one theory in another; those ...
2
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2answers
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Does the idea that saving someone's life makes you responsible for them have any real philosophical roots, or is it merely a Hollywood trope? [closed]

I have heard this idea before: if you save a person's life, then forever after, you will be responsible for them. The only references I can find to this concept are vague claims that it is an Asian ...
2
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4answers
353 views

What's the significance of 'Om' in Indian philosophy?

I recall reading somewhere that Om has a certain significance in Indian philosophy; is this due to it being the first vowel in the Sanskrit alphabet (which in Sanskrit is also the first letter, as all ...
2
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2answers
62 views

What are some good English translations of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

I have acquired a desire to read Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, but I do not read Sanskrit and I do not know which translations should be trusted. What are high quality translations of the Brihadaranyaka ...
2
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1answer
684 views

Schopenhauer and Maya

Schopenhauer in Die Welt refers to the Vedanta in Die Welt; and in one specific passage he declares: 'It is Maya, the veil of deception, which blinds the eyes of mortals and makes them behold a ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Zarathustra and the History of Western Philosophy

Zarathustra is famously invoked by Nietzsche to sweep away a univocal theology - Western Christian monotheism; in the history of religions Zarathustra is famous as the founder of Zorastrianism; this a ...
2
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0answers
46 views

Are there sources in hinduistic philosophy regarding the concept of the specifically human?

What I am looking for are sources (wether historical or, even better, contemporary), that stand in the tradition of hinduistic philosophy and focus on the concept of humanity. The goal is basically ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Stance of Bhagwad Gita regarding permanence of life [closed]

I am reading God Talks With Arjuna by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda. In chapter 2 verse 20, I came across the following line in the interpretation: This stanza expresses the profound truth of the ...
1
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2answers
393 views

What is meant by the field of Dharma in the Bhagavad Gita?

The Mahabharata is an Indo-Aryan epic about the dynastic struggle by Pandavas & the Kauravas for the throne of the Kingdom of the Kuru, held by Dhtrarastra, the blind king of the Kauravas. The ...
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3answers
300 views

“There are no absolutes.”

A common criticism of relativistic moral and philosophical thinking, of the kind that flies the banner "there are no absolutes," is that by making that statement you are in fact holding to an absolute....
1
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1answer
96 views

Reference request: the Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara

The Brahma-Sûtra-Bhâshya of Śaṅkara is the commentary by Śaṅkara of the Brahma-Sûtra. Śaṅkara was one of the greatest Hindu philosopher. The Brahma-Sûtra is one the greatest text on ontology of the ...