Questions tagged [empiricism]

Empiricism is the view that knowledge comes from sense experience.

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How to not fear the supernatural?

I have post-traumatic stress disorder. Like many so afflicted, I interpreted the trauma as a form of punishment. I’m not religious, but my mind spontaneously invented an idiosyncratic deity in the ...
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Have there been attempts at modeling 'essential reality'?

By "essential reality" I mean consistent aspects of human nature and those of our temporary and ever-changing physical environment(domain of science) as well as overlapping views on ...
Mark_NoBadCake's user avatar
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Statements about emotions

I have a quote from Ayer's "Language, truth and logic": If now I generalize my previous statement and say, ‘Stealing money is wrong,’ I produce a sentence which has no factual meaning – ...
Егор Галыкин's user avatar
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Is introspection considered a form of empirical experience?

In my philosophical readings, it appears there is no consensus on this issue among some of the great philosophical minds, or given differences in their expressions I don't perceive a consensus. ...
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What is the origin of sense data?

Did Ayer and other sense data theorists believe that sense data are caused by the external world somehow? I don't know if this is supposed to be controversial, but I just don't see how you can deny ...
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How do empiricists explain the existence of perceptual illusions?

How do empiricists like Hume explain the existence of perceptual illusions? If we only know about the world through sense impressions, how can we know that an object is not as it seems? For example, ...
John Smith's user avatar
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Are transcendental and indispensability arguments reciprocally structured?

This question occurred to me in the course of addressing a recent question about what counts as evidence in philosophy. There, I offered that transcendental arguments are structurally akin to ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
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is there an example of an empirical math equation?

It would be great if your example was from a respectable philosopher but anything will do. currently I am writing a debate case based on the resolution of "rationalism should be valued over ...
GreekRussian's user avatar
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Is knowledge innate or is it empirical?

Are we conceived with innate knowledge and understanding of this world? Such as a the structure of language. See Chomsky. Or do we only understand the world by our experience of it and language and ...
8Mad0Manc8's user avatar
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What was Hume's specific view with empiricism?

I've stumbled across empiricism and Hume's view on it. It really interests me, but with the sources I've encountered, I still lack a clear understanding of his view on it.
Dawn's user avatar
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Do contradictions rule out holism and vice versa, and pluralism?

Quine has a holism (based in radical empiricism) that is very appealing. It's a significant part of his Two Dogmas of Empiricism, which many say is the most significant philosophical work in the 20th ...
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What differences and relationships are between "innate ideas" and "presuppositions of knowledge"?

p149 of Section "Rationalism and Empiricism" in Big Questions by Solomon talkss about "innate ideas": One of the main points of debate between the rationalists and the empiricists�...
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Is John Locke's Empiricism Unempirical?

The esteemed seventeenth-century English philosopher John Locke famously declares that we are tabula rasa (blank slates). When it comes to human understanding we rely upon the force of experience (...
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Do individuals over the world expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance"?

Ludwig von Mises believes that "in general, men the world over expect a social system to provide "peace and abundance."[sic] (from "Ludwig von Mises and the Justification of the ...
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Hume’s Empiricism and the Possibility of an Epistemology Grounded in Metaphysics

Was epistemology continued in metaphysics? Was the impossibility of an epistemology grounded in metaphysics made impossible by Humean empiricism in the sense that a posteriori questions of fact are ...
Assandra Lakal's user avatar
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Does Plato think we can have synthetic a posteriori knowledge?

I understand that Plato thinks our knowledge of universals is innate, and therefore synthetic a priori knowledge. However, does he think we can have any knowledge that is synthetic and a posteriori? ...
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Why can't we have a tighter definition of what makes something necessary?

Why can’t we define 'necessary' tighter, by making it include empirical evidence of such a statement? Everything that is agreed to be necessarily can be empirically verified. For example, if we put ...
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Is Deleuze an Intuitionist?

I am reading Difference and Repitition currently by Deleuze. In it he describes his metaphysics as subverting identity, and instead replacing how people could process the world as an endless series of ...
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Can moral truths be known a priori or are they based on experience?

I am currently working on an essay that explores the concept of a priori knowledge and whether or not it can exist. I would love to hear any thoughts or opinions on this topic that anyone may have. ...
cricket900's user avatar
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Testing of complex systems

I wasn't sure were to post this question, seems ill fitted for most content I see. In software development there is a procedure for testing software that includes unit testing, integration testing, ...
gabriel's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does empiricism already possess the seeds of idealism?

Outside Berkeley's philosophy, does empiricism (not radical empiricism or Berkeley's idealist/radical? empiricism) possess the seeds of idealism? If yes, and if it is considered a problem: (1) What ...
Starckman's user avatar
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What is the relationship between the scientific experimental method and the two espistemologies of empiricism and rationalism

What is the (historical and theoretical) relationship between the scientific experimental method and the two espistemologies of empiricism and rationalism? I can read here and there that the ...
Starckman's user avatar
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Could I (or something like my mind) exist because more complicated (mental) products than me exist?

Starting with a Cartesian-type 'cogito' argument, we might be sceptical that an 'I' exists, but rather suppose that we're embedded in a kind of perceptive process allowing us to experience thoughts, ...
WG82's user avatar
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What is the name of this view, that consciousness builds reality?

The following is really my own conception, but I have no credentials in philosophy. Nevertheless, I find it quite compelling. It is said (Hegel?) that mind has the property that (a) it is inside ...
DanielFBest's user avatar
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Can empiricists and materialists accept metaphysical modality?

There are some propositions such as 1+1=2 that seem to be true in all possible worlds. That is, there is no possible world in which 1+1=2 is not true. Propositions like this that seem to be true in ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
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If we simulate a universe just like ours, is there any experiment simulated life could do to verify it is being simulated?

Akin to Einstein's principle of equivalence where the observer cannot tell if he or she is either in free fall or being accelerated (in a small enough region of spacetime); I'm wondering the same ...
Mmm Donuts's user avatar
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What does Hume mean when he relates association of ideas to languages?

In the Enquiry, section 3 Hume says: Among different languages, even where we cannot suspect the least connexion or communication, it is found, that the words, expressive of ideas, the most ...
R Samuel's user avatar
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1 answer
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What does Hume mean by metaphysics that fall under superstition?

Hey guys I'm reading Hume's 'An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding' and there's something I can't quite understand. Through sections I and II Hume talks about how he is trying to come up with the ...
R Samuel's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
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Is there "empirical" distance without "mathematical" distance?

Mathematicians since antiquity have been thinking about length and angle, including doing things with straight-edges, rulers, compasses, and protractors. Fast-forward to modern physics, and you'll see ...
Galen's user avatar
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Is Constructivism a solid middle-ground between Empiricism and Rationalism?

Is Constructivism a good compromise between the radicalist views of Empiricism and Rationalism? I'm not sure I understand the tenets of Constructivism to its fullest extent, but it seems like a ...
maximalism's user avatar
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As humans, do we require a total understanding of information to fully embody it as knowledge?

As humans, do we require a total understanding of information to fully embody it as knowledge? Is the underlying mechanism of the act of knowledge dependent on a complete understanding of theories, ...
Mike's user avatar
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How can circles be a subclass of ellipses? Popper [closed]

My question comes from: 36 Levels of Universality and Degrees of Precision from The Logic of Scientific Discovery Excerpt from the chapter 36: We have the following natural laws: p: All heavenly ...
ExoticBirdsMerchant's user avatar
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Does Locke's saying "the mind has no other immediate object but its own ideas …." deconstruct his own general theory and agree with Berkeley’s?

Locke says: "Since the mind ... hath no other immediate object but its own ideas, which it alone can contemplate, it is evident that our knowledge is only conversant about them." If we take ...
Tala Wehbe's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
549 views

Is it possible to refute any form of innate knowledge?

The standard definition of rationalism is that a rationalist believes that humans have innate knowledge(concept) or ability to intuit/deduct. Correct me if I'm wrong, but I think according to the ...
Dimen's user avatar
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Empiricism and Morality

How would an empiricist develop a moral philosophy without running into the is-ought problem? The Moral Landscape by Sam Harris tries to formulate one but does not effectively resolve the is-ought ...
user716881's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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References on philosophical aspects of experimental design

I am an engineer working in molecular neuroscience field, hence getting exposure in both solving practical problems (how to image fish brain) and molecular bio questions (do neurons X connect to ...
aaaaa says reinstate Monica's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
158 views

What is the difference between 'sense-data' and 'facts'?

There appear to be times when philosophers use these terms 'sense-data' and 'facts' synonymously, and at other times as distinct entities. Is there philosophy that speaks to characterize the ...
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How does Kant substantiate the noumenal world? [duplicate]

This is a new idea for me and I have struggled understanding Kant. How does Kant substantiate the noumenal world? ..Also, is their an online text or online video someone can reference me to that ...
Noah's user avatar
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Truth-value injection in quasi-empirical theoriess

While reading about quasi-empiricism I have encountered the following statement: "Thus the logical channels of theories are not downward transmission of truth but for upward re-transmission of ...
m4linka's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
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Why is science treated as if it is entirely separate from philosophy? [duplicate]

A lot of people who I have spoken with in philosophy courses treat science as if it is completely separate from philosophy. Some scientists, like Stephen Hawking when he was still alive, seem to agree ...
Tyler Mc's user avatar
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Stupidity and morality, how do they relate? [closed]

I think most people concerned with philosophy would think that morality is at least a type of intelligence, one way of being intelligent. Some forms of "ethical realism" must surely rely on ethical ...
user avatar
7 votes
7 answers
443 views

Explaining to my 11 year old why the question "Will robots ever have feelings" is part of philosophy, not science?

My 11 year old is tasked with interpreting a Seneca quote. I started out by trying to explain to him what ethics is by contrasting 'Will robots ever have feelings?' as a question in Philosophy of Mind,...
Alexander S King's user avatar
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1 answer
70 views

Was Hans Reichenbach really a logical empiricist? Did he really think that logic was empirical?

I was reading an article in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy about Hans Reichenbach 1, and I have a specific question about it that I would like to ask. There, it is said that: Reichenbach ...
Maribel's user avatar
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Is there any inconsistency in Berkeley's philosophy?

Does Berkeley's empiricist philosophy contain any inconsistencies? What are the inconsistent sides of Locke's or Hume's philosophies? How is Berkeley's world different from a Matrix-like world? The ...
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Did Quine ever respond to the major criticisms of Two Dogmas?

I'm specifically thinking about Grice and Strawson's paper "In Defense of a Dogma" and Putnam's paper "Two Dogmas Revisited". Both raise major issues with the content of Quine's "Two Dogmas of ...
ShouldProbablyKnowTheAnswer's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
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What does rationalism prove that empiricism can not?

I have always had trouble understanding rationalism. I am very unclear as to what a rationalist can prove that an empiricist cannot. Are their any examples of something or a situation being ...
Noah's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Empiricism vs Irrationalism

Empiricists think that we should rely on our senses as a source of information but they also agree that using induction, and therefore reason as well, to make conclusions are reliable, whereas ...
Júlia Sirotiaková's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
542 views

Hume on infinity

I know Hume argued against dividing finite space into infinitely many regions, but I can't seem to find anything regarding his thoughts on infinity itself. From his Enquiry you sort of get that he ...
Andrei Buruntia's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
269 views

Evidence for Aristotle being an empiricist?

Most secondary sources tell me yes, but can anyone provide me with primary evidence of this. A short quote would be sufficient, this is time sensitive (got an essay due tomorrow) so thank you in ...
Luke's user avatar
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3 answers
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How "repeatable" does empirical evidence need to be?

To start, I am a proponent of empiricism but feel like I stumbled into a flaw. How come we only accept what we can repeat? ..and how often do I need to be able to repeat to the same conclusion for me ...
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