Questions tagged [epistemology]

Epistemology is the study of knowledge, acquisition thereof, and the justification of belief in a given claim.

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Has Semiotics been adopted by any mainstream academic philosophers?

Semiotics, as developed by Pearce, Saussure, Barthes, and others can have very broad applications that overlap with epistemology, logic, and maybe even ontology. I don't believe it is always ...
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Justification for the phenominal/ noumenal distinction?

Cartesian dualism has purportedly been debunked. How does the phenomenal/ noumenal distinction avoid being characterized as the same mistake? Is it really impossible to visualize a symbiosis-in-agency ...
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Is post foundationalism prescriptive?

Is post foundationalism prescriptive: does it tell us anything about how best to come to knowledge, to learn or to act? Or is it just an abstract philosophical thesis with no bearing on e.g. science? ...
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Are there any generalization of the lexical hypothesis that are being studied in philosophy?

The lexical hypothesis according to wikipedia is related to the following two postulates: The first states that those personality characteristics that are important to a group of people will ...
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Help with Circular Reasoning example and whether this example is fallacious

I thought of a scenario that raised some question for me, consider you: [A] Face prejudice because of X --> [B] Makes you more inclined to assume the next person who mistreats you is doing so ...
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Varieties of Evidentialism (Prudential, Moral, Epistemic)

re section 5 of this SEP https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-belief/#VarEvi I understand each has different aims, but I dont see how does the meaning of evidence and Evidentialism change in each ...
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Does the concept of thinking/learning of something better when you have "skin in the game" originate with Taleb?

I recently read the book by Taleb in which he writes that having skin in the game with respect to something allows one to have insights about it which one wouldn't (easily?) otherwise. Since Taleb ...
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Set of all hidden assumptions in a statement

Imagine a person "A" who says to a person "B" the following statement: "It is true that the house in front of me has three windows". If you think about it, this statement is true for a person "B" only ...
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Is there a philosophical method to systematically determine the implicit assumptions of a certain thought?

When one is thinking of a certain 'idea' one is making certain implicit assumptions perhaps without even realizing it. Some of these assumptions become much harder to find out if the idea is used ...
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Why does Descartes employ the Painter Analogy in the first meditation?

The analogy can be found in Descartes' Meditations. I think the aim is to cast doubt on those things that we take to ground appearance: the simple as opposed to the composite . By denying simples he ...
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How do different bodies of knowledge depend on each other for their development?

As an example, some body of knowledge can develop only so much before it's development stagnates and it requires other bodies of knowledge to develop. As a weird analogy, the concept(s) I am ...
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23 views

Is there a word for instantiating all the things that I suppose in my argument?

Let's say I'm in the propositional logic and I say: "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore Socrates is mortal." Sure, it is true that "Socrates is mortal" is the valid conclusion. But it is ...
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Is it reasonable to conflate being and truth?

Let x be something that exists unequivocally. Then "x exists" is true, but does it make sense to say x itself is true? And vice versa - the proposition "x exists" is true, but is there a sense in ...
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How do Probably Approximately Correct algorithms work, and is the PAC model an eludication of Piercean abduction

I recently read a fascinating review (in issue no. 136 of Philosophy Now) of Probably Approximately Correct written by Harvard Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Leslie Valiant. ...
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Axiomatic system and symbolic, formal, mathematical language

Is there any need for axiomatic systems to be in a symbolic, formal, mathematical language? Equivalently is there any prohibition of axioms in axiomatic systems being in natural language? In other ...
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Methodological universalities in Physics

Is there any methodological characteristic universal in Physics? Even if some branches of Physics lose their reproducibility, their experimental testing, their deterministic predictivity isn't some ...
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336 views

Relation of reproducibility and the lack of contigencies with the scientific method

What is the relation of reproducibility and the lack of contigencies with the scientific method? Quantum mechanics and Statistical physics/mechanics are vurnerable/suspectible to contigencies. We ...
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57 views

Experts in which area can be considered relevant / authoritive to validating religious claims?

Some consider that in today's word a layperson should rest their opinion on problems of field X what the majority of experts of field X say. (RationalWiki link) Quoting this article: When ...
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Is science based on David Hume's "A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence"?

"A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence. … no testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle unless the testimony be of such a kind, that its falsehood would be more ...
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Application of Epistemology to Robotics or other machine-based "exploration" systems?

So, as epistemology is the main branch of philosophy dealing with knowledge, it would be reasonable to assume that (multiple) people tried to apply ideas from it to practical knowlegde-accumulating ...
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Can a solipsist doubt?

I've been thinking about epistemological solipsism, which seemingly necessarily follows from metaphysical solipsism. Namely, that the "world" of the solipsist is one and the same with the self of the ...
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Pragmatic encroachment: how is the basis for X being accurate different from the basis of when it is accurate to say someone knows that X is accurate?

When is it accurate to say that a person (P) knows that X is true/accurate? This question seems to be answered by the idea/concept of 'Pragmatic Encroachment'; The basic idea/concept of 'Pragmatic ...
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408 views

what is a "discursive site"?

I am looking for a definition of "discursive site". I have looked up Foucault's definition of discourse, but can't find anything. Any references or explanations welcome.
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Help with epistemology homework related to film Shutter Island

I am really sorry to ask this but I need some help regarding the philosophical interpretation of the movie Shutter Island. Hope someone can help me! I need to analyze how does Teddy Daniels know who ...
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101 views

Explain kant's conception of causality as an a priori category prescribed by the understanding to all possible objects of experience?

How does causality relate to the a priori and experience? I am having trouble connecting the dots. Any help would be great!
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42 views

Is there a theory that trying to solve intuition and fear at the same time?

I'm looking for a school of thought or theory that solves these problems, preferably at once: The way to make a profound, advanced knowledge more straightforward and imaginative, without having to ...
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292 views

Can shared-subjective knowledge be part of science?

On one hand, Einstein's relativity was non-scientific knowledge until it was proven using the scientific method. Since then, we can say that relativity is part of scientific knowledge. On the other ...
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Examples of known or fallow existential symbioses between different scientific disciplines (in an essential, not merely engineering, sense)

The film “The Proud Rebel” plays in the time after the American Civil War, featuring a father (John Chandler) who travels with his son David (that is also in real life actor Alan Ladd's son) who is ...
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348 views

Under moderate realism, what is considered the reason for similarity?

Moderate realism is a position on universals that holds the 'universality' of universals to be an aspect of universals that is added on by the mind in concepts through abstraction, and that '...
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'God exists and does not deceive us': Why is this necessary for memory of proofs?

Source: p 38, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (1 ed, 1999) by Simon Blackburn Caution: I modified Blackburn's syntax and organisation to ameliorate readability; I added all numbering. ...
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119 views

When can we have certainty in what we claim to know?

This is a question that my friends asked me a few times. I am confused, because I have been trying to answer this question myself, but I can't seem to come up with any valid answer. For example, what ...
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100 views

Does physicalism think a priori knowledge exists?

Does physicalism think a priori knowledge exists? If so, how is this knowledge explained? Is the idea like morality being coded in DNA?
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How to make sense of " I know that p but I could be wrong as to p"? ( Faillibilism)

There is a well known modal fallacy regarding knowledge which says that if some subject s knows that p, then p cannot be false, and therefore , p is a necessarily true proposition. Source : [ by ...
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Why do we rely upon scientific approach when its foundational axioms are assumed and agreed without proof?

Why do we rely upon scientific approach when its foundational axioms are assumed and agreed without proof? Foundation of the scientific explorations are seem to be the mathematical axioms at its root....
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What is philosophical position is it for only the things that are in your immediate vicinity to exist at any given time?

You can only know so much about what is going on around you. For example, it is impossible for me to know what is going on in China right now if I am in South America. I might try to look at the news, ...
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196 views

How would an philosopher and scientist solve the following kidnapping - scenario?

I would like to hear your opinion as philosophers and scientists regarding how you would solve the problem of proof in the following scenario: "Plato" who has dementia and a damaged left ...
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669 views

How can we differentiate between change and progress in the field of ethics?

I'm studying a branch of epistemology(theory of knowledge) and am currently working on a project concerned with the change and progress in knowledge. The topic I want to specialise in is ethics. How ...
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How is The Philosophical Subsector of Epistemology Exemplified in Blade Runner

so as the title suggest I am wondering how epistemology is presented in blade runner. I know that epistemology in basic terms is "how we know what we know", and that is presented through the ...
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75 views

Do undefined concepts or assumptions have to exist?

In philosophy, we have the notion that definitions are infinitely regressive if we take the attitude of trying to define everything and it is unending. But of course, the very idea of an “infinite ...
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Reality-related mathematical axioms

We are often told (Feynman i.a.) that mathematics is different from science in that the results are not measurable. We might take the speculation a bit further and wonder if indeed mathematics is ...
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Should we define truth (given it exists)?

Should we, human-beings, try to define truth (given truth exists in reality)? Personally, I don't think we should reduce truth to symbols and syllables because I think it will take us into weird ...
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Is imagination a sufficient condition for something to exist?

We can imagine a chair and build it, We can imagine the Starship Enterprise And given the neccessary technological knowledge build it. We can imagine a living flying elephant and it seems given the ...
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What *objective* criteria can be used to judge philosophical refutations?

What objective criteria can be used to judge philosophical refutations? Say for example that someone is writing a criticism of Karl Popper. What are ways to reject the criticism without getting into ...

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