Questions tagged [emergence]

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Are decidability problems an example of strong emergence?

According to David Chalmers, speaking on Strong Emergence: We can say that a high-level phenomenon is strongly emergent with respect to a low-level domain when the high-level phenomenon arises ...
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Why has modern physics not permeated throughout all of philosophy?

Modern physics seems to agree that both time and space are not really fundamental - they are emergent properties. This is articulated well in the IEP article on time. However, it seems that much of ...
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Debate on dualism, physicalism. etc in philosophy of mind

(I do not have a philosophy background but I do read philosophy myself.) I have read some review papers of emergence theory, where philosophy of mind is a major battle ground. I find an absence of a ...
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126 views

Is emergentism incompatible with reductionism?

I've read, on several occasions, that emergentism is maybe not all the way contrasted but at least to some degree conflicted with reductionism. As I understand, emergentism is a doctrine within ...
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Is information causal?

I am coming to this question in response to scepticism about emergentism as more than an overlay (eg. SEP article). Entropy is well established as related to relative information about systems, and ...
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4answers
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Is the concept of emergence sufficient in blocking reductionism?

Is emergence the only avenue to follow in order to successfully short-cirquit full reductionist explanations? What other recourse does one have to avoid full-fledged reductionism without risking ...
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13answers
808 views

Sketch of a proof for real free will?

I have read many contemporary philosophers and the mainstream view seems to be that real free will is an illusion in the sense that consciousness is an emergent phenomenon which is only set on top of ...
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1answer
174 views

Do naturalists think that only microscopic physical things exist?

I was reading an article on time in physics, which is meant to emerge at the macroscopic level. This is interpreted as that it does not really exist. Is that because only microscopic physical things ...
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4answers
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Can purpose be attributed to events without grounding in agency

As observers we observe events around us. All events have causes, either deterministic causes or non-deterministic ones. As observers however we can additionally attribute purpose (or meaning as in ...
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1answer
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Is there a fundamental difference between strong and weak emergence?

Weak emergent properties are said to be properties of a large system that can be predicted or derived by computing the interactions of the system's constituent parts. Strong emergent properties of a ...
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4answers
133 views

Emergent Complexity In Probability Distributions

I originally posted this in Physics SE but was told it's more appropriate here... In quantum mechanics we describe waves of probability or probability distributions. Does this have to or should it be ...
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5answers
427 views

Relation between Existence of Free Will and Existence of the Self

So, I am a student in mathematics and physics with no formal training in philosophy whatsoever, although I enjoy reading popular discussions of philosophical questions. However, my question is bound ...
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2answers
530 views

If a physical property is emergent, can it still be artificially recreated?

Let's assume that a physical property is emergent, in the sense that it cannot be reduced to a function of the properties of its components. Can such a property be artificially recreated, or is that a ...
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409 views

What are the relations between supervenience, grounding and emergence in philosophy of science?

So, I am wondering if anyone could help me with the notions of grounding (supervenience?) and emergence in the modern discussions in philosophy of science. What are they and what is the relation ...
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137 views

Intentionality and emergentism in Marxist theories?

This question came to mind when reading about Adorno and Horkheimer's Culture Industry, but it might apply to any Marxist theory where the bourgeoisie/capitalist class performs some action to defend ...
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3answers
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Can Thomas Nagel be considered a pantheist?

I have recently come across Thomas Nagel's book "Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False", which I've only skimmed. I've also just finished ...
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1answer
160 views

What is supervenience emergentism?

I'm trying to understanding supervenience emergentism, but the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry is unclear. My understanding of supervenience was that the lower level properties of the ...
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447 views

Hierarchical Reductionism vs Emergentism [closed]

How does Hierarchical Reductionism (as coined by Richard Dawkins) differ from Emergentism exactly? Edit: Dawkins' definition of hierarchical reductionism: https://books.google.fr/books?id=-...
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2answers
1k views

Holism, reductionism and emergence

I try to understand the difference between holism and reductionism and I wonder whether the concept of emergence belongs to the first one or whether it is just "holism through the eyes of a ...
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1answer
59 views

About determinism and any relevant views

Is there a term or set of concepts regarding what one might call non-materialistic determinism? The possible idea determinism might not only apply to sets of interacting physical 'things' but also to ...
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What are the arguments against the emergence of mind?

There are theories that state that a mind or human consciousness emerged from the properties of underlying systems, e.g. physical properties of the atoms of the brain, or biological properties of the ...
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2answers
6k views

What's the difference between “emergence” and “reductionism”?

Isn't a system, which emerged from simpler system also reducible to the simpler system? More general, is emergence the reverse term to reducitionism?