Skip to main content

Questions tagged [epistemology]

Epistemology is the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
2 answers
101 views

Can we define everything including even what I'm writing now or are some things undefined?

I noticed that every logical theory seems to have a meta logic or language. For instance, we say "x is so and so, it is different from so and so, therefore, x is y, etc." We have not defined ...
Gerald Robertson's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
267 views

Should the failure to provide a naturalistic explanation for an event increase our credence in a supernatural one? An NDE case study

The question in the title, although meant to be general, is mainly motivated by a specific type of Near-Death Experience (NDE) that currently perplexes me. Specifically, I am referring to NDEs ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

Are quantum epistemology and intuitionistic constructivism compatible?

A somewhat recent article coming out of the University of Toronto and the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Zurich claims "no": Constructivist epistemology posits that all truths are ...
Kristian Berry's user avatar
-2 votes
2 answers
141 views

What is a philosophical proposition?

There seems to be confusion on this exchange as to what constitutes a proposition in philosophy. This seems to extend to the burden of proof. The classical burden of proof is "onus probandi ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,341
0 votes
2 answers
80 views

If an unfalsifiable claim doesn't contradict known fact, is it harmful to hold?

Say panpsychism. It's compatible with physics, but I don't know how we could determine if an electron is conscious. I don't even know you're conscious! But if believing in it made one's life better, ...
Sayetsu's user avatar
  • 133
0 votes
1 answer
90 views

Why is having true beliefs important? (More detail)

I forgot to keep track of my earlier asking of this question. Rather than make similar replies to many comments, I'll elaborate here. I'll use the example of panpsychism: it holds that natural laws ...
Sayetsu's user avatar
  • 133
5 votes
13 answers
3k views

Why is having true beliefs so important?

Of course, when you need to describe reality or make predictions about it, it's important that the beliefs correspond to reality, but say a religion makes an unfalsifiable and unverifiable claim. Does ...
Sayetsu's user avatar
  • 133
9 votes
9 answers
4k views

Do people who "withhold judgement" also have a burden of proof?

I will illustrate my question with several examples involving 3 individuals: A, B, C. Example 1: The shape of the Earth A defends the claim that the Earth is round. B defends the claim that the Earth ...
user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
317 views

Is atheism a proposition?

Theism proposes the existence of God. Atheism makes no proposition, it is simply the absence of a belief in God. Theism is the proposition. Atheism is the negation. The negation is not a proposition. ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,341
1 vote
1 answer
130 views

Do Gödel's incompleteness theorems and Tarski's theorem of indefinability of truth show we can never discover and prove every truth?

I thought I had a grasp on this. Do Gödel's apply to just math; logic, too; or more, and what does its applicability entail? If it applies to math, does it apply to physics? Similarly with Tarski: can ...
Sayetsu's user avatar
  • 133
9 votes
6 answers
3k views

Can philosophy be useful?

I cite the article by Hans Radder entitled "Everything of value is useful: How philosophy can be socially relevant", published by Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective. He ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,341
8 votes
3 answers
271 views

Will artificial intelligence lead to experimental philosophy?

Let us clarify some terms, so we do not turn our ankle in some linguistic rabbit-hole before we start. All experimental science used to be called 'Natural Philosophy'. Modern usage re-labels this as '...
Richard Kirk's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
769 views

Chaos vs statistical mechanics vs complexity science

could someone shed some light on difference between chaos and complexity ? What is the difference both ontological and epistemological between complexity science and statistical mechanics ?
quanity's user avatar
  • 1,519
11 votes
6 answers
676 views

Can private experiences justify private belief in supernaturalism?

Is it ever rational or justified to believe in supernaturalism on the basis of private experiences (of the kind for which publicly accesible evidence can hardly be produced)? If someone has private ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
75 views

What is the best reference for understanding inductive theories of knowledge?

I am looking for a pedagogical outline of the inductive theory of knowledge. Something along the lines of a level textbook (graduate or undergraduate) reference rather than references to classic texts....
asph's user avatar
  • 141
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

What is the relation between idealism and science?

My understanding of idealism is that it rests on the primacy of the mind and conscience over matter. The Encyclopædia Britannica provides the following "basic" forms of idealism: The two ...
frankhey's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
77 views

What do philosophers think about the beauty?

When we see someone beautiful we understand what is beauty. The definition may not be absolute but it can be roughly defined. For example - symmetrical form may be considered beautiful. Fair color can ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
6 votes
7 answers
829 views

To what extent is intersubjective agreement required for one to be justified in trusting one's own subjective experiences?

Context: this is a follow-up to my last question Is the hallucination hypothesis always the best explanation? Suppose A has a subjective experience (or multiple subjective experiences) that leads them ...
user avatar
1 vote
6 answers
195 views

Are atomic particles abstract objects?

By "atomic particle", I mean everything from molecules to quarks---objects that are outside the realm of normal experience but used in physics and chemistry to explain macroscopic events. By ...
David Gudeman's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
158 views

Is Bhaskar's argument, that epistemology and ontology are separate, correct?

Roy Bhaskar [1] is credited with developing a version of Critical Realism [2] with applications in the social sciences. What is the meaning of Roy Bhaskar's notion of epistemic fallacy (as distinct ...
iSeeker's user avatar
  • 111
5 votes
5 answers
452 views

Is the hallucination hypothesis always the best explanation?

Suppose there are two persons A and B. A attests to having witnessed some extraordinary event, e.g. A claims to have had an extraordinary religious experience with an other-worldly entity. Let's say ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
63 views

How does a necessary being fully explain contingent beings?

X contingent <=> there is W s.t. W -> S, where "->" is derivation, not material implication X necessary <=> X not contingent Theists claim, without further clarification, ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
168 views

What if we abandon all assumptions?

By the title I mean that "What would happen if we didn't assume anything as true?" My first thought was that nothing could be stated (since there isn't logic/reason to hold any argument/...
PageSteiner's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
2k views

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else?

Can I know something but not be able to justify it to anyone else? I don't necessarily mean metaphysical puzzles, but everyday examples. If I cannot - and I know I cannot - prove to anyone else, all ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
158 views

Numbers and Time

This is my first post on philosophy stack exchange, so I apologize in advance if this question is not well-defined or if it happens to be a duplicate. If so, feel free to link the corresponding post(s)...
John Smith's user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
717 views

Can disputes over what is reasonable or unreasonable to believe be resolved objectively?

Suppose there are two debaters A and B, and a proposition X. A thinks X is reasonable, and believes X. B does not think X is reasonable, and therefore lacks a belief in X. Thus, A and B are in ...
user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
907 views

Can an extraordinary hypothesis ever be the best explanation for a set of historical facts?

As a motivating example, I have in mind the minimal facts argument for the resurrection of Jesus, espoused by Christian apologists such as Gary Habermas, Michael Licona, and William Lane Craig. The ...
user avatar
3 votes
9 answers
3k views

What is the burden of proof? Has this principle ever been challenged?

I have been surprised to find that some people doubt this principle. Onus probandi incumbit ei qui dicit, non ei qui negat - the burden of proof lies with the speaker, not with the one who negates. I ...
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,341
6 votes
1 answer
168 views

Assumption About What Could Make A Belief Justified

I was reading the IEP's article on epistemic justification, and came across the following paragraph(s): https://iep.utm.edu/epi-just/#SH1a I'm having a hard time with the sentence "Proposition 3 ...
sidkol's user avatar
  • 81
8 votes
19 answers
8k views

Do atheists bear the burden of proof in showing why/how the reasons presented by theists are unconvincing?

In conversations and debates between atheists and theists, is it enough for the atheist to assert that they are skeptical of theism without providing justification, or does the atheist bear the burden ...
user avatar
2 votes
6 answers
588 views

Can God make the belief in His own existence justified (if He exists)?

In a hypothetical scenario in which God exists, would God be able to make the belief in His existence justified for humans? If so, how? What would God need to do to accomplish that goal? If not, does ...
user avatar
1 vote
7 answers
2k views

Are we lost in the details?

A hypothesis. https://theworld.org/stories/2021-05-20/imagining-gaia-earth-one-great-living-organism Simply put, the Gaia hypothesis says that Earth is a living system and uses similar mechanisms that ...
Ioannis Paizis's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
707 views

Falsifiability of Assumptions

Karl Popper maintained that empirical sciences should be based on the principle of falsifiability rather than verifiability for no amount of observations can guarantee veracity but a single ...
George Ntoulos's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
118 views

How far can the concept of realism be extended?

How far can the concept of realism be extended? “Metaphysically, realism is committed to the mind-independent existence of the world investigated by the sciences” A more compact definition would be to ...
Mikael Jensen's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
119 views

Can only one object exist?

Suppose so, then: What exactly can distinguish it from not existing, if the object itself is all there is? Any object trivially maps to itself via identity, so in order to deviate from the trivial ...
Myers Hertz's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
100 views

Does the universe have an ultimate purpose? [closed]

Objective purpose is an alternative? Universal, fundamental purpose?
Meanach's user avatar
  • 2,341
5 votes
2 answers
1k views

If we don't know anything for certain, how do we know that?

I think it is the case that we don't know anything for certain. But if that is the case, how can we know that we don't know anything for certain? This is related to Socrates's famous remark that all ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 7,676
5 votes
3 answers
152 views

Limitation of knowledge in real terms

In the "real world," economists are not rich, political scientists are not successful politicians, and so on. My question is: is there some limitation on success imposed by knowledge (in ...
quanity's user avatar
  • 1,519
4 votes
1 answer
326 views

How does fallibilism not collapse into skepticism?

First let's define fallibilism as the view that there's no belief that can't turn out to be false no matter how much credence we lend to it. This implicitly entails that we take ourselves to not be ...
Numa's user avatar
  • 109
0 votes
2 answers
71 views

Do we agree that true knowledge comes from thinking? [closed]

Reality doesn’t seem to be same as it appears to be. For example - Quantum mechanics says that matter is governed by some kind of wave with the wavelength given by de Broglie’s equation. Do ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
150 views

Does philosophy involve long inferential chains?

An inferential chain is a series of inferences where each depends on the previous in sequence. "From A we conclude B, from B we conclude C, and from C we conclude D." That would be a chain ...
causative's user avatar
  • 14.7k
2 votes
1 answer
122 views

What are some seminal books and papers in "pure" epistemology

Ideally this would involve a somewhat mathematical treatment of the subject. A good contemporary textbook would also be welcome. I just want to avoid heavy metaphysics and stay firmly in the realm or ...
Noah Mancino's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
162 views

What defines if an inference is correct or not, (regarding different logics)?

For me, it makes sense to say for example: From a follows b. Not b. Therefore not a. I can't explain it, but it's "logical". Now I've read that there are different kind's of logic out ...
iwab's user avatar
  • 169
2 votes
2 answers
100 views

Do we know that we don't know whether we are in a skeptical hypothesis scenario?

Novice here, so please don't use jargon or advanced topics (I've had experiences like this on the math stack exchange lol). I was reading through the book Philosophy for Everyone, and I was just ...
Pro Poop's user avatar
  • 121
-1 votes
4 answers
502 views

If something is massless like light does it exist?

I'm asking: If something is massless does it exis? Because in Einstein's equation E=mc2 Einstein said and I quote: If something doesn't have mass like light it would move at the speed of light.
Ahmad Ghandour's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
126 views

Is the complexity paradox inherent to human theory and practice?

First of all, sorry for the lengthy body of the question. A little background: I'm a musician, and an active thinker. In my career there's a seemingly inevitable bifurcation: the path of academic ...
Simón Flavio Ibañez's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
360 views

Does the halfer position in the Sleeping Beauty problem make for an irrational gambler?

It's my understanding that the Sleeping Beauty problem doesn't have a consensus answer, with major camps along the lines of "halfers," "thirders," and "the-question-statement-...
Feryll's user avatar
  • 153
2 votes
3 answers
410 views

Does a large language model show signs of an emergent awareness of semantics?

It is well established that computers have semantics of some sort. After posting the question Is non-deterministic automated reasoning a viable strategy for solving problems in mathematical logic? (...
J D's user avatar
  • 29.1k
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Is non-deterministic automated reasoning a viable strategy for solving problems in mathematical logic?

EDIT 2023/10/06 There are objections that this is too technical to be philosophy, and while I've seen questions on this forum go far beyond what I'm asking here in set theory, computability theory, ...
J D's user avatar
  • 29.1k
3 votes
3 answers
199 views

Does the use of senses require any knowledge about what is sensed? [closed]

Does the use of any sense (hearing, sight, pitch, proprioception, heat/cold, pain) require any knowledge about what is sensed in order to be used effectively? I phrased this poorly. I really mean &...
BigMistake's user avatar

1 2 3
4
5
38